Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

-nothing more loudly calling for missionary troduced with great effect into the next edition exertion to abolish it—than the practice of of Mr. Newman's Essay, as an illustration gashing the flesh with knives in the worship of of that process of development by which idols; and we all remember John's ludicrous things originating without the Church come to blunder between knives and kimes, with the be incorporated with the Catholic system. inimitable ridicule which it provoked from But we must have done ; for our article has Sydney Smith. But, lo! the practice which exceeded its intended limits, although we have was lately regarded as about the worst of confined ourselves to the survey of certain heathen abominations is actually held up to works of religious fiction, without entering on admiration as a mark of the most advanced any more general considerations, as to the Christianity! And no doubt the adoption of merits of the class to which they belong. On the knife (or kime) by the Passionists, fiom that subject we may, perhaps, have something the ancient prophets of Baal and the modern to say hereafter.- Fraser's Magazine. idolaters of the South Sea Islands, will be in

AMY MONE.

Amymone. A Romance of the Days of Per- | is the nouveau riche who is most.ostentatious

icles. By the Author of Azeth the of his wealth ; but then it must also be reEgyptian." R. Bentley

membered that it is the nouveau riche who

most enjoys his magnificence, and who is most The admirers of Miss Lynn's former work, sincerely desirous that you, whom he invites and they (we speak it advisedly) are very to his feast, should do so too. Do not let it numerous, will be anxious to know something be supposed, from these words, that Miss of this new romance, with its attractive title. Lynn is open to the charge of trying to storm Even those persons most indifferent to classic her readers into admiration, by the direct dissubjects, to whom as little Greek as possible charge of a grand battery of ill-digested eruis the most welcome quantity, cannot turn dition. It is not so. She is not, we imagine, away from the name of Pericles, as if it were a very great Greek scholar, nor does she prewithout interest for them. All things con tend to be one, but her intense love of everynected with those men who have given their thing Greek (perhaps we ought rather to say name to an Age, must have somewhat of the Ionian, for to that race alone does her admiraprestige belonging to all greatness, and must tion seem to be limited in “ Amymone ”), excite our curiosity and admiration accord- this love of the old classic race, has made her ingly. “The Age of Pericles," “ The Age devote much patient labor to the investigation of Napoleon,” “ The Homeric,” and “ Medi- of their domestic habits, and their social and cian #ras,” are mere phrases, indeed; but political constitution. This labor has prothey are phrases which go far to prove that duced much knowledge, and this knowledge words are things, and things of a most poten- she has used to adorn and strengthen her tial kind ; things which rouse up all the imagination (a very powerful and graceful strongest feelings within man's nature. Man one), in the production of the work before is a word-governed animal; and those who us. There may be errors of detail, and would gain influence over their fellows do slight unconscious pedantrics here and there ; well to learn how they may best use that but the whole work is full of evidence that magical power, which is a rod, a sceptre, or a the writer's heart and soul are in the subject, magnet, to attract and repel. Miss Lynn seems and that she has forgotten herself, and what to be well acquainted with this magical power, may be said of her, in that subject. The and in every page of “ Amymone ” she has result of this devotion to her task is, if not exercised it. Words long consecrated to a purely artistic transcript of Hellenic life, thoughts and things, of classic worth and something approaching much more nearly to it beauty, are poured over her pages, " thick than half the dramas, and poems, and conver as the leaves in Vallambrosa.' Perhaps the sations, and tales, which are put forth as reprofusion with which they are used argues a flections of the classical ages of Greece andwant of real, long familiarity with them. It | Rome. It may be asked how we can venture

ASPASIA INSULTED IN THE THEATRE.

names.

to pronounce as to the truth of this or that tionalities of society. The character of Amyrepresentation of a form of life no living man mone is exaggerated, but in many particulars has ever seen. To this we reply, without it is well worked out. The book is crowded taking notice of the knowledge of the subject, with great people : Pericles, Aspasia, Anaxawhich may be gained by acquaintance with goras, Socrates, Alcibiades, Pheidias, &c., are the great classic authors of antiquity, that the all part of the dramatis persone, and, withmost important fact about every man is that out being very strongly brought out, they he is alive; now, this fact Miss Lynn does keep up their characters respectably. Aspanot forget; while so many of the authors to sia is represented as the wife of Pericles, his whom we allude do forget it. They may be former wife being divorced. Miss Lynn's more correct than she, in costume, technicali- view of the character of Aspasia is not that ties, and phraseology ; but her Athenians are generally taken of it, even by the most liberal real flesh and blood, and we are ready to greet judges; but whether our authoress be correct them, every one, as "a man and a brother or not, she has made a beautiful sketch of the (barring their Teuto-Hellenic names) ; while fair Ionian in her novel. It would be easy

to there are classic creations, highly praised ones give a dozen brilliant extracts of scenes and too, that are no better than well-draped stat- conversations, but our space will not allow us ues, and, for our own parts, we can no more so to do. fraternize with them than we can with “ Frankenstein's ” Monster, or the Commandant in " Don Giovanni.''

“The play! the play !' shouted the crowd, We do not quite understand the principle as the heavy curtains sweeping before the scene of Miss Lynn's orthography of Greek proper remained unmoved, the open orchestra unten

Thirlwall, Arnold, Grote, and other anted, and they ungratified with any show or English writers upon Grecian history, have the-scene. ories of their own, or of German origin, about

". Euripides is always so long! His clepsythe probable pronunciation of certain vowels dra will run out before he is even ready!' cried and consonants in Greek, and they take great phon his part for the first time to-day?

Crates, sarcastically. Is he teaching Cephisoliberties with our old-fashioned

ways
of writing

“Or rating Polos for his mouthings !' said familiar Greek names in English. There is Hermippos, turning to the actor-poet. " As thou, little doubt that the new ways are better than Crates, used to speak, before thou left Cratinos' the old ; but those who carry on a system of troop of slaves to be his rival.? reform should be consistent in applying their

" . The mask may not fit!' laughed old Craprinciples : e. 9., why, if Miss Lynnwrites tinos. Perhaps the slaves have brought a Kerameicos instead of Ceramicus, and Karites merry lee-song face, in lieu of the pale brow

and tragic lips of the buskined hero. How I instead of Charites, does she not write Kephi- should laugh to see the prim Euripides reduced sus, Alkibiades, Kimon, Thukydides ? This to such a strait. We should be forced to have is of little importance in a romance, certainly, our comedy again!' but why is it thus ?

« « The comedy! the comedy! the merry Amymone, the heroine, is the illegitimate song to Dionysos !' cried Crates and Hermippos, child of an Athenian citizen, and is mar

and others of the comic poets, who were all sitried to Methion, the son of a Persian alien ting together, railing loudly at Pericles and the who settled in Attica. She is a woman of ther representation.

archon Myrrichides, who had forbidden their fur

• If would have mirth, inordinate pride and ambition ; she is en citizens of Athens,' they cried, rising, shout dowed with extraordinary beauty and intellect for the repeal of the archon's law! shout for the ual

power, but is cold and heartless. She is restoration of comedy!' bent upon obtaining that high position in

66. Louder ! louder!' cried old Cratinos, standsociety, as free and well-born, which is denied ing up and waving his hand above his satyr-like to her condition as a slave and the wife of head; shout louder yet, my friends! Athens

never did aught in quiet!' an alien. Cleon, the celebrated demagogue,

Comedy! the comedy! give us back our makes use of her in his schemes to bring ancient rights ! give us back our ancient songs ! down the power of Pericles, and to destroy Comedy! the lee-song! we will have the merry him and Aspasia. He helps her to gain wine-song once again!' were the words which wealth and station, and to set up in Athens rose up in deafening clamor from the crowd. a sort of rival party to that of Aspasia. Amy

• • Down with Pericles and his tyrant laws!' mone is a murderess, a despiser of the laws of Hyperbolos shouted.

** Down with Pericles and his tyrant laws!' gods and men, a sort of worse Lady Macbeth,

was repeated by isolated voices, from different and yet she is made to become the idol and parts of the theatre — Cleon's voice the loudest. model of virtuous Athenian matrons, on ac “ And the clapping of hands, hissing, and outcount of her strict observance of the conven- cries, increased each moment.

lee

ye

ye

[blocks in formation]

66

“ . The most trifling cause can at any time | Amymone's haughty face, as the Athenian woturn the Athenian world against itself, like the men gathered round her and left the Milesian brazen men of Iason,' said Crates: “and the dis-alone before her judges and accusers. Aspasia appointment of an hour can make it forget the paled, and the light, which had before been so services of a lifetime!'

steady, was dimmed and broken in her eyes. " Yet though this was a characteristic which Only for an instant - a fleeting moment. led to so much misery and sin, it was also one of Then drawing her form to its height, and crossthe principal causes of Athenian supremacy. ing one arm over her breast, she stood, not

“ Aspasia covered her head in her veil, rose meekly suffering, yet not repelling as by equal to leave the theatre, as she heard her husband's strength, nor braving as with a man's energetic name, and now and then her own, spoken in passion, but casting off that storm of shame as such menacing tones by the men for whom he rain-drops from the swan's white wings. She was then perilling his life, his all, upon the Sa was too pure, too high, too noble, for such conmian shore.

tamination ! " Hyperbolos had been watching her; and, “ The mob was subdued; and a deep silence when he saw her rise, he pointed her out to fell among them. Lysicles, disdaining all rules Hermippos, whispering in his ear, with a very and laws, freed the barriers and Aung himself fiend's expression on his face. The young poet's before Aspasia, placing one arm as a bar bequick and bitter smile boded but little good for tween her and the threatening crowd. the glorious woman to whom his looks were 6 Shame! shame!' he cried; this to a woturned; and Aspasia felt the blood grow cold man, young, pure, and lovely! Shame! shame about her heart, as she met the deadly gaze of upon ye all! Is this an Athenian assembly? those two men.

and do ye gather to the Dionysiac Theatre only Hermippos stood above them all, upon the to insult one gentle, lovely, feeble lady? Is bench where he had been sitting; and, in a this your homage to the Gentle God? 'Is this voice that cut through the tumult, so clear and your gratitude for beauty upon earth? On so cold in its bitter words, he exclaimed, Room, your knees, ye base inen of Athens, to bid her matrons of Athens! room for the frail hetaira ; pardon ye for your cowardice! Ask pardon of give place, ye daughters of the Eupatrids, to the gods, if gods ye trust in, for a fouler wrong the base-born foreigner! and ye, senators and than this never stained the sky of Attica. If councillors, cast down the tablets of the law Pericles have failed, must she who stands beside beneath your feet, for Aspasia has annulled him, as his better genius upon earth, must she, each national decree, to govern Athens at her too, suffer for the misdeeds of her husband ? pleasure! Why need ye a written code, each | Abuse Pericles as ye will; he is a man, and his word of which is a lie from ye to the gods, when truth or his unworthiness will be seen best in the Milesian's smile or tear can move our courts the trial; but leave ye Aspasia at peace within and armies? Why need ye honored usages, her dwelling.' when a piece of painted, worthless womanhood, “There was something so heroic in the air is higher than Areiopagos or Sun-Court ? Curse and attitude of Lysicles, something so manly in her, inen of Athens! curse the corrupter of your his voice, so beautiful in his flushed and earnest wives, the seducer of your sons, the ruin of the face, such an expression of strength, and energy, city, and the blasphemer of the gods! Curse and passion, while she was all gentleness and the heartless wanton, for whose revenge your calmness from moral dignity, that, had it been country bleeds; for whose false dignity your re for nothing save their beauty, that Athenian ligious rites are disregarded, and the sacred mob must have hailed them well. songs are mute; for whose fatal smile your ruler “ Hermippos would have spoken, and Cleon has forgotten religion, law, and morality; for too, but the crowd commanded them to silence; whose thalamos the altars of the gods are left and the rabdouxoi, or theatre-police, took ad. untended, and the temples all deserted !' vantage of the change, to enforce quiet and

“ The Milesian stood. She was fearfully pale, order. The Athenians caught at some pleasand her eyes were dusk as night, but not with antry : and the laughing crowd soon settled terror. It was a woman's insulted dignity; a again into its usual mirth and glee, forgetful wife's outraged love; in her the dearer thing (save some who threw their garlands and chapstruck sorely hard ; the place, honored by a lets to Aspasia) that a cloud had crossed the nobler participation, polluted and disgraced; it horizon of their joy." was Pericles, and not herself, she defended, as she flung her veil back from her face and looked

It may be finally said, that both this and steadily into the eyes of her accusers.

Miss Lynn's previous romance, Azeth," ex“A yell went up; and that crowd, that thick hibit remarkable talents, and, when considered dense mob of Athenian men, cursed the lonely as the work of so young an authoress, are woman, as the coward demagogue gave out. extraordinary, both for their scholarship and

“ Alone she stood and heard that cry. Not a their knowledge of human life. We predict woman was by her side ; they all had fled, and

a brilliant career for her ; and shrunk away ; crowding round Amymone, who,

her

pay a very towering above that frightened group, fronted high compliment, when we say we feel assured the Milesian, the bitterest foe she had."' A flush she has not yet produced her best work. Her of blood-red dye, a gleam of burning exulta- genius is of a progressive nature, and time tion, almost agony, from excess, flashed over and experience will but strengthen and mellow

her powers. We conclude with the following costume of loosely, fitting garments, the cap account of

pressed far upon his brows. He came near to

the barrier, watching the horses as they pawed THE CHARIOT RACE AT OLYMPIA.

the ground and champed the bit, eager to be

free; a glance of exultation came athwart his “ The most splendid contest took place on the pallid face, a gleam of pride shot forth from his fourth day, when the four-horse chariot-race was large bright eyes; his boy's slim stature seemed determined. Of all which now stood upon the fuller and higher, as he siood among the crowd, ground behind the barrier, none were so mag- his lip curved, and his nostril dilated, with a nificent as the two which Amymone had sent. stormful passion of fevered expectation. They were of bronze, finely worked, equal to " The signal is given ; the brazen eagle rises any of Sicilian manufacture; the frame-work, high; the cord is withdrawn, and away speed somewhat resembling a nautilus in shape, was the cars! Over the plain, careering round the highly ornamented with scrolls, and volutes, and circle, onwards, so that the very wind might not graceful patterns; the spokes of the wheels were overtake them, passing the mystic spot in the adorned in the same way; the nave was fash- centre of the circus, where Taxolippos held his ioned into the shape of a lotus flower, and the viewless place of terror, on, on they drove, until tire, bound with brass, was embossed and adorn- they came to the narrow pass between the piled: in the sunlight it glittered as if all of gold. lars, known by the name of Thermopylæ. And The trappings were purpled, studded with brass here the boy held his breath. One hand raised, and gold hammered fine, and the horses, koppa- his lips slightly parted, he stood watching the marked, were of purest white. They were the cars as they threaded the narrow way, as though finest which the Eleian plains could give, or his

very life had hung upon the issue. But the Eleian inares produce. Proudly they drew up pass was freed; and the chariots which Amytheir arching necks, as the charioteer, Teucer of mone had sent were again safely rushing round Acharnai, a man of free birth, skill, and gentle the hippodrome, while many, entangled in each station, reined them up tight, to show their other's wheels, the reins broken, the horses respride and training. As he stood within the tive, were unfitted for further trial. The boy bend of the shell, his short white kiton reaching gave a deep sigh, as if relieved from some great no farther than his knee, his well-formed feet burden of suspense. and ancles clad in buskins of embossed leather, 66 Thou takest interest in the games, my the Phrygian scarf about his breast of the rich- young Phrygian,' said a soft silky voice, and Anest Tyræan hue, embroidered with golden stars tiphon the soothsayer looked into his face. floating in the air, a narrow fillet of gold encom "I am a Greek, and at Olympia,' answered passing his dark locks, the people agreed that the boy, with a broad foreign accent; but AntiAmymone of Athens had sent the most splen- phon thought he knew the voice, stranger though didly-appointed equipage, with the best conduc it was, and the face was not so unfamiliar as it tor, of all that came to the honor of the gods this seemed. year.

“ Cleon the tanner had his eyes upon them. " • But I will outdo her!' muttered Alcibia- He called to Antiphon to come to him, and they des, as a vision of the future rose before hin, both conversed eagerly, the soothsayer whisperwhen with seven chariots, a number unheard of ing, and laughing, as he muttered, “Faithless before, he gained the four prizes from the grave Phrygian ! faithless Phrygian ! the reproach of Hellanodicai.

Laomedon's treachery clings even to thee! He* The chariots drew up behind the aphesis, or racles, Apollo, and Neptune, thou, too, wouldst barrier, which was in shape like a ship's prow or deceive, as once did the king; faithless Phryrostrum, the point turned towards the course, gian, untrue and false!' the base joining the portico of Agaptos. At “On came the cars, onward, onward; the the end of the rostrum was a bar, over which dust drove up in gathering clouds, the steam was a brazen dolphin ; and in the centre of from the panting horses hung over them in a the rostrum was an altar of unbaked brick, white mist, the drivers could hardly be seen, whitened each successive Olympiad; and on the vapor and the dust about them. Onward ! this stood a brazen eagle, which rose with wings onward ! till the narrow pass is again to be outspread, as a signal to begin, while the dol- freed ; again and again, until it has been passed phin sank to the ground. The signs were re these twelve times; and then panting, covered versed when the race was run. The cord which with sweat and foam, every vein starting, kept them in being gradually withdrawn, the every muscle stretched and turgid, every nerve chariots drew up in a line; and then a boy, strung,

the horses which Teucer of Acharnai who had not been seen before to converse with drove came bounding on the first, Amymone's any since the games first began, asked eagerly second car gaining the second prize.

Whose chariots were those, shell-shaped, which “ Cleon made his way through the dense stood the first of the line ?

crowd to the Phrygian boy, who, inspired by " When they told him. Amymone of Athens,' some strange delight, stood upon the bench, he repeated his question, hanging on the an- higher than all around, and shouted out

, · Amyswer with a rapture which could not escape the mone! Amymone! Amymone of Athens is the most unobservant. A pale and lovely boy was victor!' as if earth and sky held only himself he; lovely as young Paris, or Demeter's darling, and the lady whose proud triumph"he prothe mournful Attis; clothed in the Phrygian | claimed.”Douglas Jerrold's Paper.

PEPE'S RECOLLECTIONS OF ITALY.

Translated for the Daguerreotype.

Library of Select Memoirs from the was only checked by great severity and miliEighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Vol. tary power ; the rage at seeing Naples governV: Recollections of Italy, by William Pepe.ed by these invaders; all these feelings are Zurich. 1848.

constantly at work in his excitable nature. He

was born in February 1783, the son of a The editors of the Library of Select Memoirs wealthy land-owner in Calabria, and in his have assigned the fifth volume of their series early youth the principles and events of the to General William Pepe. This general was French revolution made a very lively impresnot one of the most celebrated captains of sion upon him. “ The youth of Naples,” he the nineteenth century; he earned neither the writes of the year 1798, were burning with bâton of a marshal nor the épaulettes of a desire to establish in their own country institugeneral under Napoleon; but he was never- tions similar to those of the French republic. theless one of the really good officers of that Such principles were almost universally prevaarmy, who formed the basis of the mighty lent, especially among those who had the welpyramid, and who in time would have become fare of their country at heart, and those who illustrious commanders. The volume before were languishing in the state-prisons. Our us describes an active soldier's life down to officers, above all, were animated by the most the year 1814; of subsequent events, and of warlike desires, and by a profound contempt his share in the disturbances of 1820 and for the weak and miserable policy which gov1821. Pepe himself has already published an erned the state. I had scarcely reached my independent account. But, in the importance fifteenth year, when my heart already beat of the contents, the volume now published is with the most enthusiastic republican sentifar superior to the former work, which relates ments.” In the following year, he hailed with the events of a sad period of the nineteenth delight the Parthenopean republic, founded by century, and closes with the residence of the Championnet, and performed his first military exiled author at Barcelona, Lisbon, Madrid, services in the column of General Schipani, and London, where he wrote these recollections who was to secure the allegiance of Apulia to of his former adventures.

republican principles, in opposition to the army The chief interest of this book seems to us of Cardinal Ruffo. But the enterprise was to consist in the fact, that the author is a thor- unsuccessful, and Pepe's first military expediough Italian, and desires to be nothing more; tion ended in his being wounded in the battle and that he draws a series of pictures from the of Vigliana, and carried to Naples as a prishistory of his country, a country which amidst oner. Here the most terrible scenes were the tumult of great events was almost forgotten, enacted. The brutal hordes of Ruffo and the and which, owing to the obstinate system of Lazzaroni dragged through the streets, amidst non-intercourse with foreigners, adopted by hideous cries and exclamations, men and woItalians, had for a long period withdrawn itself

, men of all ranks, most of whom were streamit

were, from observation. Memoirs relating ing with blood, half dead, and with their to the close of the last century are in Italy clothing torn from them. Pepe was lying in very scarce ; those of Alfieri, and the more a large prison among persons of all classes ; recent ones of Silvio Pellico, are the best the tumult in the streets was heard with frightknown among them. But how little do we ful distinctness; blood and filth covered the know of the domestic and foreign relations of floor; and it was not until the third day that Italy, if we compare those works with the lit- a little bread and water was brought to the erature of other European countries, not even prisoners. After these sufferings had lasted excepting Russia and Poland. The memoirs two and twenty days, the prisoners were conwhich we are now considering supply many veyed on board a corvette, and thence to andetails which will, to a certain extent, remedy other prison, each time amid the insults of the this defect.

mob and the fear of immediate death. Their General Pepe is, as we have already ob- judge was the inhuman Speciale, one of those served, thoroughly an Italian. The glory, the monsters whom the French revolutions proindependence of his country, the hatred of duced. When Pepe was brought before him, foreign oppression, which at that time was covered with blood and filth, he said to him, principally directed against the French, and “Why, you look like a brute, and not like

as

« ZurückWeiter »