Abbildungen der Seite


p. 48 he quotes John Evelyn's statement, | The Almighty made, and called the creature that, at the sale of Lord Melford's effects at Man, Whitehall in 1693, “Lord Godolphin bought With limbs all motionless, and cold, and wan,

His everlasting kingdom's chosen heir; the picture of the Boys, by Morillio the Spaniard, for eighty guineas.”. About the came breathing through its bosom from on high,

The image lay, till pure celestial air year 1760, the then Lord Godolphin took a And woke the soul to immortality. fancy to a colt belonging to Mr. Leathes of Around the graceful form a robe was thrown Herringfleet Hall in Suffolk, which resembled Of curious woof, and delicately bright, his celebrated Arabian, and gave this very With colors manifold and mingled shown picture in exchange for it. The painting is Through the clear texture blushing into light, now in Mr. J. F. Leathes' valuable gallery at

Like flowers in beautiful confusion grown, Herringfleet.

Where roses blend with lilies silver-white, The signature “Morellio,"

Or the pure grain of Indian ivory, which appears on the picture, is in curious

Suffused with Sidon's rich and regal dye. accordance with Evelyn's orthography.

It would not be consistent either with our It will be seen that our opinion of this work limits or with the intentions with which we

is a very favorable one. Where we have took up this subject, that we should enter freely pointed out its faults of omission, we upon the history of the less known Spanish must be understood as expressly abstaining painters; but, as a specimen of the anecdotes from any attempt to charge them upon the which the industry of Mr. Stirling has enabled author. He was entitled to limit the field of him to collect, we may refer to the very inter- his own operations. And though he has esting and graphic account of the interview at chosen to give us the annals rather than the Barcelona between the emperor Charles V. philosophy of art, we must repeat our convicand Francisco de Holanda, which Mr. Stirling tion that the work might easily have been has extracted in the artist's own words (p: more profound, but could not well have been 1344 et seq.). We have already mentioned more exhaustive of materials, or more pleasant that our author is understood to have pub- in style. It is the duty of professional literalished anonymously some poetry; and it would ture to bestow promptly the commendations not be fair to pass over in silence the careful which are due to those who are willing to and elegant translations of various extracts in spend a portion of their ample means and verse which appear in these pages. Take, for unfettered leisure, in doing a work which is example, the following rendering of the intro- too often left to the eager industry of poorer duction to the didactic poem on painting, by writers, whose daily bread is the first and last P. de Cespedes, p. 335:

reward of their hasty compilations. Fraser's

Magazine. Another world, embraced in briefer span,

His own eternal mind portraying there,


Allgemeine Deutsche Volks-Bibliothek. 1st standing the immense increase of late years in

Band. Küthi die Grossmutter, oder der the numbers of the publications professedly wahre Weg durch jede Noth. (General addressed to them, it does not appear to us German People's Library. 1st Part. Ka- that there are, in English literature, many thi the Grandmother, or the true Way well adapted to the object aimed at. Perthrough all Trouble). By Jeremiah Gott- haps a very simple explanation might be helf. Berlin. 1847.

found in the fact that, among us, a very large Der Gevattersmann : (The Gossip.) Volks- proportion of the poor have not mastered the buch, for 1818. By Berthold Auerbach. of literature of any kind, and that the sub

art of reading sufficiently to avail themselves Brunswick. —London: Williams and Nor- scribers to cheap publications ostensibly adgate.

dressed to them, are really to be found Writing for the poor is a peculiar art, de- among the middle, and even the higher manding peculiar qualifications, and not to be of the middle classes, who take them for the attained without some study; and, notwith-juvenile members of their families. It is a

great mistake, however, to confound the state trade, the cry of sympathy for the poor-exof mind of the uneducated with that of chil-.actly as in a different age they would have dren. A poor man may be ignorant, stupid, done that of “ down with the rabble,”—their mentally degraded, but he is seldom or never real purpose being, not to benefit the poor, but childish, and often looks down with real con to gain customers to their shops; which may tempt on the childish frivolity of the sons and doubtless be a very legitimate object, but daughters of fashion. Those who have been which it is ugly to have in view when we proalways cradled in the lap of prosperity, often- fess to be actuated by pure benevolence. To in spite of a certain amount of intellectual cul- what extent their wares have found acceptance, ture remain children all their lives. But we have no means of knowing; but it is certhis can scarcely happen with such as have to tain that the poor at least are little likely to fight the world's hard fight for bread. To profit by writings whose main purpose seems them life has acquired a deeper, sterner sig- to be, to teach them to throw wholly on others nificance : and they seek in books for some the responsibility that belongs, in great part thing better or worse, but altogether different at least, to themselves. from the mere aimless sports of infancy. The Berthold Auerbach, and Jeremias Gotthelf ballads and tales of wonder that once formed are not of the class of writers for the


who so large a part of popular literature, written or purchase their favor with the honied poison of traditional, went out with the maypoles ; they flattery, as base as was ever proffered to are now banished to the nursery, and would monarch by cringing courtier ; and that their be angrily rejected by the classes who once writings have nevertheless found acceptance is delighted in them. It may have been otherwise obvious, from their almost unprecedented rain different ages. As long as for the difficul pidity of sale; and from their being found, as ties that arise in all thoughtful minds the poor we are informed they are, in the peasant's cotman was satisfied without the authorized solu- tage, in the workshop of the artizan, and even tion ; so long as he reposed in childlike de- with the shepherd on the hillside. The “ Allpendence on those who were placed in author- gemeine Deutsche Bibliothek,” is a serial publiity over him; he may have had leisure and cation lately commenced by some distinguished freedom of mind for the enjoyment of the mere men belonging to various classes of society play of the imagination ; but now it is other and political parties widely differing from each wise : the most steady readers among the poor other, yet all agreeing in the wish to see the seek in books for the answers to the anxious elementary education received by nearly all questionings which they no longer carry to their poorer countrymen turned to somewhat their “spiritual pastors and masters ; and better account. Several extensive publishing such as require mere amusement, prefer, gen- houses in various parts of Germany have erally, the coarse excitement and intoxication joined the association, and notwithstanding the of novels of the Balzac and Sue School,—of extremely low price at which they are to be which, unhappily, many have been made ac- issued, it is the declared intention to publish cessible to them through the medium of cheap none but works of high merit. Their first translations.

publication “ Kathi, the Grandmother,” is by Of the various associations which in Eng- Jeremias Gotthelf, (otherwise Herr Vizius of land have undertaken to furnish literature for of Luzelflue, in the canton of Bern), some of the poor, some have confined themselves al whose former works we have deemed worthy most wholly to the subject of religion ; but the of an introduction to English readers. Though manner in which they have treated it, has writing professedly with a moral purpose,

the made it evident to the smallest penetration author has not forgotten that this can only be that the object they had really most at heart attained by a work of fiction through the mewas the preservation of the existing order of dium of the pleasure it affords. It is difficult, things, in which they were personally interest indeed, to calculate the amount of mischief ed; others have wholly omitted religion and done to the cause of morality and religion by politics — the two subjects in which the poor the prosy twaddling productions that often find are most deeply interested, and have set about their way into the world under the shelter of the difficult, if not hopeless task, of engaging those high-sounding titles; and which assotheir attention to subjects of physical science, ciate them inseparably, in the minds of the and even of the fine arts, for which but a small young and ignorant, with feelings of weariness number even of the educated have a genuine and disgust. The story before us is of a and unaffected taste.

lowly Swiss peasant woman; a beautiful examAmong individuals who profess to have de- ple of the charity that “hopeth all things, envoted themselves to this cause, there are now dureth all things, seeketh not its own; many who have taken up, as a matter of the simple events of her life give the author

[ocr errors]

opportunities for affording us pleasant glimpses had washed it every quarter of an hour, she also into the life and character, public and would still have found plenty to wash. He was private, of the Swiss of the present day.

a pretty little fellow, with curly hair, who, it was The moral purpose is not impertinently easy to sce, could do as he liked with his grand

mother, and could, therefore, of course, if he thrust forward ; but shines through the whole liked, dirty his own face. It could not be said with a clear radiance. Here is a peaceful lit- that he was well dressed — but, at all events, tle picture, on which in these days of turmoil, probably better than Eve's eldest son-though the eye willingly rests.

no one could have looked to his costume for any

specimen of the tailor's art. “Whoever should take his stand on a certain " He was at this moment engaged in cutting one of the pleasant hills encircling the valley of some splinters of wood for a hen-coop-and teasthe Emma, will, when he has so far overcome ing his grandmother every minute to know the swelling rapture of emotion produced by the whether it would be big enough. In the mean lovely prospect as to be enabled to observe de- time, the black and white hens were keeping, in tails, perhaps notice, in a narrow dell, a cottage a very friendly manner, close to the old woman. built of wood and thatched with straw. It lies who, in the hoeing up of the weeds, furnished so prettily in its green, grassy nook, that many a them with many a delicate morsel. Sometimes one, worn and harrassed with the cares of active one or other of them would walk up to the boy, life, has sighed as he gazed upon it, and longed and, with head on one side, look knowingly on, to fly to it as to a haven of rest from the strife as if examining his work. The old woman, too, and tumult of the world. Whoerer has felt such often looked at him with evident satisfaction, a wish, has certainly not felt inclined to with- but without letting her hoe rest a moment — for draw it on a nearer view of the little dwelling. she could use her eyes and her hands at the It is old, indeed, but very clean; and on each same time, which many one cannot. Nay, it side it has a little bench to rest upon, and be seemed as if every time her eyes returned from fore it is a small garden, where, though the the boy, that the hands acquired fresh strength, hedge is somewhat decayed, there is not a weed and moved more nimbly than ever. The grandto be seen; and instead of weeds there are mother was not merely fond of the boy — but pinks and roses, and some other pretty flowers. lived in him; — would, with joy, have given her And beyond the little garden rise the vast life ten times a day for him. You could see mountains of the Bernese Oberland, with their that, if you watched her eyes as they rested on mighty foot upon the earth, and their white ma him. jestic heads in heaven.

" It was a sultry afternoon, and black clouds "And if you sit down upon the little bench were scattered here and there about the sky, by the door, you have a beautiful meadow be like divisions of a grand army, waiting for the fore your eyes, and at your feet flows a clear signal to form in order of battle. The heat did stream, from whose sparkling water the trout not, however, stop the old woman at her workare leaping up to catch the flies.

her hoe did not often stand still while she gathSome, perhaps, might prefer the view from ered breath. She knew how quickly time flies the back of the house — a sort of rural pantry -how soon comes on the evening, and the and storehouse, planted with potatoes, and beans, night in which no man can work. and carrots, and cabbages, and turnips, and “Many people take no care of their money till flax. Not far off is a thicket, from which rises they have come nearly to the end of it; and the sweet song of birds of which it is a favorite others do just the same with their time. Their resort. Even the nightingale, so rare in Swit- best days they throw away — let them run like zerland, is heard here; and the rushing sound sand through their fingers — as long as they of a torrent behind the thicket, forms a low and think they still have an almost countless number monotonous bass to their melody. It is the wild of them to spend; but when they find their Emme, to which the valley owes its origin, and days flowing rapidly away, so that at last they which, froin time to time, takes care to remind have very few left—then they will all at once the dwellers in it that she is its mother, and, it make a very wise use of them : but unluckily must be owned, one somewhat violent and given they have by that time no notion how to do it. to anger.

• This had not been the way with grand“Whoever happened to be passing that way, mother Katie; she had toiled faithfully all her on the afternoon of the 12th of June, 1845, life, but became, if possible, still more induswould have seen, besides the cottage, its inhabi- trious as she grew old; and to-day she was espetants, in the potato field behind.

cially busy, for she had a job which she must * These inhabitants were an old woman, a get through: she did not know whether she boy between four and five, and two hens, a would have time to-morrow, or how long it black and a white one. The old woman, who would be before the threatening storm came on. was hoeing out the weeds from her potatoes, was “She could not help rejoicing in her heart, poorly, but very neatly dressed, and her face when people said . Katie was the most induswas perfectly clean, even between the wrinkles. trious woman in the valley ; '—she had done The boy's face was smooth, and of a pretty red her work when other people had hardly beand white, but by no means so clean as his gun; '-'if all the poor people were like her, grandmother's though that was no fault of the houses of correction would n't be so full;'hers, for she washed it often enough ; but if she and so on.

- a fine

- no

* At length the last row of potatoes was clean to be frequently called out on military duty, hoed. Thank God, we've done with that job,' afford him not an unwelcome pretext for leavsaid Katie to her grandson, as she carefully ing the care of his child — the curly-headed scraped and cleaned away the mould that was sticking to the hoe ; • now, dear, we'll go in; mother. But Johannes liked shouldering the

darling aforesaid wholly to his poor old but first we must have a look at the flax, to see whether it'll soon blow.' The flax was not

musket much better than following the plough. very far off, for it was separated from the potatoes by two rows of beans, and, as may be imag

" It is cruel to think how politicians and soiined, it did not cover any great extent of disant patriots will play with the militia as if ground; but it was, nevertheless, the treasury

they were leaden soldiers, calling them out at of the old woman, and gave her the best part

all times of the year, for anything and nothing, of her rent. No field of flax could possibly be

but soine party intrigue ; forcing them to neglect better kept than her little plot, which had also

most necessary work, and to leave their wives the advantage of a very favorable soil

and children to hunger and cold; and while sandy loam, watered by the Emme. Katie was

they are feasting their partisans with Strasburg famous for her flax; and it did her heart good parties and champagne, the little households are when she heard neighbors say that she had the

going to ruin.” finest boy and the finest flax in all the country The visit of the son to his mother is characround. This time she contemplated, with par teristic of both. After he has been long looked ticular complacency, her little plantation; and

for, and his mother has exhausted her invensaid to herself, . Please God I shall have a good

tion in excuses to her neighbors for his nonyear, and need n't be afraid but I shall be able to get on and pay my rent, and have plenty for appearance, she finds him one Sunday, on her us to eat, too. And the little plot really looked return from the church, seated on the bench at uncommonly well. The flax stood at least two

her door. ells high; though it was not yet in blossom it

“ He was a fine-looking young man, but it was thick

nd fine, and stood straight upright in its net, — that is to say, between the threads

was a pity that his face at the meeting exhibwhich passed and crossed from sticks standing those of Katie and her grandson. There was a

ited by no means the heartfelt joy that shone on upright at about a foot from each other,

something in its expression that was hard to deone the tenth of an inch more or less. These threads formed little squares and triangles, in

cipher- it might be embarrassment or disconwhich the flax found support, so that the wind that was for her. You were always a good

tent. Ile gave his mother a large bag, saying could not lay it down or entangle it; by which, boy,' said Katie, but never mind me; do you as is well known, the flax is weakened, becoines

see and take care of yourself.' thin and poor, and often diseased. Katie reck

" You do n't need to thank me,' said Johanoned the produce in her head as she went home,

nes; it was the master's wife that sent it for calculated how much she would have to pay, and what would be the balance left."

"No! you do n't say so! Well, to be sure, Well content. But, alas! poor

she must be a good woman. What beautiful

in paper ? calculations were vain, her bright hopes des- pears! -and what 's this wrapt up

Bacon, I declare; and such a fine fat piecetined to be sadly overcast. One of those

quite a picture. And to send this to me, that storms, seen only in mountainous countries, do n't even know her. You must be a great accompanied by violent hail and flood, lays favorite with her, Johannes, or she would n't waste her little possessions; and after seventy have done it.'” years of cheerful, patient toil, and unremit

Johannes, however, will hear nothing of his ting frugality, she sees herself reduced to being a favorite, or of his mistress's goodness, beggary, and forced to depend on the kind- and pours out a whole torrent of grumblings

, ness and compassion of her neighbors; but by which it appears that his lot in life is by no her religious hope and faith are not to be

means equal to bis deserts. In the mean time, shaken by elemental warfare, or the sufferings Katie is exerting her utmost skill in cookery, that may arise out of it; the rainbow still

to prepare him a magnificent banquet of fried brightens the dark clouds.

potatoes, pancakes, and bacon, such as was Another of poor Katie's troubles arises seldom seen in her cottage; and after dinner from the character of her son, the baseness of which, however, she is far from perceiving occasion to touch on what we believe to be a

comes the budget; and here the author takes to its full extent. He is no extravagant vil

common error in domestic education. lain, nor even guilty of any decidedly vicious act, but one such as we meet every day : bent

“In the higher classes of society, or even solely on grasping all the enjoyment he can, there are always a hundred subjects that are

amongst what are called respectable families, and shifting off the burden of his duties to

not to be talked of before the children, who whoever will bear them. The political dis always remain in some measure strangers to the turbances of Switzerland, too, occasioning him affairs of their own family, what they know


about them being often obtained from servants, | be crnel to 'em either. Do n't forget that they or in some irregular way; and thence arises are Christians, like ourselves; and if


should that total want of sympathy with parents, that catch one, be sure you let him go again; but often makes one's blood run cold. In poor tell him to run away as fast as ever he can, and families this is often better managed; nothing never come in your way again - you hear!' is concealed from the child ; indeed he is "• As for the religion, Johannes thought, there witness of the most of what is done and suffered. were many people who would n't have much He knows precisely the state of the finances — more reason to fear than his mother for her whether the rent has been paid or not — if not, money; but the fact was they wanted to get how much is wanting, and what chance there is what they could for themselves, and we, poor of its being made up; what the father earns fellows, have to bear all the loss. In Aargau what the mother must spend — what must be there I lost my best shirt. I'd given it out to bought, and what sold. Sympathy arises out of wash, when all of a sudden off we went. They this intimate knowledge; the child is no longer promised to send it after me, but I never set a mere parasite plant, but a living branch of the eyes on it.' family, knowing and sharing in all its joys and The government certainly ought to have sorrows.

When domestic given you another shirt,' said Katie ; “but who affairs are concealed from the child, he grows knows, perhaps they had n't any themselves, or, up to be less the friend than the antagonist of at any rate, not clean ones.' his parents; and, let us not deny it, a bad conscience is often at the bottom of all this mys

The Gevattersmann,” (a word which we tery-making; — some family sins, or a false posi- must translate by Gossip - in its old sense of tion towards the world, unsuitable to the real friendly confidant) is a kind of People's Ancircumstances, and which there is not courage nual; in outward form a small pamphlet, and to alter.”

sold at the price of little more than sixpence, Katie's great trouble, now that her hopes of yet containing what might, perhaps, serve a a good harvest are entirely destroyed, is how working man with suggestions for thought in to make up her rent.

his leisure moments during a whole year.

It 666 Not that the farmer (her landlord) was

does not affect to avoid politics, but touches, hard upon her," she said, but he would have in homely and familiar style, generally in the his money. She had lived there forty years, it form of comic apologue, on the most important is true, and had never troubled him; but then political questions of the day; or gives old

pophe had to spend a great deal of money him- ular jokes, improved into a modern application, self, and those who had to spend a great deal besides little essays on points of morals or must, of course, see that they got what belonged education, or of domestic life. The longest to them. For the rest she was not afraid ; there is a tale of a tragic cast, called “ A Battle were always good people who were willing to help the poor; so that she need n't complain of for Life or Death,” descriptive of the mental her lot, or go about begging.'”

struggles of a peasant, who, steeped in povJohannes was not quite so hardened as not tremendous guilt, but gradually, by the most

erty to the very lips, approaches the brink of to feel something for his mother. At the mo- natural means, works himself out of the Slough ment, he was really sorry that he could not of Despond, and finds a refuge and a home in help her, but promised that he would do some the far west. As, however, no sufficient idea thing very soon ; that was, if the nobs did not could be given of this by a short extract, we take it into their heads to call out the militia

prefer presenting “ The Gevattersmann in again, and send them scouring the country after the Jesuits, when there was n't a Jesuit relates a passage in the history of the Palace

one of his more playful moods, in which he to be found : but it was all the same to Clock of Residenzlingen. them. They could sit enjoying themselves, and did n't care if the poor had to be eating

“ It is related of a certain savage tribe, that up all they had, and other people's into the the chief, every morning before the sun arose, bargain.

seized his lance and pointed out to the luminary

the path he was to follow in his course through « « Oh, as to these Jesuits,' said Katie, 'never the day. Pointing to the east, he said, “ There, mind if they send you ten times over. They sun, thou shalt arise;' and then, turning to the must be shocking wicked people, almost like west, “and there shalt thou set.' By this means Satan himself. Wherever they come, I'm told, he persuaded his warriors that he ruled the they take away people's religion, and their world; for the sun always followed the path money into the bargain, if they have any. As which had been pointed out. for the money, they would n't find much to take “ That was a piece of state-craft in the savwith me; but the religion! Oh! think, Johan- age chief ; but in civilized countries, where nes, what would a poor woman like me do with there are people who wear white gloves and gold out her religion?' So if they send you out embroidered collars, things must be managed again after these Jesuits, fight 'em, Johannes, as more cleverly. long as you can stand over 'em; but then do n't “ The city and capital of Little Residenzlin

« ZurückWeiter »