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2. Hence the fact that the nude or seminude body may be beautiful does not make its use in the films moral. For, in addition to its beauty, the effect of the nude or seminude body on the normal individual must be taken into consideration.

3. Nudity or seminudity used simply to put a "punch" into a picture comes under the head of immoral actions. It is immoral in its effect on the average audience.

4. Nudity can never be permitted as being necessary for the plot. Seminudity must not result in undue or indecent exposures.

5. Transparent or translucent materials and silhouette are frequently more suggestive than actual exposure. VII. Dances

Dancing in general is recognized as an art and as a beautiful form of expressing human emotions.

But dances which suggest or represent sexual actions, whether performed solo or with two or more; dances intended to excite the emotional reaction of an audience; dances with movement of the breasts, excessive body movements while the feet are stationary, violate decency and are wrong. VIII. Religion

The reason why ministers of religion may not be comic characters or villains is simply because the attitude taken toward them may easily become the attitude taken toward religion in general. Religion is lowered in the minds of the audience because of the lowering of the audience's respect for a minister. IX. Locations

Certain places are so closely and thoroughly associated with sexual life or with sexual sin that their use must be carefully limited. X. National feelings

The just rights, history, and feelings of any nation are entitled to most careful consideration and respectful treatment. XI. Titles

As the title of a picture is the brand on that particular type of goods, it must conform to the ethical practices of all such honest business. XII. Special subjects

Such subjects are occasionally necessary for the plot. Their treatment must never offend good taste nor injure the sensibilities of an audience.

The use of liquor should never be excessively presented. In scenes from American life, the necessities of plot and proper characterization alone justify its use. And in this case, it should be shown with moderation,

RESOLUTION FOR UNIFORM INTERPRETATION

(As amended June 13, 1934) 1. When requested by production managers, the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., shall secure any facts, information, or suggestions concerning the probable reception of stories or the manner in which in its opinion they may best be treated.

2. Each production manager shall submit in confidence a copy of each or any script to the production code administration of the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., (and of the Association of Motion Picture Producers, Inc., California). The production code administration will give the production manager for his guidance such confidential advice and suggestions as experience, research, and information indicate, designating wherein in its judgment the script departs from the provisions of the code, or wherein from experience or knowledge it is believed that exception will be taken to the story or treatment.

3. Each production manager of a company belonging to the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., and any producer proposing to distribute and/or distributing his picture through the facilities of any member of the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., shall submit to such production code administration every picture he produces before the negative goes to the laboratory for printing. Said production code administration, having seen the picture, shall inform the production manager in writing whether in its opinion the picture conforms or does not conform to the code, stating specifically wherein either by theme, treatment, or incident, the picture violates the provisions of the code. In such latter event, the picture shall not be released until the changes indicated by the production code administration have been made; provided, however, that the production manager may appeal from such opinion of said production code administration, so indicated in writing, to the board of directors of the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., whose finding shall be final, and such production manager and company shall be governed accordingly.

Number of pictures reviewed by the Production Code Administration according

to type, 1948-54

Drama:

Social problem.
Romantic
Psychological.
Crine-
Western
Musical..
Historical
War-
Cartoon.
Biography--
Miscellaneous

NA er

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Total (18.3 percent)

1948

Comedy-Continued
32 Musical.--
14 Psychological
6 Mystery--

Crime -
4 Juvenile

Western -
2 Miscellaneous-
2
1

Total (16.1 percent).
1
3 | Farce :

Crime
74 Romantic

Social problem

Musical..
91 War..
52 Horror
24 Miscellaneous.
23
19

Total (3.2 percent).
11
8 Fantasy :
6 Romantic
5 Cartoon -
3 Social problem.--
1 Miscellaneous..
1
2

Total (1.5 percent).

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Melodrama:

Western
Crime-
Mystery--
Adventure
Social problem.
Romantic..
Sport-
Psychological
Historical---
War..
Biographical.
Horror
Miscellaneous.

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Total (60.7 percent)

246 Documentary or semidocumentary :

Military-

Comedy:

Romantic
Social problem.-

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14.

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Drama:

Social problems..
Romantic
Domestic
Psychological
Military
Religious
Western
Historical -
Historical fiction.
Adventure_-
Biographical
Juvenile
Musical
Mystery
Miscellaneous

11 1

58

Total (14.5 percent)---

Comedy-Continued 19 Musical.11 Domestic 7 Crime investigator6 Juvenile--4 Mystery 3 Social problem. 3 Psychological. 2 Sport -2 Miscellaneous 1 1

Total (13.6 percent). 1 1 | Farce: 1 Crime investigator--1 Domestic

Romantic 62 Military

Crime

Western 111 Musical

46 Social problem.
31 Miscellaneous
16
16

Total (4.9 percent)-14 10 | Documentary or semidocumentary : 8 Historical. 8 Religious.-5 International cooperation.4 Military1

Miscellaneous. 1 1

Total (2.3 percent), 1 2 Fantasy :

Domestic 275 Romantic

4 3 3 3 2 2 1

: 21

Melodrama :

Western
Crime investigator.
Crime
Adventure
Social problem--
Romantic
Historical fiction.
Military
Mystery
Psychological..
Sport
Biographical
Domestic
Musical.
Religious_-
Miscellaneous

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3 2 1 1 3

10

1 1

Total (64.2 percent). Comedy:

Romantic

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1951

Drama:

Psychological
Romantic
Domestic
Military
Social problem---
Biographical
Religious
Western
Crime
Mystery
Sport
Adventure
Musical
Miscellaneous

5 5 3 3 1 1 4

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53

Total (15.1 percent).

6 3 3 3 2 2 1 6

33

Melodrama :

Western
Crime
Romantic
Social problem.
Adventure
Crime-investigator
Military
Mystery
Domestic
Historical fiction.--
Musical
Juvenile
Psychological
Sport
Biographical
Horror
Miscellaneous

Comedy-Continued 9 Domestic 9 Social problem. 8 Crime 8

Military 8 Psychological 4 Sport

Miscellaneous 4 3

Total (12.3 percent)-3 2 Farce : 1 Romantic 1 Military 1 Crime

Domestic 65 Musical

Crime-investigator

Western 72 Psychological 39 Miscellaneous 23 23

Total (7.6 percent) 18 18 Fantasy : 12 Romantic 10 Crime 6 Social problem. 6 Cartoon 6 Historical 4 Horror 4 Juvenile 4 Musical 2 Religious 2 Miscellaneous 2

Total (3.9 percent)-----251

Documentary or semi-documentary: 1 Military

Economic 1 Historical

Social problem

Miscellaneous 21 10

Total (2.8 percent)

3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 4

17

17

Total (58.1 percent).

Variety

4

Total (0.2 percent)--

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Comedy:

Romantic Musical

12

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3

Melodrama-Continued

Espionage---
Horror-
Mystery---
Biblical fiction..
Juvenile.
Political.
Science fiction..

2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1

Total (62.0 percent).

Various.-

Total (0.5 percent)

29

Cartoon

1952_Continued

Farce Continued
2 Romantic----
2 Adventure-
2 Crime -
1

Crime investigator.
1 Social problem-
1 Sport-
1 College

Fantasy
229 Horror.

Science fiction.. 2 Theater.

Western 2

Total (8.0 percent). 1

Documentary or semidocumen1 tary:

Newsreel

Biblical.
16 Nature
14 Scientific
8
4

Total (1.0 percent).
2
2 Fantasy:
1 Adventure
1 Horror
1 Juvenile
1 Military

Romantic,
50 Science fiction.-

Total (0.3 percent).

1 1 1 1

4

Comedy:

Musical.
Romantic
Domestic
Social problem..
Biographical.-
Military-
Adventure
Character
Fantasy-
Sport-

HHHENNA

1 1 1 1 1 1

Total (13.6 percent).

Farce :

Military

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Drama:

Social problem.
Romantic
Military
Biographical (musical) -
Psychological
Religious
Historical fiction..
Adventure
Biographical
Comedy
Juvenile
Mystery
Political..
Religious (biographical)

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Melodrama-Continued 12 Sport7 Domestic 6

Biographical, 3 Espionage 3 Musical..

Scientific fiction.. 2 Biblical 1 Horror 1 Scientific 1 War --1 1

Total (67.4 percent). 1 1 Comedy:

Romantic 43 Musical.

Social problem.-62 Crime 26 Domestic 26 Sport 22

Espionage 19

Mystery 16 Psychological 13

Religious 13 Situation 10 Western.. 7 6

Total (14.0 percent)----

Total (12.1 percent) Melodrama :

Western.
Adventure
Romantic
Crime investigator--
Crime
Military
Mystery
Social problem..
Science fiction.--
Historical fiction.
Juvenile

19
12
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1

50

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