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66 of Princes; and this is the Character, not of “ Antiochus, but of Antichrist. The Horn “ cast down the Sanctuary to the Ground, and 6 so did not Antiocbus, he left it standing. 66 The Sanctuary and Hoft were trampled un“ der foot two thousand three hundred Days; 66 and in Daniel's Prophecies, Days are put for 6Years ; but the Profanation of the Temple 66 in the Reign of Antiochus, did not last so “ many natural Days. These were to last to " the time of the End, till the last End of the 66 Indignation against the Jews; and this In66 dignation is not yet at an End. They were " to last till the Sanctuary, which had been “ caft down, should be cleansed, and the “ Sanctuary is not yet cleansed.” In the remaining part of this Chapter, our Author shews , that the same Prophecy, which is here explained, is again repeated with some new Circumstances in the eleventh Chapter of Daniel: but for this we must refer the Reader to the Book it felf.
The tenth Chapter treats of the Prophecy of the Seventy-Weeks. As this is a very important Subject, and Sir Isaac Newton's Observations being mostly new, we think it proper to lay before the Reader the greatest part of this Chapter in the Author's own Words.. He gives us first a Translation of his own of this Prophecy; we will transcribe it here, and put in a Paren. thesis the Words of our English Translation, when it differs from that of Sir Isaac. SeventyWeeks are cut (determined) upon thy People, and upon thy holy City, to finish Transgression, and to 1 make an end of Sins, and to expiate (make reconciliation for) Iniquity, and to bring in everlasting Righteousness, to consummate (seal up) the Vi
fion, and the Prophet (Prophecy), and to anaint
Know also (therefore) and understand, that
Yet threescore and two Weeks mall it return, and the Streets be built, and the Wall, but in troublesome times (and threescore and two Weeks the Streets shall be built again, and the Wall, eyen in troublesome times. Ibid. And aft: threescore and iwo Weeks the Anointed (Messiah)
fhall be cut off, and it mall not be bis (but not . for himself) but (and) the People of a (the) Prince
to come (that shall come) mall destroy the City,
and the San&tuary; and the end ibereof Mall be Ć with a Flood, and to the end of the War Desolavi tions are determined. ver. 26.
Yet Nall be (and he shall) confirm the Covenant with many for one Week: and in half a Week (in the midst of the Week) be Mall cause the Sacrifice and Oblation to cease, and upon the Wing (for the overspreading) of Abominations be mall make it defolate, even until the Consummalion, and that which is determined be poured upon the Defolate, ver. 27.
Our Author has nothing very particular with regard to the first part of this Prophecy, viz. the Seventy-Weeks taken together; he places the Beginning of them in the seventh Year of
Artaxerxes Longimanus, and the End at the Death of Christ; and he is of opinion, that the four hundred ninety Years must be understood of Lunar Years: and he adds, that the former part of the Prophecy relates to the first coming of Christ as a Prophet ; and that the Words
in the Beginning of the twenty-fifth Verse seem to relate to his second coming, when he is to be a Prince or King. There (viz. in the first part of the Prophecy) the Prophet was conluimmate, and the most holy Anointed; herë (viz. ver. 25.) he that was anointed comes to be Prince, and to Reign. Our Author observes in this place, that Daniel's Prophecies reach to the End of the World, and that there is scarce a Prophecy in the Old Testament concerning Christ, which does not in something or other relate to his second coming: and he adds, that if divers of the Ancients applied the half Week to the time of Antichrift, we may by the same Liberty of Interpretation apply the seven Weeks to the time when Anțichrift shall be destroyed by the Brightness of Chrift's coming. But whether this Liberty of Interpretation will fatisfy our present Infidels, we fhall not determine; the Reader may easily guess what Confequences can be drawn from this way of expounding Prophecies.
1. The Ifraelites, says further our Author, $5 in the Days of the ancient Prophets, when " the ten Tribes were led into Captivity, ex"spected a double return, and that at the firft so the Jews should build a new Temple, infe“ rior to Solomon's, until the cime of that Age * should be fulfilled; and afterwards they “ should return from all places of their Capti
vity, and build Jerusalem and the Temple $ glorioufly: Tobit xiv. 4, 5, 6. Now while « such a return from Captivity, was the Ex" pectation of Ifrael, even before the times of " Daniel, I know not why Daniel fhould omit * it in his Prophecy. This part of the Pro" phecy being therefore not yet fulfilled, I
• shall not attempt a particular Interpretation "c of it, but content myself with observing, " that as the seventy and the sixty-two Weeks 66 were Jewish Weeks, ending with fabbatical
Years; so the seven Weeks are the Compass “ of a Jubilee, and begin and end with Actions " proper for a Jubilee, and of che highest Na“ ture for which a Jubilee can be kept; and 66 that since the Commandment to return and to “ build Jerusalem, precedes the Messiah, the • Prince, forty-nine. Years; it may perhaps o come forth, not from the Jews theinfelves,
but from some other Kingdom friendly to « them, and precede their return from Capri“ vity, and give occasion to it; and lastly, 6 that this rebuilding of Jerusalem, and the 6 waste places of Judah, is predicted in Mich. “ vii. 11. Amos ix. II, 14. Ezek. xxxvi. 33, 66 35, 36, 38. Isa. liv. 3, 11, 12. lv. 12. Ixi. 4. « lxv. 18, 21, 22, and Tobit xiv. 5. and that “ the return from Captivity, and coming of “ the Messiah and his Kingdom are described " in Daniel vii. Rev. xix. A&t. i. Mat. xxiv. 66 Joel iii. Ezek.xxxvi, xxxvii. Ifa.lx. Ixii, lxii. 6 and lxvi. and many other places of Scrip" ture: the Manner I know not, let Time be " the Interpreter.” Thus, according to our Author, the Jews are to be restored to their former State, and Yerusalem and the Temple will be rebuilt; this Restoration is foretold in part of the Prophecy of the seventy Weeks, but when and how this will happen, is yet unknown; this only is certain, that the Messiah will come a second cime, forty-nine Years after the Beginning of this Restoration. It would be too long and too tedious to make Observations upon all the Passages to which our Author re
fers us; but we cannot forbear observing, that whac Christ himself says in the twenty-fourth Chapter of St. Matthew seems to overthrow our Author's Scheme, Our Saviour having foretold his second coming, tells us in express Words, I bis Generation hall not pass till all these things be fulfilled *; which Words must fignify, that he would come a second time within the space of forty Years for the utmost: and accordingly most Commentators understand that Prophecy of the overthrow of the Jewilla Nation by Titus Vespasianus.
Our Author next fixes the Date of the threescore and two Weeks. The Prophet “having “ foretold both comings of Christ, and dated " the last from their returning and building " Jerusalem ; to prevent the applying that to " the building of Jerusalem by Nehemiah, he © distinguishes this from that, by faying, that “ from this period to the Anointed shall be, - not seven Weeks, but threescore and two 6 Weeks, and this not in prosperous but in s troublesome times; and at the end of these 66 Weeks the Meffiah shall not be the Prince of " the Jews, but be cut off, and Jerusalem not < be his, but the City and Sanctuary be deço stroyed. Now Nehemiah came to Jerusalem “ in the twentieth Year of this same Artaxerxes, " while Ezra still continued there, Nehem. xii.
36. and found the City lying waste, and " the Houses and Wall unbuilt. Nebem. ii. 17. 56 vii. 4. and finished the Wall the twenty-fifth « Day of the Month Elul, Nehem, vii, 15. in' of the cwenty-eighth Year of the King; that is, " in September, in the Year, of the Julian Pe“ riod, 4278. Count now from this year,
three ver. 34.