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There was also à Decree made, whereby they recalled Aristides, whom they had wrong. fully banished, and all others that were then in Exile. Eurybiades a Lacedemonian was by the Allies chosen Commander in chief of their united Fleet, which the Athenians also yielded to him for the publick Good, and to preverit Divisions ; though they were fully persuaded that they themselves had an indisputable Right to name one, having furnished above two thirds of the whole Fleer.
. Page 226. Our Author here enters into å Description of the famous Båtole of Thermopyle; where four thousand Lacedemonians gave a check to the whole Power of Asia, consisting of above three millions, as the Inscription upon the Monument erected in the field of Battle; to do honour' to the Memory of those that died so gloriously for the Liberty of their Country, expresseth it. The very fame day that this Battle was fought, the Grecian Fleet; consisting of two hundred and seventy Ships only, gain'd a great Advantage of the numerous Fleet of the Persians near Artemisia; and though the Battle was not decisive, yet it was of great service; in that it rais'd the Courage of the Greeks, and animated them for a fecond Battle... · The People that inhabited the Peloponnese, being resolved to secure their own Country, formed a Design to build a Wall from one side of the Isthmus of Corinth to the other, and to abardon all on the outside of ic to the Enemy. The Athenians seeing themselves and their Coun. try fo cowardly and treacherously forsaken, the Oracle which they had consulted, acquainting them, that there was no safety but within their woodenRamparts, which was interpreted of theit K 2
Ships ; Ships; dispos'd of their Wives and Children in the City Trezene, a City of the Peloponnese, a- · bandoned Athens, and went all aboard of the Fleet at Salamine.
Xerxes came afterwards with his Army, and meeting with no Opposition, burnt the City to Ashes. In the mean time, the Allies in a Council of War, which was held before Salamine, could not agree about the Place where they should meet the Enemies Fleet to give them battle: some were for drawing near the Tfbmus of Corinth, that thereby they might be nearer the Land Army, and in better condition to defend the Peloponnefus in case of need ; but Themistocles solidly convinced them, that it were much better to wait the Enemy in the Straits of Salamine, which the Event proved to be so. The calm Behaviour, Presence of Mind, and Greatness of Soul of this great Man in the Dispute betwixt him and Eurybiades on this occasion, is admirable.
The Persian Fleet advanced, but Themistocles, by whose Advice every thing was then done, waited till a Wind which ordinarily blew ata certain Hour, and was contrary to the Ene-, my, came, and then gave the Signal for the Battle, which was begun with great Fury on both sides; but in the end the numerous Fleet of Xerxes was entirely beat, and a great number of his Ships burnt, sunk, and taken by the Greeks, whose Fleet consisted of no more than three hundred and eighty Ships. The shatter'd . Remains of the Persian Fleet fled to the Coast of Asia Minor, and Xerxes himself being terrified left the Greeks should detach part of their Ships to destroy the Bridge he had left on the Hellespont, and by that means cut off his Re
., treat, he fled with great precipitation out of
Greece, leaving Mardonius behind with three hundred thousand Men to continue the War. The Army of Xerxes suffered very much in this Retreat by Sickness and Famine, being reduced to eat Herbs, Grafs, and even the Bark of Trees; and to crown his Misfortunes, when he came to the Hellefpont, he found the Bridge broke down by a Storm, and himself, whole vast Fleet a little before that time the Sea was scarce sufficient to contain, obliged to pass in a fishing Boat. There are several other very remarkable things in this Section, such at. Ariffin des's Conduct in his first Interview with Themiftocles after his Return from Banishment ; .. Queen Artemifa's prudentAdvice to Xerxes, not to venture a Sea-Engagement with the Greeks, and Themistocles's prudent Behaviour to Eurybiades in the Council of War, when he threacned to beat him with his Cane..
PAGE 265. The same day that this Battle of Salamine was fought, the formidable Army of the Carthaginians, consisting of three hundred thousand, which was sent into Sicily in confequence of the League they had entered into with Xerxes, was utterly beat by Gelon Tyrant of Syracuse. Ochers place it on the day that the Battle of Thermopyle was fought. ;
Mardonius, who was now charged with the whole Care of the War againft the Greeks, fent an Embassy, at the head of which was Alexander King of Macedonia, to che Athenians with very advantageous Offers, in the name of Xerxes, to engage them to forsake the common Interest; but the Athenians wou'd by no means hear any Propositions made to them on that Subject, nor did they satisfy themselves K 3
with rejecting the Propositions made to them at present; but in order to prevent any to be made for the future, they swore an eternal Ennity against the Persians : And at the same time niade their Priests pronounce the most dreadful Curses upon all such as should at any time afterwards even make mention of any. Accommodation with them.
NOTHING can excel the Harangue that Arif tides made to them on this occasion in the Name of the Athenians; it is full of noble, honest and generous Sentiments, and such as became the Honour and Dignity of so brave a People,
:: ARTICLE VIII., Le Spectacle de la Nature, ou Entretiens für
les Particularités de l'Histoire Naturelle qui ont paru les plus propres à rendres les jeunes gens curieux, & à leur former l'Esprit, Prémiére partie, contenant ce qui regarde les Animaux & les Plantes, A Paris chez la Veuve Etienne, & Jean Desaint.
That is, NATURE display?d ; or Conferences
upon fuch Particulars in Natural History as have seemed the most fit to excite young people's Curiosity, and to form their Minds. Part 1. Containing an Account of Animals, and Plants. Paris 1732. In 12mo. pp. 520. Preface, pp. XV. and a short Index,
T H E learned Mr. Rollin, so deservedly
esteem'd for the several judicious Works with which he has enrich'd the Common-Wealth of Letters, has recommended this in the Conclusion of his Preface to the fourth Vol. of his History of the ancient Persians and Greeks. His Words are; “ Every thing that may conis tribute to young People's Instruction, affects " me most sensibly. There will shortly be " published a Book intitled, Le SpeEtacle de la " Nature, &c, wherein is display'd, in a di“ verting and ingenious manner, the inost cuo rious Phænomena in nature, with respect to " terrestrial Animals, Birds, Infeets, and Fishes.
Were I to judge of the Success of this Book !! by the pleasure the reading of it afforded " me, I might warrant beforehand, that the “ Success of it will be great. It was at my " Desire, and pressing Importunity, that the " Author has undertaken this Work, which “ may be very much enlarged, if the Publick. 6 receives it kindly."
One cannot but acquiesce in this learned Ane thor's Judgment, as soon as one has read these agreeable Conferences; and in order to acquaint our Readers with the Merit of this Book, we must now give him as particular an Account of the Contents of it, as the narrow Limits of an Extract will permit us.
The Author in his Preface observes, that as The A1 the Desire of Knowledge is great in all Men, thor's Preand continues all their Lives, this Curiosity Jace. might be made subservient; to very useful Ends, if it were directed to proper Objects.; that none affords so great, so diverting, and so diversified Pleasures, as the great Book of Nature ; the