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never dreamed of hoping to see one! As soon Petra was by what we see now. It is natural to as I could, I ran out to the verge of the plat- suppose a sort of inimutability in a rock fastness form, and I shall never forget the sight. It was like this; but we see here how much depends worth any inconvenience and disappointment on the structure of the rock, and the influences We forgot the dripping tent, from which little which operate upon it. The forces of wind and rills ran upon our bedsteads; we forgot the lost water are great at Petra; and the presence of hours of this last day, and our damp wardrobes, oxyde of iron here, as of saltpetre in the columns and all our discomforts. There was the muddy at Karnac, seems to insure the fall of works torrent - or rather the junction of two torrents, which would appear likely to greet as many which divided the channel between them for generations as the everlasting hills. some way -- the one which had come from the “I again went out at night, and saw the fires Sik, and passed the theatre, being muddy, and of the Arabs, even in some very distant caves. the other, from the north-east, being clear. On But instead of clear moonlight, there were clouds came the double stream, bowing and waving the driving in the cold rising wind. I lingered over tamarisks and oleanders — the late quarters of this night view; for it was the last. In the the Arabs, who were now looking on from the morning we were to be off'; and the most opposite bank! Just before sunset I went to romantic vision of the travels of my life would look again. The white water-falls were still be withdrawn.” tumbling from the steeps; and the whole scene was lighted up by a yellow glow from the west,
We have seldom met a more diversified where the sky was clearing. The torrent was
work than “ Eastern Life, present and past.' still dashing along, making eddies among the It has two divisions the life present is a stones; and beyond it, in a thicket, under a wall pleasant book, calculated to convey clear imof rock, was a group of Arabs round a fire; pressions of scenery and society in Egypt, in night, I went out once more ; and that was the Syria generally, and especially in Palestine ; finest of all. The torrent was too deep within that section of the work is a valuable contribuits banks to be touched by the moon, which was
tion to our oriental literature ; but “life past? now shining brightly. The waters could scarcely is full of crude and vague conjectures — put be seen, except in one spot, where they caught forward and reasoned from as proved and a gleam from an Arab fire. But at this hour, incontestible facts, or of doubts thinly veiled; its rush seemed louder than ever. I was startled and clouded statements that may bear any to see how many were looking at it with me. interpretation, but seem designed to cast disAll along the opposite ridge, and on every point credit over ecclesiastical history as generally of the descent, were dim figures of Arabs; and in the precipice there was quite an illumination. received. — Tait's Edinburgh Magazine. Row beyond row of the caves gave out yellow gleams; and in the moonlight rose little pillars and wreaths of white smoke. The Arabs had come up from the whole country round, at the
An ITALIAN UMBRELLA. A Roman torrent sound of the waters; and I had seen Petra pop- is a very different thing from an English ulous once more.”
shower. You put up your umbrella ; it is They met with one sad illustration of the laid flat upon your head in an instant. The rapidity with which the monuments of Petra flimsy Parisian article is viewed with contempt are crumbling away. When a few centuries by the Italian people. The native carries more have passed, history and tradition may (when apprehensive of rain, which may conafford the only traces of the multitudes who tinue three days without cessation) a ponderonce dwelt there, except their cave-houses in ous machine, which, when opened, resembles the rocks, which will tell nothing regarding a little tent suspended in the air, under which
of their old inhabitants in arts and he walks securely. The construction of the science.
Italian umbrella is simple enough, a mass of
oiled calico is attached to a stout pole ; and “In the evening, Mr. W. came to give us the this, when spread, resists the torrent wonderresult of his visit to the Greek inscription. It fully. In a short time the spouts begin to was soon told. The whole façade had fallen brought down, no doubt, by the rains of yester- play, the jets d'eau of modern Rome. I day! When the party arrived, they found the think these spouts have been dexterously conway, blocked up by masses of stone: and the trived to aid in washing the streets, a process guides were aghast at the ruin. It was well for the natives would perish rather than undertake. us, and more than we could have expected, that These ducts are about two feet long, and prothey did not attribute the mischief to the pro-ject from the roofs of the houses ; through accordingly. Mr. W. searched, and found a bit such spouts the water is made to spin into the of the inscription : but as a whole, it is irrecov- middle of the street with admirable effect, for erable. That far-famed work is gone for ever! no deposite can withstand its power.— WhiteThis is a warning to us not to judge of what side's Italy in the Nineteenth Century.
MEMOIRS OF JÉROME PATUROT.
Memoirs of Jérome Paturot — [Mémoires de this branch of his business the title of “Paint
Jérome Paturot. Patenté Electeur et Elier in Ordinary of his Majesty." Finding that gible). By Louis Reybaud. Paris. they agree admirably on all esthetical sub
jects, the too confiding Jérome Paturot introThese volumes contain what may be called the duces the painter to his house, where the lat" Grandeur et Décadence” of the fortunes of ter speedily established himself as an inmate :Jérome Paturot. They who have followed and now farewell the tranquil mind!” The with interest his early struggles in his “Search insidious Oscar suggests to Jérome that he for a Social and Political Position," and seen
marvellously resembles Napoleon ; assists him how, through many vicissitudes and perils, to win his election as Captain of the National he finally obtained shelter“ under a cotton Guard; and thence tempts him step by step nightcap," — will have perhaps imagined that
on to a giddy height, where the hosier's shop, he had nothing further to do than live con
on which the whole glittering fabric rests, betent and enjoy the satisfactory condition at
comes invisible. Bahold him at length a guest, which he had arrived, as head of a flourishing the most loyal of guests, at the table of the hosiery establishment in the French capital.
Citizen King: But the desire of fame is insatiable. He who has begun to whisper secrets into the ear
Even now, when all my illusions have fled, of the public, is pretty sure to continue his there is something soothing and consoling in the confidence : and accordingly, M. Paturot here those incomparable gravies. A certain class of
remembrance of those illustrious banquets the pen to communicate, in autobio
pamphleteers have been pleased to throw out graphical fashion, his experience of public and insinuations against the style in which the royal private life, under what now appears the re table was served, and to devise all sorts of demote historical period of the reign of the Citi- testable pleasantries on the subject. Now, I am zen King:
not partial to the use of torture - I have none Ambition, that glorious fault by which the of the blood of Nero or the gall of Marat in my angels fell, is still busy at the heart of Jérome. composition; but I must say, I could with pleas
ure see these villains ascend the scaffold. "Had It first manifests itself
, innocently enough, in they once approached the table which they thus the improvement and decoration of his shop - depreciate - had they but once moistened their in making the old signboard give place to a throats with that velvet Burgundy and that innew, nutwood to mahogany, oil to gas, &c.; comparable Lafitte — had they studied those and then urges him to a step more equivo- roasts, and those side dishes, reviewed the game, cal, the dismissal of his old shopmen, for and the poultry, and the fish -- investigated the others “in the flower of their youth and with
hors d'auvres, and rendered themselves familiar
with the sweetmeats I could but pity their the most fashionable beards."
want of taste and of natural sensibility. But Madame Paturot is a genius. Not only has they cannot entrench themselves behind the she “ developed the flannel waistcoat from its natural depravity of their organs — for they rudimentary condition and brought it into know not the dishes that they calumniate. They harmony with the human form,” but she has have never tasted—nay, not so much as smeltworked wonders in the art of stuffing, and the dainties that they thus pursue with their exfurnished the gods and goddesses of the Opera cerable jokes. And this - this is the way in with whatever is requisite for the perfection of which history is written ! their contour. The connoisseur who worships The organ of veneration is, as our readers the beauty of outline exhibited in the Ballet, perceive, finely developed in M. Paturot ; and dreams not of what he owes to the talents his devotion is rewarded by the still higher of Madame Paturot and the virtues of wad- | honor of an invitation to a ball at the Tuileding
ries. After many lessons from the painter Ministering thus at once to the useful and “of the hairy school," and many dressed rethe agreeable, Monsieur Paturot is progressing hearsals of the part which he would have to rapidly on the road to fortune, when he meets play at court, with his Mephistopheles in a certain Oscar, an artist of the “hairy school,” who exhibits miseries. It was ten o'clock at night, and the
The day of the fête arrived, and with it fresh landscapes resembling poached eggs and spin-hair-dresser had not arrived for my wife, and I ach, and paints portraits ad infinitum of Louis
was still expecting my shoes. Servant after Philippe for the delight of the then loyal com servant was sent off to hasten the loiterers. At munes of France-assuming with reference to length, after many vexations and explosions of
impatience, at eleven o'clock we set out. But his epaulettes—for he has become chief of his
were not yet at the end of our troubles. battalion—and with the industrial by his shop, To arrive at the Carrousel, it was necessary he is summoned to give evidence before a
to fall into the line at the end of the Rue commission sitting to inquire into the state of '; Rivoli. The carriages were crawling slowly the French Manufactures; and has an oppor
on, and the sky was pouring down a torrent on the pavement. The length of the queue was tunity, thus, of proving that his patriotism is enormous; and I was on the point of telling my
as sound as his loyalty. His political economy coachman, in despair, to drive home again, when | is exemplary. we perceived the flight of steps that was to bring us into port. The staircase was as crowded as
There are in political economy two schools: the steeet. We ascended slowly, step by step, show my contempt of it - the other is the
one of which I shall call the humanitarian, to and soon found of how little service our prelim- French school. The humanitarian school is sold inary studies were likely to prove in practice to the foreigner. It delights in the cachemires Swords crossed, and trains got entangled in the legs of the cavaliers with a sort of wilful obstinacy. Siberia, the hemp of Russia, the iron of Swe
of India, the mackintosh of England, the furs of Before we had reached so much as the door of the den, the dates of Barbary, the oranges of Mon. apartments, we were already rumpled and spoilt; but at length, by the exertions of the attendants
Souls devoid of nationality! They would and some movements of the elbows, we made selves with the produce of a foreign soil. They
not hesitate to clothe and feed and warm themour way to the grand saloon where the king and
can of course find specious pretexts enough. queen were standing. I had bestowed infinite pains on the preparation of my bow. I executed They pretend that we should accept that which it most happily, and added a “Sire!" the in- is good from whatever quarter it may cometonation of which was perfect. But when I
that what is found best and cheapest should have raised my head to enjoy my triumph, his Maj- that the French school reasons. That school
the preference in the market. It is not thus esty had turned his back, and was talking to
would wear drugget instead of cloth, to encoursome ambassador from the North. That “back' poisoned the fête to me.
age the manufactures of our own country-would
even consent to buy drugget dearer than cloth. On consideration, however, Jérome's loy- Such is its devotion, that it considers French alty is proof against this disappointment. He chicory superior to Mocha coffee, and would considers that Majesty has to perform three rather give a fever patient French arsenic than
American quinine. thousand salutations, succeeding each other " as fast as the strokes of the piston in a steam In the midst of his peroration in favor of engine”; and instead of resenting the neglect these noble-minded economists, M. Paturot is of his “ Sire,” he begins to pity royalty thus troubled by the recollection of certain bales of condemned to hard labor, and to marvel at British flannel to be found in his warehouse. the gift of perpetual smiles which Heaven has But what can he do?—this is obviously his granted to royal muscles.
customers' fault. His examination before the
Commissioners presents a tempting opportuniAnd when I watched the passage of those ty for making a speech, and gaining a little furbelowed dowagers and foolish peers, the faces literary reputation.fat and lean, wrinkled and toothless, imbecile and vulgar, that followed in an interminable file, Question by the Commissioner.- What have I wondered that any human head could avoid say, M. Paturot, on the subject of woolturning at the spectacle, and the suffocating heat | ien fabrics ? Consult your experience and and the mingling of a thousand odors.
The your memory: eye was bewildered in a maze of jewels and Answer.- Woollen fabrics are, as their name plumes, and ribbons and epaulettes, and bare implies, derived from the spoils of flocks; and bosoms and shoulders, and lace and embroidery, in this sense the question concerns at once manand stars and orders, and German eagles and ufactures and agriculture. From the point of English garters — moving perpetually in all view from which I regard it, I should say it was directions, and forming rivers of gold and silver. commercial also. Agriculture, commerce, and What luxury! Gracious Heaven, what magnif- manufactures are, therefore, all interested in the icence!- And to find myself there, elbowing woollen fabric. In going back to the most rea Marshal of France, treading on the corns of mote periods of history, we find the same phea foreign ambassador, in the midst of the great- nomenon. The capitularies of Charlemagne, est names of Europe, and the finest diamonds in the edicts of Sully, bear witness to the fact. the world! it was an honor that no Paturot in Question.—The Commission would prefer hearthe world before me had ever enjoyed. Let ing of the condition of this manufacture in our none say that the revolution of July was an
own time. abortion. Has it not introduced hosiers to the Answer.—I am coming to that. We distin! Tuilleries?
guish various kinds of wool—long wool and
short wool; and Nature, who is sometimes caThen we have M. Paturot in another char-pricious, has not given to France the monopoly acter. Connected with the political world by of the sheep. She has placed the merino in
Spain, in Derbyshire, in Saxony-all which are This sally procured for M. Paturot a wellforeign countries: but I cannot pardon these deserved testimonial from “the trade;" but flocks for flourishing out of France. I I acknowl
not content with the honor thus achieved, he edge no sheep but the sheep of France. Question. This feeling does you honor, M.
becomes a Mæcenas-protects the arts at the Paturot. But would it not be for the advantage instigation of Oscar, builds a mansion in the of our wool to introduce some of the finer for style of the middle ages—and takes a high eign sheep?
degree in the school of fashion by passing a Answer.—What !-and the French shepherds, Airtation, or something more, with a great M. President ? and the French pastures—and lady, a Russian princess, the owner, as he is the French shepherds’ dogs ? No! M. Presi- informed by Oscar, of vast estates in the Ukdent! There I am inflexible ! Vivent les moutons Frrrrançais! I will lay my head on the and three hundred thousand sheep ; but whose
raine, as well as of twenty-two thousand serfs block if that be necessary. My ancestors, M. President, were Auvergnats—and they carried revenue has unfortunately at the moment been the culture of the mouton Frrrrançais even to sequestrated by the Emperor,—so that she is fanaticism. I myself, in my youth, knew only the reluctantly compelled to be indebted to M. sheep of France. It is an intelligent creature, Paturot for considerable advances. In the full of grace and fascination. May my tongue saloons of the Princess—filled, of course, with cleave to the roof of my mouth ere it shall utter all the “best society of Paris” — Jérome a syllable disagreeable to that quadruped! Vive le mouton Frrrrançais. Nourished on the soil meets with a young, a very young, gentleman of France, it alone can have a just claim to the of a most elegant exterior, with faultless boots French wool market, as well as to the glorious and irreproachable waistcoats, whom, to his privilege of supplying the French nation with great surprise, he discovers to be in possession chops.
of great political influence ; “ being no other Not less eloquent is M. Paturot when ques- than a great man's private secretary, who govtioned on the subject of cottons. France, it is
erns the minister, who governs the Council.”
It was difficult to believe that such power true, does not at present furnish raw cotton,but “there are specimens in the Jardin des could have fallen into such hands, and that Plantes that have a very promising appear depend upon this beardless boy; but so it
the destinies of the country could in any way ance.
if , she is unrivalled in cotton night-caps.
“It was the duty of this youth to make
picturesque tours through the soirées and theShe is not, and must not be, at the mercy of atres, and balls and concerts of the capital foreigners for an article of such signal impor- to have his foot in every considerable house, tance. Let us for a moment suppose the cotton and his ear at every keyhole.” The secretary night-cap become an exotic,—for which we depended on other nations. Let a war break out,
encourages M. Paturot—whose loyal devotion and you would not have a night-cap in France to the Court has not passed unobserved—to The enemy would attack you by a universal put himself forward as a candidate for a seat cold in the head.
in the Chamber, in opposition to a certain obCommissioner.—This objection is not without noxious Deputy whom the Government desires force; but it appears to the commission that you to oust one of those disagreeable fellows who have not reliance enough on the intelligence and activity of the French nation. When I
are always talking about economy. His new speak of the introduction of foreign night-caps
, friend, the secretary, assures him that “the I mean of course under a system of differential King's Government will watch the progress of duties. Now, if with this protection the French his election with the greatest interest. night-cap could still not compete with those of foreign countries, what would you say to a man “Do not spare anything on your side, M. Paufacture so feeble ?
turot. As for the Administration, it will do its Answer.-M. President, with all possible re- duty. I will speak to the minister this very spect I am compelled to say that you are falling day. Turn out M—, what a triumph !"_"I into a political economy that is both humanita- will get the shepherds of the arrondissement to rian and revolutionary. Our cotton night-caps stone him," I exclaimed with fervor.—“ No, are the first in the universe; and it is for that M. Paturot; no violence; the Government of very reason that we cannot endure to admit any His Majesty rejects methods of that kind. The other.
arrondissement is at the present moment in a very The Coinmission will consider this argument. good condition to see its error, in having for six
M. Paturot. I appeal from this Commission, elections persisted in choosing an opposition I see that there are in it enemies of the national member. During all that time we have taken industry,—who will not render to the national care to do nothing for it. That is what we call night-cap the justice which is its due—who are taking the place by famine.”—“Oh, science of seeking to eliminate it from the national market. government, how I recognize you in that policy!" I appeal, I say, from this Commission,-and I | I exclaimed with transport.—“In the various demand formally the head of the President! communes,” pursued the secretary, " there are
clocks out of repair-roads to put in order. A When I had finished the melancholy history few weeks before the election, we will take our of my financial embarrassment, Oscar kept his measures."
eyes fixed on me for some minutes, with a gravThus powerfully supported, M. Paturot is ity quite unusual with him.-“ Jérome," said he,
at length, “ you are but a child. You have yet duły returned; and in the Chamber he has
a certain amount of commercial credit, and you another opportunity of displaying the oratorical
are a Deputy — here are two infallible means of talents of which he has already given some making a fortune ten times over.” — “I should specimens. Unfortunately, his originally nar like to see you try, Oscar.”—“I! Make me a row education has left him the prejudice that Deputy for twenty-four hours, and I'd be rolling it is necessary to know something of a subject
in gold and diamonds. But you, poor fellow,
A Deputy before speaking about it ; and with a view to you would n't find water in the sea.
and in want of money! pooh, pooh ! ” — “Don't his parliamentary education he passes in re beat about the bush, Oscar, but tell me at once view some of the most distinguished speakers. what I can get by being a Deputy? A place, (M.M. Berryer, Odillon Barrot, Lamartine, perhaps, say of ten-fifteen-twenty thousand Guizot, and Thiers), — of whom he gives francs a year, which would be enormous ? That sketches, and the last-mentioned of whom he wouldn't save me.”—“A place!” said he conresolves to take for his model.
temptuously; "Jérome," he added, solemnly,
“ What I am going to say must remain a secret beWhat pleased me especially in this orator was tween us two. Swear it.”—“ Very well, I swear." that he always took up the question from the cra “ Jérome, do you know a certain ingenious instrudle, and never left it until it was completely ex ment by the vulgar designated a telegraph ?"hausted. He always seemed to think—and God Certainly.” Well, representative of the peoknows with what good reason !—that the Cham- ple, there are millions of francs at the ends of ber was ignorant of the very A B C of the mat- the arms of that little piece of mechanism. I ter in hand. In that he showed his profound shall say no more. Perhaps I have already knowledge of human nature. Thanks to him, I said too much. That telegraph is a droll fellow, only just missed understanding the question of and might bring an action against me for dethe East. I learned that there exists on the famation.”—“Nay, Oscar!”—“ Jérome, I will banks of the Bosphorus a town called Constan- remain a stranger to politics. I set a value on tinople, and that among the inhabitants the my head—seeing that it is the only thing I have Turks are in a majority. A little more and I to dispose of. But I repeat, cultivate the acshould have found out what is meant by Egypt quaintance of the telegraph—there are advanand Syria!
tages in it.”—“ But how, Oscar? What do you We have not space to follow M. Paturot
mean?”“What do I mean? My dear sir, through his parliamentary career, nor to trace the Fine Arts has promised me two hundred
I stand in a certain position. The director of the successive steps of the downward progress and seventy portraits of his Majesty to paint-, of his fortune,-far more rapid of course than for so many different communes of France." his ascent. In a moment of frailty he is “ Good Heavens, you can surely count upon my tempted to vote against ministers and join a discretion !”_"Well, then, listen, Jérome. In party which enjoys a triumph of only forty- the second arrondissement of Paris there is situeight hours.
ated an edifice in the Greek style of architecture,
denominated the Bourse. Combine those two Adieu, then, to ministerial favor, to official words, the Telegraph and the Bourse—the influence, to profits and honors! It was too Bourse and the Telegraph—and see if you can hard for me to unstall some of my colleagues draw no inferences from them.” who had a foot in each camp, who could dine with the ministry and sup with the opposition ; Jérome is at length enabled to perceive the it was a feat too giddy and perilous for my poor brilliant perspective opened to him by the head, and required an appetite that belonged painter, and for some months carries on his not to my constitution.
operations very successfully. Several little The shop, it is needless to say, has suffered pieces of intelligence transmitted at the right grievously from the absence and inattention of moment have the happiest results. But actJérome and his lady, from the house in the ing boldly on some news conveyed in a desstyle of the middle ages, from the election, patch of which he has accidentally caught the parliamentary dinners and reunions,—not sight while making a familiar morning call on to mention the friendly advances to the Rus the minister,—his second fortune is swept away sian Princess, who has suddenly vanished from in a moment, and the house of Paturot falls to the eyes of men, and the system of forced rise no more. The despatch, it appears, was loans vigorously applied by M. Oscar, whose dated several years back,—and had been laid friendship has naturally cooled a little as Jé- on the table in the minister's dressing room rome's star declined from its zenith. To him, only in the quality of a piece of waste paper however, the Deputy is indebted for a useful for his convenience in shaving. suggestion.
Another shifting of the scene brings us by