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vinced them of the impracticability of subjugating America, they discontinued offensive operations in every quarter. From the beginning of the year 1782, it was currently reported that Charleston was speedily to be evacuated: it was officially announced the 7th of August; but it did not take place until the 17th of December.
The happy period at length arrived, when, by the virtue and bravery of her sons, aided by the bounty of heaven, America compelled her invaders to recognise her independence. Then her armies quitted the tented fields, and retired to cultivate the arts of peace and happiness. Amongst the rest, general Greene, revisited his native country, where he proved himself as valuable a citizen, as the Carolinas bad witnessed him a gallant officer.
We have mentioned Juilge Johnson's life of general Greene. This work is in two volumes quarto, and gives a particular account of the transactions, and indeed of the campaigns, &c. of the war in the southern states, by William Johason, Esq, of South Carolina, and one of the judges of the Supreme Court of the United States. At the conclusion of the work he makes the following just remarks, which we copy with much pleasure, particularly for our school edition:
“ We will now dismiss the reader with these remarks. To the young and the lowly, the incidents of general Greene's life, hold out a most valuable moral. They show, with certainty, that there is no condition which may not be improved by virtue and perseverance; that the acquirement of knowledge leads directly to eminence; and, that the most persevering labour is not inconsistent with the improvement of the mind, when the mind is steadily bent upon its own improvement. And let no discouraging inferences be drawn from the persecutions which he underwent from envy and detraction. They will fasten on eminence; and to
quote the general's own language, “every one but an idiot will have enemies."
These are among the trials incident to human life; and they will attack those most severely, who raise themselves from obscurity. Men cannot bear mortifying comparisons; and, therefore, envy those most, who have risen from among themseives. But, it is a most consoling evidence that truth will never be abandoned; that after such a lapse of time, we find the fame of this great and good man, vinuicated by the production of evidence which cannot be resisted. The plain inference is, that we do our duty, and trust to Providence for the rest.
66 To all, we will take the liberty to suggest another remark. It is related of general Washington, that after the defeat of Braddock, an eminent divine declared from the pulpit, •that Heaven had preserved that young man for some great and wise purposes.'
"If we contemplate the early events of general Greene's life, we perceive in them, a striking aptness of preparation for the part he was destined to act in the revolutionary contest. Subdued, but not broken down under parental authority, he learned obedience and discipline, and how to inforce it on others; but, above all, self-command. Cast on himseli' for the gratification of every wish of his heart, he learned that great lesson of selfdependence, which he had, so often afterwards, to bring into exercise. With nerves strung to labour, he was prepared for all the fatigues and hardships of war; and habits of temperance taught him to bear, and by his example, to teach others to bear, all privations of war. Yet, all this preparation was casual, and less than all things, intended to fit him for a military life!
** Nor was his moral and religious education less adapted to the part he was to act on the theatre of the revolution. The religion of the Quakers, stripped of those tenets which unfit it for this nethie er world, is really the political religion of the United States. Universal benevolence, and unbounded toleration, were their favourite doctrines. He still continued a Quaker, as far the religion of the Quakers comported with the defence of civil liberty; and thus blended the soldier, with all that stern morality, and simplicity of character, which distinguish the sect he belonged to.”
In October, 1785, general Greene sailed to Georgia, where he had a considerable estate, not far distant from Savannah. Here he passed away his time, occupied in his domestic concerns, until the hour of his mortality approached.
Walking out, without his hat, in the afternoon of the 15th of June, 1786, the day being intensely hot, he was suddenly attacked with such a vertigo and prostration of strength, as to be unable to return to his house, without assistance. The affection was what is denominated a “stroke of the
It was succeeded by fever, accompanied with stupor, delirium, and a disordered stomach. All efforts to subdue it proved fruitless, and it carried him off on the 19th of the same month.
When the melancholy account of his death arriv. ed at Savannah, the people were struck with the deepest sorrow.
All business was suspended.The shops and stores throughout the town were shut; and the shipping in the harbour had their colours half-masted.
The body was brought to Savannah, and interred on the 20th. The funeral procession was attended by the Cincinnati, militia, &c. &c.
Immediately after the interment of the corpse, the members of the Cincinnati retired to the coffeehouse in Savannah, and came to the following resolution:
" That, as a token of the high respect and veneration in which this society hold the memory of
their late illustrious brother, major-general Greene, deceased, George Washington Greene, his eldest son, be admitted a member of this socieff, to take his seat on his arriving at the age of 18 years."
General Greene left behind him a wife and five children.
On Tuesday the 12th of August, 1786, the United States in congress assembled, came to the following resolution:
66 That a monument be erected to the memory of Nathaniel Greene, Esq. at the seat of the federal government, with the following inscription:
Sacred to the memory of
Who departed this life,
LATE MAJOR GENERAL
In the southern department.
in honor of his
Have erected this monument. HAMILTON, ALEXANDER, first secretary of the treasury of the United States, was a native of the island of St. Croix, and was born in 1757. His father was the younger son of an English family, and his mother was an American. At the age of sixteen, he accompanied his mother to NewYork, and entered a student of Columbia college, in which he continued about three years. While a member of this institution, the first buddings of his intellect gave presages of his future eminence. The contest with Great Britain called forth the first talents on cach side, and his juvenile pen asserted the claims of the colonies against very respectable writers. His papers exhibited such evi
dence of intellect and wisdom, that they were as. eribed to Mr. Jay, and when the truth was liscovered, America saw with astonishment a lad of seventeen in the list of her able advocates. At the age of eighteen, he entered the American army as an officer of artillery. The first sound of war awakened his martial spirit, and as a soldier he soon conciliated the regard of his brethren in arms. It was not long before he attracted the notice of Washington, who, in 1777, selected him as an aid with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. His sound understanding, comprehensive views, application and promptitude, soon gained him the entire confidence of his patron. In such a school it was impossible but that his genius should be nourished. By intercourse with Washington, by surveying his plans, obser:ing his consummate prudence, and by a minute inspection of the springs of national operations, he became fitted for command. Throughout the campaign, which terminated in the capture of Cornwallis, colonel Hamilton commanded a battalion of light infantry. At the siege of York in 1781, when the second parallel was opened, two redoubts, which flanked it, and were advanced 300 yards in front of the British works, very much annoyed the men in the trenches. It was resolvell to possess them, and to prevent jealousies the attack of the one was committed to the Americans, and of the other to the French. The detachment of the Americans, was commanded by the marquis de la Fayette; and colonel Hamilton, at his own carnest request, led the advanced corps, consisting of two battalions. Towards the close of the day, on the 14th of October, the troops rushed to the charge without firing a single gun. The works were assaulted with irresistible impetuosity, and carried with but little loss. Eight of the enemy fell in the action; but notwithstanding the irritation lately produced by the infamous slaughter in