Abbildungen der Seite

Of the boy-bishop, and of some of the old | ing from Mr. Hunt, the fact or fancy, that pageants, we have amusing accounts, taken “ close to Sermon-lane is Do-little-lane." from the ordinary sources of information on Doctors' Commons and domestic infidelities such subjects, but very pleasantly and conve next follow in natural association. The reposniently brought together. The fortunes ofitory of lost wills and testaments remind Mr. the church, and the varied scenes enacted Hunt of Milton and the squabbles that Warthrough the great changes of religious opinion, ton disinterred from the records of the Preare then dwelt on till we come to the days of rogative, of Shakspeare, and his bequest of the Commonwealth :

his “second-best bed” to his wife, which "The parliamentary soldiers annoyed the Malone examined with such sad seriousness, inhabitants of the churchyard by playing at and Steevens with such malicious pleasantry

, nine-pins at unseasonable hours a strange Hunt tells us, gravely,

plainly for the purpose of vexing Malone. misdemeanor for that “church militant.? They most unexpectedly, as well as happily cleared

" that the question is hastened, also, the destruction of the cathedral. Some scaffolding, set up for repairs, had been up by Mr. Charles Knight, who shows that given them for arrears of pay. They dug pits the bequest was to the lady’s honor.” The in the body of the church to saw the timber in ; big wigs of the prerogative and consistorial and they removed the scaffolding with so little courts, do not supply our lively friend with caution, that great part of the vaulting fell in, many favorable recollections of the practis and lay a heap of ruins. The east end only

ers in the civil courts; we can call to mind and a part of the choir, continued to be used nothing more worthy than the strange name of for public worship, a brick wall being raised one of them, Sir Julius Cæsar," and his to separate this portion from the rest of the ruinous volatility of poor Dr. King. The building, and the congregation entering and doctor practised too much with the bottle, getting out through one of the north windows. which hindered him from adhering long to Another part of the church was converted into

anything.” barracks and stables for the dragoons. As for “ Behind Little Knight-Riders'-street, to Inigo Jones' lofty and beautiful portico, it was the east of Doctors' Commons, is the Heralds' turned into 'shops,' says Maitland, ‘for mil. College. A gorgeous idea of colors falls on liners and others, with rooms over them for the the mind in passing it, as from a cathedral convenience of lodging; at the erecting of which window, the magnificent columns were piteously man

"And shielded scutcheons blush with blood of gled, being obliged to make way for the end of

queens and kings.'--- Keats. beams, which penetrated their centres.' The statues on the top were thrown down, and with old times, thinks of bannered halls, of


if he is a reader conversant broken to pieces."-p. 62.

processions of Chivalry, and of the fields Hunt does not linger long at St. Paul's. of Cressy and Poictiers, with their vizored We hear nothing of service or sermons; and knights, distinguished by their coats and perhaps they would be unsuitable to the light crests; for a coat of arms is nothing but a context of his book. The booksellers of the representation of the knight himself

, from churchyard, as he calls them, are more to his whom the bearer is descended. The shield taste; and we have some mention of Mr. supposes his body; there is the helmet for Johnson, who published Cowper's works, and his head, with the crest upon it; the flourish gave dinners to Darwin, Goodwin, and others, in his mantle ; and he stands upon the ground among whom Mr. Hunt incidentally men of his motto, or moral pretension. The suptions Cowper. The poet and his bookseller porters, if he is noble, or of a particular class never met ; indeed this we learn from Hint of knighthood, are thought to be the pages himself. Newberry's children's books that waited upon him, designated by the fanpraised for their gingerbread covers, gilt with tastic dresses of bear, lion, &c. &c., which gold; and Mr. Hunt is quite right in thinking they sometimes wore. Heraldry is full of colthat the covers were the best part of them. or and imagery, and attracts the fancy like a The fairy tales and Arabian nights, were " book of pictures.' The Kings-at-Arms are worth all Newberry's library, including Goody romantic personages, really crowned, and have Two Shoes which it is the foolish fashion to as mystic appellations as the kings of an old impute to Goldsmith - ten thousand times tale, Garter, Clarencieux, and-Norroy. Nortold.

roy is King of the North, and Clarencieux (a We must pass rapidly over the storied title of Norman origin) of the South. The ground of Creed-lane, Ave Maria-lane, Pater- heralds, Lancaster, Somerset, &c., have simnoster-row, Amen-corner, &c.; only borrow- pler names, indicative of the counties over


pp. 82, 83.

which they preside : but are only less gor- clergyman; and there, and in similar houses, geously dressed than the kings, in emblazon- the register was kept of the marriages. Not ment and satin ; and then there are the four far from the Fleet is Newgate ; so that the pursuivants, Rouge Croix, Rouge Dragon, victims had their succession of nooses prePortcullis, and Blue Mantle, with hues as pared, in case, as no doubt it often happened, lively, and appellations as quaint, as the at one tie should be followed by the others. tendants on a fairy court. For gorgeousness Pennant speaks of this nuisance from personal of attire, mysteriousness of origin, and, in fact, knowledge :for similarity of origin (a knave being a squire), a knave of cards is not unlike a her

“In walking along the streets in my ald. A story is told of an Irish King at youth,' he tells us, “on the side next this Arms, who, waiting upon the Bishop of Killa- prison, I have often been tempted by the loe to summon him to parliament, and being and be married.Along this most lawless

question, “ Sir, will you be pleased to walk in dressed as the ceremony required, in his heraldic attire, so mystified the bishop's servant space was frequently hung up the sign of a with his appearance, that, not knowing what to

male and female hand conjoined, with Marmake of it, and carrying off but a confused riayes performed within, written beneath. notion of his title, he announced him thus :

A dirty fellow invited you in. parson My lord, here is the King of Trumps.'

was seen walking before his shop — a squalid, profligate figure, clad in a tattered plaid night

gown, with a fiery face, and ready to couple The dangers of walking the streets in Lon- you for a dram of gin or roll of tobacco. don is the subject of an amusing poem, by Our great chancellor, Lord Hardwicke, put Gay. The ubiquity of the police in our days these demons to fight, and saved thousands and nights, protect us from some of the more from the misery and disgrace which would be obvious dangers. Yet, if we were led to think entailed by these extemporary, thoughtless of what men escape, it will be in general unions.' considered that the plunder of the swell-mob, “ This extraordinary disgrace to the city, or the assaults of footpads, are the most se- which arose most likely from the permission rious evils that have been got rid of, or at least to marry prisoners, and ono great secret greatly diminished. Not at all! listen to what of which was the advantage taken of it by Leigh' Hunt tells you of a century ago, and wretched women to get rid of their debts, rejoice :

maintained by a collusion between the warden

of the Fleet and the disreputable clergymen " How impossible it would now be, in a neighborhood like this, for such nuisances to tent,' says Malcolm, were the proceedings

he became acquainted with. To such an exgraded clergymen asking people to · walk in carried, that twenty and thirty couple were and be married !' Yet such was the case a

joined in one day, at from ten to twenty shilcentury ago At the bottom of Ludgate-hill ber, 1704, and the 12th of February, 1705,

; the little river Fleet formerly ran, and was rendered navigable. In Fleeť market is Sea- 2,954 marriages were celebrated (by evicoal-lane, so called from the barges that land- dence), besides others known to have been ed coal there ; and Turn-again-lane, at the cate of banns were required, and they con

omitted. To these, neither license nor certifibottom of which the unadvised passenger cealed, by private marks, the names of those found himself compelled by the water to retrace his steps. The water gradually, got borhood at length complained ; and the abuse

who chose to pay them for it.' The neighclogged and foul; and the channel was built over, and made a street. But, even in the

was put an end to by the Marriage Act, to time we speak of, this had not been entirely

which it gave rise.”—pp. 106, 107. done. The ditch was open from Fleet market But we are in Fleet-street. It is not the to the river, occupying the site of the modern year 1848, but 1679, or thereabouts, and we, Bridge-street; and in the market, before the the English people, are in a perfect fury of door of the Flect prison, men plied in behalf Protestantism. We suspect the king, not of a clergyman, literally inviting people to without reason; we fear and detest the duke, walk in and be married. They performed the and we will celebrate the birthday of Queen ceremony inside the prison, to sailors and Elizabeth whether the court likes it or not ; others, for what they could get. It was the and we will have our old pageants, let who most squalid of Gretnas, bearding the decency will oppose. and common sense of a whole metropolis. It is necessary to begin our description at The parties retired to a gin-shop to treat the an earlier stage of the ceremonial than that


different years.

with which Leigh Hunt commences, and we

state with which the figures representing pope, find it desirable to weave our account of the cardinals, and Jesuits, moved on to their destiny, matter from two narratives drawn up by mem- formed a strange contrast with the noisy vocifbers of opposite factions, who are, however, erations of the audience. All moved onward describing the procession as enacted in two to Temple-bar. When that part of the city

was rebuilt, it was adorned with four statues of The bells of the churches began to ring at English princes—Elizabeth and James, Charles three in the morning, and continued through | I. and Charles II., the then king. The statue the day. In the evening the procession be- of Queen Elizabeth was, in honor of the gan, setting out from Moregate to Aldgate, day, decorated with a gilded laurel ; in her thence through Leadenhall-street by the Roy- hand was a golden shield, inscribed with the al Exchange, through Cheapside, and so to words, The Protestant religion and Magna Temple-bar, in the following order :

Charta.Roger North, who did not get near 1. Six whifflers, in pioneer caps and red enough to read the words on the shield, tells waistcoats.

us that her other hand rested on a spear, and 2. A bellman ringing, and singing Remem- that lamps were placed in the niches, and on ber Justice Godfrey.'

the wall,

that people might have a full view of 3. A dead body, representing Godfrey, in a the guardian of Protestantisin. The allegorized decent black habit, carried before a Jesuit, in thought intended to be conveyed by this decorablack, on horseback, as he was carried by the tion of the statue seems to have been that of the assassins to Primrose-hill.

goddess Diana, a favorite symbol of all Eliza4. Next a priest, in a surplice, with a cope, beth's perfections,

beth's perfections, receiving an acceptable embroidered with dead bones, skeletons, and sacrifice. North wished to see as much of the skulls, giving pardons plentifully to such as fun as he could ; but he was of the court party, should murder Protestants.

and what he saw he beheld with anything but 5. Then a priest alone, in black, with a great sympathizing eyes, and his ear-drums were silver cross.

actually ready to burst with the noise of fire6. Five Carmelites in white and gray habits. works, that seem to have been scarcely noticed 7. Four gray friars.

by the furious zealot from whom we have 8. Six Jesuits with bloody daggers. abridged our account of the procession. North 9. A concert of band music.

had been wandering about through the early 10. Four bishops, in purple and lawn part of the evening to see what he could, and sleeves, with a golden crozier in their breasts, at last posted himself in the window of the and crozier staffs in their hands.

Green Dragon tavern in Fleet-street. It is 11. Four other bishops, in ponti ficalibus, not necessary to say that party ran high; whig with surplices and rich embroidered copes, and and tory were words of more meaning than in golden mitres in their hands.

our days, and sham-battles were carried on 12. Six cardinals in scarlet robes and caps. between them by squibs from the windows, and

13. The pope's doctor (i.e., Wakeman, the skirmishes in the street. The fever of frantic queen's doctor), with Jesuits' powder in one loyalty looked exceedingly like treason, but hand, and an urinal in the other.

the people would have it that the king was the 14. Two priests in surplices, with golden traitor. Charles sent for the Lord Mayor and croziers.

Sheriffs, whose duty it was to preserve the 15. The pope, in a lofty chair of state, peace of the city. They told him that the covered with scarlet, arrayed in a scarlet gown; wisest course was to let the amusement go on. boys, with an incense-pot, censing his holiness; It was suggested that the king should send the triple-crown, St. Peter's keys, &c. At his regiments into the city. This was a ticklish back, his holiness' privy-councillor, the devil, thing to do, and Charles avoided a measure of playing all manner of tricks, and suggesting doubtful legality. He, however, bad a strong all manner of schemes, seeking to induce him guard on the outside of Temple-bar, who were to burn the city again, and holding a torch for not removed till the rout was all over.

About eight at night, the procession began to Numberless flambeaux accompanied the pro- pass the window where North was posted. cession.

Wave after wave swept the crowd before it, The windows and balconies were through the as way was made for the successive pageants ; whole line of march crowded with eager wit- he, however, saw little but the agitation of the nesses ; the streets were thronged with multi- crowd till “the pope” appeared. He had a tudes innumerable, and continued shouts and reasonable attendance of state, but his premier screams expressed the abhorrence with which minister, that shared most of his ear, was il papacy was regarded. The slow and solemn signior diavolo, a nimble little fellow that had

the purpose.

a strange dexterity in climbing and winding These mangled beginners of human resemabout the chair from one of the pope's ears to blances being hauled forth into the street made the other.”

no small sport among


very same rabble as The procession in former years had closed were to have been diverted with them in more with the pope's being burned before the image perfection. of our virgin Diana, the devil playing him a The burning of the pope on so large a scale thousand slippery tricks. On the occasion on was no joke. There was little disposition to which North assisted, there seems to have been repeat it after the Rye-house plot; but these an additional victim. A pageant of Jesuits, are topics which we must not discuss in conand ordinary persons in halters followed the nection with a book of such a desultory characpope, and among them was one with what ter as that before us; and we wish that our Roger calls a stentorophontic tube, from which author had not been tempted to give an account he bawled out most infernally, Abhorrers, of Lord Russell's trial and execution. It is abhorrers !"* and then came a single figure, not saying any thing derogatory of Mr. Hunt which the imagination of the spectators in- to say, that he has wholly misconceived the terpreted at will; some called it the king of reasoning of the lawyers, which he undertakes France, some the Duke of York ; Roger thought to communicate and comment on, when he disit might be his namesake, Roger L'Estrange, cusses the rather thorny law of treason. That the pamphleteer. "It was,” he says, "a very acts which do not in themselves constitute complaisant civil gentleman, like Sir Roger, treason were allowed to be proved in evidence that was doing what everybody pleased to have of it, is after all the amount of the objection to him, and taking all in good part, went on his the evidence received at that trial. A conspiracy way to the fire.

to levy war was not treason, but was held by North saw no more, but at Temple-bar the the court to evidence of imagining the king's work was now to be completed. The figures death, which was. The inference may have were planted in a semi-lune, with the strong been a violent one, but we think Hunt is wrong light of bonfires and torches blazing upon them; -in good company no doubt—in thinking any one after one the "hieroglyphic monsters” were legal principle was violated in the trial, though flung into the flames. Justice was thus done we believe there is a legislative declaration to to the pope and his advisers; "this justice was that effect in the act of parliament reversing attended by a prodigious shout, that might be the attainder. We feel, however, that it is heard far beyond Somerset-house, and 'twas impossible to read the earlier cases and not believed the echo, by continual reverberations, perceive that by the king's death was meant reached Scotland." The Duke, afterwards the actual death of the king, and not the deJames II., against whose popery this whole struction of the form of government, into which hubbub was a demonstration, was then there. the thought had been unwarrantably strained ;

The matter ended better than it deserved, as but for this Lord Russell's judges, who are it is plain that a little good sense on the part not free from their own share of guilt, were of the city authorities might have prevented it not to blame, for the thoughts had been identiall; but the mayor and sheriffs were weak men, fied long before that trial. Leigh Hunt's acand probably felt with the mob. The next count, however, of the facts of the case is very year, when firmer men were in the government good. That designs against the person of the of the city, a similar procession was meditated, king were entertained by many of those acting and easily checked. When it was plain that with Lord Russell - that Lord Russell himself the authorities would act in earnest in prevent contemplated his imprisonment, while others ing this dangerous folly, the planners of it imagined his death—is, we think, subject to no abandoned the design. The sheriffs kept the doubt whatever ; but the extent to which their peace in the city through the night, without respective plans were communicated to each having occasion to call on the party of horse other must, in all probability, notwithstanding who were posted, as on former occasions, on the unexpected revelations which are each day the other side of the Bar. In the course of correcting our notions of history, remain for their adventures that night, the sheriff found ever secret. what North calls a parcel of “equivocal mon A feature of character is worth transcribing sters,” half formed, like those fabled of the mud from Burnett. Mr. Hunt gives the passage in of Nile. Legs and arms lay scattered about, full. It was thought the king would have heads undressed, and bodies unheaded. yielded to the solicitation for Russell's life,

but that he was afraid of his brother, the Duke *"* Abhorrers' were addressers on the side of the of York. “ The duke, Lord Rochester told court, who had avowed abhorrence of the proceedings of the whigs. The word was a capital one to sound

[these are Burnett's words,] “suffered through a trumpet."-HUNT.

some among them — he was one


- to argue

the point with him, but the king could not We have lingered too long among the subbear the discourse.'

jects suggested by Mr. Hunt's book, and yet The burning of popes of pasteboard, and we have left a hundred topics, on which be the execution of patriots, are, when a century gives a great deal of pleasant information, or two have passed, events of very much the wholly untouched. His heart is among

the same kind. Poor humanity is in its nonage, poets and in the play-houses. Pepys' pleasant and all this and more must bave been gone gossiping gives him more than one good chapthrough before society, in any true sense, can ter. Bibber gives him a vast deal about the be said to exist. Let us hope and believe actors and actresses of an early day; and his that, even in the cases of men most opposed own recollections bring back many of later to each other, the opposition most often arises date. On the whole, the book is an agreeable, from imperfect views of partial truths. In all | chatty book, fit for a long summer day, or the greater heresies, the student of church his- | winter night. The topics are, as we have intitory finds that some neglected truth has been mated, linked together by threads of associaforced into notice by what seems intemperate tion perhaps too slender. Still it has, in all ardor to those from whom that truth had been its variety, a unity of its own, and is everyconcealed. To no man of letters in our day is where agreeable. so much kindliness due as to Mr. Hunt; for The volumes would be improved, and their never was there a man more tolerant of all that contents rendered more accessible, by a page is at all endurable in others, or who has done or two of index, which might be easily added. so much to exhibit jarring interests in the light

Dublin University Magazine. of some common reconciling truth.


A Disquisition on Pestilential Cholera: being might be anticipated that we had culled some

un attempt to explain its Phenomena, Na- | thing which we could announce to the public ture, Cause, Prevention and treatment, by as an advance upon our previous knowledge reference to an Extrinsic Fungous Origin of this subject. But we are anxious at the

By Charles Cowdell, M.B. Highley. commencement of our notice to avow our conA Dictionary of Practical Medicine.' Parts viction that ingenious and clever as many of

X. and XI. By James Copland, M.D., these works are, and creditable to their authors, F.R.S. Longman & Co.

they throw but little additional light on the Cholera : being Practical Rules for Arrest- causes, symptoms, and treatment of this truly

ing its Progress. By H. Castle, M.D. formidable disease. We should not, however, Longman & Co.

do our duty to the public did we not express The Treatment of Asiatic Cholera. By our opinions on the numerous publications is

Archibald Billing, M.D. Highley. suing from the press, and intended for popular Plain Directions for the Prevention and perusal, on a topic of so much painful interest

Treatment of Cholera. By T. Allen. Ox- as Cholera. We will throw the remarks we ford, Vincent

have to make on this subject under three A Letter on the question, Is Cholera Conta- heads, the causes, theory, and treatment of

gious or not? By William Reid, M.D. this disease. Highley.

First, with regard to the cause. Although, Dr. Dray's Letters on the Cholera. E. when we were first threatened with cholera in Fry.

1830, it was generally believed that this disSome new Views respecting Asiatic Cholera.

case was contagious, — that is, capable of By Arthur Leared, M.D. Baillière. Revelations of Cholera, Report on the Ho- healthy one, -- this belief has given way al

being propagated from a diseased body to a meopathic Treatment of Cholera,: The most entirely to the impression that the body Thompsonian Method of Treaating Cholera, during the choleraic attack does not give off - and other quack Pamphlets.

poisonous matter capable of producing the disCholera Instructions, Central Board of

The evidence, however, upon which the Health.

notion of the contagiousness of cholera rests, is From the above list of works on cholera it still considered by some high medical authori


« ZurückWeiter »