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less liable to derangement, where the king treatise, entitled “ Essai sur le population of an invaded country is Systeme Militaire de Bonaparte, confident in their own leaders, and C. H. S. Major d'Etat Muscovite," true to their own cause.

which we have liberally quoted We now close these desultory ob- our notes. These authorities cois servations, by stating, in justification ciding with our own opinions of the tone of decision which we much beyond our expectation, led u have presumed to adopt, that the to give our sketch to the public, i theory they contain was deduced hopes that, thus supported, it ma from an attentive perusal of the plans operate as a sedative in tranquillizio of Buonaparte's battles published at the mind of those who do not kno

Paris. Yet we should have hesita- more of the practice of war than 'ted to offer them to the public on do ourselves ; and we shall no our slender authority, had we not quarrel with the true blue English found our opinion confirmed three man who may think with Corpora years after we had embodied it in Trim, that one home-thrust of the writing, by the excellent work of Sir bayonet is worth it all. Robert Wilson, and by a very stri.

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WHILE the navy forms the great red sandstone, very hard, and of a fize bulwark of British liberty, and ships grit, with minute specks of mia. are the chief instruments of our com- At low water of neap tides the rock merce, every attempt to afford a great- is only partially left by the tide ; bu er degree of safety to the mariner, its dimensions, as seen at low water of and to give additional security to the spring tides, are about 2000 feet is adventures of the merchant, must be length, with an average breadth of regarded as of national interest. In 230 fect; and then the height of the order to evince that a light-house north-east part, where the light-bous upon the Bell Rock is calculated to is built, may be stated at four feet per serve the most important purposes, pendicular above the surface of the in facilitating the navigation of the water; but the south-west, or op; North Sea and German Ocean, it is posite end of the rock, is lower, az only necessary to advert to the si. its surface is never fully left by the tuation of the Rock; and the brief tide. The surface of the rock is very account of the light-house, which we uneven, and walking upon it is difare enabled to lay before our readers, cult and even dangerous. Those will be sufficient to shew that it is a parts which are higher, and conswork of much curiosity, and of no quently oftener left by the tide, are small enterprise.

covered with muscles, limpets, whelks; The Cape or Bell Rock, lies about and numbers of seals occasionally 11 miles in a couth-west direction play about the rock, and rest uper from the Read Head, in Forfarshire, it at low water. Those parts which and 30 miles north by east from St appear only in spring tides, are thick

. Abb's Head, in Berwickshire. These ly coated with sea weeds; as the two headlands form the boundaries of great tangle (fucus digitatus,) 21 the estuary or Frith of Forth, which badderlocks, or henruare (fucus esca. is the principal inlet upon the east lentus,) which here grows to the coast of Great Britain for vessels length even of 18 feet. The redovertaken with an easterly storm, ware cod is got very near the rock, while navigating the German Ocean and as the water deepens, the other or North Sea.

fishes common in those seas are caught Thisrock is almost one entireorcon- in abundance. tinuous mass, having only a very few Such being the position of this fadetached or separate pieces. It is a tal rock, appearing only a few feci

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above the low water mark of spring 1799 a dreadful storm from S. S. E, tides, and being wholly covered by occasioned the loss of about 70 vesthe water when the tide has flowed sels, with many of their crews, upon but a short time, its dangerous effects the east coast of Scotland, which have been long and severely felt, and more especially directed the attenthe want of some distinguishing mark tion of the commissioners to this rock; to point out its place, has been la. the fear of which was the unfortumented with the occurrence of every nate cause why many of these vesshipwreck upon the coast, But in- sels did not then enter the Frith of til commerce had made considerable Forth, for which the wind was faadvances towards its present state, vourable. the erection of a light house could About this period various mea. not be undertaken, as the ships fre sures were concerted, and, in the

year quenting those seas were not suffi- 1803, the Hon. Charles Hope, then ciently numerous to afford the proba- Lord Advocate of Scotland, and ex bility of raising an adequate revenue, officio one of the Commissioners of by a small duty or tonnage upon each the Northern Lighthouses, with the vessel, Tradition, however, informs late Sir William Pulteney, Bart. us, that so long ago as the fourteenth brought forward a bill making procentury, the monks of Aberbroth- vision for the erection of this

lightwick caused a large bell to be hung house ; which bill was afterwards lost upon the rock, in such a manner that in the house of lords. The commisthe waves of the sea gave it motion, sioners, however, still persevered; and by which means warning was given in 1806 a bill passed in both houses to the mariner of the vicinity of the of parliament under the auspices of rock. In this way the name Bell the then Lord Advocate, the Hon. Rock is said to have arisen. Such Henry Erskine, aided by Sir John a bell must soon have been swept Sinclair, Baronet. By this bill the away by the raging sea ; and centu- northern light duty, of three-halfries elapsed without any effectual pence per ton upon British, and steps being taken for distinguishing three pence per ton upon foreign the rock. In the year 1786, when bottoms, was allowed to be extended the increasing state of trade, upon to all vessels bound to or from any the coast of Scotland, made the want of the ports between Peterhead in the of light-houses be more generally felt, north, and Berwick upon Tweed in a bill was brought into parliament the south, and the commissioners appointiog commissioners, and grant- were empowered to borrow 25,0001. ing certain duties upon shipping, for from the three per cent consols, which, the erection of light houses upon tbe with 20,0001. which they possessed, northern parts of Great Britain. lu made a disposable fund of 45,0001., virtue of those powers i he Commis. to go on with the work. sioners of the Northern Light-houags Provision having been made in the immediately proceeded to the gene. bill for the establishment of a floating ral improvement of the coast, on light to ride off the rock while the which they erected nine light-houses light-house was building, a vessel for in the course of seventeen years, still this purpose was fitted out in the most keeping in view the great object of substantial manner, agreeably to the erecting one on the Bell Rock. In advice and opinion of Captains Grin

lay, Hay, and other members of the Lights to this important subject in the Trinity-house, Leith, and moored in year 1793. So different, however, the month of July 1807, about two were the opinions of the public abou

: miles in a north-east direction from the practica sility of the work, and the rock, and in 22 fathoms water. still more regarding the kind of build. A very heavy cast-iron mushroom ing best suited to the circumstances anchor, recommended for this purpose of the case, that, where so large a sum by Captain Huddard of the I'rinity. of money was necessarily to be es. house, London, was employed; to this pended, the commissioners judged to anchor the ship was attached by a proper to submit the subject to the very strong chain and cable. This opinion of Mr Rennie. 'This emivessel was furnished with three masts, nent engineer coincided with Mr on each of which was suspended a Stevenson in thinking, that a buildlarge copper lanthorn, glazed with po. ing of stone, upon the principles of lished plate glass. These lanthorns the Eddystone Light-house, was were furnished, in all, with thirty both practicable, and advisable at the lights, behind each of which a small Bell Rock; and to these gentlemen silver-plated reflector was placed. The was committed the execution of this floating light was thus distinguished great undertaking, by her three lanthorns from the dou. The bill for the erection of the ble and single lights upon the coast. light-house passed late in the sessica

Soon after the storm of 1799, al- of 1806, and during the following ready, alluded to, several plans and winter materials were ordered from inodels for the erection of a light- the granite quarries of Aberdeenhouse upon the Bell Rock had been shire for the outside casing of the submitted to the consideration of first or lower 30 feet of the building: the Commissioners of the Northern and blocks of freestone for the inLights. Captain Brodie of the Royal side work and higher parts were Navy, well known for his ardent zeal brought from the quarry of Mylnfield, in this measure, prepared several very near Dundee. At Arbroath, where ingenious models for a cast-iron light. the stones were collected and hewa house, and even constructed a beacon, previously to their being taken off to consisting of four spars of timber, the rock, a work-yard was procured which stood for several months upon on a lease of seven years, it being the rock : And the late Mr Mur- then thought that most of that time doch Downie, author of the Marine would be employed in the undertaSurvey of the East Coast of Scotland, king; here working-shades, and barbrought forward a plan for erecting racks for lodging the artificers whes a light-house to stand upon pillars of they landed from the rock, were erectstone. Mr Stevenson, engineer to the ed. The work commenced at the commissioners, having constructed Bell Rock in the month of August, various models for this work, made a 1807. survey of the rock in the year 1800, Little was done towards prepaand his report was afterwards publish- ring for the scite of the building this ed by the board, along with a letter season, the first object being to get from the Hon. Captain, now Admiral up some temporary erection on the Cochrane, who had called the attention rock, as a place of refuge to fly to of the Commissioners of the Northern in the event of an accident betail

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