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The Chinese Historians, it seems, magnify his Failings, and scarce speak of his great Qualities and Virtues ; they say he was a Bigot to the Lama's, and complain, that he invested the western People with too much Power ; while the Tartars applaud him as one of their greatest Kings. He was a Patron to the Learned of every denomination, à Cherisher of the useful Arts; and undertook and went through stupen. dous Works for the Convenience of his, Subjects, and did and ordered a great many noble things equal to the Sublimity of his Station and - the Fortune of his Arms. He saw himself in the peaceable Poffeffion of China, of Pegu, of Tibet, of one and the other Tartary, of Tur.. kestan and the Country of Igúr. Siam, Cochin. china, Tonguin and Corea paid him Tribute. The Princes of his Family who reigned in Moscovy, Allyria, Persia, Khorasan and Khow wärasm, did nothing without his leave ; and in his days Perhia and the Ports on the Coasts of Malabar and Cormandel, drove a great Trade' by Sea with Fokian. In fine, he and his Prede? ceffors lie interred in one of the Mountains between the 420.301 and 44' of Latitude, and be between 10° 30' or 4° Longitude Welt of Pea kin, and then turn off to the North-Weft. ini

We at first thought to have given a fummaa. ry. Abstract of the Life of Jenghiz Kbäin only, but finding our Subje&t to swell under our : hands, and remembring what we promife it! che Motto to our Journal, and apprehending. the whole Series of this remarkable History would be acceprable even to the most Learned, and raise the Astonishment of such as are batthes leafy versed in the great Events thar have hapa, pened on the extensive Stage of the World ; We

could

could not stop our hands, but have abridgd-t it all. :s

We leave our Readers to make their Reflections upon this wonderful, this almost incredible Piece of History, and shall only acquaintthe more scrupuloufly exact, that we have ftudiously avoided the Names of the Persons and Places the Original abounds with ; and that on the other hand we have, perhaps with some little Presumption, accommodated a few of them to our Pronunciation. If we may be excused this, we will proceed to observe that among the many good Qualities of the French Writers, they have one considerable Defect, we mean in forming all exotic Names to the Genius, as

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This must have been observed by all who have dipped into their Historical Works ; and lamentable it is to see, that even we who are so very much related to them in Names are cutand slaughtered by them without mercy. Who can bear to hear Father Orleans, in his Preface to the English Revolutions, say the English Names: are fo -uncouth, and as it were barbarous, that. he has not studied to be exact in spelling them; as if we were some of the most unpolish'd of Mortals, and our Language the most inelegant ; in short, as if we were a new discovered Nation in the Moon, who scarce could call each other by , articulate Sounds? And again, what shall we say to: that otherwise excellent Geographical Lexicographer Corneille, who when he touches upon English Ground, often puzzles the Englib themselves to know whereabouts he is? Who could imagine, for example, when he comes to.. describe Oxford, thateven a Student there fhall not i know. by him when he is come to Christ Church

but

but shall fee it spele in such a manner, with such a number of Consonants and difference of Vowels, that he shall not be able to unravel it but by its beginning with a C? And now if they are so fearfully negligene and arbitrary in what concerns the proper Names of a Country, their very next Neighbour, and perhaps the most generally allied to them of any Nation un der the Sun; what Butchery must we not expect them no make of the Tartar Names and of the Chinese? Herein sure there can be no relying on them. We must therefore beseech them to consider Foreigners a little for the future, and to use their Names as civilly as they are said to do their Persons; and in the mean time to favour us with an Onomasticon Generale, drawn up as they know how ; a Work which would be highly acceptable to all Europe, and much wanted at this Instant in particular ; a Work particularly incumbent on them to undertake, as they have been the greatest offenders in the Sin which makes fo heavy an Atonement neceffary.

À RTIC L È VII. A Continuation of Vol. III. of Rollin's

History, &c. M R . Rollin at the Entry of this Volume

V advertiseth his Reader, that tho' he had promised in it to conduct his History down to the end of the Peloponnesian War, and to add some - Reflexions on the Genius, Customs, Laws, and Government of the People of Greece: The Additions he hath necessarily been obliged to make No XX. 1732..

I . in Vol. IV.

.

in the course of the Impression, more especially
that particular and circumftantial Account he
hath given of the Siege of Syracuse, which was
the greatest Enterprize that ever the Athenian
Republick undertook, and at length proved
the chief Cause of their Ruin ; have not only
put it out of his power to perform his Promise,
but hath even swelled this Volume very near
two hundred Pages more than any of the former.
· Before he begins the History itself, Mr.
Rollin hach thought proper to make some pre-
liminary Observations, which consist chiefly in
enumerating the Advantages that accrue to all
forts of People from the reading of History,
and the Judgment that ought to be made of
those glaring Acts of Virtue, that are so fre-
quently met with in the Heathen History. He
then adds an Abridgment of the principal E-
vents of the Lacedemonian History from the first
Establishment of the Regal Government among
them, to the time of Darius the Son of Hyftara
pes, where the Persian War against the Greeks,
in which the Lacedemonians bore so great a share,

begins. Here he remarks, that fourscore Years A.M.2900 after the taking of Troy, the Heraclides, or De

scendants of Hercules, returned into the Pelo-
ponnesus, and seized upon Lacedemon, where Eu-
ry/thenesand Procles the two Sons of Aristodemus
placed the Seat of their Kingdom, and reign
jointly. It is remarkable, that these two Bro-
thers continued all their Life-time at variance
one with another, which Disposition was also
inherited by both their Descendants, for the
fpace of nine hundred Years that the Sceptre of
Sparta continued in these two Families.

Our Author by the by gives an Account of
the Origine and Conditian of the Ilotes, a

i riso. Name

Name given to such Prisoners of War as the
Spartans commonly made their Slaves.

AFTER which he gives a short History of the War betwixt the Lacedemonians and Argives. When the two Armies were in sight one of another, it was agreed in order to spare the shed. ding of Blood, that their Differences (which were chiefly concerning the Sovereignty of a small Country called Thyrea) should be decided by three hundred of each side, chosen out of the Flower of the Army; and every thing being ready for the Battle, and both Armies having retired, they fought with such Fury, that there were only three remain'd ; two of which were of the Argives side, the other a Lacedemonian. The Argives believing themselves secure of the Victory, return’d to their own Army to give an account of the Success of the Day; the Lacedemonian kept the Field of Battle, and when he saw his Enemies gone, strip'd the Dead of their Spoils, and tranferr'd them to his own side of the Ground mark'd out for the Battle: This again involved the two Nations in a fresh Dispute about the Victory, the Argives pleading, that the Number of their side who escaped being greatest, entitled them to the Victory; the Lacedemonians, that their Man had kept the Field of Battle whilst the two Argives Aed. In fine, the Dispute ended in a general Battle, wherein the Argives were entirely routed.

Our Author also takes notice of three different Wars betwixt the Lacedemonians and Mefe fenians ; the first of these began the second Year of the ninthOlympiad, and continued for the space A.M.3261 of twenty Years ; a Euphaes being then King of

I 2

Mellene. * According to the Sentiments of Mr. Boivin, in his learned Differtation on a Fragmaçat of Diodorus Siculus, Vid. Me.

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