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Year 1227, and was interred on the Mountain of Leoupan in Cbensi, aged 66 Years. He declared his third Son, Ostay, his Heir and Succeffor, and in the mean time Toley his fourth and youngest Son ruled the Empire. . ;.

Oét ay was not proclaimed Emperor till the 1229. eighth Moon of this Yeår, 'when he appointed . Toley his Generalissimo..

Etay continued the War against the 'Em . peror of the Kin, and reduced him to the utmost Distress. He entered into a Treaty with the Emperor of the Song, who possessed maný of the noblest and moit fouthern Provinces af China, and then retired into Tartary, in the ninth Moon of this Year. Toley dies, to the 1232. great grief of the whole Empire ; and Sapútay.' carries on the War in Honan, and takes and pillages Nankin in the second Month of the next '1233. Year.

In the very first Moon of this Year the unhap- 1234. py Emperor of the Kin, unable to bear up against the Torrent of his Amictions, burnt hisfelf at Juningfou, declaring his Son his Heir to the Crown , but the young Prince being murdered by his own Guards, Otay became abroJute Lord of the Empire of the Kin... This · Ostay built Holin into a new City, and a s dorned it with a vast Palace. He dispatched two of his Nephews and General Sapotay to attack the Kingdoms of the West. They coasted round the North-end of the Caspian, and thence penetrated into a Climate where the Days at Midsummer are of extraordinary length. But . the History of this War being very dark, and the Names horridly mangled, we should, it seems, be able to learn nothing therefrom, if we did not otherwise know that they harraffed Po

H 3

- land,

land, Germany and Hungary. His two Ne-
phews did not return till many Years after bis -
Death. They lost a great Number of their Pen-
ple, says the History; but they acquired great
. But while this was in agitation, Oba: fent
another Force to invade the Emperor ot che!

Song... 1242.

To conclude, he died in the 56th Year of his Age,and nominated to be his Succefforshe-ly-inan his Grandson, by his fourth Son, who perühed in War.

· But this Succestiin was disturbed by the 1:46. Empress Regent Naitmatchan, who declared her 3. eldest Son Quay, Yeủ. Emperor of the Moguls,

which she did in the seventh Moon of this

Year. This Prince submitted every thing to c", his Mother , did nothing worth notice ; and is

accused of having been fond of the Bonzes. He 1948. reigned buç two Years and about a Month, and

died at the Age of 34.

HEREUPON two powerful Parties arose the Head of the one appeared the Empresses Naitmatchin the Mother, and Hai-my-she the Wife of the deceased Emperor ; these declared for She-ly-man, and were supported by some old Counsellors, several Generals, and all the Princes, Sons and Grandsons of Ostay. At the head of the other was Patú the great General of the Army and Nephew to Detay, who, with some others, declared for Mongko another Nephew of the fame Emperor, These prevail.

ing, Mongko was, at Holin, proclaimed Emperor i 1751. of the Moguls.., He committed the conquered

Provinces of China to hisBrother Húpilys Koblay] and took the Reins of the Government in gener ral into his own hands,


This Year he put to death the Princess or · 1292. Empress Hai-my-fhe, on pretence she was a Sorceress; imprisoned She-ly-man; and banilh'd Naitmachin, and the Princes of the Party of Sbe-ly-man... .pi:

· THE next Year he rendezvous'd two great • Armies in the Neighbourhood of Holin. The

Command of the first he conferred on Hülan.. Holay, under the Orders of Húpily; to invade Tibei, Pegu, and Cochinchina, and to make an Inroad into Junnan and Soutchouen.' The second Army commanded by Hin-li-bli, [Hologu] his fixth Brother, he sent to invade Perfia and Sao ria, there to fall upon the Sll-tån, [Soltans? and the Halifu (Khalif] a Mobammedan Prince and King of Pahata [Baghdad). Hologu had Ko-kan with him to aslift him with his Advice.

Hologu and Ko-kan depart from Holin in the 1253. fecond Month of this Year' ; and to pass over their tedious March, through which we canpot easily trace chem, for want of a Certainty of the Names of the Places mention'd, they succeeded in this diftant War to admiration."

In the fourth Year after their Outlet, they took 1257. Baghdad and sent the Khalif Prisoner to Mongko. We are told, that the Chinese Relation is pretty circumstantial on this Tranfaction, and describes the City very well : That it speaks of the fine Palace of the Khalif, of the River which parts the cwo Towns, of the Beauty of the Houses, of che Massacre Ko-kan ordered in the West Town, of the Extent of the Kingdom, and of the Number and Lives of the . This important Action' so happily decided, Hologu detaiches Ko-kan to the Westward. He marches twenty Days towards that Point of the Compass, and comes to a Temple dedicated to H4


Heaven, as the Chinese have it." They tell Ko-kan that here the greatest of all Saints had been anciently interred ; and in the midst of this. Temple, he sees a great Iron Chain hanging, and many Inscriptions, which, said they, were. done by Pietapacul, the Name of the Saint here buried. Tho' all this has the Air of a Romance, as much as Heart could wish whatever Truth may be in it, our Commentator, puts on a grave Face, and runs the following Division upon the Name Pikt apacul, (viz.) Pembar, Pembal, Bembar or Bembal: Perhaps Ben-baal, Benbal, the Son of Baal, Mighty right, to be fure; a high Probability: but we should, however, be glad to know who was the Father of this Son of Baal? who he could be?: whence: this Son should come? what drove him a twenty. Days March to the Westward of Baghdad ? but above all, how he had been able to keep this House over his Head, maugre all the unparallelled Zeal of the Mobammedans, and Chriftians, who were Lords, and pretty severe ones too, either on the one side or the other of him? These are Questions not to be rationally anfwered, and this Play upon Names, tho' sometimes justifiable, is too often presumptuous and vain. But the Roman Clergy must be ignorant of nothing; they must display their Omniscience upon all occasions. For our parts, upon the first perusal of the Passage, we were afraid this Pagod, as it is represented, would have been commented into the Church of Jerusalem; and perhaps, if it had not been for the ugly. Iron Chain, it had been the Case : and, in truth, it had been far less absurd than to talk of the House of a young Baal any where in these Nos. .::: . Un m a n fin. Paris;

Parts, at that time of day. But to return whence we digreffed. . · Ko-kan having survey'd this great Curiosity of a Temple, and done great Feats over this western Region, crosses the Sea and continues his Conquests in a Country called Foulon. This Foulon, we are told, signifies Franks ; 'and this Country is here noted to have been fome Part of Syria, inhabited by the Followers of the Crusade ; but this seems to be said at a ven, ture, to be a most superficial and ill-weighed Remark. What Sea had Ko-kan to cross in his way from Baghdad to Syria ? We know of none but the Sea of Gallilee, or, perhaps, the Dead Sea; and that he did, would, or could cross either of them with his Army, is impossible to suppose: Had it not been better to have looked this Påffage over as inexplicable, and even frankly to have pronounced it luch, rather than by an Affectation of universal Criticism to have cleared it up so lamely, so blindly? But to take a Survey of this Country of Foulon, it seems the Women there were dressed after the manner of the Statues in the Chinese Temples. Here the Soltán Hütú, as he is called, did Homage. :: · This Year Holagú and Ko-kan continued 1299. their Conquests, and towards the latter End of it, Ko-kan was sent Post by his General, to give Mongko an account of all these Expeditions. But when he arrived in China, he had the sore: rowful News that Mongko had been sain on the tenth of August, this fame Year, as he was besieg-: . ing Hotchcou a City in Soutchouen,at the Age of 52. This Siege was very obftinate, and the Mo- * guls having lost a great number of Officers, broke it up. The Chinese History reports he had Va.. lour and Sense ; but reproaches him with great


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