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cause thou art strong! Thou art strong and good Oscar's absurdity is one of the very few because thou art good and strong! Thou hast things that raise a smile throughout these volthe vigor of the athlete, but thou hast also the grace of an infant. Jerome, there are moments addressed by candidates for the Assembly, can

The following samples of circulars, when my eyes fill with tears as I think that this People is 'mine,—that it belongs to me, its scarcely be called caricaturesfriend and colorist!"

Sentimental Circular. Oscar has a great enjoyment in store for Citizens,Name me. The interests of the Jerome :-he will take him to the Louvre, people have been the preoccupation of all my there to delight him with the splendors of re- life. I have known the people, and have loved publican Art. Arrived there, Oscar is shocked it. The more it is known—the better it is beto find Jerome not in ecstacies. Jerome be- loved. How profound its philosophy—how naire gins to doubt republican Art.

its poetry! People, thou hast all the graces as

thou hast all the virtues.—Name me ! “ Take care, Paturot! There is a touch of the sceptic in you. You play with great ideas.

Conspirator's Circular. Sceptic, indeed! who is not so ? Even the Citizens,-Name me; name the man who adépicier is ! That which is more rare is to have dresses you. He has the right to speak out ; he a soul intoxicated with splendors and an eye bears the brand of the royal chain, he has full of radiations!...... it is to carry in one's known the tyranny of monarchs. Whilst others bosom a world of color and of light, and to clothe compounded with the government, and allowed with it all objects without distinction. That is themselves to be corrupted by the gold of tyrants, what characterizes us artists, and places an he only dared to oppose his breast against the steel abyss between us and épicerie.

of the satellites. What he has suffered for the

people may be asked of the dungeons of Mont Not content with showing the Louvre, Oscar St. Vichael, and of the damp straw which there takes Jerome to see the exhibition of the supported his wasted frame. People ! between concours” for a symbolical figure of the Re

us guarantees have been given. I am a martyr public; Oscar, of course, being one of the of your cause :—behold my wounds! Whilst “ concurrents.”

you suffered—I conspired ; you suffer still-and

Í still conspire. I will conspire as long as you “My dear Paturot, it is into this that I have and delight of high souls and contemplative

suffer. The prison knows me. It is the pride thrown my whole soul. No reminiscence, no pla

natures !-Name giarism ; but a flame the most intense, creation the most vigorous. You know the expression There are several others, but we can spare which Cimabue gave to his Virgins: the naif, room only for this— the primitive, I have re-discovered that! You shall see.”

Ouvrier's Circular. Jerome is speechless before this specimen of

Citizens,—The son of a working man, nephew romantic and republican Art. Oscar, disdain- of a working man, cousin of a working man,

son-in-law of a working man, uncle of a workfully pointing at the other works, thus speaks ing man, and father of a working man, I might of his chef-d'æuvre.

myself have been a working man had circum

stances favored me. What do I say? Work“ Look at those sketches. There is texture ing man ? I am one,—and more so than any and some handling; but where is the conception other. Ouvrier ?-oh, yes ! ouvrier! It is a title --where the idea ? Nothing which makes you of which I am proud, and which I would change dream, nothing which carries you beyond the for none other. How beautiful a thing it is to bounds of space! I see republics seated and be a working man, and bear the name!. That republics standing—others lying, others kneeling

name I claim. I decorate myself with it and -near this are tigers, near that lions-farther glory therein. Ouvrier ! how it fills the mouth ! on are seen serpents, trees, and all the furniture | Ouvriers, my brothers, come to my arms-quick of creation, with no end of spheres. But the into my arms! Let us exchange the fraternal profound thought, the inspired prophecy, kiss. By the beating of my heart I feel that I where are they? Do you see those? Do you am worthy of you. Ouvrier!


I am an ouvhear them resounding in the depth of the hori- rier ! who shall gainsay it ? I am an ouvrier of zon? No, Jerome, no! These things are dumb thought! Thus, working men, behold one of as a tomb, —while mine has all the melodies of yourselves one of your most humble and denature! The Virgin strikes the globe, and from voted comrades! Let your hearts respond to his it issues infinite treasures. Mine delivers the heart !_Name me! key of human destinies and the sombre enigma of the Sphinx. All that in a few touches ! A

These extracts will be sufficient to give our little color,—and the mystery of the world is readers an idea of the two volumes of this conrevealed! It is cyclopean—it is genesiac. Hu- tinuation which are now before us. man genius will never transcend it.”




It is ten years since two gay maidens put | writing for a party, and being sure of a certain up the celebrated petition, "Aunt, do tell us measure of applause and circulation, secured what Puseyism is --- we can't get on at Al- for him by his opinions independently of any mack's without being able to talk about it!” literary merit, he was tempted to disregard If the fair questioners had waited a little, it those qualities which would have given his would have been unnecessary to trouble their stories à value as works of art. Within the good kinswoman; for them, and for all who compass allowed to each there was little room might wish to acquire the current controversial for the development of plot or character, and small-talk without the labor of reading grave he made very little use of what there was. works of theology, the press was about to pro And yet it seemed that neither plot nor charvide abundant instruction in the shape of nov acter would have been beyond his power

if his els and story-books, illustrating the doctrines readers had been pleased to require them at and the practices of the newly-risen “ism.” his hands. Moreover, one of his most conAnd now a very extensive literature of this spicuous talents - a somewhat flippant witkind has grown up among us, exhibiting the although it would have been blameless and “movement” and the “ development” in all agreeable in ordinary fiction, was strangely their phases, and adding largely to the mate- out of keeping with the professed piety and rials which must be mastered by the future even unction with which it was combined in Church historian who would qualify himself his religious stories. In short, poor Mr. Paget for describing the workings of the late contro- appeared to be doubly unfortunate, - a man versies on the mind of our generation. who might have been a good writer of secular

novels, failed as a novelist by venturing on a Mr. Gresley and Mr. Paget are, we believe, religious line, while yet there was a tone about the acknowledged fathers of this literature ; his writings which made it impossible to be for, if they did not actually take the lead in satisfied with them as religious works. attempting to combine the interest of fictitious But if Mr. Paget threw away talent, Mr. narrative with the enforcement of the opinions Gresley was quite guiltless of any such prodiwhich they had embraced, they were certainly gality. There was no ground for supposing the first in that line who succeeded in attract that he could have done better in any other ing any considerable amount of attention. For department than in that to which he devoted some years

the pens
of these gentlemen were

himself. As stories, his productions were very busy. From Lichfield and from Elford absolutely nothing. Of plot or character he little book after little book came forth, attired seemed to have no idea whatever. His perin blue or scarlet cloth, with gilt title on the sons were little better than mere names, used back, nicely printed, adorned with pretty cuts, as machinery for the enunciation of argusold at a price ranging from half-a-crown to ments; the arguments without this machinery four-and-sixpence, and each intended to set would have been sermons of very unusual forth some particular doctrine necessary for dulness. Thus the story was endured for the the times, or to maintain in general what the sake of the doctrine, and the doctrine was renwriter conceived to be the true position of the dered palatable by the story, while either of English Church.

them separately would have been intolerable. While the tide of popularity was bearing But Mr. Gresley had, in a happy hour, dishim on, we always felt sorry for Mr. Paget. covered or stumbled on the fact, that the It was evident that he possessed abilities to classes to which he addressed himself were which he was doing injustice. Writing hastily, extremely ignorant of the subjects which he

professed to treat, and ready to receive instruc* Grantley Manor. By Lady Georgiana Fullerton. tion; and by serving up to them in the guise 3 vols. London, 1847. 'Moxon.

of fiction the theories which had been infinitely From Oxford to Rome, and how it fared with some who lately made the Journey. By a Companion he attained for the time a great reputation.

better stated in very accessible publications, Traveller. London, 1817. Longmans. Rest in the Church. By the Anthor of From

Nor was this without its effect on him. In Orford to Rome. London, 1818. Longmans.

Steepleton; or, High Church and Low Church : proportion as each succeeding book was more being the Present Tendencies of Parties in the dismally empty and dull than its predecessor, Church, exhibited in the History of Frank Faithful. the author's tone became more absurdly oracuBy a Clergyman. London, 1847. Longmans. 'Loss and Gain. London, 1848. Burns.

lar. Even now we sometimes meet with Mr.


Gresley's name in advertisements; but it is widely different from the last of her more long since we saw, and yet longer since we elaborate tales which has as yet appeared. read, any of his publications.

Margaret Percival is considerably longer For ladies who are disposed to mingle in than either Amy Herbert or Gertrude. It is religious controversy, the story-book seems a

much more ambitious, for it treats of the convery appropriate medium ; and of the litera- troversy with Rome; and we believe we exture which we are now surveying, a large por- that this great subject is most unsatisfactorily

the general opinion of readers in saying tion — we may add, the best portion — has been contributed by female writers.

handled. Margaret, the daughter of a physiFirst came the Fairy Bower, and its sequel, cian, is exposed to the influence of an Italian the Lost

countess and her chaplain, Father Andrea. related to the Prophet of Littlemore. The The countess is represented as a model of books were both very clever; both with much Roman Catholic sanctity; the priest, as that was good, -- the earlier with something, zealous, able, earnest man, thoroughly devoted the later and larger with a great deal, that to his Church, and desirous of winning conwas objectionable, in the too detailed and verts to it. With these high foreign patterns unsparing exhibition of a family whose type of are contrasted certain members of the English

communion, who are far from


ideal religion was represented as different from that


fection. which the writer wished to recommend. Great

Margaret is plied with Romish

arguskill and delicacy were shown in the delinea- ments, and deeply impressed by Romish praction of character. There was somewhat too

tice. Her allegiance to the Church of her much of feminine fussiness and of Newmanly baptism is giving way, when she is reclaimed over-subtlety; and in the Lost Brooch there by a clerical uncle, Mr. Sutherland. And was very considerable tediousness. The ad- the English Church, and, therefore, may pot

his line of argument is this, — that she is in miration bestowed on these tales by the party leave it, but must endeavor more to realize her devoted to the authoress' eminent brother was, of course, far above their deserts ; still — in- vocation as a member of it; that she is not in perfect as they are in respect of execution, a condition to judge, and, therefore, is bound and far from faultless in spirit — we do not to shut her ears and her very eyes against any hesitate to say that no later production of a

thing which might tend to unsettle her. female pen in the same department has dis

Now all this may be very true; but we

earnestly protest against such representations played an equal amount of talent.

of the case. Those who, like ourselves, valued the

In the first place, we utterly Fairy Bower and its companion less for what deny that the English Church, as opposed to was realized in them than for the promise Romanism, is something to be pleaded for which they held out, have hitherto been


that it is doomed to disappointment. The next work something which, at best, can only be justified by the same authoress, Louisu, or the Bride, troversialists took a different line.

in the

way of humble apology. Our old conwas weaker. Some short tales for children of


maintained that the position of our Church the poorer classes served only to show that her talent did not extend to writing for the poor ; free from any thing like the guilt of schism;

was a right and a good position ; that she was and from whatever cause (partly, we fear, and was a faithful restorer and witness of most from ill health), Mrs. Mozley has not again important truths which Rome had denied or appeared among our writers of fiction.

corrupted. They had no thought of content

ing themselves with a defensive attitude, but, Another lady novelist soon after came be with the fearlessness of strong men fighting in fore the public — the authoress of Amy Her a good cause, they attacked the enemy, and bert, who announces Mr. Sewell as her editor never doubted of success. And if now that and the guarantee of her orthodoxy. Her enemy has actually withdrawn from his old works are generally characterized by pure ground, if he has abandoned the pretence of taste and feeling, and hy a chastened spirit of primitiveness, and has taken refuge in a novel religion ; they are less brilliant than those of theory of “development," surely it is a Mrs. Mozley, but more equal; and they are strange proceeding that our new champions, entirely free from all disfigurement of party instead of following up the victory which has malice or extravagance. This writer, we re- thus virtually been won, betake themselves to joice to say, is still productive; but while we the faint-hearted excuses and the slippery look forward with hope to her future works, probabilities on which our cause has of late we must make the condition that they shall be been rested ; and that not only in story-books

of female authorship, but in works of far but we question whether any young lady of graver character and pretensions.

real life, who should have imbibed similar Again, we altogether object to the compari- doubts as to her Church, would be in any son of an ideal Romanism with the deficiencies degree stilled by what is said. “If,” the of our actual Anglicanism,--deficiencies which waverers might tell us, “Mr. Sutherland a certain class of writers among us think it could walk out of the second orange-clad duotheir duty even to exaggerate. Some in- decimo, -if, through claims before estabgenius persons may, indeed, find a satisfaction lished, he had acquired an authority over our in showing how, taking our own Church at minds, then, indeed, we might be content and the worst and the Roman at the best, it would glad to listen to him. But, alas! he is in the yet be incumbent on us to remain where we book, and we are out of it. We know that are, but we are sure that the effect of ar the writer is no deep divine, but a gentle guments conducted on such terms cannot be lady; and we have heard even the editor beneficial. Why put the case, to our own spoken of in such a way that, not being under disadvantage, on grounds which are notori- bis personal influence, we cannot have imously false? The realities of Romanism as plicit confidence in him. And Rome has not is well known to every one who has had an shunned to argue with us; she has not told us opportunity of fairly forming an opinion on the that we are not qualified to decide." subject, whether through the medium of books Alas! Margaret Percival is no book of or through the experience of travel are at satisfaction for excited and somewhat selfleast as far short of a Catholic ideal as those confident spirits. With great respect for the of our own Church. Indeed, we believe that authoress — which we trust we have not equivour neo-Catholics, if they would but investi- ocally expressed — we must regret that it was gate the matter, would find that all which most ever written. offends them, not only in the National Church but in our Dissenting bodies, has a parallel in

Mr. Sewell has himself also tried his hand the existing system of the Romish communion. at the religious novel; for we believe that he Roman controversialists, we may be assur may now be mentioned as the avowed author ed, would never take any such ground for of a work which no one at all acquainted with themselves as that which our apologists are his sentiments or style could ever have hesipleased to take for us, — although, indeed, tated to ascribe to him. In Hawkstone we there is far more reason why they should have Mr. Sewell's idea of English churchmando so.

Their tone is never that of shame or ship as it ought to be, standing out distinctly humility ; boasting, swaggering, misrepresen- from all other forms of religion. Everything tation of adversaries, concealment of their but the one true and right system comes in for own defects, exaggeration of those which they a portion of reproach or ridicule. The author detect in their opponents, - such are the is strong against Dissent; towards Evangeliweapons of Rome's champions. Sorrow over cism (so called) he is compassionately conshort-comings and confession of offences ap- temptuous; on old-fashioned "High-Churchism pear to be things unknown to them. Far, he is severe ; he is unsparingly sarcastic against indeed, may such proceedings ever be from the Romanizing subsection, which at the date us! Yet let us not give an undue advantage of the book was still outwardly within our to the enemy by adopting his estimate both of Church, and which had lately consummated its himself and of ourselves. With ordinary offences by the new theory of " development," readers, this kind of statement will tell far and the floundering sophistries of Mr. Ward; more against us than the best argument which and against Romanism he is absolutely rabid. can be framed on such a basis would tell The whole thing is distressingly overdone for us.

and extravagant, with a prodigious waste of And, further, we doubt very seriously energy and material. The author's opinions whether such reasonings as those of Margaret on all subjects are announced with a vehemence Percival would make any good impression on which could not, perhaps, find an exact rethe kind of persons for whom the controversy sponse from any single reader. Nobody, we of story-books is intended. Mr. Sutherland should imagine, would choose to venture on a may be as dogmatical as the learned editor second reading of Hawkstone ; but, with all himself; he may assure his niece, “ Child, its faults, the book is as yet unequalled in its you are no judge of these things, and, there- kind for the ability which is displayed in it. fore, ought not to think of forming any opinion, If Mr. Sewell would but condescend to put but to sit quietly and thankfully where you some check on his peculiarities ; if he would are ;” and the young lady of the book may endeavor to admit the idea that his readers, be represented as submitting to this treatment; and even the persons whom he opposes, may

possibly, after all, be creatures of the same remember, advocate any thing of this sort bespecies with himself; if he would subdue the yond what might be bad, if requisite, in the volcanic character which marks both his nar- English Church. It was, therefore, with surrative and his opinions—he might (should he prise and sorrow—the surprise unusual, and think fit to pursue this kind of compo- the sorrow not universally felt in such cases, sition) with ease achieve far better things in it that we read the announcement of Lady Georgithan any other writer whom we could name. ana Fullerton's having become a convert to

Romanism. In that character, we shall hereSomewhat earlier than Hawkstone appeared after have occasion to speak of her. the novel of Ellen Middleton, the first work of Lady Georgiana Fullerton. There were The gradual progress of opinions was, of circumstances in connection with it which could course, not without effect on our story-books. hardly fail to prepossess the critics in favor In the early days of Messrs. Paget and Gresof the book. The writer's rank appealed pow- ley, it was treated as a ridiculous impossibility erfully to the besetting weakness of one great that any person who had embraced doctrines quarterly organ; the Whiggism of her family akin to those of the Tracts for the Times, bespoke the kindness of the other; while the should ever fall away to the communion of object of the story secured the sympathies of Rome. Mr. Gresley was not a man to be put certain more expressly theological publications. out by facts ; when, therefore, secessions began But indeed it had no need of such aid as it to be undeniable and frequent, he maintained might have derived from these considerations. that the unhappy seceders had not forsaken us It was a tale of deep and passionate interest ; through their own fault, but had been driven unpleasant in its impression, but of fascinating away by puritan persecution. Mr. Paget, power. Speaking from memory, however, we however, had betimes taken another line. Beshould say that it altogether failed of its in- fore the beginning of the actual defections, he tended purpose—which was, to recommend attacked the coxcombry which was shewing itecclesiastical confession. Ellen, while a child, self among us with very hearty good will, in became accidentally the cause of a cousin's his cleverest work, The Warden of Berkingdeath. Circumstances prevented her from holt. Things had gone further when Hawkowning this at the time ; and the secret embit- stone appeared ; it is mainly directed against tered her after life, while it furnished the only Romanism, and, as has been said, it is unmerother person to whom it was known with the cifully severe on the the Idealism which was means of a mysterious influence over her. just then prevalent at Oxford. Ellen MiddleThe matter-of-fact critic of the North objected ton, with its persuasives to confession, would that the story was impossible ; because, in have been out of place at an earlier date; and the supposed case of death, a coroner's inquest Margaret Percival belongs to the still more would have at once brought out the truth. advanced stage, when our young women were The suggestion was mocked at as “ Rigbyism,” in immediate danger from Romanism. by high-flown sympathizers; but it was really Meanwhile, there were other appearances of some importance, inasmuch as it showed which we have not time to examine. There that English people are not liable to the dan was a series of tales by members of the Camgers which were represented as resulting from bridge Camden Society, which, if they have the disuse of confession—that the civil institu- any literary or religious merit, must be tions of the country would interpose, if the very unlike such productions of the same Church failed to do so. But, besides this, ec writers as have happened to fall in our way. clesiastical confession was evidently not the There were the Lives of English Saints, or thing which in the first instance was wrong- Littlemore Myths ; considerably more fictitious fully omitted ; nor would ecclesiastical abso- than any of the tales, and worthy to have prolution have been required for what was not a ceeded from Mr. Newman, of the Minerva matter of moral guilt. Confession and pastoral Press, rather than from his namesake of Oriel. direction might, of course, have come in bene- There was a profusion of little books for chilficially in the later stages; but the force of dren and the poor, at prices from a halfpenny the story was destroyed by the fact that they upwards ; some of them very clever, and betwould not have been necessary in the begin- ter adapted for their purpose than anything ning. The lesson which remained—the duty that before existed in our language ; others inof making a clean breast after having done tolerably foolish and affected. Fouque's works wrong—was one which it had not been reserved which for many years had been read among us for the authoress of Ellen Middleton to teach. as beautiful but somewhat fantastic tales, were

Although the purpose of the tale was to now more extensively translated, and became enforce confession, it did not, in so far as we the symbolical books of a high mystico-roman

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