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" better acquainted than I am. The ing about from the clouds! There noble Duke himself must know more only wanted a liule change in the appelthan I do, as to the disposition of the lation to make the thing complete. people in Sussex. In Surrey and one What shall we do with the hero of

or two other counties, as is known to “ Wacerloo, the twice conqueror of your Lordships, there have been France, the greatest captain of the

some disorders; there has been some" age?". There only wanted these ap„“ stoppage of work in Lancashire, but I pellations, coming from the lips of the

know nothing beyond these to disturb son of the cotton-weaver, to make the the national tranquillity at this mo- thing complete. " What shall we do ment. At the same time I cannot with the man on whom the kings of "doubt the truth of the information - England have hestowed every honour communicated by the Lord Mayor" that they have had the power to be“ Eleet, namely, that there would have stow, the man with more than forty « been confusion and tumult in the “ titles and decorations, the man who is

city had the pageant taken place."* a Duke, a Grandee and a Prince ; " After having said so much, I shall | what shall we do with him." If the "only add that I have no objection question had thus been lengthened, it. “ whatever to produce the document could, however, not have added force to " asked for; and I can assure your the idea ; for these circumstances have Lordships that there is no inclination all occurred to the whole of the public. " in the Government of the country, or But, how came this question to be put « in any other Government that I am by Peel to Mr. Ker? Will any one be" acquainted with, to do any-thing lieve, that Mr. Key had not been repre" which is likely to disturb the peace of senting to Peel, that, if the Duke were « Europe."

out of the way, all would be safe enough? This is quite wonderful! Is this, can To be sure ; and then the question of this be," the greatest Captain of the Peel was natural enough. "What shall

ge"! Are these the words of the we do with the Duke?" That is, how man, who called county.meetings shall we get him out of the way, so that farce! But, does the Duke tell the we may get quietly along? Now, will whole of the story? Oh, no! for Mr. any 'man pretend to believe, that Mr. Key, the Lord Mayor elect, has let it Key's letter was not the result of this out, that he had a communication with interview with Peel? Will any man Peel BEFORE he wrote this letter to pretend to believe, that Peel üid not the Duke!. Who is to believe, then, I know that the letter was about to be. that Peel did not advise him to write written ? And, if he did kuow it, will this letter ? Look (under the head of any one believe, that he kept the Lord Domestic Affairs) at the report of pro- Mayor's intention a secret from the ceedings in the Coinmon Council, and Duke? And, will any man pretend to you will perceive that Mr. Key says, in believe that this was not the irue reason excuse for his writing the letter, that he why Mr. Key wrote the letter without hád PREVIOUSLY been with Peel, consulting the court of Aldermen? If and that, in the course of the conversa - he had consulted then before he wrote tion, Peel said, “What shall we do with the letter, there would have been some, the Duke of Wellington"! Good at least, to protest against it, and that God! Just such, I dare say, were the would have been enougli to mar the proquestions put to each other by the ject'; for, nothing short of a documentaffrighted mariners before they resolved like letter could have been sufficient to to throw poor Jovan overboard!“What forin even a pretext for the measure shall we do with the Duke of Wel that was adopted. The plain truth, " lington”! Just as if the Duke had then, appears to be this: that the Duke got the small-pox or the plague ; or, found that his unpopularity was so just as if he had been a barrel of gun-great, that he could not go in the procese powder, while the lighting was dart-sion without the danger of producing

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riot and confusion; that he had, there-time. Others, who knight fin his place, fore, to choose, between causing this have not these mortifications to endure ; danger to the peace of the metropolis they may, without immediate difficulty and disgrace to himself, and the dis- and inconsistency, allow Belgium to grace of keeping out of the way, while become a Republic, or to become a the King and the rest met with no insult part of France ;- but they cannot avoid at all. He chose neither; but chose to the consequences of such events; and prevent the procession altogether! The those consequences must be great to King, particularly with the Queen, might England, Lord Londonderry was quite have passed quietly along, he being ab- right when he said that the revolution, sent; but, certainly not, he being pre- in France was only commencing. That sent. Whether his presence were abso- fact, which is pleasing to us, the people, lutely necessary; whether to avoid the is a fearful fact for the aristocracy ; for disgrace, very deep I allow, of keeping who is to believe that the present sysaway upon such an occasion, it was right, ten, or any thing like the present sys.. in a prime minister to render it necessa- tem, can stand, when there shall be no ry for the Corporation to issue a declara- hereditary right, and no paid clergy, tion, that the King sous popular and existing in France'; and when the comwould have been well received; these are munication between Hertfordshire and questions, my friends, which I leave you the Department of the Seine shall be as and the world to answer,having myself no close as that between England and, desire to press upon a man, who, though Scotland ? It is against these things, from his own acts and language, has ex- and particularly against the inevitable perienced a fall greater than any man effects of the esiablishment of a republic that I ever heard of, Cardinal Wolsey in France, that the English Govern-, not excepted. Wolsey and others have ment will have to provide. There can, fallen by the caprice of tyrants, or by I think, be hardly a man so foolish as public convulsions; but here is a whole to hope that the present poor thing of a people, gradually changing their admi- government can continue in France for ration and gratitude into contempt and any length of time. The recent change resentment. He said lately, at a din- in the ministry is no change of things, * ner at Manchester, that he did not de- but merely of names. It is the nature sire to retain his office any longer than of the government that demands a he had the support and approbation of change. It is a cheap government that men like those by whom he was then is wanted; and that the people cannot surrounded. He has them not now; have with their present form. What is no, nor one particle of them; and, there the ase of M. LAFITTE calling himself fore, according to his own professions, a republican : it is not the name, but he now ought to resign.

the thing, that the people want; and But (and this brings me to my second that thing they will have. So that our topic) who is to fill his place; and of Duke's resigning would be of no use, as what use would the change be. It is regards France. The Whigs could do a very ugly feature in the state of the nothing to prevent a republic in aristocracy, that, while every one cries, France; and yet, if they could not, Down with Wellington," not a single how would they be able to uphold the voice cries “ up" with any body else! present state of things in England ! The poor Duke, verifying the old re-i But how, without a very great change, mark, that misfortunes never come by are they to uphold the present state of ones, has, to comfort him in his loss of things in England, independent of all the London feast, the delectable news effects from foreign causes? I am not that the Belgians are about to pull supposing danger to the Government down the mound and the lion, raised, on and aristocracy from“ mobs," nor even “the Field of Waterloo," to perpetuate from sudden attacks, like that of Paris ; his renown. I said, in August, that but from the general discontent, growing they would not stand à year from that daily greater and greater, and arising

solely from the weight of the tares. How subject of my lofty eulogiums in 1816, is this discontent to be allayed ?" By no- when I said, that, with you at our back, thing under heaven but a relief from the we cared for nothing; if this was my burdens that produce it. And how is that language then, whence are to come the burden to be taken off without blowing words to express my love and admira-. up the Debt? And how is the Debt to tion of you NOW, when you are not only be blowed up, and the aristocracy stand? embarrassing, puzzling, bothering, teazBefore, therefore, Lord Winchilsea calls ing, tormenting, tying the hands

and refor Lord Grey, let him tell Lord Grey straining the jaws, of our own corrupt, how he is to do that which the Duke and rapacious and insolent and bloodycannot do.

minded boroughmongers; but are, at If it be not absolute madness, it is the same time, throwing your ample infatuation little short of it, to believe, | under-garment over the infant Reor it is matchless insincerity to affect to publics of Belgium and of France ! believe, that the violences in Kent are Kind, generous old matron! I was not only not the work of the labourers of always for petticoat-government; and Kent, but that the labourers are singu- who will rebel against it now! Great, larly well affected towards the owners indeed, is your danger at present; one and occupiers of the land ! Peel and of Dr. Baring's "cold fits" is, it seems, KNATCHBULL assert this boldly, and yet upon you, and also (from sympathy) their hearers do not laugh! There are upon your daughter at Paris; but, there others who are basely impudent enough is in you, my dear mother, this rare exto assert, that the labouring people are as cellence, that, whether in living or in well off as they ever were; and that, too, dying, you serve us; as long as you in defiance of hundreds of facts stated have breath in your body, you keep in to committees of the House of Com- check, you benumb the limbs of, the mons itself! However, the state of the most hellish foes of justice and freedom ; country and the fate of the aristocracy, and, whenever you die, those hellish foes are topics which I must reserve for my die too! Wonderful woman! You next, when I mean to publish what render them powerless as long as you I shall, enll “ LAST WORDS TO live; and, whenever you turn up your LORDS ;" for, after that, never will l toes, they are found dead at your heels ! address them, or any of them, again. 1 They would cause you to be murdered; will, next week, tell their fortunes for aye, that they would, and, like Charles them; and will then leave them to strut X. and Polignac, would play at cards, or and hector about as long as they like, be out sporting, while the murder was or, rather, as long as they can. committing; but your life, bad as it is

WM. COBBETT. for them, is still not so bad as would be P. S. Since the above was written, your death. The republicans of France it was published that Lord KEY AND and of Belgium, aye, and even the AmeHIS LADY WERE TO

ricans, are the most ungrateful wretches King and Queen at ST. JAMES's PA- that ever lived, if they do not, in expres. Lace! That would have been enough sions and in feelings of admiration and for any man who can put two ideas gratitude, cordially join your ever affectogether. But even now there can be tionate son, WM. COBBETT. no doubt as to the real origin of Lord Key's letter.

LETTER H.

DINE WITII THE

TO

TO THE OLD LADY.

LOUIS-PHILIPPE, KING OF THE Bolt-Court, November 11th, 1830.

FRENCH. MY DEAR MAMMA,

London, 814 November, 1830. Wno, amongst all your sons, has been Sir, so constant in affection and attention to In my former letter I endeavoured to you as I have! But, if you were the convivce you, that it was the system of

public debts and funds, that had been to us, that France should see the Belone great cause of the ruin of England, giaris slaughtered by the cowardly and and that would now be the ruin of your bloody Dutch, without marching to government, if you did not speedily their protection, resolve to' abandon this fatal system, I After these observations, l'expressed endeavoured to convince you, that taxes, my wonder, that the new government raised to pay the interest of a public of France should have kept in full force debt, operated most mischievously; all the laws of the old government, that they created bands of idlers to live especially that odious law, which comin luxury on the fruit of the labour of pels a man to deposit 150,000 francs ir the industrious ; that they caused mono- the funds before he be allowed to print a polies by drawing the property of the newspaper , a law which, in fact, says country into few hands; that they caused to him ; " You shall become a fundseasons of false prosperity and of real " holder ; your fortune shall depend 07 distress; that they produced want of the maintenance of the funds, as long employment and all its attendant " as you be allowed to conrey your miseries, and, in the end, a violent over." thoughts to the people." I expressed throw of the government. I observed my wonder also, that the money awarded to you, that it was the desire to uphold to the widocs and orphans of July, and this system in France that was the real even the subscriptions for their relief, cause of all your present difficulties; should have been deposited in the public that to this cause was to be ascribed the funds, thereby making them fundholders strange adherence to laws of Charles X. too. I expressed my wonder at this for enchaining the press; that to this great, this extraordinary, this apparently motive, and this motive alone, was to unnatural desire, on the part of the new be ascribed your abandonment of the government to uphold the public funds, brave Belgians, and to this cause was and to compel the people of France stili to be ascribed the non-dissolution of to toil and sweat to pay the interest of a the Chambers, the upholding of an debt, which the old government had hereditary peerage, and also that strange, contracted, and contracted, too, to pay that indescribable,act, the attempt to save the allies, the emigrants and others, for the lives of Polignac and his colteagues enslaving France. I expressed my in tyranny and blood, and that, too, by wonder that YOU, at any rate, should an expost facto law, founded on pretexis have seemed to wish to uphold this so manifestly insincere as not to aclmit fatal and oppressive system of debts and of adequate reprobation. I endeavoured funds, asking : “ Why should YOU to convince you, that a nation, however," wish to support it? YOU can have great in valour and resources can never

no interest in its existence; and why assert its rights, maintain its honour, or “ should YOU bear the odium of being even provide for its independence, if its supporter ?" Alas! Sir, these loaded with a public debt; for that war words had not been in print three hours, destroys the fund-holders, and that, when I learned a fact which explained in time the government becomes so all the mystery ; namely, that YOU firmly linked to them, that it cannot go had, before the Revolution of July, and to war without being destroyed too. I HAVE NOW, about eighty thousand showed you, that this was the state of pounds sterling, or TWO MILLIONS England now; and that, therefore, it OF FRANCS, in the PUBLIC FUNDS might be, and was prudent in our go- OF ENGLAND! vernment not to go to war to fulfil the Like a man, who, when shut up in a treaties relative to Belgium, because, froom, with doors and window-shutters by going to war it would, perhaps, have closed, catching here and there a gleam overthrowed itself ; but that this was not of light through the key-holes, joints your case; for that the government of and cracks, and groping about in search France was already overthrowed; and, of something hidden, finds a friendly that, therefore, it appeared very strange hand to come and pult back the window

shutters ;-like such a man was I, Sir, nuance of the present system in Eng. when informed of this fact! Away went land, we see that you had and have all my wonder at iwhat I had beheld! reason, and a powerful reason, for wish The Crown being offered to you by a ing to support this system in England; banker; abanker being chosen president that you have, in short, a powerful mo of the Chamber of Deputies, the law live for wishing that retten, boroughs of the new government acknowledging and that all the states may continue in the public debt; the putting of Baron England; and, that you, therefore, have Louis and M. Guizot in the ministry, a powerful motive for preventing France the sending of Talleyrand to England; fromgiving us an example of the contrary the abandonment of the Belgians; the 1: HỂ who could not ørr has told as non-dissolution of the Chainbers; the that "1: Where the treasure is, there will not extending of the right of voting to the heart be also ; and therefore, he all men ; the maintenance of the Jaive bids his disciples to lay up treasures in of Charles X., and especially that law HEAVEN. Not being able to act literallo which compelled the journalists to be upon this precept, you have Jaid up fuudholders in the putting of the money your treasure in England, regarding it, granted to the widows and orphans, and doubtless (having such a fine govern. even the subscriptions for them, in the ment) as the terrestrial' heaven. But, public funds ; the great, the apparently how will the French people, the soannatural, desire to conciliate the friend vereign people," look upon this matter? ship of England ; the obstacles that will not they ask how their citizenwere thrown in the way to prevent a der king." came to regard the English putation of the National Guard from funds safer than those of Franceam will coming to shake hands with their bro- they not see in this fact a pretty good thers, the working people of England: reason for the English Aristocracy all these, and every other thing, that had praising you, while they call the brave appeared so strange to me, were now people of Paris a bloodthirsty Mode explained'; were not clear to my view, That you might prefer the English to and appeared to be just as natural as the French funds, white Charter ! they had appeared unnatural before! It reigned, would be only equivocal; båt, was easy to see that the endeavour that you should confide your treasure to to save the lives of the murdering Pow the hands of the English government, lignac and his colleagues was in com- rather than to the government of thek pliance with the anxious wishes of the you yourself are the chief, is a fact that English government ; but, it was not so speaks with so loud and clear a voice easy to see the néason for ġour being so that no man can’ misånderstand it; tad ready to comply with these wishes, even the question, that every sensible Frerich at so great a risk to yourself. Now, man will put to himself is this: whether howeverthe reason is plain; the mys- it be possible, that he,' who has placed tery is removed, and we see all as clear his treasure under the protection of the as day-light. It was manifest, that the English Government, can be a proper English government saw its own safety person to be the Chief Magistrate of involved in the proceedings in France France. And every sensible French and Belgium; that it saw, that if the man will exclaim, what a strange state French made a real republican change, of things; our chief is praised by the and that this extended to Belgium, it English aristocracy, and we abused by must itself be compelled to make a great them; we have driven away the family change in England. This was a very with the white flag and have raised up good reason for the English government the family with the tri-colonred flag, to wish to see the French revolution and yet both

have stopped in its progress, but, it was no (treasure derived from France) in the reason for YOÚ to wish it. But, when keeping of that Government which we find that you had, and have, two mil- openly declares its hatred of our revolus lion franes depending upon the conti- tion!

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