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SHORT REVIEWS AND NOTICES.
For the Dag ierreotype.
EUTHANASY; or Happy Talk towards the “ And holier and sublimer all objects grow, end of Life. By William Mountford, author with the growing holiness of the beholders. of - Martyria,” Christianity the Deliverance Rivers there are, the Yarrow, the Otter, the Seof the Soul, and its Life.” Boston : Crosby their ripplings, since they have been sung of by
vern, and others, that make unearthly music in & Nichols. 15mo. pp. 478.
Wordsworth, and Coleridge, and Milton. And We had heard this volume so highly spoken there are birds that died long ago, and yet that of, that we sat down to its perusal prepared for are living on still : the cuckoo of Logan's heara disappointment; but before we had read ing, the stormy petrel, and the horned owl of many pages, that feeling gave way to one of in- Barry Cornwall's poems, and the skylark which tense enjoyment and delight. A glorious sub- the Ettrick shepherd heard singing :ject, the immortal life of the soul of man, is “O, my love that is bonny, and young, and chaste, here treated of; and the ideas are so pure and
As sweetly she sits in her mossy nest.' fresh, the language is so simply noble and * * *.-0), I had forgotten Shelley's poem on eloquent, and so free from the affectation the Sensitive Plant! It is a wonderful poem. which mars the writings of some of the most
In the beginning of it, there are flowers—a garoriginal thinkers, that in reading it one seems
den full of them, that will live forever. I have to hear the voice of nature herself; to be sit- withered to-morrow; but in my mind's eye, I
now blossoms in my eye, but they will be ting on the seashore after the fatigue of a have flowers that Skelley has shown me, and busy day, while the cool breeze of heaven is they are unfading; And why are they? Befanning the flushed cheek, and refreshing the cause some little the meaning of them—what is, weary spirit
. We can bestow no higher as it were, the meaning of them—has been praise than to say that in reading the book we shown to my soul. There is the lily, and there worth. Our limits will not admit of any which unveiled the depth of her glowing breast, were at almost every page reminded of Words is the hyacinth :
“ And the rose, like a nymph, to the bath address'd, thing like an outline of the contents, but Till
, fold after fold to the fainting air, we cannot resist the temptation of extracting The soul of her beauty and love lay bare." one or two passages, selected, not because they are the most beautiful, but because they are One of the great charms of Enthanasy is most easily separated from the context. the intimate knowledge which the author pos
“It is impossible that you could think of the sesses of the whole range of English literafuture life, in the same way as you could think ture, the exquisite felicity with which he introof to-morrow. In regard to the manner of the duces quotations, and the just appreciation life to come, you can only say, that it will be a which he has of their beauties. We will conspiritual world, a world of spirits
. But of the clude our notice with a brief extract illustraway of the present life, a thousand things might tive of this fact : be said. It is sleeping and waking ; it is good night,' on going to bed, and good morning,' on “ And next after early baptism in the name of getting up; it is to wonder what the day will Jesus Christ, I thank God for my motherbring forth; it is sunshine and gloominess; it is tongues having been English; for by this I was rain on the window, as one sits by the fire: it is made heir to the mind of Shakspeare; owner of to walk in the garden, and see the flowers open,
a key to the treasure-house of Locke's thought; and hear the birds sing; it is to have the post- one acquainted with Sir Thomas Browne's man bring letters; it is to have news from east, worth and oddity ; free of a church-sitting unwest, north, and south ; it is to read old books, der Isaac Barrow; a fishing companion of and new books; it is to see pictures, and hear Isaac Walton's; and one to differ from Bishop music; it is to have Sunday; it is to pray with Ken, and yet to love him.
I think a family, morning and evening; it is to sit in the it much that I have lived in some of the riper twilight, and meditate; it is to be well, and some years of Wordsworth, and Thomas Carlyle, and tiines to be ill; it is to have business to do, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is not a little to have to do it; it is to have breakfast, and dinner, and
learned what it is that Orville Dewey preaches. tea; it is to belong to a town, and to have neigh- It is something, too, that I have been a reader bours, and to be one in a circle of acquaintance; of Alfred Tennyson, and that, from over the it is to have friends to love one; it is to have Atlantic, I have heard Longfellow sing his balsight of dear old faces; and with some men it is lads. And it is as though I could die more conto be kissed daily by the same loving lips, for fident of not being forgotten before God, for fifty years; and it is to know themselves thought having been of the same generation with John of many times a day, in many places, by children, Foster and Thomas Arnold and Henry Ware.” and grandchildren, and many friends.” p. 50. p.
Principles of Zoology : Teaching the to cherish a taste for the study of Natural Structure, Development, Distribution, and History, opening a comparatively new field to Natural Arrangement of the Races of Animals, the investigations of the youthful mind, and living and extinct ; with Numerous Illustra- affording pleasure and instruction to all. tions. For the use of Schools and Colleges. Part I. Comparative Physiology. By Louis MODERN FRENCII LITERATURE :
By L. Agassiz and Augustus A. Gould.—Boston : Raymond de Vericour. Revised, with Notes. Gould, Kendall & Lincoln, 59 Washington By William S. Chase, A. M. Boston : street, 1848.
Gould, Kendall, and Lincoln. We first gave to this volume a cursory ex It is at first sight a somewhat surprising amination, but were led by its absorbing in fact, that, although the French language is terest to a careful perusal, and yet again to its far more extensively studied among us than re-perusal and examination ; and rose from the the German, we yet know far less of the literrich treat it afforded, with something at least ature of France, than we do of that of Gerof the feeling that prompted the exclamation many. There are thousands of persons who of one who had contemplated the wonderful have acquired a smattering of French, and works of God in the displays of his wisdom, who are yet scarcely able to name a single power and goodness, in the scenes above us, French author, except, perhaps, the compiler “ An undevout astronomer is mad.” Not of the Grammar in which they have been only do we read lessons that are well calculat- doomed to study ; and these same persons, ed to inspire adoring views of Deity, in the though they are wholly ignorant of German, heavens ; but in all nature instruction and are familiar with the names of the principal most profitable teachings are before us. True writers of Germany, and even with translations science is indeed a friend to religion — the of their works. hand-maid of devotion. Geology, as a science Much of this ignorance is undoubtedly due understood, never contravenes, but is always to a difference in popular taste. Somehow or corroborative of the scripture account of the other, an Anglo-Saxon cinnot think and feel creation ; and that science so nearly allied like a Frenchman; and can therefore take no to it, which the volume in review illustrates, delight in a vast majority of the works, which will be found, by the aid of the judicious in France are lauded to the skies. A French arrangement and learning of the treatise, to tragedy appears to us to be fustian, and French be full of wholesome interest, making us famil- poetry trash. And on this point there exists iar with the very ideas of the Creator — the perfect reciprocity; even Shakspeare has no plan of God himself.
admirers in France. If there is an exception In this department of Natural History there to be made, it is in favor of the novelists has hitherto been a deficiency which the work of both countries. before us well supplies. It is, as it professes We are however forced to acknowledge that to be, an “ epitome of the leading principles there are some departments of literature, in of the science of Zoology as deduced from the which France has achieved a proud preëmipresent state of knowledge, so illustrated as to
These are philosophical bistory and be intelligible to the beginning student." It is the physical and political sciences.
It is a simple, easily understood, multum in parvo, misfortune that there is not among us a far and skilfully adapted to its design. It should more extensive knowledge of the many
valube read, aye, studied by all. Let it become able books upon these subjects, which have a text-book in our schools, male and female, issued from the French press, and we are glad as well as colleges. It is admirably con to see that the work before us contains brief ceived, and handsomely printed, furnished but judicious remarks upon many of the more with all the cuts necessary fully to illustrate important among them. Even those who are the subjects. The present Volume is Part I, incapacitated from perusing the books in quesdevoted to Comparative Physiology, and in its tion, will thus be able to gain some insight department is complete.
into the workings of the French mind. WithThe source from which it emanates is suffi- out such an insight, the events which are at cient to create in the mind of every student this moment passing in France are utterly of Natural Science a desire to avail himself of unintelligible. There is a war of opinions its advantages. Prof. Agassiz has a reputation raging ;- hushed indeed for the moment by that needs no comment where ience is known. the despotism of the sword, but sooner or late Dr. Gould, his associate in the execution of to burst forth with tenfold fury; — the true this admirable work, is also well known as one nature of which can only be understood by of our most eminent naturalists. It will do those who have some knowledge of the writmuch to create a thirst for knowledge; much | ings in which these opinions are promulgated.
The present dictator of France is a soldier ; ( new books; but a little reflection brought us but power is even now escaping from his grasp, to a different mind. The history of music, and then it will once more become the object from the earliest times, furnishes an uninterof contention between the Thiers, the Lamar- rupted succession of testimony to its influence tines, the Louis Blancs, the Cabets, and all in soothing the evil passions, animating the afthe other master-minds of France, whose fections, and refining the senses, as well as names and deeds are to be found not in the contributing to devotion. Hence, both social annals of the battle-field, but on the title-pages and ancient profane history, as also the writof books. Ignorance on these points is, as ings of modern times, unite in commending we have stated, a misfortune ; and we therefore its influence. hail the present volume as a most opportune Among the ancient Hebrews, music was in and valuable acquisition.
general use from the time of Moses. ' As The notes of the American editor add very when creation was launched from its mighty much to the interest of the work, although, in Maker's hand,“ the morning stars sang tosome instances, we are compelled to differ from gether, and all the sons of God shouted for his views. We dissent, for instance, from the joy,” so, it would seem that this primeval judgment which he forms of Paul de Kock, practice was early imitated by man. In their whom he calls the Smollet of France, and religious services, in their public and private fully coincide in the opinion of M. de Veri- rejoicings, at their feasts, and in their mourncour, who with more justice compares him to ings, among the Hebrews, music ever found a Dickens, and thinks « Oliver Twist and Nich- distinguished place. In these performances, olas Nickleby superior to anything Paul de both sexes bore a part, as did legislators, and Kock erer wrote.”
prophets, judges, and kings.
To the practice and influence of music, in THE CH REVOLUTIONS, from 1789 to the early ages both of Greece and Rome, bis1848. By T. W. Redhead. In three Vols. tory bears witness most decidedly. Among Boston: Gould, Kendall & Lincoln. 1848. the ancient Greeks, music and poetry, for a
The strong interest felt by every reader in long period, constituted an important part of the history of the French Revolution under national education, and were the grand medium Louis XVI. is now, if possible, heightened by of instruction in policy, morality, and virtue. the recent occurrence of events, which if they Their youth were made familiar with lyre and do not rival the scenes then enacted in gran- song, as an appropriate recreation and importdeur or in atrocity, are of equal importance in ant discipline, tending to all that is amiable, their bearing upon the social and political con- ennobling, and praiseworthy in mind and mandition of Europe. The author of the work The statesman, the warrior, the man of before us has performed his task with ability general science, and the bard, were alike inand impartiality, and has evidently spared no terested in the exercise ; whilst the priest repains in consulting the best authorities for the garded music as an important part of the facts which he narrates. The work is written religious service of their heathen rites. And in a simple, but vigorous, style ; though here although music seems to have been less underand there a gallicism has crept in, as, p. 290, stood and refined, among the ancient, than even "he was decerned a public funeral." We in the fabulous ages of Greece, yet as the arts can cordially recommend it as, on the whole, and sciences advanced, their melody and song better calculated to meet the wants of the improved. generality of readers, than any other work on Passing by other periods of English history, the same subject.
it may be remarked that Alfred the Great,
himself excelling in the science, founded a The National Psalmist : a Collection of Professorship of Music at Oxford. Great enthe most popular and useful Psalm and Hymn couragement was given to the art, and music Tunes, together with a great variety of new was considered an important part of polite Tunes, Anthems, Sentences, and Chants, the education. Henry VIII. was skilled in music, whole forming a most complete Manual of as was also Wolsey, and others of the royal Church Music, for Choirs, Congregations, family and nobility. Edward VI., Mary, and Singing Schools, and Musical Associations. Elizabeth, were all practical musicians, and By Lowell Mason and George James Webb. cherished great fondness for the musical art. Boston : Tappan, Whittemore & Mason. Charles II. was distinguished for his musical
When we first took up this collection, it did taste, and as a patron of social music, lending not appear to us to fall within our province, as his best influence for its improvement. conductors of a Miscellany of Literature and formerly required by one of the English ColScience, to give it a place in our notices of leges, that those who would aspire to a fellow
ship, should, to a certain degree, be proficients Dr. Lyons has made no mean addition to in the art of music; the statutes directing that the sacred minstrelsy of America, and we infer such shall be “bene nati, bene vestiti, et me- from the fact, that the little volume before us diocriter docti in plano cantu.” And, without has already reached a third edition, that his enumerating more instances, it may be safely poetical talents are justly appreciated by a large remarked, that the interests of true religion circle of admirers. The * Christian Songs have generally been most advanced where social do not equal the “ Christian Year” or the music has been most esteemed and cultivated. “Cathedral” in the fulness of the meaning or
It is a good omen that the style of music the sublimity of the ideas; but they always which has been cherished and most approved contain pleasing and chastened sentiments, and in the best days of Christianity, is now gradual- the versification is smooth and harmonious. ly coming again into use among nearly all the There are several among them, which remind various denominations into which Christendom us of Mrs. Hemans. is divided ; and we are glad to sce, in the Collection under review, the renewed effort of one ACKNOWLEDGMENT-OUR LATE PUBLISIERS. who has been so assiduous in the cause, and In commencing our 3d volume, under new has devoted so large a portion of his time and arrangements, we have, as was anticipated in talents to the improvement of sacred music the concluding article of the last volume, taken (LOWELL Mason, than whom it is doubted leave of the former publishers. We desire, on if any person in this country has rendered to the occasion, to say a few words in explanathe department of sacred music more impor- tion and acknowledgment. tant service), with so efficient a coadjutor as The editors have hitherto been sole propriG. J. WEBB. We take pleasure too in wit- etors of the Daguerreotype ; but, believing nessing in this effort the prominence which is that the best interests of a periodical are most given to the Gregorian style — the plain song permanently secured by the publisher having so well adapted to the union of choir and con an interest in it beyond the agency of publicagregation, as well as beautiful, effective, and tion, and from the nature of the business of especially appropriate to public worship, - the former publishers, it being impracticable for in preference to the miserable minstrelsy them to give to the work that attention which which has so much prevailed in modern times. it requires, we have made the arrangements The Collection contains a large proportion of already announced. In parting from Messrs. the best tunes and chants that were ever TAPPAN, WHITTEMORE & Mason, we would written. The preface we have read with express the obligations which our intercourse much pleasure and entire approbation. It with these gentlemen has imposed. Their bears the impress of sound judgment, ex- kindness, courtesy, and gentlemanly bearing cellent taste, and erudition. The Instructions in all our acquaintance with them, will be in the Elements of vocal music, and the whole gratefully remembered, and entitles them to arrangement, are in keeping with the design ; our high respect. May the success of their and the Collection will, without doubt, receive extensive and increasing business, which extensive patronage.
places them among the foremost of the pub
lishing and bookselling houses in our country, Christian Songs. By the Rev. James be equal to their merits. Their store, it is Gilborne Lyons, LL.D. Third Edition, with almost needless to say, is at 114 Washington Additions. Philadelphia : George S. Apple- street. ton. 1848.
There was a time when no country in lasting only as the country which could not NOVEMBER 11, 1848. The Daguerreotype. VOL. III. ... No. 2. ANNALS OF THE ARTISTS OF SPAIN.*
the end of the last century, Spain was interEurope — not even that of our troublesome neighbors across the Channel — occupied a deprive us of Gibraltar, or as a decayed marimore prominent place in the thoughts of time power, which sent forth squadrons of Englishmen of all classes than the land of clumsy three-deckers to fall a prey to the Murillo and Cervantes. Soon after the in- compact and active fleets of Jervis and Nelvention of printing and the discovery of son. If we troubled ourselves with inquiries America, — the two greatest events in modern into Spanish manners and customs, we learned history, - circumstances placed England and from Mr. Swinburne, himself a Catholic travSpain in a state of juxtaposition, which was eller, to laugh at the superstition, to pity the destined ere long to become one of antag. poverty, and to reprobate the dirty habits of onism. A Spanish princess was married suc- the Dons; and our general idea of Castile cessively to the two sons of Henry VII. Her and Arragon was vague enough — we thought daughter placed the marital crown of England it only a second edition of the land of Bashan on the head of Philip II. To these friendly, -a land of Ogs and oxen of strapping matbut not very propitious alliances, succeeded adors and long-horned bulls. During the the continual collisions of English enterprise Peninsular war, as during the War of Succesand Spanish colonization—the sturdy opposi- sion, we had more thought of France than of tion of our patriotic Protestantism to the Spain ; at any rate, the carnage of Badajoz Catholic ambition of the proud monarch of and Albuera, the glories of Salamanca and Spain and the Indies. If Essex interrupted Vittoria, were themes of too stirring a nature the busy commerce of Cadiz with the blaze of to suggest any peaceful thoughts of the twin torches and the clash of arms, there were, on arts of poetry and painting. It is true that the other hand, many occasions in which French plunderers and English picture-dealers Spanish and English traders followed their made the rest of Europe better acquainted common object in unison, if not in harmony; than had previously been the case with the and long before the obituary of the year 1616 merits of the Spanish school; but at that time had recorded the deaths of Shakspeare and our tourists had more of the red-coat than the Cervantes, nominally on the same day, the red-book about them, and their movements English language had stocked its colloquial were directed rather by Sir George Murray, vocabulary with a variety of Spanish words the quarter-master-general, than by Mr. John and phrases — a sufficient proof of familiar Murray, that master-general of good quarters intercourse between the two nations, which and quarterly reviews. began and completed the colonization or con Quite recently, however, our more general quest of the tropics. A little later, the master interest in Spanish life has revived. The pieces of Spanish literature were naturalized lively, but we must confess — to ourselves, at in this country by means of translations, which least - rather apocryphal journals of Mr. were spirited at least, if not literal. Roger Borrow, “the Bible-scatterer," as he bas l'Estrange's very free version of Quevedo was been called, and the not less lively and infia fashionable book in the seventeenth cen- nitely more valuable works of Mr. Ford, have tary; and Butler, in reproducing the knight again opened the Peninsula to the Englishof La Mancha and his squire, under the me man who is desirous of understanding the tempsychosis of Hudibras and Ralph, availed national peculiarities of this remarkable people. himself of the common privilege of presenting a little earlier, Spain was set before us, in an old friend under a new face. As Spain its comfortless religious aspect, by the memoirs sank into insignificance under the rule of the which Blanco White wrote at the first stage of Bourbons, our old love for the literature of his journey, from confiding superstition to the Peninsula reawakened in a hearty wel scepticism and despondency. And, in fact, come of the fictions of Le Sage ; but, step by there has been, for some time, every disposistep, we lost our interest in the faded flowers tion on the part of our countrymen to weland withered leaves of a literary chaplet, come original contributions to our knowledge which was once one of the gayest'; and, by respecting the Peninsula and its inhabitants.
On one subject, in particular, there was an Annals of the Artists of Spain. By William opening for almost any amount of literary Stirling, M.A. London, Ollivier. 1848. 3 vols. 8vo. I labor, namely, the fine arts of Spain. Pos