Report No. FHWA-RD.

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Seite 35 - The nullity of any act, * inconsistent with the constitution, is produced by the declaration that the constitution is the supreme law. The appropriate application of that part of the clause which confers the same supremacy on laws and treaties, is to such acts of the state legislatures as do not transcend their powers, but, though enacted in the execution of acknowledged state powers, interfere with, or are contrary to the laws of Congress, made in pursuance of the constitution, or some treaty made...
Seite 37 - ... which is not identical to the Federal standard. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the Federal Government or the government of any State or political subdivision thereof from establishing a safety requirement applicable to...
Seite 14 - The scheme of federal regulation may be so pervasive as to make reasonable the inference that Congress left no room for the States to supplement it. ... Or the Act of Congress may touch a field in which the federal interest is so dominant that the federal system will be assumed to preclude enforcement of state laws on the same subject.
Seite 35 - ... transcend their powers, but, though enacted in the execution of acknowledged State powers, interfere with, or are contrary to the laws of Congress, made in pursuance of the constitution, or some treaty made under the authority of the United States. In every such case, the act of Congress, or the treaty, is supreme ; and the law of the State, though enacted in the exercise of powers not controverted, must yield to it.
Seite 13 - where compliance with both federal and state regulations is a physical impossibility..., " Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul, 373 US 132, 142-143 (1963), or where the state " law stands as an obstacle to the accomplishment and execution of the full purposes and objectives of Congress.
Seite 43 - Every motor vehicle shall be driven in accordance with the laws, ordinances, and regulations of the jurisdiction in which it is being operated, unless such laws, ordinances and regulations are at variance with specific regulations of this Commission which impose a greater affirmative obligation or restraint.
Seite 15 - EFFECT ON STATE STANDARDS SEC. 360F. Whenever any standard prescribed pursuant to section 358 with respect to an aspect of performance of an electronic product is in effect, no State or political subdivision of a State shall have any authority either to establish, or to continue in effect, any standard which is applicable to the same aspect of performance of such product and which is not identical to the Federal standard.
Seite 34 - The lamps used to display such warning to the front shall be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, and shall display simultaneously flashing white or amber lights, or any shade of color between white and amber. The lamps used to display such warning to the rear shall be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, and shall...
Seite 22 - ... thereof, during the period lighted lamps are required, except where there is sufficient allnight street or highway lighting provided as such to make it clearly discernible to persons on the highway at a distance of 500 feet, the driver of such vehicle shall immediately...

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