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Sapphire and chrysophrase, and jacinth stood
The very day he disobeyed and joined
The angel ended; and the winds, waves, clouds,
GOETHE'S CAMPAIGN IN 1792.
A PASTORAL TRAGEDY.
Oumpaign in France in the Year 1792. , Nothing is too minute, nothing too lofty for his
Translated from the German of Goethe by contemplation. The following extracts will R. Farie. Post 8vo. Chapman and Hall. show the extent of his poetic sympathy :
The fame of Goethe, like that of our own Coleridge, is growing year by year. The avalanches are accumulating, and their influence “ Thus did the Prussians, Austrians, and a will, ere long, descend into the valleys of hu- portion of the French, come to carry on their man intelligence. Hitherto they have main- warlike operations on the French soil. By tained an unapproachable eminence ; but their whose power and authority did they this? presence amongst us, on the level of the hum- They might have done it in their own name. blest companionship, may be daily expected. War had been partly declared against them
Mr. Farie, the editor of the present work, their league was no secret ; but another prehas extracted in this volume so much of text was invented. They took the field in Goethe's memoirs as relates to the invasion of the name of Louis XVI. : they exacted noFrance in the year 1792, by the allied army, thing, but they borrowed compulsorily : Bons under the command of the King of Prussia had been printed which the commander signed : and the Duke of Brunswick, on which occasion but whoever had them in bis possession filled Goethe accompanied the Duke of Weimar. them up at his pleasure, according to circumHere we have the result of the poet's observa- stances, and Louis XVI. was to pay. Pertions—at once, both graphic and profound. haps, after the manifesto, nothing had so much
exasperated the people against the monarchy ever, that the horrible uneasy feeling arising as did this treatment, I was myself present from it is produced in us solely through the at a scene which I remember as a most tragic ears. For the cannon thunder, the howling,
Several shepherds who had succeeded whistling, crashing of the balls through the in uniting their flocks, in order to conceal air, is the real cause of these sensations. them for safety in the forests or other retired “ After I had ridden back, and was in perplaces, being seized by some active patrols, fect security, I remarked with surprise that and brought to the army, were at first well re- the glow was completely extinguished, and not ceived and kindly treated. They were asked the slightest feverish agitation left behind. On who were the different proprietors: the flocks the whole, this condition is one of the least dewere separated and counted. Anxiety and sirable, as indeed, among my dear and noble fear, but still with some hope, fluctuated in the comrades, I found scarcely one who expressed countenances of the worthy people. But a really passionate desire to try it. when this mode of proceeding ended in the division of the flocks among the regiments and The following is a highly dramatic scene :companies, whilst, on the other hand, the
A SINGULAR NIGHT SCENE. pieces of paper drawn on Louis XVI. were handed over quite civilly to their proprietors, “A violent knocking was heard at the fastand their woolly favorites were slaughtered at locked outer-door, to which they paid no attentheir feet by the impatient and hungry sol- tion, as they had no desire to admit more visdiers, I confess that my eyes and my soul have itors; the knocking continued, a most plaintive seldom witnessed a more cruel spectacle, and female voice calling out, and beseeching clamormore profound manly suffering in all its grada- ously that the door might be opened. Softened tions. The Greek tragedies alone have any at length, they unlocked the door, and an old thing so purely, deeply pathetic.”
woman, one of the camp-followers, rushed in,
carrying something wrapped up in a cloth on Take, also, the description of his feelings her arm; behind her was a young woman, not while undergoing the effect of a cannonade, bad-looking, but pale and debilitated, and the dangers of which, with his characteristic scarcely able to stand on her legs. fearlessness, the poet had audaciously dared : In a few words, and with great energy,
the old crone explained the state of the case, THE CANNON FEVER.
displaying a naked infant, of which the woman I had now arrived quite in the region had been delivered on their flight. They had, where the balls were playing across me : the in this way, been left behind, and ill-treated sound of them is curious enough, as if it were by the peasants, and this night had arrived at composed of the humming of tops, the gurg- last at our door. The mother, as her milk had ling of water, and the whistling of birds. left her, had not yet been able since the child They were less dangerous by reason of the was born to give it any nourishment. The old wetness of the ground ; wherever one fell, it woman now demanded impetuously, meal, milk, stuck fast. And thus my foolish experimental and a pan, and linen to wrap the child in. As ride was secured against the danger, at least, she did not know French, we had to ask for of the balls rebounding.
her; but her imperious and passionate ges“ In the midst of these circumstances, I was tures gave sufficient pantomimic weight and soon able to remark that something unusual emphasis to what we said. What she demanded was taking place within me; I paid close at could not be brought fast enough; and when tention to it, and still the sensation can only it was brought it was not good enough for her. be described by similitude. It appeared as if It was curious, too, her alertness in going to you were in some extremely hot place, and at work ; she soon drove us back from the tire, the same time quite penetrated by the heat of the best place being immediately engaged for it, so that you feel yourself, as it were, quite the young mother, she herself sitting upon one with the element in which you are. The her stool with as confident an air as if the eyes lose nothing of their strength or clear- house had been her own. In a twinkling the
but it is as if the world had a kind of brown- child was washed and wrapped up, the pap red tint, which makes the situation as well as the boiled; she fed the little creature first, then surrounding objects more impressive. I was un- the mother, paying little attention to herself
. able to perceive any agitation of the blood; Afterwards she required fresh clothes for the but everything seemed rather to be swallowed sick woman, whilst the old ones were drying. up in the glow of which I speak. From this, We looked at her in amazement; she underthen, it is clear in what sense this condition stood how to make requisitions. can be called a fever. It is remarkable, how • The rain abated : we went to our former
quarters, and shortly after the hussars brought I was all serviceable to us in the operation, the sow.
We paid what seemed a reasonable which had to be completed in a few hours. price for it.
It had now to be slaughtered ; Our hussar now showed himself as active and this was done, and a staple being found in the alert in his department, as the gipsy over the beam of the adjoining room, it was hung up way did in hers; and we already enjoyed, in there, to be properly cut up and prepared. anticipation, the good sausages and joints of
“That our hosts, on this occasion, mani- meat which were to fall to us as our share of fested no ill-nature, but displayed rather a the booty. To await this, we lay down in the desire to help us, appeared somewhat singular smithy of our host upon some delicious corn to us, as they had good reason to consider our shocks, and slept soundly till day broke. conduct both barbarous and inconsiderate. In Meanwhile our hussar had finished his busithe same room in which we were carrying on ness inside the house ; breakfast was ready the operation, the children were lying in their waiting for us, and the remainder of the beast clean beds, and being awakened by the noise packed up, our hosts having first obtained we made, they peered out prettily from among their share, not without some discontent on the the blankets, with frightened glances. The part of our people, who maintained that kindsow was hanging close to a large double mar ness was ill bestowed upon them, having riage-bed, closed in carefully with green serge, doubtless both meat and other good things the curtains constituting a picturesque back concealed, which we had not yet learned the ground to the illuminated carcass.
It was a
proper way of ferreting out.” night-piece without its like. But the inmates could not have indulged in such reflections ; It is in the painting of such scenes that we remarked rather that they had some grudge Goethe's excellence consists.
The present against the people from whom the sow had work is so full of them, that it might be nearly been taken, and felt a certain malicious pleas- all quoted. It concludes with a description of ure about it. We had before, also, promised the siege of Mentz, which will be read with them some of the meat and sausages; and this peculiar intetest.---Jerrold's Newspaper.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Minor NOVELS AND COMICALITIES. - It is of being minutely novelized. We shall ere humane, no doubt, in place of “ breaking but- long have " The Comb,” with cuts, — "The terflies on a wheel” to lay them pleasantly on Brush," with border illustrations, -"Deala bed of roses, singing charitably the while,- | ings in the Dust-hole" —“A Pictorial Wash
Comic Knife Board."
Meanwhile, to alternate with such familiarities
for the edification of the world which is too but entomological benevolence
be carried sentimental to amuse itself in the scullery – too far.
It must not be forgotten that among we find the terrible and equally unrefined subthe "winged tribe" is numbered The Family limities of the Minerva Press (the “fonts" Locust famous for bringing down dearth on whereof are broken up) reappearing in fragthe land where it alights. There is a point, mentary and cheap forms. Bowls, daggers, in short, at which the interests of a race nobler ghosts, cloisters, come out once a month, than the genus Papilio demand that the Phil “to be continued,” with a rank plenteousness anthrc pist should lay by the gauze net and that is disconcerting.—There is a third modus take up the fumigating apparatus.
operandi. The cells of Bedlam are opened Such is in some degree the position from the depths of the Thames are dragged-blind which the Critic must now regard these tiny alleys are ransacked—and night-houses invited books which for the moment unwholesomely to tell their secrets; and this under pretext threaten to supersede every other order of of nature and sympathy and philanthropic efprose fiction. With the increase of the library fort ! is increasing the audacity of its authors and That some of our most popular and besttheir disposition to experimentalize upon pop- intentioned authors are not guiltless of having ular endurance. Not an accident or occur- ! brought about this state of affairs is a faet rence of daily life is now thought unworthy | which must never be forgotten when we are
dealing with the fry whom their success has miserly housekeeping and railroad journey warmed into life—but the statement thereof as the party at the Wracketts' and Mrs. Cooze's will be sufficient for the moment. Let us also London hospitality,—why, loth as we are to seriously declare that our speculations are gen- discourage Truth and Nature, we must say erally directed against the Ragged Schools of " better shut the school” for any profit likely fiction, physiology, philosophy, &c., which to accrue from its teachings. There may
be have recently been so liberally opened, rather nothing strictly objectionable therein, but the than against any one particular master or mis- entertainment is addressed to the lowest order tress engaged in trash-teaching. We consider of intelligence. The laugher becomes ashamthe deterioration of the instructors no less ed of having laughed. Nor are we to be prothan the mischief done to their clients; and, pitiated by the wicked characters brought forhaving been obliged to some among them for ward in imitation of the pitch-black shadows merry moments ere the flux of production so of late too recklessly dealt in by Mr. Dickens. fiercely set in, we are anxious to return service Mr. Smith might have produced something far for service. Most of these works would not superior to this tale—but a few essays more in be worth mentioning at all—but that many of the same style will go far to destroy bis powers them are the works of men who can do far utterly. better things.
We can give only one short paragraph to Here is lively Mr. Angus Reach, who opens three more little books. M. Angus Reach is “ The Book with the Iron Clasps," alias more at home in The Comic Bradshaw, or, “ Clement Lorimer,” with a grim determina- Bubbles from the Boiler, than in his tale of tion to treat us to a story of tradition, crime the Italian vendetta. The best hits in the same and mystery, à la mode Française. It is im- author's London on the Thames, or, Life possible to foresee into how much bad company above and below Bridge, are to be found among we may be led ere the Book be shut, — since, the sixty-two illustrations by Hine, Gavarni, when a vow of revenge has once been taken and others.'
”_Mr. Carleton's Natural History by the hero of a fiction, we know from awful of the “ Hawk” Tribe is vulgar—if we must experience that he is “ to stick at nothing” to call things by their right names. The idea, the very last page in which his exit downwards too, was apparently suggested by Mr. Thacktakes place; - especially when at the very eray's “ Rook” and “ Pigeon,” in the “Heads outset we have two poisonings and one noy- of the People.”-Athenæum. ade!
What need was there, O pleasant Thomas Recent 'INVENTIONS. — Australian Wool, Miller ! for you to again begin (the tenth time and Cloth from It. - Assuredly one of the at least that they have been attempted) with most important of our colonial productions is " The Mysteries of London”? Sue “led wool. The rapid increase of the importation the way;" and people have been found to de- of this article from Australia is among the fend his morality — very nearly as wisely as most remarkable of our statistical returns. those who could regard a Witches' Sabbath as Twenty-two years ago, 323,995lb. of wool a rite of real worship. But we had hoped that were imported to Great Britain from Austraafter many false starts and failures “ The Mys- lia; in 1840, it was 12,162,613lb., according teries of London ” would remain unrevealed to official returns. Since then the importaBut they will not be disclosed by Mr. Miller tions of this article are shown to have reached -80 far as the first numbers of the disclosures the enormous amount of upwards of 60,000,here commenced warrant us in prophecy. This 000lb. Such an augmention in so short a anticipated — we may add, that for an author time even go-a-head people will admit is surto leave “bubbling runnels” for the kennels prising. The superiority of the Australian of St. Giles and Marylebone-Sherwood For-wool gives it the preference in the English est for the Rookery—and Maud and Marian market, for general purposes. In fact Ausfor the wax-work rich folks and the penny- tralia now supplies the wool from which the theatre poor ones here introduced, seems a very finest of our woollen fabrics may melancholy exchange,-a voluntary hastening ufactured, and there can be no doubt but that down hill.
the production and sale of this article is destined From these dismal books we will turn to one to become one of the most important branches or two comic ones—comic ?-nay, rather farci- of our commerce. From this wool Mr. Sayce, cal, of the broadest and most familiar quality of Cornhill, has manufactured a very beautiful The Pottleton Legacy, by Mr. Albert Smith wool-dyed cloth, smooth, glossy, firm, yet delthe productive, "troubles us mightily.” If icate. Certainly, there is some inequality if the school of minute observation is to lead to we compare it to cloth from Saxony wool; but the description of such scenes as Miss Twinch's the inequality is not in quality (we plead guil
ty to a clashing of words, but we state a simple Column” to these epithems, and the substance matter of fact)—it is in price. Australia un- of which they are composed, spongio-pilinedersells Saxony. Mr. Sayce is cheaper than a fabric of sponge and wool felted together
, Frome or Leeds. Now that so much is said coated on one surface with caoutchouc. We and done and we some time ago predicted showed its great usefulness and superiority for that such would be the case—in the way of the application of poultices, fomentations, blis emigration, we notice this matter of Austra- ters, &c. A report, addressed by Mr. W. lian produce more fully than we otherwise Thompson Kay, assistant-surgeon of the Plyshould. We must give a word to another mouth division of Royal Marines, to Sir W. manufacture for which men are indebted to Burnett, the medical director-general of the Mr. Sayce — the thermogenic (those Greek navy, shows the excellence of this invention. names !) cloth, made from the undyed black Mr. Kay says, as to the durability of the mawool of a particular kind of Australian sheep, terial, “ Under ordinary circumstances a piece made into the warmest driving or travelling of this fabric may be applied from 50 to 60, coats. Most people have been annoyed with or even more than 100 times as a poultice, the unseemliness of the seams of such coats, without any diminution of its good qualities or especially dark-colored coats, before the gar- deterioration of its material. I have frequentment was half-worn; black at the back, white ly applied it more than 60, in many cases 80 at the elbows. This whitening - it has a dis or 90 times, and in two or three upwards of reputable whitewashed look — is rendered im- 100. possible by Mr. Sayce's manufacture of cloth from wool naturally black. Wear cannot af Improvement in Chronometers. Mr. Losefect its bue, neither can weather. It is dark by has produced an improvement in chrononto the last, and being colored by Nature, of eters little known beyond the Admiralty. He course will not, even when wet, soil the most has applied mercury to make chronometers delicate of gloves; nor needs it to be “ re- " keep the even tenor of their way" in all stored." In a very excellent work, “Bisch- temperatures, as ship-chronometers are generoff's History of Woollen and Worsted Manu- ally adjusted for extremes of heat and cold, 1; factures,” it is said, on the authority of Mr. and “gain” in the intermediate temperatures. Henry Hughes, wool-broker, as he gave infor- The excellence of the invention is shown by mation to a committee of the House of Lords: the following extracts from the Astronomer “They (Australian wools] are known to re- Royal's report to the Admiralty Board :-“I quire less of the milling or fulling power than consider this invention (taking advantage very any other description of wools. Fine woolled happily of the two distinguishing properties of sheep have been exported to those colonies, mercury — its fluidity, and its great thermal and they have improved in a wonderful de expansion) as the most ingenious that I bare gree, which cannot be accounted for by the seen, and the most perfectly adaptable to the best judges, except from the climate. The wants of chronometers. I am not aware that sheep run there, as in this country, without it is liable to any special inconvenience. any care; they are left to themselves; the cli I think it my duty to report as my opinion mate does not require the housing of them as that Mr. Loseby's construction has successfulin Germany.” Hence a greater cheapness. ly effected its object, and remarking the inge. Other merchants and colonists fully corrobor- nuity of the method used, and the fertility of ated Mr. Hughes.
its principle, I now state as my opinion to the
Board of Admiralty, that Mr. Loseby is enMarkwick's Patent Epithems.—Some time titled to their lordships' general encourageago we called attention in our “Inventors' ment."
United Service Magazine,
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