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less liable to derangement, where the king treatise, entitled “ Essai sur le population of an invaded country is Systeme Militaire de Bonaparte, confident in their own leaders, and C. H. S. Major d'Etat Muscovite," true to their own cause.

which we have liberally quoted We now close these desultory ob- our notes. These authorities cois servations, by stating, in justification ciding with our own opinions of the tone of decision which we much beyond our expectation, led u have presumed to adopt, that the to give our sketch to the public, i theory they contain was deduced hopes that, thus supported, it ma from an attentive perusal of the plans operate as a sedative in tranquillizio of Buonaparte's battles published at the mind of those who do not kno

Paris. Yet we should have hesita- more of the practice of war than 'ted to offer them to the public on do ourselves ; and we shall no our slender authority, had we not quarrel with the true blue English found our opinion confirmed three man who may think with Corpora years after we had embodied it in Trim, that one home-thrust of the writing, by the excellent work of Sir bayonet is worth it all. Robert Wilson, and by a very stri.

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WHILE the navy forms the great red sandstone, very hard, and of a fize bulwark of British liberty, and ships grit, with minute specks of mia. are the chief instruments of our com- At low water of neap tides the rock merce, every attempt to afford a great- is only partially left by the tide ; bu er degree of safety to the mariner, its dimensions, as seen at low water of and to give additional security to the spring tides, are about 2000 feet is adventures of the merchant, must be length, with an average breadth of regarded as of national interest. In 230 fect; and then the height of the order to evince that a light-house north-east part, where the light-bous upon the Bell Rock is calculated to is built, may be stated at four feet per serve the most important purposes, pendicular above the surface of the in facilitating the navigation of the water; but the south-west, or op; North Sea and German Ocean, it is posite end of the rock, is lower, az only necessary to advert to the si. its surface is never fully left by the tuation of the Rock; and the brief tide. The surface of the rock is very account of the light-house, which we uneven, and walking upon it is difare enabled to lay before our readers, cult and even dangerous. Those will be sufficient to shew that it is a parts which are higher, and conswork of much curiosity, and of no quently oftener left by the tide, are small enterprise.

covered with muscles, limpets, whelks; The Cape or Bell Rock, lies about and numbers of seals occasionally 11 miles in a couth-west direction play about the rock, and rest uper from the Read Head, in Forfarshire, it at low water. Those parts which and 30 miles north by east from St appear only in spring tides, are thick

. Abb's Head, in Berwickshire. These ly coated with sea weeds; as the two headlands form the boundaries of great tangle (fucus digitatus,) 21 the estuary or Frith of Forth, which badderlocks, or henruare (fucus esca. is the principal inlet upon the east lentus,) which here grows to the coast of Great Britain for vessels length even of 18 feet. The redovertaken with an easterly storm, ware cod is got very near the rock, while navigating the German Ocean and as the water deepens, the other or North Sea.

fishes common in those seas are caught Thisrock is almost one entireorcon- in abundance. tinuous mass, having only a very few Such being the position of this fadetached or separate pieces. It is a tal rock, appearing only a few feci

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above the low water mark of spring 1799 a dreadful storm from S. S. E. .
tides, and being wholly covered by occasioned the loss of about 70 ves-
the water when the tide has lowed sels, with many of their crews, upon
but a short time, its dangerous effects the east coast of Scotland, which
have been long and severely felt, and more especially directed the atten-
the want of some distinguishing mark tion of the commissioners to this rock;
to point out its place, has been la- the fear of which was the unfortu-
mented with the occurrence of every nate cause why many of these ves-
shipwreck upon the coast, But un sels did not then enter the Frith of
til commerce had made considerable Forth, for which the wind was fa-
advances towards its present state, vourable.
the erection of a light house could About this period various mea-
not be undertaken, as the ships fre sures were concerted, and, in the year
quenting those seas were not suffi- 1803, the Hon. Charles Hope, ther
ciently numerous to afford the proba. Lord Advocate of Scotland, and ex
bility of raising an adequate revenue, officio one of the Commissioners of
by a small duty or tonnage upon each the Northern Light houses, with the
vessel, Tradition, however, informs late Sir William Pulteney, Bart.
us, that so long ago as the fourteenth brought forward a bill making pro-
century, the monks of Aberbroth. vision for the erection of this light-
wick caused a large bell to be hung house ; which bill was afterwards lost
upon the rock, in such a manner that in the house of lords. The commis-
the waves of the sea gave it motion, signers, however, still persevered ; and
by which means warning was given in 1806 a bill passed in both houses
to the mariner of the vicinity of the of parliament under the auspices of
rock. In this way the name Bell the then Lord Advocate, the Hon.
Rock is said to have arisen. Such Henry Erskine, aided by Sir John
abell must soon have been swept Sinclair, Baronet. By this bill the
away by the raging sea ; and centu- northern light duty, of three-half-
ries elapsed without any effectual pence per ton upon British, and
steps being taken for distinguishing three pence per ton upon foreign
the rock. In the year 1786, when bottoms, was allowed to be extended
the increasing state of trade, upon

to all vessels bound to or from any
the coast of Scotland, made the want of the ports between Peterhead in the
of light-houses be more generally felt, north, and Berwick upon Tweed in
a bill was brought into parliament the south, and the commissioners
appointing commissioners, and grant- were empowered to borrow 25,0001.
ing certain duties upon shipping, for from the three per cent consols, which,
the erection of light-houses upon tbe with 20,0001. which they possessed
northern parts of Great Britain. Ju made a disposable fund of 45,0001.,
virtue of those powers the Commis- to go on with the work.
sioners of the Northern Light-houses Provision having been made in the
immediately proceeded to the gene- bill for the establishment of a floating
ral improvement of the coast, on light to ride off the rock while the
which they erected nine light-houses light-house was building, a vessel for
in the course of seventeen years, still this purpose was fitted out in the most
keeping in view the great object of substantial manner, agreeably to the
erecting one on the Bell Rock. Ix advice apd opinion of Captains Grin.

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lay, Hay, and other members of the Lights to this important subject in ur Trinity-house, Leith, and moored in year 1793. So different, however, the month of July 1807, about two were the opinions of the public abox miles in a north-east direction from the practica sility of the work, a the rock, and in 22 fathoms water, still more regarding the kind of beki A very heavy cast-iron mushroom ing best suited to the circumstance anchor, recommended for this purpose of the case, that, where so large a se 'by Captain Huddard of the Trinity- of money was necessarily to be s house, London, was employed; to this pended, the commissioners judged ** anchor the ship was attached by a proper to submit the subject to do very strong chain and cable. This opinion of Mr Rennie. "This evessel was furnished with three masts, nent engineer coincided with M on each of which was suspended a Stevenson in thinking, that a buz large copper lanthorn, glazed with po. ing of stone, upon the principles lished plate glass. These lanthorns the Eddystone Light-house, H. were furnished, in all

, with thirty both practicable, and advisable at t: lights, behind each of which a small Bell Rock; and to these gentlenx silver-plated reflector was placed. The was committed the execution of t floating light was thus distinguished great undertaking. by her three lanthorns from the dou The bill for the erection of the ble and single lights upon the coast. light-house passed late in the sessic

Soon after the storm of 1799, al- of 1806, and during the follows: ready alluded to, several plans and winter materials were ordered fros inodels for the erection of a light. the granite quarries of Aberdeen

the Bell Rock had been shire for the outside casing of time submitted to the consideration of first or lower S0 feet of the building: the Commissioners of the Northern and blocks of freestone for the e Lights. Captain Brodie of the Royal side work and higher parts were Navy, well known for his ardent zeal brought from the quarry of Mylne in this measure, prepared several very near Dundee. At Arbroath, wher ingenious models for a cast-iron light. the stones were collected and beum house, and even constructed a beacon, previously to their being taken off! consisting of four spars of timber, the rock, a work-yard was proces which stood for several months upon on a lease of seven years, it bet the rock : And the late Mr Mur then thought that most of that tix doch Downie, author of the Marine would be employed in the underiaSurvey of the East Coast of Scotland, king; here working-shades, and be brought forward a plan for erecting racks for lodging the artificers whe: a light- house to stand upon pillars of they landed from the rock, were ereci: stone. Mr Stevenson, engineer to the ed. The work commenced at ti commissioners, having constructed Bell Rock in the month of Augus, various models for this work, made a 1807. survey of the rock in the year 1800, Little was done towards preps. and his report was afterwards publish- ring for the scite of the building by ed by the board, along with a letter season, the first object being to ge from the Hon. Captain, now Admiral up some temporary erection on Le Cochrane, who had called the attention rock, as a place of refuge to fly :of the Commissioners of the Northern in the event of an accident bila

house upon

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