Abbildungen der Seite

ating the value of time and the value of those upon this book. Still, some will think it more advantages which these institutions offer. The likely that a Franklin should have printed in major part of us are infinitely more delighted both Bostons, than that seven American pubwith amusement, many of us even with lishers should combine to print a book in 1719 frivolity, than we are with hard study and which it is likely they might have got cheaper laborious exertion. We read (and, understand from Er gland. The copy of which we write me, I am judging of others as I have found has a singular answer to these last in a manumyself) much more for amusement than for script memorandum inserted in the book, — by thought. I am not disposed in the slightest which it appears that in 1796 its possessor sailed degree to undervalue that description of reading from Boston, and “Came too twice, once in which is generally known by the name of “light King Rode and once in ye Narrows." Now, literature.” I am least of all, perhaps no man though the common maps do not show it, we less, disposed to undervalue our periodical are informed that King Road and the Narrows literature, especially newspapers. They give make a conspicuous figure in the chart of the us the history of our own time, and no man Massachusetts Boston. The type of this book can know where he stands in the world, unless is very straggling, and the letters very

often he occasionally, nay frequently, looks into the look as if they came from different fonts : newspapers of the day. I would not under- nevertheless, the printing is such as might have value, as I said before, this light literature, but come from an English country town at a later I think it a great mistake on the part of period. - If

any of our readers think that such young men from the age of fifteen to twenty- speculations as the above are a sort of literary five to consume their time to a large extent in trifling, we will assure them that such trifling such reading.–Mr. Bright made some further sometimes leads to important consequences. remarks, urging the study of works of a high A theory on one or another point of the history and ennobling character by the young members of human progress has before now received its of the Athenæum.

death-wound from the production of a neglected book.—


Many a literary problem, more or less curious, starts up in the daily reading or book The waters of the Nile have risen this

year collecting of him who has an eye for such to an unusual and destructive height. A corgame. It is not easy in this country to decide respondent from Cairo, speaking of this calamon the date at which the American colonies ity which has succeeded to the fearful pestilence began to reprint English books. It is, we by which Egypt has been ravaged — and which believe, known that the Latin grammars were is said to have taken 133,000 victims, Cairo imported from London down to the period of furnishing a contingent of 10,000 — says :the struggle with the mother-country—and that “Nearly the whole crop of Dura, it is feared, the stoppage of the supply, occasioned by the will be destroyed ; and you can conceive the hostilities, gladdened the hearts of the school distress which will ensue, as the felláheen boys, and made them feel that the war was tru- subsist almost entirely upon it. The water ly one of Independence. Nevertheless, school was in the streets of Cairo a few days since, the books must have been reprinted in America canal having flowed through the courts of the fifty years before the war broke out. There houses ; but the government has had the mouth is a Boston edition of Hodder's Arithmetic, of the canal so dammed that only a small called the twenty-fifth, and bearing date 1719. quantity of water can flow in. Boolák and It is true, this little undertaking was the specu- Old Cairo are almost under water. The reason lation of seven combined publishers : and we of this extraordinary rise appears to be this : hardly know whether to wonder most at there the Pashas and great men find cotton to be being seven publishers in Boston, or at its the most profitable thing they can sow in their needing no less than seven capitals to bear the fields; and, as the water must not flow over risk of a small octavo of 200 pages. A this cotton, Upper Egypt is full of dykes and question arises, however — was this book dams which confine the Nile to a much smaller printed at Boston in Lincolnshire ? for in the space.”Athenæum. absence of all reference to America except the single word Boston, this last supposition is the most probable. But then, the printer's name DR. Fox's FIRE-PROOF PATENT. — The is J. Franklin ; and we know that Benjamin system, says the Builder, may be thus deFranklin was an apprentice to bis brother, a scribed. Small cast-iron joists are used of the Boston printer, in 1719. It is not very un- 1 shape reversed, larger in the centre than at likely that the apprentice may have worked | the ends, having six inches bearing on the


walls, and placed 18 inches apart for floors, and | 2d. One hundred and fifty damsels, with from 22 inches apart for roofs. In the spaces be- 10,000f. to 60,000f. of dowry. 3d. Four tween the joists, and resting on the bottom hundred young ladies and widows, with a small flange of the joists, are placed, in a contrary di- fortune. Apply to M. Porré, Rue Bourbon, rection to the way in which the joists lie, strips No. 7.” Another marriage broker advertises, of wood about an inch-and-a-half square and 1st. Two young ladies of between fifteen and half-an-inch apart, serving at once as the ordi- eighteen years of age, with between 30,000f. nary ceiling laths, and to carry the floor which and 60,000f. 2d. Two others, between thiris formed as follows: - A coat of rough mor- ty and forty-six years, with 35,000f.; and tar, about one inch thick above the laths, is several damsels of all ages, with between laid on the top of these, of such a consistence 4,300f. and 6,000f. ; with lots of widows with that it may be pressed through the interstices incomes of from 1,000f.” In case money was and form a key for the ceiling underneath, not the object, M. Porré had for disposal which is afterwards laid on in the ordinary several


ladies of ancient families, manner. Upon this first coat of mortar is with little fortune, but with all the qualities laid a coat of pugging formed of road scrap- which should accompany fortune.”—Liverpool ings or refuse rubbish from the building, Albion. mixed with an eighth or tenth part of lime and passed through a pug mill. This is laid in, the whole depth of the joists, as a solid Among forth-coming novelties we observe the foundation to receive either a facing of lime following announced for immediate publicaand sand in certain proportions, coated with tion : linseed oil, or a flooring of wood or stone. It The Secret History of the French Revoluthus forms a solid mass perfectly fire-proof, tions of 1848, or Memoirs of Citizen Caussiand, according to the calculations of the paten- dière, whilst acting as Minister of Police tees, the cost does not exceed that of the ordi- to the French Republic. Including a narranary mode of construction with timber. tive of the Revolution in February to the pres

ent time. Written by Citizen Caussidière, Representative of the people. (This work

will be first published in England ) FRENCH MATEIMONIAL BROKERS.Former The Life and Remains of Theodore Hook. ly matrimonial advertisements constantly ap- With Anecdotes of some of his contemporapeared in the French Journals ; but, instead ries. By the Rev R. D. Barham. of the gentlemen advertising for wives, as they Memoirs of Chateaubriand. Written by do here, in France the ladies advertised them- | Himself. Translated from the French. selves and their attractions to be disposed of. Clara Fane, or the Contrasts of a Life. A In the Journal des Affiches the following Novel, by Louisa Stuart Costello. matrimonial wants and attractions were pomp The Young Countess. A Novel, by Mrs. ously and prominently put forth under the Trollope. heading, “ Ready to Marry :-1st. Fifty wid The Fountain of Arethusa. By Robert E. ows, with from 2,000f. to 20,000f. of income. Landor, M.A.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]


This is one of a small group in the South | miles, and nearly dve south from the SettlePacific Ocean, distant about fourteen hun- ment is Philip Island, rising in a rugged and dred miles from Van Dieman's Land, in a precipitous outline about nine hundred feet north-easterly direction. The three principal above the sea. Its geological formation reIslands are respectively known as Norfolk, sembles that of Norfolk Island. It is uninPhilip, and Nepean Islands; of these, the first habited save by a few wild goats, innumerabile is the chief, and only habitable one. It is of rabbits, and some fowls originally domestic, irregular form, the shores bluff and broken, but to whom such classification is no longer its greatest length is about fire miles and a applicable ; the last do not multiply rapidly, half

, extending from Puint Blackburne to owing probably to the scarcity of food and Point Howe. Its extreme breadth, measured | water; the latter, if procurable at all, are in between Point Ross and the opposite coast such inaccessible positions, that visitors find near Bird Island, is nearly four miles. It it necessary to carry a supply with them. may bave a superficies of about nine thousand The Island is about a mile and a half long, acres. The general character of the interior with a medium breadth of three quarters of a is uneven, being broken by steep hills, and mile. deep and narrow gullies or ravines, the former The vast quantity of ral bits found here, covered with forest timber in great variety, added to the monotony of Norfolk Island life, thickly interwoven with gigantic creepers, and rendering any change desirable, have proved dense growth of underwool. Water is found an attraction to the sportsmen of the garrison, a in sufficient quantity hy digging, and the riv- party of whom occasionally cross over to pass a ulets which run through the gullies suffer but few days in this wilderness, occupying a weathlittle apparent diminution in the draught of er-boarded hut, erected, I believe, under the

direction of the late Captain Best, 50th RegiThe geological formation of the Island is ment, who lost his life when crossing the “bar," porphyry, much degraded on the surface. On on his return froin one of these excursions. the north-eastern and other parts of the coast, The landing place is on the north side of there are basaltic appearances.

the Island, near a detached perpendicular Boulders of green stone are every where rock; a creek recedes sone eighty or a hunfound imbedded in the porphyry, all of them dred yards ; with from twelve to eighteen fect in a rounded form, as if from the action of water, and a ledge of table rocks here affords water, and composed of layers like the coats good landing. The ascent now is by a fissure of an onion. It has already been mentionell or chasm in the wall, the bioken path being that limestone is found at the south-east ex- almost perpendicular, and more difficult even tremity of the Island, and there only. Sand- than it looks, owing to the crumbling footing, stone is found in company with it, in consid- and the deep sand which succecils to the rock ; erable quantity; the latter is much used for when it is considered that hammocks, bedding. building purposes, being procurable in blocks provisions, and water, have all to be carried or wedges of almost any size, and from its up this ascent, it will le admitted that gunporous nature it is also valuable as dripstone. ning here has its toils as well as its pleasures. The greatest elevation on the Island is the My visit was a short one, having started at sumnit of Mount Pitt, a wooded hill on the daybreak in a boat destined to bring back a north-west side, which is estimated to rise party who had for some days been killing tinic cleren hundred feet above the sea.

and rabbits here: having scrambled over the Opposite to the Settlement, and separated first difficulties of the ascent, a fresh one hy a channel only four hunılred yards wide, is awaits the vi-itor in the shape of an almost Nepean Island, which, a mere rock devoid of impervious underwood, the native cotton plant, water or soil, exhibits no trace of regetation more than breast high, being interlaced with a save half a dozen stunted pines. It is fre- remorseless creeper, the cat's-clad vine. We quented by innumerable sea fowl, who lay found the party of sportsmen, as to externals, their eggs on the sand which covers its sur- counterparts of Robinson Crusoe in his worst face.

days, not one of them having a whole pair of Beyond this again, at a distance of six | breeches, and their other garments equally

[blocks in formation]


torn in shreds by contact with the bush. The cilis descensus averni,” was here entirely reinterior of the hut, however, showed no lack versed; the process of reaching the bottom of creature comforts ; at one end, half a doze of the chasm with unbroken bones proved en hammocks were slung in a double tier, at both labor et opus: with both hands disenthe other, were tables and forms, wbilst the gaged, the matter is much simplified, but shelves groaned under store of bacon, bread, with a gun in one hand, and a bundle of bedpickles, tea, and sugar ; a hecatomb of dead ding in the other, one had need to hold on by rabbits occupied a corner, whilst in another, a the eyelids. All being at length embarked, heap of poultry spoke of previous spoils. our whale boat under a stiff breeze brought us Some gannets, whose downy skins were hang- home in three quarters of an hour. ing to dry outside, and a centipede about A comparatively small tract in Norfolk eight inches long, were amongst the other cap- Island has been cleared for agriculture, still it tures; nor had the wild cocks and hens es is to be remembered that a large portion is incaped the vigilance of the sportsmen. After a capable of being rendered available or profitbreakfast of devilled drumstick, rashers, and able for such a purpose. Almost any sort of eggs, for which my trajet across the water had grain might, we imagine, be grown on the well prepared me, I set out, under guidance, to Island, but the principal crop is maize ; of explore. The rabbits, young and old, of all this grain, in 1836, sixteen thousand bushels sizes, and in every variety of color, were were raised on something less than four hunskurrying about in all directions : not a blade dred acres : for four successive years there of anything that could be called grass is ob was an increase, until in 1840 it reached its servable, so that leaves and the shoots of maximum of 27,000 bushels on 800 acres. young trees and shrubs must be their food In 1813, the crop bad dwindled to 8,000 whatever it is, they multiply fast; many were bushels on 600 acres : and the season of shot with large wens or goitres under the 1846 produced only a similar quantity. The neck, others had hard warts and other excres annual island consumption at this time was

We ascended, toiling through a bed about 20,000 bushels, the deficiency being of sand, to a peak, whence we commanded a made up by importation from Sydney; this view of the greater part of the Island : to the proved so serious an item of expense, that southward, and just below us, was a precipice wheaten flour has temporarily been substituted eight or nine hundred feet sheer descent ; as the convict ration. Wheat, barley, rye, about four hundred yards from us, in the most and oats, are grown in small quantities

, but inaccessible part of the island, we noticed ten are unprofitable crops, owing, perhaps, to the or a dozen goats, upon whom a fire was of want of skilful agriculturists: the climate and course immediately opened with balls, though soil are said to be adapted to the cultivation of without any further effect than making them cotton ; arrow-root and coffee are raised of es" get out of that.” Whilst thus employed cellent quality; tobacco also has been grown we heard a report as of the booming of a dis- with success, but the experiment was not pertant gun : glancing down to the sea, I noticed severed in, owing to the facilities thereby afa " black fish,” a species of small whale, rise forded to the prisoners of indulging in the use perpendicularly from the water, his head and of this forbidden luxury. The batata, or half his body with lateral fins were discovered, sweet potato, is cultivated in large quantities; then rolling over, he fell with a terrific splash, it is propagated by the vines or suckers, and if leaving only his forked tail protruding through kept moist for the first few days, it will grow the foam. A second or two after his dis- at all seasons; the root may be dug in three appearance, the sound occasioned by this ma- months, but treble that time should be alnouvre reached our ears, like a distant cannon lowed it to come to perfection ; it ought alshot; the marine monster continued the round ways, and does occasionally, form part of the of the coast, repeating this process, every convict ration, in which case it is useful to thirty or forty yards.

mix with the maize meal when manufactured The timber on Philip Island, though plenti- into bread. The sweet potato is highly nuful, is small and valueless. Several small birds tritious, and scems to be palatable and wholefrequent the bush, and I noticed a couple of some for all kinds of live stock — horses, catred and blue parrots. Returning to the hut, tle, swine, fowls, dogs, and cats, will all eat it we found awaiting us a kettle of capital rab and thrive. bit

soup, with a most savory stew of hetero The common potato answers well, as do geneous composition; having therewith forti- peas, beans, asparagus, artichokes, and all the fied the inner man, all the traps were packed ordinary vegetables and garden herbs known up, and the party commenced the descent to in England. Tomatas, chilis, and capsithe boat. The poet's axiom however of " fa- cums have a rapid growth, and cucumbers

grow luxuriantly in open beds, as also

pump Near the entrance of the boat harbor and kins, vegetable marrow, &c. The list of opposite the reef is the blow-hole, a name apfruits comprises grapes, figs, pineapples, plied to a deep cave which has been underpeaches, guavas, cape-gooseberries, loquats, mined or hollowed out by the sea ; the waves loveapples, strawberries, bananas, melons in rush in here with violence, and the cavern every variety, apples (indifferent), quinces, being perforated above, the water is forced up lemons, and limes. The two last grow wild at intervals, and shoots through the aperture in all over the Island in great profusion, and of a lofty column of spray. The effect produced is excellent quality. Oranges were equally striking; curiosity led me one evening to the plentiful, until they were extirpated by order site of this natural jet d'eau ; the opening is of a former Superintendent (Colonel Mor- nearly circular, about twelve feet in diameter, risett), with a view to limiting the means of and the depth of the chasm may be about fifty subsistence of prisoners absconding to the bush. feet; creeping along the rock on hands and

The birds indigenous to the island are chiefly knees to the brink, I gazed down upon the parrots, which are exceedingly numerous. angry surge, which rolled in and spent itself in There seem to be but three varieties, one is buffeting the rugged sides of the cavern, once green, another red and blue

a handsome in about every two minutes; when a heavier bird ; the third is a male : the common pigeon sea than usual set in, a column of water was abounds, and a wood quest somewhat larger shot up far above me, with a concussion and than this is found; it is a bird of solitary habits, deafening roar that made the rock quake and is much prized as a delicacy for the table; under me, and on its descent deluged me with this latter circumstance has so thinned the spray. numbers, that it is now rarely met with : there is This impromptu shower-bath tended to check also a robin, and other small birds, none of a sort of fascination I felt creeping over me, them having much note. Numerous king accompanied by an unaccountable impulse to fshers and sea-fowl, as the puffin, gannet, cast myself down into the troubled surges beboat-swain, and mutton bird frequent the coast low, and urged me to a timely retreat. in great numbers.

Although not one of the sickly sentimental Fish may be caught in any quantity near school, which finds peculiar pleasure in frethe island, and some good species are found, quenting grave-yards, we share, in common but this obvious mode of furnishing some vari- probably with many others, the prejudice-in ety to the sameness of Norfolk Island fare, favor of securing a resting place in Chriswas totally neglected until recently, or since tian burial ground in preference at any rate to the arrival of the present Civil Commandant: that mode of sepulture which, we are assured the plea we heard advanced on our arrival, by old Montaigne, was amongst some of the was the supposed danger of having any boats ancients esteemed more honorable ; we allude afloat, except in cases of urgent necessity; to the practice of dutiful children making a nevertheless, there was at this time a free crew repast of their deceased parents - a practice, to man the boat. The few boats on the island by the way, of which we were sometimes reare of course the property of the government, minded here, by our proximity to the most and, excopt, when communicating with the refined of cannibals, the New Zealanders, government vessels at their periodical visits, whose performances in this line are not excluthey are drawn up and secured in a boat shed, sively dictated by claims of consanguinity. under charge of a guard. Latterly, a boat But few days bad elapsed at Norfolk Island, has been sent out to fish, twice a week, weather before my wanderings brought me to the burial permitting ; sometimes a ton and a half weight ground, a secluded spot near the sea, where has been taken in a few hours. The com- the roaring of the surf, as it breaks on the moner sorts are“ trevally" and “ trumpeters,” adjacent rocks, alone disturbs the stillness of ranging from 5lbs. to 201bs., "snapper,” from the place. In this enclosure, protected hy a 5lbs, to 50lbs., the kingfish, which attains to rude railing from the incursions of the catile, 70lbs. or 80lbs., with the so-called “salmon, “storied urn or animated bust” claims atskipjacks, and other smaller sort; rock codtention, yet few can stand here and glance are likewise found; sharks, though not of a around without finding food for reflection, in large size, frequently carry off the hooks of the utter isolation of their position, in the vain the fishermen — I believe they have not been hopes and doubtful future of many who have known to come within the “bar.” Bathers, found their last resting place in a spot so painat any rate, are under no apprehensions, being fully remote from home, kith and kindred. secured against these intruders by a reef of We know that all “ alike await the inevitable rocks which isolates the small bay whither - the rich, the poor,

the young,

the they usually resort.

old, the hardened sinner, and the infant, un

[ocr errors]


« ZurückWeiter »