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a lu-chee tree, whose natural size is that of our GAS FOR ONE.-Mr. Thomas Waugh, of full-grown mulberry-tree, dwarfed into one of Berry Edge, publican, has got a gasometer all three feet ; its trunk had all the appearance of to himself! It has usually been concluded old timber, and the branches tapered similar to that a man must dispense with the luxury of those on a natural-sized tree. I have heard of gas unless his lot be cast in a good-sized town; an orange-tree being distorted into the form of but Mr. Waugh, thanks to an ingenious pita man's hand; but I did not see it. The mode man of Garestield colliery, has gas works of of dwarfing is simple ; the branch of a full his own, which only cost him about £25, and grown tree is covered with mould, which is he can brag of having a more brilliant light bound round with cloth or matting, and kept than the folks of Newcastle. Mr. Waugh, we constantly wet; the fibres of the branch thus understand, is not the only person for whom covered soon shoot into the mould, and then the engineering collier has constructed gas the branch is carefully cut from the tree, the works ; others have had him at work illuminbandage is removed, and it is planted in new ating their houses; and we shall be glad if earth. The fibres then become roots, and thus this notice prove an advertisement to him, and that which was previously a branch on the get him a few more jobs.— Gateshead Obparent tree becomes a trunk, bearing flowers and fruit. The buds at the extremity of the branches which are intended to be dwarfed, A paragraph has been going the round of are torn off as soon as they appear, and by this the papers which asserts that à M. Babinet means the branches are arrested in their growth, has, by a communication made to the Institute, and other buds and branches shoot out. After “ to a great extent convinced M. Leverrier a certain time, sugar-juice is applied to the that Neptune is not the planet calculated by trunk of the dwarf-tree, by which means insects him. We recommend our readers to do as we are attracted, and thus the bark is injured, and mean to do—wait till M. Leverrier himself that knotted appearance is produced, peculiar publishes this admission. But that the account to old trees. When it is proposed to give any of the meeting of the Institute is very

circumparticular form to a tree, the branches are bent stantially given, we should rather incline to into shape, and retained in it by means of believe that this asserted communication is the pieces of bamboo.— China and the Chinese. echo of some of the English or American

speculators on the subject of “ Neptune.no

Neptune."-- Athenæum.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTEL-
LIGENCE.

Messrs. Longman & Co. announce the fol

lowing important works for publication during PATENT SELF-CLEANSING WATER FILTER.— the ensuing season : We have been favored by Mr. Higgs, of The History of England, from the Accession Lord street, with an opportunity of inspecting of James II. By Thomas Babington Maca self-cleansing water filter, which has been aulay. Vols. I. and II. 8vo. patented by Mr. Brooke Smith and Mr. R. F. The Saxons in England : a History of the Sturges. The invention appears to be by far English Commonwealth until the Time of the the most complete which has yet been intro- Norman Conquest. By J. M. Kemble, M. duced, and to afford all the advantages that A. 2 vols. 8vo. are required in such an apparatus. It can be Letters of William III. and Louis XIV., attached to the usual water-pipes without diffi- and of their Ministers. Extracted from the culty, and without interfering with the supply Archives of France and England, and from of unfiltered water. It is brought into action Family Papers. Edited by P. Grimblot. 2 by the mere turning of a tap, can be cleansed vols. 8vo. by a reversed action, and consequently it may The Judges of England : with Sketches of be safely entrusted to the care of any ordinary their Lives, and Notices connected with the person. The self-cleansing principle, now, we Courts at Westminster from the Time of the believe, introduced for the first time, is per- Conquest. By E. Foss, Esq., F.S.A. Vols. haps the most valuable part of the invention. I. and II. 8vo. In most cases the filtration is carried on for Loyola and Jesuitism. By Isaac Taylor. some time through the mass of accumulated Post Svo. filth, and the perfect purification of the water Sacred and Legendary Art. is rendered almost impossible. The moderate Jameson. 2 vols. square crown 8vo. ; with price of the filter is another and important numerous wood cuts and Sixteen Etchings by recommendation.- Liverpool Albion.

the Author.

The Fountain of Arethusa. By Robert

By Mrs.

Eyres Landor, M.A., author of "The Fawn in favor of a minimum quantity, will find of Sertorius." 2 vols. post 8 vo.

this edition well calculated to meet their wants. A Record of the Black Prince, in the Words The text is mainly adopted from that of Wagof the Chroniclers. In Black Letter, with ner's edition, “though in certain matters of Illuminated Miniatures and other Illustrations. orthography the mode usually pursued in this Post 8vo. in carved and pierced covers. country (England) and to which our Diction

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canibus catulos similis, sic matribus haedos The Song of Solomon. From the Holy norum. Scriptures. Illuminated in the Missal Style, The American reprint which we have before by Owen Jones. Imperial 16mo. elegantly us, is neatly got up, and published at a modebound in relievo leather.

rate price. The History of the Jews of Spain and Portugal, from the Earliest Times to their

ALFRED IN INDIA, or Scenes in HindooFinal Expulsion from those Kingdoms. By stan. Boston : Gould, Kendall & Lincoln. E. H. Lindo. 8vo. Plates and Fac-similes.

1848. 12s.

There is perhaps no department of litera

ture in which so great an improvement has SHORT REVIEWS AND NOTICES. taken place during the last fifteen or twenty

years, as in that of books intended for the P. VIRGILII MARONIS CARMINA— With an

young. Children are now regarded as rationIntroduction and Notes. Chambers' Classi- al beings with minds which require to be imcal Series, edited by Schmitz and Zumpt. proved and developed, and for this end to be Philadelphia : Lea and Blanchard.

supplied with instruction in a form best calcuThe names of these distinguished classical lated to excite in them a vivid interest, and to scholars is a sufficient guaranty that the work prompt a desire to learn. When we state undertaken by them is well done. Whether that the pretty little volume before us was the plan adopted in the series of which this originally published under the auspices of the volume forms a part, of placing the notes at Messrs. Chambers, our readers may be certain the foot of the page, be a judicious one, is a that it is one of the best of this class of works ; question which only practical teachers can de- indeed, although it is perfectly simple and cide, and on which much difference of opinion easy of comprehension, a large portion of the exists. The amount of assistance which ought contents would, we imagine, be both amusto be afforded to scholars in the notes, is an- ing and instructive to “ children of a larger other controverted point; and those who are growth."

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FORTUNE'S CHINA: GARDENING.

TUNE.

Wanderings in China. By ROBERT For- paratively open. What he saw with his own London : 1847.

eyes we believe implicitly in. But what did

he see? With the exception of a hasty excurIt was the humor of some philosophers of sion to Soc-chow-foo in a boat and in disguise, the last century to be credulous about the his range of observation was confined to the virtues, genius, and accomplishments of the immediate neighborhood of the privileged Chinese ; and, the other day, the Pottinger maritime towns, with the names of which EnTreaty appears to have found too many of glish readers are by this time pretty well familour countrymen equally ready to be deceived. iarized. For all beyond, he could have noAccording to their sanguine anticipations, the thing but the word of a Chinese. opening of the five ports was to be the begin It will be long, we fear, before strangers ning of a new world.

can observe at their ease, or communicate with Horticulturists were naturally among the confidence in China. Mr. Fortune was stared most forward of these expectants. The Chi- at in the neighborhood of Amoy as an object nese glorify their country with the title of the of curiosity and alarm. Flowery Empire. Their tea plant lays us “When the day was hot, I would sit under under tribute morning and evening; and they the shade of a large banyan tree, generally have already presented our gardens with the found growing near the houses; and then the Pæony and Chrysanthemum, with the Azalea, whole village-men, women, and children,Camellia, and divers other flowers. In addi- would gather round, gazing at me with curiosity, tion to which, an obscure belief prevailed at from another world. Then one would begin to

not unmixed with fear, as if I were a being one time (and is not perhaps at present quite examine my clothes, another would peep into exploded) that the English taste in landscape my pockets, while several others were examining gardening, if not derived from the Chinese, is my specimens.” (P. 37.) at all events the same with it. It is not at all

He was robbed at Chinchew:surprising, therefore, that in the general rush to China, our gardeners should have wished to “A few of the natives began to follow me be suitably represented. Accordingly, in very closely, and, from their manner, I suspected 1813, the Horticultural Society of London that their intentions to me were not good; but sent out Mr. Fortune as its botanical collector ; where I should see some good plants and flow

as they pretended to take me to some place a judicious choice, as far as we can judge from ers, I allowed them to accompany me, and tried the present unpretending volume, which is his to keep them all in good humor. We arrived account of his two years' wanderings among at last in sight of a large mansion, standing in a the Chinese Flora. We rejoice to learn that retired part of the country, and I was proceedthe zeal and ability displayed by Mr. Fortune ing with perfect confidence towards it, when on this occasion bave received an appropriate round me ; and upon feeling a hand in my

the Chinamen began to press more closely reward; and that he has been recently appoint-pocket, I 'turned quickly round, and saw the ed by the East India Company to examine thief running off with a letter which he had abmore completely the Tea districts of China, stracted. As soon as he saw he was discovered, with the view, we believe, of afterwards su he threw it on the ground and made off; but perintending the naturalization of the Thea when I put my hand into my pocket, I found viridis in the Himalaya, either as a plant or

that I had lost several things of more value. a manufacture, -as the case may be.

This incident stopped my progress, and made Mr. Fortune performed, we have no doubt,

me look about for my servant, whom I saw at all that could be reasonably looked for. But, the fellows. They had surrounded him, present

some distance, attacked by about eight or ten of with only the opportunities and qualifications ing their knives, and threatening to stab him if which Europeans possess at present, the ques- he offered the least resistance, at the same time tion still remains, what this all amounts to? endeavoring to rob and strip him of every thing Not allowed to pass into the interior, and ill of the slightest value, and my poor plants, colacquainted with the language, there are few lected with so much care, were flying about in problems concerning China which foreigners all directions.” (P. 57.) can be supposed to be yet in a state for solving He was cheated at Ningpo, Shanghai,—and on their personal responsibility. For example, most probably everywhere else. Among the the objects of Mr. Fortune's search lie com-objects which he was always inquiring after,

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one :

66

answer.

was a reported yellow camellia : and he was “ Most people have seen and admired the rash enough

Ningpo to offer the sum of ten beautiful Azaleas which are brought to the Chisdollars to any Chinaman who would bring him wick fètes, and which, as individual specimens.

surpass in most instances those which grow and

bloom on their native hills. But few can form Any thing can be had in China for dollars ! any idea of the gorgeous and striking beauty of and it was not long before two plants were these azalea-clad mountains, where, on every brought me, one of which was said to be light side as far as our vision extends, the eye rests yellow, and the other as deep a color as the on masses of flowers of dazzling brightness and double yellow rose. Both had flower-buds upon surpassing beauty. Nor is it the azalea alone them, but neither was in bloom. I felt quite which claims our admiration; clematises, wild certain that the Chinaman was deceiving me, roses, honeysuckles, the glycine noticed above, and it seemed foolish to pay such a sum for and a hundred others, make us confess that plants which I should in all probability have to China is indeed the central flowery land.” (P. throw away afterwards; and yet I could not make 67.) up my mind to lose the chance, slight as it was,

So much for the wild flowers of China. of possessing the yellow camellia. And the did his business so well! He had a written Their artificial state is not so captivating. label stuck in each pot, and apparently the

When at Ningpo Mr. Fortune visited the garwriting and labels had been there for some years. dens of several mandarins. They are fanciI fancied I was as cunning as he was, and re- fully laid out with ornamental shrubs, and quested him to leave the plants, and return on generally contain many specimens of dwarf the following morning, when he should have an trees—some trained to represent larger trees,

In the mean time I asked a respectable others, to imitate animals or pagodas. The Chinese merchant to read the writing upon labels. All was correct; the writing agreed process by which these vegetable toys are with what the man had told me: namely, that created will be read with curiosity, and be one of the plants produced light yellow blooms, probably attempted by many a schoolboy in and the other deep yellow. *Did you ever see his holidays. A description of one of the a camellia with yellow flowers ?' I enquired gardens, which strangers are taken to to adof my friend the merchant. No,' said he, in mire, is sufficiently characteristic. Its owner his broken English ; ‘My never have seen he; having accumulated an independent fortune by my thinkie no have got.'. On the following trade, is amusing his old age after the followmorning the owner of the plants presented himself, and asked me if Ì had made

ing fashion :

up my mind upon the subject. I told him that I "This old gentleman has the different parts would take the plants to Hong Kong, where I of his house joined together by rude-looking was going at the time; that they would soon caverns, and what at first sight appears to be a flower there; and that if they proved yellow he subterraneous passage, leading from room to should have his money. This, however, he room, through which the visitor passes to the would not consent to; and at last we compro- garden, which is behind the house. The small mised the matter, I agreeing to pay half the courts, of which a glimpse is caught in passing money down, and the other half when the plants through, are fitted up with this rock-work; flowered, providing they were true. On these dwarf trees are planted here and there in variconditions I got the camellias, and took them ous places, and creepers hang down naturally with me to Hong Kong. It is almost needless and gracefully until their ends touch the little to say that when they flowered there was noth-ponds of water which are always placed in front ing yellow about them but the stamens, for they of the rockwork. These small places being were both semidouble worthless kinds.” (P. 94.) passed, we are again led through passages like With the same absence of good faith, a

those already noticed, when the garden, with its

dwarf trees, vases, rockwork, ornamental winShanghai nurseryman charged him an exor-dows, and beautiful flowering shrubs, is suddenbitant price for some pæonies, because they ly opened to the view.” (P. 99.) could only be procured at a great distance;

This description will apply apparently, more though in fact he brought them, with the carth upon their roots scarcely dry, from a

or less, to all the private gardens which were nursery garden hard by. These vexations,

seen by Mr. Fortune ; while their nursery however, were lightly treated by Mr. Fortune, gardens may be considered to be favorably who, whether robbed or defrauded, pursued represented by the celebrated Fa-tec gardens,

of . his vocation with uniform temper and perseverance.

“The plants are principally kept in large The province of Che-kiang, in which the pots arranged in rows along the sides of narrow town of Ningpo is situated, excites our collect

paved walks, with the houses of the gardeners or to unusual raptures by its abundant flow

at the entrance, through which the visitors pass

to the gardens.” It is in the spring that "the ers. Festoons of the beautiful Glycine sinensis

Fa-tee gardens possess the greatest attractions. adorn the hedges :

They are then

gay

with the tree pæony, azaleas,

camellias, roses, and various other plants. The deceived; still less their dogs, which are very azaleas are splendid, and reminded me of the

averse to strangers. Men, however, and dogs exhibitions of the Horticultural Society at Chiswick; but the Fa-tee exhibitions were on a

And when he was

passed him without notice. much larger scale. Every garden was one mass

crossing the bridge near the city walls-the of bloom, and the different colors of red, white, first Englishman, as far as he knew, that and purple, blended together, had a most beau- had ever done so : for Lord Macartney's emtiful and imposing effect.” (P. 153.)

bassy is not said to have quitted their boats as Shanghai is the most northern of the five to find that he passed without being remarked

—him ports at which foreigners are permitted to by a single individual of the throng that was trade. Mr. Fortune passed some time here, around him. The city, seen in the only way from its being a favorable field for his botani- that he could see it, seems scarcely worthy of cal pursuits; and it was from hence be started the pains that were taken to reach it. It has on his great adventure to Soo-chow-foo.

the merit, however, of prosperity : for it is “ Every one who has been in China, or who connected with the central provinces of China is at all acquainted with Chinese history, has by a hundred ramifying canals of various heard of the city of Soo-chow-foo. If a stran- sizes; and being thus a chief mart for their ger enters a shop in Hong Kong, in Canton, or produce, has an important and increasing in any other of the towns of the south, he is trade both with Europe and America. sure to be told when he inquires the price of any curiosity out of the common way, that it has "In its general features, it is much the same been brought from this celebrated place : let as the other cities in the north, but is evidently him order anything superb, and it must be sent the seat of luxury and wealth, and has none of for from Soo-chow; fine pictures, fine carved | those signs of dilapidation and decay which one work, fine silks, and fine ladies, all come from sees in such towns as Ningpo. A noble canal, Soo-chow. It is the Chinaman's earthly para

as wide as the river Thames at Richmond, runs dise, and it would be hard indeed to convince parallel with the city walls, and acts as a moat, him that it had its equal in any town on earth.”

as well as for commercial purposes. Here, as (P. 250.)

at Cading and Ta-tsong-tseu, a large number of

invalided junks are moored, and doubtless make In the neighborhood of the city there excellent Chinese dwelling-houses, particularly were likewise reported to be a number of ex to a people so fond of living on the water. This cellent gardens and nurseries ; Mr. Fortune, same canal is carried through arches into the therefore, determined at once, if he could ob- city, where it ramities in all directions, sometimes tain a conveyance, to defy the celestial laws, into lakes of considerable beauty; thus enabling

narrow and dirty, and at other places expanding and, if possible, to visit this far-famed city. the inhabitants to convey their merchandise to At length he procured a boat, and set off in

their houses from the most distant parts of the the proper direction without telling the boat country. Junks and boats of all sizes are plyman where he wished to go. His servant re- ing on this wide and beautiful canal, and the pressed curiosity, and allayed the customary whole place has a cheerful and flourishing asjealousy, by informing all inquirers that his pect, which one does not often see in the other master was "perfectly harmless"—that he towns in China, if we except Canton and would do no mischief, and get nobody into Shanghai. The walls and ramparts are high, trouble—that he was only a man in search of semblance to those in Ningpo, but in much bet

and in excellent repair, having considerable replants. Sooner or later, however, the object ter order. The city gates seem to be well guardof his journey must be communicated to his ed with Chinese soldiers, and all the streets travelling companions. So having reached a and lanes inside are intersected at intervals with spot thirty miles distant from Shanghai, he gates, which are closed at nine or ten at night. thought the time was come for making his in- The governor-general of the province resides tentions known to his servant, who was more

here, and keeps those under his control in ex

cellent order. able than any other person to assist him in his

“ The number of nursery gardens in this scheme. The promise of five dollars to this city had been exaggerated by my, Chinese person, and double pay (Mr. Fortune had friends at Shanghai, but nevertheless there were bought his experience) to be paid on their several of considerable extent, out of which I return, to his boatmen, induced them to pro was able to procure some new and valuable ceed. The difficulties of dress and appearance plants. Among these I may notice in passing a were now to be overcome; and our author had white Glycine, a fine new double yellow rose, to be metamorphosed in various ways

and a Gardenia, with large white blossoms like

a Camellia. These plants are now in England, among others, to cut off his hair, and wear

and will soon be met with in every garden in a Chinese wig and tail. He was evidently a

the country. The Soo-chow nurseries abounded little nervous about the success of his disguise. in dwarf trees, many of which were very curiThe people in the large towns are not casily ous and old, two properties to which the Chinese

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