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until large drops of sweat, falling from their bodies upon the floor, such a degree of friction was thereby occasioned, that the noise of their feet rubbing the floor was heard by the spectators. Upon this the third and last signal was made to them to halt, and the dance ended.

Besides these dancing Dervishes there are some called howl. ing Dervishes, who set up a constant howling of prayers, &c., sufficient to deafen the hearers, but which they pretend has something supernatural and even miraculous in it."

At present this religion prevails throughout the Turkish dominions in Europe, Asia, and Africa ; in the Barbary states, in the interior of Africa ; the eastern coast of Africa, and the island of Madagascar ; in Arabia ; the Persian states ; the Russian states of Little Tartary, Astrachan, Kazan, Kirghis, Kazaks, &c. ; amongst the independent Tartars ; in a great part of Hindoostap ; many of the eastern islands, as Malaya, Sumatra, Java, &c. &c. There are also many Mahometans in China and other countries.








Note In the following Table--The Religious Denominations Established or Tolerated in each Country, (the former printed in Italics,) are inserted on the left hand column-The Present State of Religion in each of these countries is inserted on the right hand column directly opposite.

Religious Denominations, &c. Present State of eligion, &r.


ENGLAND and WALES. Church of England, or Among the circumstances Episcopalians, with a general favourable to vital Religion in toleration of all sects of Dis- this country may be reckoned senters in Religious worship ; the following : 1. The Instibut which however are restrain- tution of Bible Societies, and ed, by the Corporation and Test particularly that great enActs, from certain offices of gine of benevolence, • The trust and honour.

British and Foreign Bible SoIt is difficult to estimate the ciety,' which in ten years, has number of dissenters in this been the mean, in whole or in country. The Arininian Me- part, at home and abroad, of thodists(including the new Con- printing and distributing 1,nexion) amount to more than 148,850 bibles and testaments. 180,000 in Society, besides oc- With this parent society are casional bearers. The Calvin- connected more than 400 Auxistic Methodists are probably | iliary and Branch Societies, in equally numerous with the Ara the British dominions only. minian; and the Indepen 1 2 . The general establishdents, Baptists, and Presbyte- ment of Free Schools for the rians, with a few other sects, Education of the poor: as l. may be reckoned equal to both Sunday Schools for children classes of Methodists. The employed in manufactories and Roman Catholics are estimated manual labour. 2. Daily at nearly 100,000 ; and the Schools either for children of Friends are very numerous ; so the Church of England, as Dr. that the whole body of Dissen- Bell's; or for all denominaters must certainly exceed a tions, as those of the British million, and make about one and Foreign School Society, tenth of the population. All whose influence promises to be who are not Dissenters are gen- as extensive as that of the Bi. erally considered Members of ble Society. 3. Schools for the Establishment ; but if we Adults, whose education has farther deduct all who make no been neglected till they came profession of Religion, and who to years of maturity. attend to no forms of worship, l 3. Village preaching, by the number of real Churchmen which the gospel is spreading must be still considerably re- in all the obscure and distant duced. For a man who neither parts of the Kingdom, where it believes the articles, nor at. had not usually been heard. tends the worship of the estab- 4. Societies for Foreign Mislishment, has no more right to sions, which now exist in albe called a Churchman than a most every denomination of Mahometan or a Chinese. Po- Christians, and extend to every pulation 11,000,000. Governo quarter of the world. ment, limited monarchy. 5. Benevolent Institutions,

The two celebrated Univer- adapted to meet and to relieve sities of Oxford and Cambridge almost every species of human give',

misery ;

Religious Denominations, &c. Present State of Religion, &c. give a spring to education misery ; and these supported Through the kingdom. The in times and circumstances, number of members, teachers which bear very hard upon the and students, about 3000 in class of persons by whom they each. These universities have, are chiefly maintained. for several ages, produced ma- In Wales, it may be added, py of the first scholars in Eu- the children of the poor have rópe. During the present cen- derived great advantage from tury, by means of the Lancas- | Circulating Schools, which reterian and other systems of in-main for a certain time to teach struction, education has been the children of a particular dismuch more extended to the trict, and then remove to inchildren of all classes of the struct another. community, than at any former period. More than 200,000 children are now enjoying the benefits of instruction under the patronage of the National Education Society.

SCOTLAND and the adjacent


Partakes in all that has been The Scotch. Kirk, or Pres- said of England ; and has been byterians ; the Protestant particularly benefited by the Dissenters from which are call. institution of Sabbath Schools, ed Seceders, and are divided which have been introduced into Burghers, Anti-burgbers, ! into many parts of the country and the Relief Kirk, &c. It is with great success. remarkable that Episcopalians. Four Universities testify the also, by crossing the Tweed literary eminence of Scotland. become Dissenters. Popula- | That of Edinburg is very fation 2,000,000. Government, mous. In no country of Europe limited monarchy.

is education so fully enjoyed by the poorer classes of community as in Scotland. Parish Schools are established throughout the country. The religious system of the Presbyterians requires much attention to be paid to family instruction, and has produced the most visible and salutary effects.


IRELAND Church of England, with Is certainly far behind England the like toleration as in Eng- in mental culture, and has been land ; and the like disabilities kept back by priestcraft and as to the Catholics, who form superstition. Now, however,



Religious Denominations, &c. T Present State of Religion, &c. (according to some writers,) | the various denominations of "two thirds of the population Protestants are vying with each of Ireland.”

other in the propagation of The Wesleyan Methodists evangelical doctrine through have in their Societies above the country. The Sunday. 29,000 (besides occasional School, Hibernian, and other bearers ;, there is also a consid- societies are displaying great erable number of Presbyteri- zeal in teaching the rising genans (especially in the North) eration to read the bible, not and other protestant dissenters; only in English, but in the so that the established Religion Irish language, where the forcan hardly claim more than one mer is not understood. The fourth of ihe population. Pop-University of Dublin is ancient ulation 5,000,000. Govern- and respectable, containing, ment, limited monarchy. usually, about 400 students.

The Dublin Society, for the improvement of agriculture and manufactures, founded in 1731, is the oldest in Europe. Learning among the great mass of the people is lamentably neg. lected. The Catholic Priests prohibit the reading of the Scriptures.

HOLLAND and the Netherlands.

HOLLAND, The Reformed Church, Before the French Invasion or Calvinism, is the Establish- of Holland, there were reckoned Religion of Holland, with a ed 1579 Ministers in the Esgeneral toleration to all other tablishment, 90 of the Walloon sects ; but though Calvinism Church, (or Protestant Church must be considered as the Es- of the United Netherlands) tablished Religion, a great 800 Catholics, 53 Lutherans, part of the people are Armin- | 43 Arminians, and 312 Bapians, under the forms and dis- tists. The French introduced cipline of Calvin, as is also the their infidel philosophy, but it case in Scotland. The Ne- was not adapted to the people, therlanders are generally Cath- who are generally grave and olics, with a limited toleration steady. There are also many to all other sects ; but being pious Christians, who have not now brought under the same only contributed freely of their government as Holland, will property to the cause of reprobably much increase the ligion ; but several of the most Protestant interest. Popula- | useful Missionaries in Africa 7,000,000. Governinent, lim- (have been from that country, ited monarchy.

as Vanderkemp, Kicherer, &c. | There are seven Universities

in the kingdom of the Nether

lands, of which, those of Ley. DENMARK


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