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thousand men at useless embankments: his the massacre on the Boulevard des Capucines, opposition, however, has not prevented the the insurgents were determined to conquer or responsibility of the national workshops being die. The soldiers of Louis-Philippe, in case thrown, most unjustly, upon his shoulders. of a dearly bought victory, would have had to He was also accused of living sumptuously at walk over corpses and ruins.” I supported the Palace of the Luxembourg, notwithstand Albert's opinion. After what I myself had ing that his expenses were so small that M. been a witness to, the issue could not bare Garnier Pagès thought fit to address some been doubtful. If the struggle had been proobservations to him and Albert, on what he longed for a few days more, it would only bare styled their parsimony. Neither of them spent, tended to establish the enfranchisement of the in truth, more than two francs and a half for people on a firmer basis.” their dinner.

" It has the appearance of a reflection upon your colleagues,” said M. choly satisfaction in indulging the rapture with

Citizen Caussidière has now but a melanGarnier Pages, and on the expenses they which these first days of the republic had inspirare obliged to incur.” “It is very well for ed him. “Sad illusions !” as he remarks of you and your colleagues, who receive bankers and millionaires as guests at your table,” Louis them, “ too soon destroyed.” Blanc is reported to have replied, “ to enter “The bourgeoisie seemed inclined to make tain them handsomely; but I—constantly concessions to the “ droit de la blouse.” Esil with workmen sitting opposite to me, who passions were on the decrease. Paris had a often stand in need of the common necessaries certain festive air about it ; some of the theatres of life, -I could not, without insulting their presented patriotic plays; the song of the Marmisery, make a display of a sumptuous table." seillaise repeated night after night at the ThéàA few days before the elections, I was invited tre National, by the energetic talent of Madeto a dinner at M. Crémieux's, where I found moiselle Rachel, excited a holy enthusiasm. MM. Lamoricière, Bedeau, Etienne Arago, The people were invited as guests to behold Louis Blanc, and Albert. I said to the last, the masterpieces of Corneille and of Voltaire. that M. Grandmesnil had complained of the It may be said that never did the Théâtre Nabad fare of the Luxembourg, asserting that the tional boast of a more attentive or betteremployés kept a far better table. “ It is conducted audience. It was the least that true," replied Albert, we endeavor to live could be done to mitigate their sufferings by a as simply as possibie; we could not find it in few hours of honest and elevating amusement. our hearts to live sumptuously when the people The song of the Girondins blending with the are suffering.” This incident reminds me of Chant des Montagnards, was like the proanother. At this very same dinner at M. phetic announcement of the fusion of all inteCrémieux's a great deal was said about the rests, of all shades of opinion, which in its days of February. Etienne Arago addressed action was to destroy, for long years to come, Lamoricière respecting the affair of the Palais all feelings of hatred and enmity. Paris Royal. The General avowed that he was breathed freely. Trees of liberty were planted then in the most critical position, and that if in every district. The bourgeoisie, the Nationit had not been for the timely assistance of al Guard, and the workmen, figured in these Etienne Arago he might have fared bally. processions. The clergy were always invited A great deal was said about the chances of to attend, and speak words of peace and of that day, and Lamoricière observed,—“ Mat- conciliation. Bands of military music and ters would not have taken the turn they did, choral singers added to the splendor of these if I had not met with so much hesitation at popular ceremonies. It seemed as if the tree Court.”

He then told how, on the 24th of of liberty was never more to be sprinkled with February, at about eleven o'clock in the morn blood. Sad illusions, too soon destroyed! ing, he waited upon the King to receive his The Préfecture of Police inaugurated one of the orders. His Majesty seemed much cast down, first trees of liberty. My speech to the enand referred him to the Duke of Nemours. thusiastic multitude that crowded around me, The future regent, more undecided and more if not spoken in set phrases and choice sententerrified than the King, refused to have re ces, came directly from my heart. Like the course to any extraordinary measures. It was priest of the Redeemer, I also preached frathis want of instructions that paralyzed the territy, that I might assure them that the Prézeal of the General. “All the zeal in the fecture, formerly a place of terror to the peoworld would have been of no avail," returned ple, was henceforth the sanctuary of permanent Albert. " Everything was prepared for suc- justice, and could in future inspire fear only

The secret societies would have stirred in those who should break the laws of the up the military population of Paris. After | land. The most ardent indications of sympa


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thy, the deepest emotions and promises of fra- | him, and very naturally it became matter of ternity, hailed my words. Those men of the vast enjoyment to citizen Caussidière to observe barricades swore, with tears in their eyes, to these abortive efforts to oust bim and his contribute towards the police of conciliation I guard, — “humble but faithful,” like Sir was endeavoring to establish, and they encour- Robert Peel's celebrated steed. Citizen Garaged me in the fulfilment of the duties impos- nier Pagès went one day with citizen Recurt ed upon me by my sense of duty and the pub- to serve a sort of ejectment upon him, but the lic exigencies. A few days afterwards I was Montagnards soon frightened them off! invited to attend with a detachment of Montagnards the planting of a tree of liberty in the “ Before leaving, Garnier Pagès, perceiving court yard of the Opera House. The orches- what effect his visit had madle, and fearing lest tra and choruses of this theatre were assembled, the Montagnards should smell a rat, as regarded and performed various patriotic airs during the his democratic views, endeavored to reinstate ceremony. The clergy had been invited to himself in their good opinion, by one of those bestow their blessing upon the tree. A nu- strange speeches which he alone has the happy merous and brilliant company, grouped in the art of making. • My son,' he said to them, windows of the surrounding houses, formed a my own son is a grocer's boy in the Rue de rich frame to the scene in the court-yard. A la Verrerie ! the son of your mayor a grocer's portion of the enclosure was occupied by a shop-boy!!! We are all of us workmen; my detachment of National Guards and


Mon son is a workman in the grocery line tagnards, who had made themselves a little Here he stopped short ; whether that he was less warlike in appearance than usual. Ledru too much overcome by emotion to continue his Rollin, at that time Minister of the Interior, speech, or whether the smile visible on the made a speech in praise of the arts, and on the countenances of his audience warned him that necessity of their coöperating in the work of the he was on the wrong tack, I do not know. He Republic, a speech which was loudly applaud- perceived, however, that it would be dangerous ed, and followed by the chorus of the Giron- to dismiss me at that moment, and he joined dins.

Desirous of addressing the assembly Recurt in solicitations to me to remain in office. likewise, I did so, and commenced as follows: I consented.” Après la Gironde, la Montagne ;'. After the Gironde, the Mountain.'

There are some other good stories about

Garnier Pagès—as at one of the early popular It is but bare justice to the citizen prefect

manifestationsto add that the non arrival of the Mountain

“ Whilst these cries were uttered of · Down was no fault of his. He did his best. It was

with the Communists,' the cortège, as it himself, he tells us, who arranged the demon- passed, shouted • Long life to the democratic stration of a hundred thousand men on the Republic ! long life to Louis Blanc ! long life 17th March ; that “great but pacific step, to Ledru Rollin!' M. Garnier Pagès, who which was to " annihilate the enemies of equal has always had a most unhappy passion for ity.” But to say the truth of our excellent popularity, slipped in between his two colcitizen prefect, though this measure was to be leagues, who were thus cheered by the people, an ostensible adhesion to the acts of the pro- and passed his arm through that of Ledru visional government, he had by this time, he Rollin. The latter attempted to shake him frankly avows, no more hope of good from that off. quarter. · After Lamartine's famous circular,

• How, mon bon, will you not give me your despair seized upon his patriot heart. The ?? said Garnier Pagès. •If you gave revolution, not being propagandist, was lost.

me your hand oftener at the council table,' The peacemongers were the traitors. It was replied Ledru Rollin, “you would have a "we' who took the revolutionary initiative, better claim to my arm in public.? exclaims the ardent magistrate! It was “our” task, therefore, to universalize democratic prin

At last came the eve of the ever memorable ciples ! “A million of armed citizens would fifteenth of May, which we shall leave the cithave risen as one man to enfranchise all the izen to describe in his own amusing way. It nations !” What a chance we lost in this is to be observed throughout the book, that unlucky England of ours.

whenever he has organized any mischief that But imagine such a firebrand in charge of only waits explosion, be becomes very unwell, the crime of Paris. Imagine the circumstances betákes bimself to bed, and suffers from evil and the men that placed him in such a charge,

presentiments. and found or supposed it necessary to keep him there. In vain they made feints to get rid of Soubrier, still fancying himself in danger of


an attack from the reactionists, armed all the had come and passed, and its results were men employed on his journal, who, with him- stated to the National Assembly, marvellously self, adopted a blouse and a red sash, like the was it declared that the ex-prefect had posiMontagnards. His journal, 'La Commune,' tively implicated himself, and must be put on denounced all the intrigues of the royalists; his defence! A sorry exhibition he made and the name of Sobrier was always to be found thereupon, but which he thus characteristically at the bottom of leaders too piquant for many accounts for. palates. He became the object of complaint of all the fearful; and afterwards they took “The continuous state of excitement in which ample revenge for the alarm he caused them. I had been living for the last week, with On the eve of the 15th of May, he came to see twelve hours of a fatiguing debate, had super

I was in bed, very unwell, and suffering induced a complete moral prostration within moreover from evil presentiments. Monier me. Anger and disgust succeeded each other and Bobe, both secretaries at the Préfecture, rapidly in my mind. I had ften mentally were at my bedside. Sobrier reproached me gone through all the accusations brought with not having seen that it was the object of against me, and yet when I was in the tribune the reactionists to disarm us. After exchanging my memory failed me; an invincible drowsia few words, he told me that he purposed being ness came over me, and I felt the utmost inpresent at the demonstration of the morrow; difference to everything around. A prey to a that all would pass over quietly, and that he kind of temporary hallucination, I thought I and his followers were most peaceably inclined; beheld in that Assembly a tribunal of the Inthe object of the demonstration being simply to quisition. The semi-obscurity which pervaded prove to the Assembly that the people desired the hall, a heavy atmosphere, and faces pale an intervention in favor of Poland. I explain- from fatigue, increased the deception. I meed to him, as also to others who called upon chanically commenced reading the enormous me in the course of the evening, the immense bundle of papers I had in my hand, which responsibility that would fall upon the leaders certainly deserved a better reader. I could of the demonstration if any unforeseen disturb- scarcely see the writing, and I endeavored to ances should give it a different character. He shake off the sort of stupor that was stealing left me, reiterating promises of the most assuring over me. At this moment, when my memory nature. On the morrow, he was one of those is clear, I remember that on this occasion I who entered the hall, and was seen quite close was drawling through my narrative as a priest to the President. Had he altered his mind? would his breviary. I kept apostrophizing ms; or was he carried along by the popular excite- self all the time, as follows: “ Thy family and ment? It is not for me to say.'

thy friends are in a state of anxiety; throw away

those papers, and speak out like a man :So when the days of June came. He knew bold, unpremcditated speech will bave a better nothing of what had been agitating Paris for a effect than this drawling narrative." In fact

, number of days till be heard of it at the Nation once or twice I stopped reading, and by a few al Assembly. He had withdrawn to a friend's energetic words gained for a moment the attenhouse quite away from the scene of action, and tion of the Assembly; but I soon fell back had been busying himself, in the most innocent into the torpor that enthralled me, and resumed way imaginable, with getting well as fast as he the interminable manuscript. I suffered terricould, and with the study of some questions bly that night. When I think of the success he was going to bring forward, —when the dis some of my speeches have obtained under certurbance fell quite like a thunderbolt on this tain circumstances, I ask myself how it hapamazed ex-prefect!

pened, that with so much to say, I did not,

according to my own estimation, act up to the It was in the hall of the Assembly that I exegencies of the case. Opium and fatigue was informed, that the temper of the public had paralyzed my powers.” mind, which had agitated Paris for some days past, had taken the shape of an outbreak, for Perhaps we have quoted enough: but a few I no longer lived in the centre of the city, but anecdotes of the mysteries of the prefecture will had withdrawn to the house of a friend near probably amuse the reader. the Barrière de l'Etoile, to accelerate my con

SECRET AGENTS. valescence, and to devote myself to the study of certain questions which I had proposed A secret agent had instructions to arbringing forward."

rest an individual, who was said to be very

dexterous, and difficult to catch. The agent Notwithstanding, when the time of inquiry managed however to get hold of him, and got


him into a cab. As he searched his pockets | That letter was written by Boireau, one of in vain for a piece of coin to pay the coachman Fieschi's accomplices, and pointed out the inbeforehand, the prisoner offered his purse, dividuals, the means that were to be employed, saying that he would put it down in his bill of and the very house in which the infernal maexpenses. What do you mean?' asked the chine was placed. The letter was received on astonished agent. “It's simple enough,' re- the eve of the design. It is evident, that if plied the other ; 'like yourself I am an agent, that letter had been read, measures would have and my outlays are made good to me at the end been taken to prevent the attempt. This letter of every month.' An explanation took place was found long afterwards, after Boireau bad before the proper quarters, and the warrant made his confession in prison, and it saved bis was annulled : the two spies, astounded at life, Louis-Philippe having granted hiina having mutually arrested each other, went and pardon. had a breakfast together at the expense of the

Of course we have plenty of detail in the state.

book about Dela Hodde, and his affairs ; about

the citizen prefect's share in the Risquons Tout, Charles Marchal, arrested after the events his determined attitude with his guards in May, of the 15th of May, was brought before M. and bis parting from his brave Montagnards

Crèmieux, and set at liberty on his denial that (who were all engaged in June); about his ;" he acted as a spy

He was always to be found love for Sobrier, Barbes, and other worthies of in the Salle des Pas Perdus, and entered that class; about his services to his country in familiarly into every conversation. One day the maintenance of “external order withinhe carne up to me, desirous to enter into con- ternal disorder,” as he whimsically phrases it; versation. "You are Charles Marchal ?" I and about the exalted hopes which he still ensaid. “I am,” he replied. “You are num- tertains of a republic as red as a republic ought ber 580. Be off then as soon as possible.” to be. We need not longer detain the reader, I warned M. La Rochejaquelin, two or three The book is curious as a specimen of the sort days afterwards, to be on his guard against the of people that will always, in more or less numofficiousness of this amiable citizen, who en- bers, rise to the surface in every great revoludeavored to pump and then to betray him. tion, and be visible there for some brief space. Under Louis Philippe, Charles Marchal ten- Only M. Caussidière seems a more than ordered his services to M. Delessert, then Prefect dinarily vulgar and coarse pretender (though of Police. He offered to assassinate the Duke with all his love of equality he boasts of havof Bordeaux for a million of francs. “I am a ing been “held at the baptismal font by the man,” he writes, “of good education and Archduke John Ferdinand of Austria and the engaging manners; I shall live in grand style Empress Beatrice"), and it is astounding to

on an aristocratic scale — and shall get in- think that Lamartine could have countenanced troduced to him. I shall by degrees become such an instrument, and even continued to show intimate with him. Opportunity and my own him favor when his drifts and schemes had courage will do the rest.” On the margin of been openly exposed.—Examiner. this letter I read the following note in the handwriting of M. Delessert :-" If this villain repeats his demand, have him arrested immediate column of the Corinthian order, standing in

Pompey's PILLAR. — This is a graceful ly.” My reason for making this revelation is, that Charles Marchal had the impudence to

an isolated position on an eminence, and itself solicit the post of secretary at the Prefecture, including the pedestal and capital) nearly and to demand a pension from the National 100 feet in height. The shaft is of red granAssembly on the plea of having been im- ite, hard as iron : the pedestal, if I remember

Whether the column prisoned for political offences, and for having

rightly, of sandstone. rendered services to the cause of the republic. ever belonged to any building, or what was its It is true that he was sentenced to imprison

original purpose, appears doubtful : Sir Gardment for publishing a pamphlet against Louis- ner Wilkinson believes that it supported a Philippe, but his trial proved that he was in statue, and this is perhaps the most probable the

of the Court. This attack against his hypothesis, as its dimensions are much larger royal protector originated in a refusal to give than those ordinarily found in Greek buildings. hiin a sum of money he had demanded.

kinson, who was born to unravel Egyptian

riddles, has succeeded in deciphering In 1835, at the time of Fieschi`s attempt, a Greek inscription at its base, by which it letter of very solid appearance was thrown appears that it was reared by Publius, preaside by the Prefect as not worth reading! | fect of Egypt, in honor of Diocletian.





Forty Days in the Desert. By the author of On the second day of the journey the author "Walks about Jerusalem."

writes what would seem absurd, if we forget

that he was an experienced traveller, who had The author of this interesting volume is already been ere then in the desert :favorably known to the public, both through his pencil and pen. “Walks about Jerusalem” "What most surprised me was the elasticity is a popular book ; with a subject that has been of spirits I generally experienced in the wil

. so often ably handled, that it now is difficult derness

. The dry pure air probably bad much to render popular. There is no part of the to do with this. Sometimes the sense of free world of which fuller and and better accounts movement over the boundless expanse was inhave been published than of Palestine. It has describably and wildly ecstatic; in general the therefore become dangerous ground, but the incidents of our little caravan seemed sufficient work to which we refer has achieved populari- stimulus, and a universal cheerfulness prerailty. The author is an enthusiast. Every man ed among us in those hours of dawn.” who expects to write a good book on Eastern affairs must be an enthusiast.

A dull though When the sun was up, they felt the miseries an able statistician would make nothing of Da- of thirst in the desert, and the water was always

He would break down utterly in Pe- bad. The evidence of this witness regarding tra--would find Beyrout even yet the most in the wilderness corresponds exactly with that of teresting port on his journey—would hasten to previous travellers. He says: Smyrna to inquire after figs — to Constantinople to learn the state of the Sultan's finances "There is a terrible and triumphal power of

-or to Alexandria for a note of the Pasha's the sun upon this wide region of sterility and last shipment of cotton. The Mediterranean death, like that of a despot over a realm blightis this author's favorite sea, the Nile his peted by his destructive sway; no trace of verriver. Of the former he says :

dure is there but the stunted shrubs, which

struggle at wide intervals about the sandy bed “What a halo seems to hang over the shores of some dried watercourse ; no sign of living of the Mediterranean ! such as invests no other thing but the burrow of the rat, the slimy trail place on earth.

The empires, whose revolu- of the serpent, or the carcase of the camel who tions fill the stirring page of history, from its makes his grave as well his home in the wildawning light down to modern times, are all derness, met with in every stage of decay, from around; some, as Tyre and Carthage, having the moment when the vultures have but just indeed utterly perished; but others, like Egypt, fleshed their beaks in his fallen corpse, till, leaving behind a glorious legacy of monument- stripped of every integument, the wind whistles al records. Where can we wander in this through the ghastly framework of his naked ribs, beautiful sea, without being reminded of the and his bones falling asunder and bleached by great and the good of past ages ? Our foot heat and wind, serve to mark the appointed steps are ever in the tract of sages and poets, track upon which his strength was spent.” of prophets and apostles, or of Him who is

Egypt is still under the curse of vermin.

Miss Martineau complained sadly of their anThe details of preparation for a journey from noyance. Messrs. "Irby and Mangles were Cairo through the wilderness, or anywhere else, hunted by them wherever they turned. are now so well known that we pass them by, author folded his own sheets, spread his carpet, as does the author, quietly. We should re- kept the Arabs at a distance, and enjoyed an mark that the volume abounds with beautiful entire exemption from all the plagues. illustrations, of which the first is Cairo. The The party reached Suez at the same time party started on the 1st October, not of the with the steamer which brought the Overland last October, but, we presume, the one imme- Mail from Bombay. The arrival offered the diately preceding it. Their route was that of traveller an opportunity of gathering up his own the overland mail to Snez, and, therefore, as stray thoughts of home. He had been struck far as that town, though in, they seemed not to with the respect paid to the name of his counbe of, the desert; for, in some respects, Egypt try in the desert, and in the sickly travellers has again become a highway of the nations. I by the caravan he saw part of the prize. It was

greater than all.”

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