Abbildungen der Seite


The rays of the sun were reflected with a magnificent result of a royal whim; it is no scorching heat from the white stope ; large national monument to German greatness. drops rolled down our faces, and we were heartily rejoiced when at length we stood be

II. - THE JESUITS IN THE TOWER. fore the portico of the colossal structure. On the summit of a hill close by Linz there entered, and suffered our feet to be clothed stands a strong round tower, built of gray with socks of felt, in order that we might stone, and bomb-proof. By its side there is a leave no marks to disfigure the floor, But in- small church, and both these buildings belong deed it is extremely beautiful, composed of to the Jesuits. How came the black brethren brilliantly white and dark-red marble, and, in into this tower ? — Maximilian d’Este proa word, the interior of the Walhalla dazzles the posed in the year 1826 to fortify the town of senses by the beauty of its proportions, and Linz in a new method, by means of a girdle the richness of its decoration. It is composed of armed towers, which should be connected entirely of stone and metal; no ornament with one another by subterranean passages. which architecture can employ has been for- On yonder height he built one as an experigotten; polished marble, gold, and brilliant ment, and the Jesuits petitioned to be allowed colors unite to form an unrivalled whole. to occupy it " provisionally.” And so it hap

There is but one thing to destroy the im- pens that now, after a lapse of twenty years, pression which it makes upon the beholder. they are immovably fixed there. What is the purpose of this gigantic structure ? The outer gate was open, but on entering Those little tablets high up on the walls, we soon reached an inner door of oak, where those tiny busts, look like accidental orna we were obliged to resort to a bell-handle. A ments, and do but destroy the harmony of the small slide opened, and through the I. H. S. vast, empty space. Is it here that all the of the iron grating we caught a glimpse of a glory, the pride, and the immortality of Ger- dark physiognomy. When we bad expressed many are treasured up?* In that country our desire to ascend the tower, we heard the which is the heart of Europe, have not more rattling of keys; the door opened, admitted persons than these lived who have deserved us, and was immediately locked behind us. the crown of laurel ? Germany comprises We were in the power of the Jesuits, and I thirty-nine states, contains as many million could not refrain from an involuntary shudinbabitants, has celebrated the thousandth anni- der. The “seminarist " who admitted us versary of her independent existence,—and is could not be more than twenty years of age. this the sum of all her greatness ? - No! He wore the black robe of the order, his hair Party-spirit has distributed the rewards, and was cut short, and his face was pale; a nervwithheld them from men whose names are dis- ous twitching distorted his features. His tinguished in the annals of fame. Or is colorless lips were pressed closely together, Luther worth less than the arch-bishop Paris and down-cast cyes completed the portrait of a Lodron, of Salzburg, of whom mest visit- Jesuit. ors hear for the first time in the Walhalla ? In the entrance-hall we did not notice anyWas Gustavus Adolphus less a German than thing remarkable. A small stair-case led Charles XII.? Was be less brave than into the basement, and we looked down into Wallenstein? Is Hegel of less value to us the kitchen. Some Jesuits were busy about than Peter Henlein of Nuremberg? Is Jean the hearth, their bare arms forming a strange Paul really inferior to Saint Mechtildis, and contrast to the dark cowls in which they were has the Count of Schaumburg-Lippe done enveloped. The smell which arose from the more for us than Joseph II.?- But why do underground region was not grateful to our I ask? There is no one to give me olfactory nerves, and we followed our silent answer; no one who is accountable. This guide up the winding stairs. Every where Walhalla, which has borrowed its name from w saw nothing but closed doors; the buildnorthern heathenism, its form from polythe- ing seemed to be totally uninhabited, and yet istic Greece, and the greater part of its in- its cells are occupied by a multitude of Jesmates from the calendar of saints, is but the uits. Pictures of Ignatius Loyola and other

worthies decorated the white-washed walls. * The Walhalla was erected by the present king of

We continued to hope that we should come to Bavaria, who is a most munificent encourager of the something interesting, and thus we mounted fine arts, in order to serve as a monument to all from story to story, until at last we stepped great names in German history. But as he has, until lately, been wholly guided by the Jesuits, none out upon the flat roof. but true sons of the Roman Church have been able The whole of Germany cannot perhaps afto gain admittance among the “worthies.” It is supposed that a different course will now be adopted. | bere enjoyed. Linz is a very picturesque

ford a more glorious view than that which we


town, and is so lovingly embraced by the We walked round the building ; but alsmiling landscape, that it is impossible to though the window-curtains were not drawn, imagine a more beautiful panorama. Linz has we could perceive no trace of any living bea peculiar charm for strangers, and yet it has ing. We then entered the church which was no splendid buildings, no gorgeous churches, open, and quite empty. It was decorated in such as are seen in most of the towns of the usual style of the Jesuits. Over the altar southern Germany. Even in Regensburg, there are high windows of a deep yellow color, that sombre city of narrow, crooked streets, the and the light of day assumes a fiery hue, cathedral has a striking and solemn beauty, streaming through the church like the flames and its arches are tall and graceful, like lilies of purgatory. The pictures which hang carved out of stone. But Linz requires no against the walls have the same character of such ornament; it is fresh and full of life. Jesuitism. The faces have all a wry, distortWhen you enter the town, you feel the south; ed expression ; even the Holy Virgin wears an you feel the proximity to Italy. The lofty appearance of mock-humility. But the Pope and airy houses, the steep and busy streets, is represented in magnificent attire, and with the gushing fountains, the green trees, the a full and sensual countenance. pretty maidens in their singular national cos Long after we had left the tower behind tume, the life and bustle, — all this on a us, I could not direst myself of the shudderwarm summer evening makes you feel as if ing sensation which had gained such a masyou were in Lombardy; and the Austrian tery over me; even the bright eyes of the soldiers who crowd the streets do not destroy pretty peasant girls were unable to dissipate the illusion. The town lies scattered on the my fears. sides of hills, which are covered with foli

III. age to their very summit. Villages, houses,

An ADVENTURE IN THE MOUNTAINS. and churches peep out from among the dark The river Traun forms a large and beautiful woods and the yellow cornfields. And the lake in the midst of the Alps, and on its Danube, like a huge water-snake, pours its border lies the town of Gmunden. The broad strong flood along the side of the town. houses are as white as

snow, the church I love the Danube above all rivers. I was steeple is tall and tapering, the background is acquainted with it at Donaueschingen, where, formed by hills clothed in luxuriant verdure, like a weak child, it rises from its cradle; I and the whole is reflected in the crystal waters was acquainted with it in Hungary, where, of the lake. From the opposite side the Alps like a wild Magyar, brawling and foaming it look down with solemn yet benign counterushes towards the Black Sea. But from nance; light clouds hang about their brow, Regensburg downwards it appeared strange from which descend from time to time short to me, for its banks were monotonous, almost but smart showers of rain. A small steamtame. It is only on reaching Passau that boat is lying in the harbor of Gmunden, it attains its full beauty. Between forest and the deck is crowded with a motley comcrowned hills it flows along in perpetual wind- pany, among whom two lovely girls in the ings; here and there a town or a ruin breaks national costume, with black silk braided into the uniformity. At last the valley expands; their long tresses, are conspicuous. There is a picturesque town seems to hasten forward to nothing to spoil the fresh rural scene, except a nieet the steamboat, and Linz is reached. noble banker from Vienna with a wadded coat

While from the parapet of the round tower and a gold eye-glass. we admired the fertile valley of the Danube, The anchor was soon weighed, and

rushed the

young Jesuit waited for us at the door through the foaming waves. On both sides which opens upon the roof, and then silently of us steep rocks rose almost perpendicularly led us down the winding stairs. The same out of the water, and the heights were crowned death-like stillness reigned in the whole build with dark pine woods ; soon they approached ing, and when the bolts were fastened be- nearer to each other, and the steamboat had hind us, and we stood without on the open reached the end of its voyage. road, I breathed more freely ; for, I confess it, An old man was standing on the shore, and I had been afraid. Being somewhat ashamed offering Alpine roses for sale ; I seized a of this feeling I concealed it, but one of my bunch and placed them in my hat, and precompanions, an old colonel, who had foug'it a pared to ascend the mountain. Several of score of battles and had often been exposed to the passengers joined our party, and we set the fire of hostile batteries, smoothed down his out, laughing and singing, with the intention gray moustache and said, " Thank God that we of descending to Ischl before the evening are out of that hole; I was in fear and tremb-closed. Oh, how different are these Alps ling, all the time we were there."

from our raw northern mountains! Their out


saw the

As none

lines are so clear and pure, that they seem to tempt to rouse the people of the house by swim in the atmosphere. The Riesengebirg shouting was also unsuccessful ; they were all and the Harz have their stately heights, but asleep, and, as he did not dare to approach their outlines are harsh, their forms are cold. nearer, he resolved, not without fear of purHere the summits are almost lost in light; suit, to retreat to the edge of the wood, where sparkling mountain streams spring out from he was found by us. the walls of rock ; larches, with their delicate After having heard the chamberlain's story, light-green foliage, rustle on the edges of the we prepared to continue our journey, although precipice, and with the dark pine trees form a he entreated us to wait till daybreak, when pleasing mixture of light and shade. How the inhabitants of the house would doubtless much we had to admire, to examine, and chain up the savage creature. We in our turn to take with us! One found a remarkable laughed at him, and said that six men armed geological specimen; another picked a fra- with good sticks ought to be able to pass Cergrant bunch of lilac cyclamen; a third berus himself. As his entreaties were in vain sketched a peasant in a green velvet jacket he joined our forces, and we advanced, like an and scarlet vest. The hours flew by without army eager for battle. Soon we our thinking of time, and we had ascended white house in the moonshine, and, true to a considerable height. Suddenly the trees, enough, there was the terrible dog close beside the rocks, and the waterfalls

, were glowing with the door. It was a beast of extraordinary the light of the setting sun. We hastened size, as black as a coal, and with a broad shagour steps, but it was in vain ; long before we gy chest. Involuntarily we formed into close could reach the valley dark shades lay all ranks, the chamberlain prudently occupying around us.

the centre. The creature uttered not a sound, Now we called a council of war.

which in dogs is considered a sign of a savage of us knew the way, and we feared that we disposition ; but our courage did not fail. At might lose ourselves in the woods, and as we last we were quite close to him, and still he had a sufficient supply of provisions, and some neither moved nor barked; we cautiously well-filled travelling-fiasks, we resolved to rest stretched out our sticks towards him and disuntil midnight, when the moon would rise, covered, that the black monster was reand her light would enable us to proceed markably well painted upon the white wall of Only one of the party, a ducal chamberlain, the house, in the intention, no doubt, of opposed our proceedings; he laughed at our frightening away theives. cowardice, and, declaring that he would sleep It may readily be imagined that the chamcomfortably at Ischl, started alone.

berlain did not escape without a fair proporWe wiled away the time with pleasant con- tion of jokes, and that we were spared the versation until the silvery light of the moon

rodomontades which he had inflicted upon us began to glitter through the dark foliage; then the preceding day. The sun had just risen each man seized his staff

, and walking rapidly when we reaehed Ischl, the bathing-place in forwards, we reached, in about an hour, the which the fashionable world now delights to edge of the wood. Here to our astonish- pitch its summer-tent. ment we found our late companion ; he looked

Telegraph. bewildered, and terror was depicted upon his pale, moonlit countenance. We assailed him with questions, and he narrated his story with evident alarm. It appeared that soon after quitting the wood he perceived a house, which

The French seem unable to achieve either was built against a very high rock, and with a steep precipice in front, between which and the fact or the eidolon of a Republic. The the house there was only a narrow path. The competition for a symbolic figure, which began brave youth prepared to follow this path, but full of sound and fury,” has ended by " sigon approaching the house he discovered an

nifying nothing.” Even French Art, it seems, enormous black dog, who was evidently pre- lic. Six hundred artists lent themselves to

cannot attain to the ideal of a model Repubpared to defend the pass, and whose attitude showed that he was ready to spring upon the the attempt—and the final failure is now befirst assailant. Our friend hesitated, and

On the 23d of October, the Commitfrom a distance threatened the monster with tee appointed to decide ultimately on the his stick, but it was to no purpose ;

twelve compositions selected from the six hunwould not quit his post, but remained mo

dred sketches, rejected all :and, as if in tionless, with his jaws open, and his eyes for submitting it to any further competition.

despair of the object, negatived a proposition fixed upon the unfortunate wanderer. An at

fore us.

the dog


The Elixir of Beauty: A Book for the commonly known by the name of goose-skin."Toilet-Table. Clarke.

We always knew that “ Don't Care came to

a bad end,”—but the awful particulars were No interference with Lady Blessington's an- never till now laid before us. But Stout is to nual being hereby meant, we beg leave to intro- be as much deprecated as Scorn :--the drinkduce a hand-book of Beauty ! Such a casket of ing of porter being denounced (p. 29) as “ apt dainty devices, indeed, was certain to follow to give too much color.” the more substantial offering of M. Saussure. The distiller of our Elixer wages war against "Politeness should have dictated, the ladies caps; and, with Macassar sympathies, thinks first,” as Mr Twigg might have said. But the long corkscrew ringlets apostolic and beautiful precedence was not of our marshalling; and when they fall unconfined and free over the courtesy being satisfied by protest, we will snowy shoulders and swan-like necks of our “sit” upon this manual with a respect due to British fair.” Possibly so :—but they are the theme and to those whom it is intended to also a trifle in the way, except they be carried profit.

in the hand, after the fashion of Mrs.-, the A puzzle detains us at the outset. Can this inimitable songstress

, when she warbled " The homily, which is anonymous, be some sibylline soldier tired." Nor are we to be “knocked leaf by the favorite of Miss Burney's “sweet down” by Baily's “Eve at the Fountain," picQueen,”—good Mrs. Trimmer? Why else turesquely cited as an example. Paradise is should the author have "downed” the spirits of one place—Piccadilly another. But our conLily, Rose, Violet, and Lonicera* by remind- siderate author has in some small measure ing these and all other Flowers of Loveliness provided for the inconvenience adverted to. that Goodness is better than Beauty? Miss Beauty is to be indulged with

a light honLambert knows that they worked that lesson

" when “

engaged in domestic affairs," – years ago in cross-stitch on their samplers,

such as the whipping of cream—or children. Fair may the Rose be, but she fades with time, Balsamically (the word is Madame D'Ar

The Violet sweet, but quickly past its prime, &c. blay's) are the teeth, the breath, the smile They got it by heart in their catechisms.

here moralized; but space forbids us to follow They are aware that

the toilet-teacher. We agree with his dictum is green; and—not

grass looking for a repetition of the fact were ex- regading shoe-soles :—also that no interest is pecting toilet-talk and cosmetic counsel. Far attached to wet feet in spite of Beauty's permore to the purpose is it that they should be verse conviction to the contrary. On the furnished with an exact list of defects such as

subject of dress he is unpardonably vague. they can remedy:

Could Moral Suitability's self have dreamed "Such as stooping, carrying the head on one

that a treatise like this could have been issued side, neglecting the teeth, taking insufficient air with never a word (to express our meaning and exercise, turning in the toes, frowning, circuitously) on the subject of Crinoline! giggling, even squinting, pouting, and making Then, as to " making-up,' his views are anyfaces. A dreadful catalogue, which our duty thing but decided. Page 90 contradicts page compels us to notice.

59 on the lawfulness or unlawfulness of wearMore valuable instruction of a like quality ing rouge :-a vacillation to be blushed for. follows. Ladies are apprized (p. 19) that “by Our author is hardened and consistent enough thinking” harmonies of feature may be pro- in countenancing kindred figments and pig. duced The snub-nose of a Corinna is a vast

ments. He can recommend Beauty, if she be ly different thing from that of a Cressida. carroty or when she grows gray, to“ submit At p. 24, Beauty may tremble when she hears to a pleasing transformation” and dye :-nevthat," under the influence of certain passions, er hinting at consequences so trifling as headas indifference, contempt, or unconcern, the aches, weakened sight, et cætera. Nuy, fursurface” of even a Tulip-Cheek's complexion ther, he holds it " in some instances excusa“ becomes dry and contracted, and will fre- ble" to doctor the eyebrows! A code so quently present that appearance which is utterly devoid of consistency staggers us. Shak*" Why Lonicera wilt thou name thy child ?" en in our faith, we give small heed to this

I asked the gardener's wife, in accents mild, Elixir-monger's law laid down in the case of " We have a right,” replied the sturdy dame,

pink and blue shoes; and, what is worse, we And Lonicera was the infant's name. Crabbe's Parish Register.

hold cheap the artistically studious “ Lady of

his acquaintance,” whom he trumpets as hav This cannot be a lost treatise by Mrs. Triming been a model-dresser, and whose manner mer, but rather the work of a downright of procedure was as follows :

Pharisee or Loyola. The nature and good“ Her manner was, in the beginning of the

ness of the pattern-excellence just described, year, to have her face drawn in a little oval, ex

slap our author's prefatory maxims in the face tremely like, and without fla tery; she had many somewhat sharply. Basta! There is no safe dresses painted on a sort of isinglass, which she conduct in this book. Let Pulcheria, if she could clap upon the face of this oval, and ob- would slay club-men and torture Belgravian serve what colors, or subdivision of colors best women, confide herself to her maid and her became her complexion. I have seen her make milliner, and put to the door such a Mr. the same face bear a becoming sadness, a down, Worldly-Wiseman as this; who, we suspect, cast innocence, a heedless gaiety, or a respectful in spite of all his “simplicities,” carries in his attention, according to the different lights and shades that were thrown upon it by the applica- pocket some Circassian Nigrine, or Turkish tion of the several dresses round the head and Jet Pencil, “ warranted to baffle Discovery's neck.”




The Archduke Charles Hotel, friends, the Viennese, and I had made up my Kürnthner Strasse, Oct. 7th, 1848. S mind to a peaceable residence of several months Who, at the commencement of the current in a city, where, as you are aware, I had foryear, would have imagined that this capital, merly passed so many happy days. To be which I had hitherto regarded as the Chef lieu brief, I had been staying ever since my arridu luxe et de la tranquillité, would become so val at the hôtel from which this letter is dated; suddenly changed?

occasionally, it is true, having my repose someSurely, the love of disorder and revolution what disturbed by those unruly young fellows, must be deeply engrafted by nature in the the students, who, in England, would be kept human heart, to have caused the hitherto pacif- in order with the rod, for the greater portion ic Viennese to break out as they have done. of them are mere boys. These ingenious No one wonders at the unruly acts of a Parisian youths imagine themselves to be cut out by mob; a chartist row every now and then is a nature, for constitution and republic makers, matter of course in our own country, notwith- and are deluded into the idea of their being the standing its general character for loyalty ; regenerators of humanity: fortunately, howwhile an Irish rebellion excites no more sur ever, they bave experienced a set-down, which prise, and just as much ridicule as the bur- will suffice them for at least some time to lesque of a successful tragedy. But a revolution in Vienna is incomprehensible. What had the Yesterday, the 6th, I had just returned from Viennese to complain of? A capital more a visit to Schoenbrün, and was taking my favored by its Government never existed, its luncheon at the excellent restaurant affixed to inhabitants were as the children of a kind, in- my hôtel, when I heard some persons talking dulgent father; indeed, if there were a happy very loudly and energetically outside, and on city of earth, it was Vienna, previously to the looking through the window I perceived a unlucky month of February, which has not number of National Guards (not dressed as only brought anarchy and confusion upon that they are in Paris, but in hideous black and ! unhappy country, France, but the tide of revo yellow uniforms) running quickly in the direclution having overflowed its banks, its waves tion of St. Stephen's cathedral. Anxious to have found an entrance into the Austrian learn what was going forward, I hastily quiti capital, and transformed a loyal, quiet, and ted the hôtel, and on reaching the open space orderly people, into a set of discontented reb- before the cathedral, found a crowd congre

gated there, consisting of National Guards, The last time I wrote to you, was just as I chiefly from the Faubourgs, and students in was quitting Paris for Vienna, at the com- their new revolutionary uniform. A large mencement of July. I had hoped that the party was striving to sound the tocsin, while sort of revolution that had previously taken the black and yellow, or, as I will call them place among them, would have contented my for shortness, the Imperialist National Guardy,


« ZurückWeiter »