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Present State of Religion, &c

Religious Denominations, &c. · N. AMERICA. WESTERN COAST, and Indian

Tribes in the North. The inhabitants are Pagans of various Indian tribes, thinly scat-| tered over the continent, and much diminished by disease and war ; yet it must be considered there are many tribes and countries yet unknown--I therefore take them at half a million.


The Spaniards consider these These nations being, by the nations as converts to Christianipower of Spain, and the arts of ty ; but it is, unbappily, to their the Jesuits, reduced under the own religious bigotry and superSpanish Dominion, of course prostition. There are said to be, fess the Catholic Reiigion, and however, in New Mexico, thirty are in great measure civilized. villages of Christian Indians, who The inhabitants in 1803 were live in society and industry, proestimated at six millions and a fessing the catholic faith. half, and supposing they were exaggerated, as some think, I cannot conceive they ought now to be taken at less than eight millions.


UNITED STATES. Christians, of all denomina- The most numerous religious tions, Infidels, and Jews, with denomination in this country is equal rights and privileges. The the Congregationalists and PresNational government and most of byterians, who are united in comthe State governments explode munion and constant intercourse. all religious establishments, as Next to this is the Baptists, who inconsistent with the full enjoy-J are in all parts of the country. ment of civil liberty. Public The Methodists are also numersentiment requires that no man ous, and not less extensive. shall have any better prospects There are also many Episcopaof civil privileges and promotion, lians, a considerable number of in consequence of being a Chris- Quakers, Dutch Reformed, Gertian, and that no one shall be re-man Lutherans, and others. The quired to support any of the in-Baptists, generally, agree with stitutions of religion but by his the Congregationalists, in docexplicit consent. There is, how-trine and ecclesiastical governever, in most of the constitutions, ment, differing only in Baptism. or, at least, in the practice of the The Methodists are generally governments, a general acknowl- agreed with the Episcopalians in

edgment 21*

Religious Denominations, &c. T Present State of Religion, &r. edgment of the truth and obli- doctrine and ecclesiastical govgations of Christianity. At the ernment, the principal difference same time, the great question being in the use of the liturgy. whether a community can exist, The number of worshipping asor will exist, without the influ- semblies on the. Sabbath, and the ence of religion, can receive very number of persons devoted to the little light from this of the ministry, are less, The United States were original- in the United States, in proporJy settled by Europeans who hadtion to the population, than in been accustomed to the estab- most other Christian countries. Jishments of Christianity in their ! The only religious Institution, native countries. They brought which unites all denominations in their religious opinions and this country, is the American Biusages with them, and these con- ble Society. The annual income tinue to this day. Associations of that society is about 45,000 for religious purposes and regu- dollars. The American Board lar worshipping congregations of Foreign Missions is doing were founded in all the settled much for the heathen, and has parts of this country, and conve- an income of near 60,000 dollars. nient edifices were erected for The Baptist Board of Foreign the worship of God, with all their | Missions is active and useful. necessary attachments and ven- All Christian denominations in erations, before this general re- the United States send missionlaxation of the laws took place. aries to the destitute parts of our This state of things, in our early own country, and several to forhistory, gave an impulse to the eign parts. No Christian country interests of religion, which will is more favoured with religious long have a powerful influence. / revivals than this. Population, about 10,000,000.

The United States have no extensive Universities, like those of Europe, but we have numerous Colleges, which are more suited to our state of society, and many of them highly respectable. And no country in the world is so well supplied with academies and common schools. The ru| diments of education are accessible to all, and a liberal classical education may be obtained by a large portion of the commu

In the slave states, more liberal sentiments begin to prevail with regard to that unhappy portion of our population, and prudent persons are permitted, in many instances, to teach the rudiments of education and the



* Religious Denominations, &c.

Present State of Religion, &c. leading principles of the gospel to slaves.

BRITISH Dominions in America. ) BRITISH Dominions.
Protestants and Catholics, the

There are several missionary latter being the established Reli- stations also in the Back Settle. vion in Canada, while the estab- | ments of Canada, &c. supported lishment in New Brunswick, by various American Societies, Newfoundland, &c. is that of the by some in England, and by the Church of England. Population,

United Brethren. "The Society half a million.

for propagating the Gospelin ForThe Coasts of Labrador and eign Parts' employs Chaplains in West Greenland are too thinly many towns of Canada, Newpeopled to admit a distinct enu. Brunswick, and Newfoundland, meration in this brief Sketch.

but few of them preach to the heathen. The Methodists have also a number of missionaries in the same parts, and some con: siderable congregations.

The United Brethren have long established settlements in West Greenland, and on the coast of Labrador, which have given an evangelical tint (so to speak) to those inhospitable regions.


The population of South AmerThe inhabitants of this pro- ica in the interior consists chiefly vince, at the time of the French of independent Tribes of Indians. invading Spain, declared them. The inhabitants on the coast are selves independent ; and are not mostly of European origin.--The willing to resign their independ- colonies, with the exception of ence, though the ancient family Peru, have established their inis restored - They are Catholics. I dependence—though the governPopulation, one million and a ments are in their infant state. half. Government, Republican. The Portuguese and Spanish

Colonies in South America and NEW-GRANADA.

Mexico, as it regards education, Catholics. Population, one are grossly ignorant ; schools are million and a half. Government, almost unknown. In Brazil tbere Republican.

is scarcely the appearance of

education. Some efforts are now PERU.

making to promote education in Catholics. Population, two the countries which have bemillions. Government, Spanish come independent. Lancasterian Monarchy. .


Religious Denomination, &c. Present State of Religion, &c.

Schools are already commenced Catholics and Pagans. Popus in Buenos Ayres. Sante Fe de lation, one million and a half. Bogota has a University, with two Government, Republican.

well endowed Colleges.-Lima,

Quito, Caraccas, Guamanga and PARAGUAY, or Buenos Ayres.

| Santiago have also Universities. Catholics. This province has also claimed independence, and maintained a civil war with the Caraccas. Population, two millions. Government, Republican.

BRAZIL. Catholics. On the conquest of Portugal by the French, the Royal Family removed and still resides in this Settlement, which has thereby the honour to be the seat of Royalty. Population, two millions. Government, claimed by Portugal.

NATIves in the Interior. Pagans. The population but little known, but may be moderately estimated at three millions.


GUIANA. What was called French and The United Brethren, who Dutch Guiana has been conquer- penetrate all the most desolate ed by the British, and the Estab- parts of the earth, haye here sevlishment is Protestant ; but the eral settlements : viz. at Parampupulation is inconsiderable.

aribo, Bombay, Somnelsdyk, and Hope on the Corentyn. The Missionary Society of London have also Missionaries at Demarara, Mahaica, and Esequibo,and the gospel has been attended with such success and advantages among the slaves, that some of the planters have encouraged it.



BAHAMA. Numerous and fertile, and sub- The Methodists have a project to England ; but few inhab-| mising interest here, and bare ited, and the population very | | built a Chapel which is well at. joconsiderable. Government, tended, both by the white and monarchical.

black inhabitants. The Moravi. lans have four missionaries here.

Religious Denominations, &c.

Present State of Religion, &c.

CUBA. Spanish Catholics, all the natives being extirpated, and the jsland cultivated by negroes. The capital, Havanna, was reckoned to contain 30,000 inhabitants many years since. Population, half a million. Government, monarchical.


JAMAICA. Church of England, and Pa- Kingston contains about fifty gans, with a legal toleration, of thousand inhabitants, with only ten impeded by the high-church one small Church ! But the zeal of the Colonial Assembly, Methodists have a considerable which is discouraged by the gov- interest here, and the United ernment at home. Population, | Brethren two small settlements half a million. Subject to the upon the island. English.

HAYTI, Or St. Domingo, was formerly divided between the French and Spaniards, afterwards possessed by the French only ; but is now an independent island, exbibiting the singular phenomenon of an empire of blacks and people of colour, regularly organized under a black Emperor. Population, half a million. Government, elective.

PORTO RICO. Spanish Catholics. Population 250,000.


VIRGIN ISLES. Protestants. A group of small! The United Brethren have islands formerly occupied by the several settlements in these isles, Danes, but in the late warcaptur- which were commenced under ed by the English, The princi- the Danish government and are pal are St. Thomas and St. John : still continued. The Methodists but the population will not bear , also have several little societies a distinct enumeration.

at Tortola, and other of the islands.

These isles being divided be-


The Methodists liave mission-


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