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the work has been translated by Sir Wm. Janes. The book is called Puncheu Truntra.
Maxims from the Puncheu Tuntru.-Riches are treasured up against the day of danger : but to save life, every thing is to be sacrificed. If life be preserved, all is safe ; if life be lost. all is lost.
Death is inevitable : if so, still it is better to die in the pursuit of good than of evil.
For a dependant who serves another without reward, let life itself be hazarded.
Life is of no value, if fame be gone : the body is destroyed in a moment, but bonour will last for ages.
Death, dreaded through life, is not perceived when he arrives.
Friendship never subsists between the eater and that which may become food.
Contract not sudden friendship with a new comer.
Danger should be feared when distant, and braved when present.
Men are not to be honoured or slain according to their cast, but according to their actions.
An excellent person presents to a guest, a clean seat; water, and sweet words.
The sight of the eyes is not sight; but he is blest with vision who possesses knowledge ; the ignorant are the blind.
Of these afflictions, viz. the want of children, losing them as soon as born, or their remaining in a state of ignorance, the former is the least painful.
Of all precious things, knowledge is the most valuable ; either riches may be stolen, or diminished by expenditure, but knowledge is immortal, and the greater the expenditure the greater the increase ; it can be shared with none, and it defies the power of the thief.
He who is not placed on the list of fame, is dead while he lives.
He who seeks neither learning, riches, power, religious austerities, nor charity, is the ordure of his mother.
The following things produce pleasure : the increase of riches, health, an affectionate wife, an obedient son, and that learning by which wealth may be acquired.
The person who possesses neither religion, nor riches, the desire of happiness, nor of liberation, is a two-legged goat, with false teats on its neck.
When a man enters upon the practice o religion, let him do it with all his powers, realizing death as near at hand;
when he seeks riches and knowledge, let him esteem himself immortal.
He who is destitute of courage in commencing an undertaking, and of power and diligence in prosecuting it, always says, The secret will of fate must be accomplished ; there is no reversing it. But the man of business says, Fate always works by instruments; a carriage can never travel with one wheel; the prey never falls into the mouth of the lion,
He who seeks the company of the wise, shall himself become wise ; even glass inserted in gold, resembles a pearl ; an josect, when concealed in a flower, is placed on the head (rather in the hair as an ornament.)
The state of the understanding is seen in the attachments a person forins.
It is impossible to accomplish an object by unfit instru. ments. In the power of speech, whatever pains may be taken with it, a crow will never equal a parrot.
An excellent family gives birth to excellent children.
A wise man surrounded with real friends, can accomplish the work of the rich and the powerful.
The covetous and the dissatisfied have no home. Covetousness produces sin, and sin death.
Good derived from evil is not good. No good is obtained without a risk.
Truth, contentment, patience, and mercy, belong to great minds. The good exercise compassion by making the case of others their own.
The house of that man is empty which contains neither an excellent son nor an excellent friend.
· A wise man will not proclaim his age, nor a deception practised upon himself, nor his riches, nor the loss of riches, nor family faults, nor incantations, por conjugal love, nor medicinal prescriptions, nor religious duties, nor gifts, nor reproach, nor the infidelity of his wife.
A man of excellent qualities, is like a flower, which, whether found amongst weeds or worn on the head, still preserves its fragrance. ..
It is better to make a vow of silence than to utter falsehoods ; to be an eunuch than to seduce the wife of another; death is better than the love of slander; mendicity than the enjoyment of property obtained by fraud ; and sitting alone in a forest, than in the company of unreasonable men.
The life of the diseased, of a wanderer, of a dependant, and of one living in the house of another, is death ; and the death of such a one is rest.
The contented are always happy; the discontented are ever miserable.
Religion. The number of the Hindoo gods and goddesses amount to 330,000,000 ; yet they have not names for all, but they say that God performs all his works by their instrumentality, and that all human actions, as well as all the ele. ments, have their tutelar deities. Thus they consider, somewhat after the ancient Platonic notion, that the Supreme God derives much of his greatness and magnificence, not from the consideration of his superiority over all created intelligences, but as being the God of gods. Yet, to this one God, they have no temple, neither do they appear to pay him any worship.
The Hindoos, however, profess to believe in the doctrine of Divine Unity ; “ One Brumhu without a second,” is a phrase commonly used by them when conversing upon the nature of God.
They believe also, that God is almighty, all wise, omnipotent, omniscient, &c. and they frequently speak of him as embracing in his government the happiness of the good, and the subjection or punishment of the bad. Yet they have no idea of God's performing any act, either of creation or providence, except through the gods : but these auxiliary deities bear not the least resemblance to the one true God in any of the moral qualities attributed to them.
The Hindoos, nevertheless, bave some very enlarged views of the divine influence; they believe that it diffuses its vivifying energies over the entire universe ; instilling its lifegiving powers into every portion of animated matter.
It is related of a learned bramhun, that on hearing the following lines from Pope's Essay on Man, he started from his seat, begged for a copy of them; and declared that the author must have been a Hindoo.
- All are but parts of one stupendous whole:
Spreads undivided, operates unspent." This may serve to show the opinions which the Hindoos entertain of the universal energy and operation of the Deity. This energy is said to have created the universe ; and therefore, this is the object of worship. Some of them assert that Brumhu, after he had entered the world, divided himself in. to male and female.
From the notion of God being the soul of the world ; and