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service to the army in the neighbourhood of Crowu point.
When general Amherst was marching across the country to Canada, the army coming to one of the lakes, which they were obliged to pass, found the French had an armed vessel of twelve guns upon it. He was in great distress, his boats were no match for her; and she alone was capable of sink-"* ing bis whole army in that situation. While he was pondering what should be done, Putnam comes to hiin, and says, “General, that ship must be taken.” “Aye,” says Amherst, “I would give the world she was taken.” “I'll take her,” says Putnam. Amherst smiled, and asked how? Give me some wedges, a beetle, (a large wooden hammer, or maul, used for driving wedges,) and a few men of my own choice.” Amherst could not conceive how an armed vessel was to be taken by four or five men, a beetle and wedges. However, hegranted Putnam's request. When night came, Putnam, with his materials and men, went in a boat under the vessel's stern, and in an instant, drove in the wedges behind the rudder, in a little cavity between the rudder and ship, and left her. In the morning, the sails were seen fluttering about: she was adrift in the middle of the lake; and being presently blown ashore, was easily taken.
He was ploughing in his field, in 1775, when he heard the news of the battle of Lexington. He immediately unyoked his team, left his plough on the spot, and, without changing his cioathes set off for
Cambridge. He soon went back to Connecticut, * levied a regiment, and repaired again to the camp.
Among other examples that might be related, the following is from a living witness. The day that the report of this affair reached Barnstable, a company of militia immediately assembled and marched off to Cambridge. In the front rank.
chere was a young man, the son of a respectable farmer', and his only child. In marching from the village, as they passed his house, he came out to meet them. There was a momentary halt. The drum and fife paused for an instant. The father, suppressing a strong and evident emotion, said, “God be with you all, my friends! and John, if you, my son, are called into battle, take care that you behave like a man, or else let me never see your face again ?" A tear started into every eye, and the march was resumed.
In a little time he was promoted to the rank of major-general. In the battle of Bunker's hill, le exhibited his usual intrepiility. He directed the men to reserve their fire till the enemy was very near, reininded them of their skill, and told them. to take good aim. They did so, and the execution was terrible. After the retreat, he made a stand at Winter bill, and drove back the enemy under cover of their ships. When the army was organized by general Washington at Cambridge, Putnain was appointed to command the reserve. In August, 1776, he was stationed at Brooklyn, on Long Island. After the defeat of our army on the 27 th of that month, he went to New York, and was very serviceable in the city and neighbourhood. In October, or November, he was sent to Philadelphia to fortify that city. In January, 1777, he was directed to take post at Princeton, where he continued until spring. At this place, a sick prisoner, a captain, requested that a friend in the British army at Brunswick, might be sent for, to assist him in making his will. Putnam was perplexed. He had but fifty men under his command, and he did not wish to have his weakness known; yet he was unwilling to deny the request. He, however, sent a flag of truce, and directed the officer to be brought in the night. In the evening, lights were placed in all the college windows, and in every
apartment of the vacant houses throughout the town. The officer, on his return, reported that general Putnam's army, could not consist of less than 4 or 5000 men. In the spring, he was appointed to the command of a separate army, in the highlands of New York. One Palmer, a lieutenant in the tory new levies, was detected in the camp: governor Tryon reclaimed him as a British officer, threatening vengeance if he was not restol'ed. General Putnam wrote the following pithy reply:
“Sir, Nathan Palmer, a lieutenant in your king's service, was taken in my camp as a spy; he was tried as a spy; he was condemned as a spy; and he shall be hanged as a spy.
*ISRAEL PUTNAM." . "P. S. Afternoon. He is hanged.”
After the loss of fort Montgomery, the commander-in-chief determined to build another fortification, and he directed Putnam to fix upon a spot. To bim lelongs the praise of having chosen WestPoint. The campaign of 1779, which was principally spent in strengthening the works at this place, finished the military carcer of Putnam. A paralytic affection impaired the activity of his body; and he passed the remainder of his days in retirement, retaining his relish for enjoyment, his love of pleasantry, his strength of memory, and all the faculties of his mind. He died at Brookline, Con. necticut, May 29, 1790, aged 72 years.
REED, JOSEPH, President of the state of Pennsylvania, born in the state of New-Jersey, the 27th of August, A. D. 1741. In the year 1757, at the early age of sixteen, he graduated with considerable honour, at Princeton college. Having studied the law with Richard Stockton, Esquire, an eminent counsellor of that place, he visited England anal pursued his studies in the temple, until the disturbances which first broke out in the colonies on the passage of the stamp act. On his return to his native country, he commenced the practice of the law, and bore a distinguished part in the political commotions of the day. Having married the daughter of Dennis De Berdt, an eminent merchant of London, and before the American revolution, agent for the province of Massachusetts, he soon after returned to America and practised the law with eminent success in the city of Philadelphia. Finding that reconciliation with the mother country was not to be accomplished without the saerifice of honour as well as liberty, he became one of the most zealous advocates of independence. In 1774, he was appointed one of the committee of correspondence of Philadelphia, and afterwards president of the convention, and, subsequently, member of the continental congress. On the formation of the army he resigned a lucrative practice, which he was enjoying at Philadelphia, and repaired to the camp at Cambridge, where he was appointed aid-de-camp and secretary to general Washington, and although merely acting as a volunteer, he displayed in this campaign, on many occasions, the greatest courage and military ability. At the opening of the campaign in 1776, on the promotion of general Gates, he was advanced, at The special recommen:lation of general Washington, to the post of adjutant-general, and bore an active part in this campaign, his local knowledge of the country being eminently useful in the affair at Trenton, and at the battle of Princeton: in the course of these events, and the constant follower of his fortunes, he enjoyed the confidence and esteem of the commander in chief. At the end of the year he resigned the office of adjutant-general, and was immediately appointed a general officer; with a view to the command of cavalry, but owing: to the difficulty of raising troops, and the very des tached parties in which they were employed, be
was prevented from acting in that station. He still attended the army, and from the entrance of the British ariny into Pennsylvania, till the close of the campaign in 1777, he was seldom absent. He was engaged at the battle of Germantown, and at White Marsh assisted general Potter in drawing up the militia. In 1778, he was appointed a member of Congress and signed the articles of confederation. About this time the British commissioners, governor Johnstone, lord Carlisle, and Mr. Eden, invested with power to treat of peace, arrived in America, and governor Johnstone, the principal of them, addressed private letters to Henry Laurens, Joseph Reed, Francis Dana, and Robert Morris, offering them many advantages in case they would lend themselves to his views. Private information was communicated from governor Johnstone to general Reed, that, in case he would exert his abilities to promote a reconciliation, 10,000 pounds sterling and the most valuable office in the colonies, were at his disposal; to which Mr. Reed made this memorable reply: “ that he was not worth purchasing, but that, such as he was, the king of Great Britain was not rich enough to do it." These transactions caused a resolution in congress, by which they refused to hold any further commun:cation with that commissioner. Governor Johnstone, on his return to England, denied in parliament, ever having made such offers, in consequence of which general Reed published a pamphlet in which the whole transaction was clearly and satisfactorily proved, and which was extensively circulated both in England and America.
"In 1778, he was unanimously elected president of the supreme executive council of the state of Pennsylvania, to which office he was elected annually, with equal unanimity. for the constitutional period of three years. About this time there existed violent parties in the state, and several serious commotions