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his own Power, he represents it during the Reign of the fourth Beast. .
This being premised, with regard to the general intent of this Prophecy, our Author defcends to particulars. The great Horn is the first Kingdom, that which lasted during the Reign of Alexander the Great, and his Brother Aridæus, and two young Sons, Alexander and Hercules. The four Horns that came up afterwards, are the Kingdoms of Cassander, Lylimachus, · Antigonus, and Ptolemy. In all this our Author agrees pretty well with all other Commentators. But he differs entirely from them with regard to the little Horn that came forth out of one of the Four. This little Horn he takes to be the Kingdom of Macedonia, from the time it became subject to the Romans. This Kingdom, by the Victory of the Romans over Perseus, King of Macedonia, Anno Nabona|580. ceased to be one of the four Horns of the Goat, and became a Dominion of a new sort ; not a Horn of the fourth Beast, for Macedonia belonged to the Body of the Third ; but a Horn of the third Beast of a new Şort, a Horn of the Goat, which grew mighty, but not by his own Power ; a Horn which rose up and grew potent under a foreign Power, that of the Romans.
Here we beg leave to observe, that there seems to be a litele inconsistency in Sir Isaac Newton's reasoning. Hitherto, not only the Goat represented an independent Kingdom; but the four Horns were also Kingdoms independent from one another, and from any foreign Power. And now the little Horn is no more a Kingdom by itself, but barely a Province of the Roman Empire. It is true, Sir Isaac observes,
. that that “ the Latins are not comprehended among 66 the Nations, represented by the He-Goat in " this Prophecy; their Power over the Greeks “ is only named in it, to distinguish the Times “ in which the He-Goat was mighty by his 66 own Power, from the time he was mighty, “ but not by his own Power. He was mighty « by his own Power, till his Dominion was “ taken away by the Latins ; after that, his “ Life was prolonged under their Dominion, " and this prolonging of his Life was in the « Days of his last Horn; for in the Days of “ this Horn the Goat became mighty, but not
by his own Power. It appears by this, that our Author lays a great stress upon these Words of the Prophet, His Power fall be mighty, but not by bis own Power*; as if they signify'd that the Macedonians (for they are represented by the little Horn of the Goat, according to our Author) should become powerful by the help of the Romans: but this does not seem to be the sense of the Prophet's Words ; Grotius's Exposition of them is much more natural, viz. that the King here fpoken of was powerful against the Jews, not so much by his own Forces, as by the Factions and civil Broils of the Jewst.
Our Author next shews how the little Horn has accomplished all that is prophesied of it in this Chapter of Daniel. " The Romans, says of he, by the Legacy of Attalus, the last King ¢ of Pergamus, Anno Nabonas. 615. inherited " that Kingdom, including all Asia-Minor, on os this side of Mount Taurus; Anno Nabon.684, " and 685, they conquered Armenia, Syria, « and Judea, Anno Nabonal.218. they subdued
Egypt. * Daniel viii. alten Grotius in b. loc.
Egypt. And by this Conquest the little Horti "s waxed exceeding great towards the South, and és towards the East, and towards the pleasant 6 Land. And it waxed great, even to the Hoft' • of Heaven; and cast down some of the Host and 66 of the Stars to the ground, and stamped upori có them ; that is, upon the People and great, 6. Meni of the Jews. Yea; he magnified þimself co even to the Prince of the Host, the Meffiah's šo the Prince of the Jere's, whom he put to •6 death, Anno Nabonas: 780. And by him the ós daily Sacrifice was taken away, and the Place • of his San&tuary was cast down, viz. in the do Wars which the Armies of the eastern Nax «« tions, under the Conduct of the Romania 66 made against Judea; when Nero and Velpas “ fian were Emperors, Anno Nabonals.816, cc 817,818. And an Host was given him against co the daily Sacrifice; by reason of Transgrifioman s6 and it cast down the Truth to the Ground, and 66 it practised and prospered. This Transgression «i is in the next Words called the Transgression 66 of Desolation; and in Daniel xi, 31. the Abom « mination which niaketh desolate; and in Matt: $6 xxiv:13. the Abomination of Desolations Spoken “ of by Daniel the Prophet, standing in the holy os Place. It may relate chiefly to the Worship 66 of Jupiter Olympius, in his Temple built by o the Emperor. Hadrian, in the place of the cc Temple of the Yews, and to the revolt of 66 the Jews under Barchochab occasioned there.
by: and tơ the Desolation of Judedwhịch có followed thereupon ;, all, the Fezes being oc thenceforward banish'd Judea upon pain of co Death: Then I beard; says Daniel, one Saint & Speaking, and another Saint said unto that céra. No. XXIII. 1733; Hh
is taith VÒL;İV:
6 tain Sairit, wbith spake ; How long ball be the “ Vision concerning the daily Sacrifice, and the “ Transgresion of Desolation, to give both the 66 San£tuary and the Host to be trodden under foot ? " And be said unto me; unto two Tbousand and “ three Hundred Days ; then shall the Sanctuary so be cleansed. Daniel's Days are Years; and " these Years may perhaps be reckoned, either " from the Destruction of the Temple, by the 66 Romans, in the Reign of Vespasian, or from 6 the Pollution of the Sanctuary by the Wor66 ship of Jupiter Olympius, or from the De• solation of Judea, made in the End of the 66 Jewish War, by the Banishment of all the “ Jews out of their own Country, or from 66 some other Period, which time will discover.
Henceforward the last Horn of the Goat 66 continued mighty under the Romans, till the 66 Reign of Constantine the Great, and his Sons, 66 and then by the Division of the Roman Em66 pire, between the Greek and Latin Emperors, 66 it separated from the Latins, and became the “ Greek Empire alone, but yet under the Do.66 minion of a Roman Family; and at present " it is mighty under the Dominion of the “ Turks."
Thus far our Author; but we doubt very much whether what he here asserts will be granted to him. How can it be said the Kingdom of the Greeks waxed great, when the Romans made war against the Jews? What Kingdom were the Greeks then Masters of? We must also observe, that to fay, that the time, when a Prophecy will be accomplished, must be computed from an uncertain Period, or from a · Period which time will discover, very much leffens the Credit of such a Prophecy. The
Reades Reader is further to take notice, that there's a Circumstance in this Prophecy, of which our Author does not fay a Word. The Prophet cells us, that in the latter End of the Kingdom of the four Horns, a King of fierce Countenance, and UNDERSTANDING DARK SENTENCES, Hall ftand up: Now, if by a King, we must here understand a Kingdoń, how can it be said of a Kingdom, that it understands dark Sentences? This, according to Grotius, was said of Anfiochus Epiphanes, who was a cunning Politician, and knew how to draw the Jews into Idolatry. But our Author offers some Arguments against those, who maintain that this Prophecy ought to be understood of Antiochus Ejiphanes. “A • Horn of a Beaft, says Sir Isaac, is never
“ taken for a single Perfon, it always signifies F's a new Kingdom, and the Kingdom of An6c tiocbus was an old one. Antiochus reigned
over one of the four Horns, and the little " Horn was a fifth under its proper Kings. • This Horn was at first a little one, and wax
ed exceeding great, but fo did not Antiochus. · " It is described great above all the former 66 Horns, and so was not Antiochus. His King30 dom on the contrary was weak and cributary .66 to the Romans, and he did not enlarge it. 46 The Horn was a King of fierce Countenance, og and destroyed wonderfully, and prospered 66 and practised ; that is, he profpered in his 6 Practices against the holy People; but Ani. co tiochus was frighted out of Egypt by a mere 66 meflage of the Romans, and afterwards routed 166 and baffled by the Jews. The Horn was Los mighty by another's Power, Antiochus acted
6 by his own. The Horn stood up against « the Prince of the Hoft of Heaven, the Prince Hh2 ·