« ZurückWeiter »
cal department of our work for last occasion during this expedition, have year. (See EDINBURGH ANNUAL done honour to the troops, and reREGISTER, Vol. I. Part I. 1808.) flected lustre on your Majesty's The condensed account which we have now given will be sufficient to ORIENTAL LITERATURE.-By refer our readers to the succession of the late arrivals from India we facts, and to preserve the order of learn that a public disputation was dates on this subject. It may be held on the 27th February last, at proper to add, that, notwithstanding the College of Fort William, at the difference of opinion among the which Lord Minto, the governormembers of the Board, relative to the general, in his character of visitor of two important subjects of investiga. the college, delivered a long and able tion, they were unanimous in expres- discourse. Our literary readers will sing their opinion that no further peruse with interest the following military proceeding was necessary. extract from his lordship's discourse, “ It appears,” say they, in the con- both on account of the pleasing view clusion of their report, “ that the which it affords of the convention of Cintra, in all its pro science and discovery in the oriental gress and conclusion, or at least all regions of the globe, and on account the principle articles of it, were not of the honourable testimony which objected to by the five distinguished it bears to the merit of some of our lieutenant-generals of that army: and learned countrymen :other general officers who were on “ I pass now to the notice of those that service, whom we have had an accessions to the literature of the opportunity to examine, have also con- East, which have been already made, curred in the great advantages that
and of those which are in progress, were immediately gained to the coun- either in immediate connection with try of Portugal, to the army and the College of Fort William, or as , navy, and to the general service, by sociated to it by a similarity of libethe conclusion of the convention at ral tastes and purs sits in their authat time.
thors. “On a consideration of all circum “ A printing press has been estastances, as set forth in this report, blished by learned Hindoos, furnished we most humbly submit our opinion, with complete fonts of improved that no further military proceeding Nagree types, of different sizes, for is necessary on the subject ; be- the printing of books in the Sanscrit cause, however some of us may differ language. This press has been enin our sentiments respecting the fit. couraged by the college to undertake ness of the convention, in the relative an edition of the best Sanscrit dicsituation of the two armies, it is our tionaries, and a compilation of the unanimous declaration, that unques- Sanscrit rules of grammar. The first tionable zeal and firmness appear of these works is completed, and, throughout to have been exhibited with the second, which is in consiby Lieutenant-Generals Sir Hew derable forwardness, will form a vaDalrymple, Sir Harry Burrard, and luable collection of Sanscrit philoSir Arthur Wellesley, as well as that logy. It may be hoped that the the ardour and gallantry of the rest introduction of the art of printing of the officers and soldiers, on every among the Hindoos, which has thus
begun by the institution of a Sanscrit been also suggested by Doctor Leypress, will promote the general dif- den, who had it in contemplation to fusion of knowledge among
this undertake himself the task of conmerous and very ancient people, at ducting the compilation. This plan the same time that it becomes the being however deferred, the Council means of preserving the classic re- of the College adopted a different armains of their literature and sciences. rangement, with the view of furnish
“ The compilation of an alphabeti- ing the information sought by Sir cal Sanscrit dictionary, from the prin- James Mackintosh, and at the same eipal vocabularies of the language, time forming a useful collection of and other authorities, had been un- vocabularies of all provincial languadertaken soon after the institution ges and dialects of India. For this of the college, by learned natives, purpose, a vocabulary, in Persian and employed for that purpose. The Hindoostanee, and another in Sanscrit work, which comprises the etymo. and Bengalee, have been prepared, logy as well as interpretation of each and will be printed and circulated, for term, together with examples from the purpose of being filled up, by comclassical writers, has been lately com petent persons, with the correspondpleted, and a copy has been deposited ing terms in other languages in use in the library of the college.
in India. The printed vocabularies “ A dictionary, Sanscrit and Eng- will be soon completed; and as it canlish, consisting of the text of the not be doubted that assistance will be celebrated Amera Cosha, with a trans cheerfully rendered by every gentlelation and notes, the value of which man whose local situation enables will be understood, when I say, that him to forward this useful underta. they are the work of Mr Colebrooke, king, the successful issue of it may late president of the College Council, be confidently anticipated. has been long in the press.
The “ Meer Sher Ulee, the head Moonwork is now completed, and may
be shee in the Hindoostanee department expected to be published in a few of the college, having compiled and months.
arranged, in the Hindoostanee lan. “A plan of a comparative vocabu guage, a work on the history and lary of Indian languages, in imitation geography of India, has been encou. of that which was executed under the raged by the college to print it for order of the Empress Catharine, for publication. The dissemination, by the provinces composing the Russian means of the press, of works compoempire, was proposed in the prece- sed by natives eminent for their know. ding year, by Sir James Mackintosh, ledge and practical skill in this diawho adorns and improves the short lect, must gradually polish and fix a leisure of a laborious station with standard of excellence in a language, learning, and the promotion of learn- which, though long employed as an ing. His proposal was founded on elegant medium of colloquial inter. a very just view of the value and im- course, and as the vehicle of poetical portance of the information which imagery, has hitherto been little used such a comparison may be expected for prose composition. to afford. A more extensive plan for “The College Council and the Asiathe compilation of grammars and tic Society, who formerly resolved to dictionaries of Asiatic languages had support Mr Carey and his assistants
in a translation of The Ramayan, have cessary, confirmed and illustrated by since determined to extend a similar examples. support to the publication, by the “Mr Francis Gladwin has contribu. same persons, of the text-books of ted to the stock of Indian philology one of the systems of Hindoo philo. a dictionary of Persian, Hindoosophy, entitled Sanc'hya. This will stanee, and English, in three parts, constitute a further step towards the composing three octavo volumes. attainment of the interesting object The first part contains words in faof making known, by means of literal miliar use, including Synonima: The Fersions, those works in the ancient second, Arabic and Persian words language of India which are held in that chiefly occur in books; comthe greatest estimation by the Hin- pound and metaphorical allusions : doos themselves.
The third supplies indexes to the dif“A dictionary of the Mahrat a lan. ferent languages. guage, compiled by Mr Carey, and “ In this enumeration I must not printed by him in the Mahratta char. omit a work of Mirza Kaziur Ali acter
, has been some time in the press. Juan, entitled · An Historical AcIt is a work which has been long count of the Bahamini Dynasty of the wanted ; and the publication of this, Dekhan ;' being nearly a translaton with the grammar before prepared by into Hindoostanęe of that portion of Mr Carey, furnishing the means of Fereehta's Persic History." acquiring a very useful language, will His lordship then dwelt at consibe found of essential benefit by the derable length on the progress of the junior servants of the company, on Malay and Affghan languages; after the establishments of Fort St George which he proceeded as follows:
“ If I have not passed beyond the "We are indebted to Mr H. P. legitimate bounds of this discourse, Forster for two works of great la- in ranging to the extremity of those bour , learning, and utility, in San- countries, and to the farthest island
of that vast archipelago in which "The first, of which about 400 the Malay language prevails, I shall pages are already printed, contains : scarcely seem to transgress them, by -1. An essay on Sanscrit grammar, the short and easy transition thence, with tables of inflections.—2. A dise to the language of China. I am, in sertation upon Sanscrit roots.-3. A truth, strongly inclined, whether re. translation of the Mugdabodha, a ce- gularly or not, to deal one encoura, lebrated treatise on Sanscrit grammar, ging word to the meritorious, and I in which the enigmatical expressions hope not unsuccessful effort, making, of the original are fully illustrated, I may say, at the door of our college, and the rules exemplified.
though not admitted to its portico, “Mr Forster's second work, which to force that hitherto-impregnable is nearly ready for the press, consists fortress, the Chinese language. The of a dictionary in the Sanscrit and means, we all know, that, in the preBengalee languages. The words are sent circumstances, can be employed arranged alphabetically, with a trans- in that difficult undertaking, are very lation into English. The etymolo. inconsiderable. The honour is so gies are pointed out, and, where ne. much the greater to those whose er
terprise seems already to have open. stationed at Kaira. « On the 15th ed at least a prospect of success. June, some of the officers of the corps Three young men, I ought, indeed, formed a party to visit the celebrated to say boys, have not only acquired ruins of Mahmoodabad. On apa ready use of the Chinese language, proaching them, they were alarmed for the purpose of oral communica- by a sound like the roar of a royal tion, which, I understand, is neither tyger. They did not, however, imdifficult nor rare amongst Europeans mediately see the animal, and proceedconnected with China ; but they have ed towards the ruins ; but, on advanachieved, in a degree worthy of ad- cing a little farther, he suddenly burst miration, that which has been deemed upon their view in all his terrors, and scarcely within the reach of Euro- sprung at them with indescribable fepean faculties or industry ; I mean a rocity. A precipitate retreat was very extensive and correct acquaint. the natural consequence ; and one of ance with the written language of the gentlemen, who was but indiffeChina. I will not detail the particu- rently mounted, perceiving that he lars of the examination which took could not depend on his horse, with place on the 10th of this month at the promptitude of a vigorous and Serampore, in the Chinese language ; decisive mind, directed his course to the report of which, however, I have a tree, which he immediately ascend. read with great interest, and recom- ed, with his fowling-piece in his hand. mend to the liberal notice of those His victim thus singled, the tyger whom I have the honour to address. gave over the pursuit of the others, It is enough for my present purpose and bounded on the horse, who stood to say, that these young pupils read paralysed with fear at the foot of the Chinese books and translate them; tree. At this crisis the gentleman and they write compositions of their in the tree took a cool and steady aim own in the Chinese language and cha. at the savage, and wounded him, racter. A Chinese press too is esta- though not mortally. The tyger blished, and in actual use. In a word, feeling his wound, retreated to some if the founders and supporters of this distance, but almost immediately relittle college have not yet dispelled, turned, with increased fury. In the they have at least rent and admitted mean time the officer had re-loaded, a dawn of day through that thick, im. and taking aim at him again, while penetrable cloud ; they have passed venting his rage on the miserable that oceanum dissociabilem, which, for horse, wounded him mortally. On so many ages, has insulated that vast the first attack of the tyger, the reempire from the rest of mankind. Let treat of the party was too precipitate us entertain at least the hope that a and general to admit of individual perseverance in this, or similar at attentions. Each person trusted to tempts, may let in at length upon the speed of his horse, and our hero these multitudes the contraband and was undesignedly left behind. But long-forbidden blessings of human in. when, on rallying in a neighbouring tercourse and social improvement.” village, his comrades perceived that
The following interesting account he was missing, they instantly armed is given of the destruction of a royal themselves, and returned with a large tyger, by one of the officers of the 2d
concourse of the natives to the spot. battalion of the 7th regiment N. I., They came in sight of the tree just
as the tyger had received his mortal proper paraphernalia. At half past Found. He again retreated, and was 12 they set out in procession, and traced into a jungle, where they found passed down Long-acre, Bow street, him withing in agony. On their ap- and entered by the door next to proach, he collected his remaining Broad-court, and proceeded to the strength into one final effort, and pre- place appointed for their reception on pared to spring, but the spear of a the left of the tent ; the rear being native prevented him, and put an end brought up by the Life Guards to his struggles. On measuring him, Lodge, who lined the railed passage, he was found to extend ten feet eight to receive his Royal Highness; the mches from the nose to the tip of the bands playing the masonic air, “Come tail. The poor horse was so man- let us prepare.” Immediately aftergled, that he was immediately put to wards, the illustrious grand master death."
made his entrance. He was received Covent-GARDEN Theatre.- at the door by a deputation from the On Saturday, 31st ult., the first stone grand lodge, with the chief proprieof the new edifice was laid by his tors. The bands struck up “ God Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. save the king,” and some pieces of Preparatory to the ceremony, an artillery within the area fired a royal extensive range of temporary accom
salute of 21 guns. His Royal Highmodations, consisting of a covered ness was attended by the Dukes of gallery with seats, was prepared with. Sussex and Gloucester, the Earl of in the area of the building, for the Moira, Colonels Bloomfield and reception of a very numerous assem- Hulse, and several other masons of blage of spectators of both sexes, who distinction ; and being arrived at his were admitted only by tickets issued tent, shortly afterwards proceeded to by the managers and renters to their the ceremonial. A plan of the build
ing was presented to his Royal HighThe managers had, at an early ness by Mr Smirke, the architect, and hour, obtained the attendance of a gilt silver trowel by Mr Copeland, strong parties of the foot guards at the builder of the edifice. The ce. all the avenues and entrances. The ment was then laid by the workmen, grenadier companies of the three re- and adjusted by the grand master; gudents were drawn up, with their the stone was lowered to its bed. colours and music within the area ; The plumb, the level, and the square and two troops of the life guards pa were then successively presented to troled the streets in the vicinity, to his Royal Highness by the junior preserve order.
and senior wardens, and deputy grand At the north-east angle, the stone, master, with which having tried the about a ton weight, was suspended stone, and found its position correct, by a cable and windlass over its pro- his Royal Highness laid it, by giving per bed ; adjacent was the tent for his it three strokes with a mallet. Royal Highness and suite.
A brass box was then delivered to T'he grand lodge was opened at his Royal Highness, which containFreemason's Hall, Great Queen street, ed a bronze medal, with a Latin inat 12 o'clock, and was attended by a scription, “ that the stone was laid by deputation from all the minor lodges George, Prince of Wales, with his of the metropolis, the whole in their own hand ;' and on the reverse, a