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Such shall be my conduct, and such, beginning, at any rate. Old shillyI hope, will be yours. As to the peti- shally Burdett used to tell us, that no tion against the return, which the fool man could do any-thing in that House. STANLEY is talking about, on what Every one said, “ You'd better not go ground are the fellows to petition ? there, then." His seat certainly has They are pretty fellows, indeed, to talk been of no use to any-body but himself. about petitioning! They, who had Old It has given him about 2001. a year in Grimshaw's Traps and Dragoons to the right of sending and receiving letters keep me out; they complain that free of that tax, which his constituents you have beaten the Attorneys. Have have had to pay all the while. But, you left a morsel of the carcases of though he could do nothing, another those base ruffians unbruised? Have may do something. you? If you have, I shall never forgive When WAITHMAN got into Parliayou, unless you prove to me that you ment, I, who was then in Long Island, could not get at

those carcases. wrote over to say, that he would now be What! is an election to be set aside put to the test, and would be found to because you have thumped those brazen be worth nothing; or, at least, that vagabonds who so baited you, at my such I feared would be the result. I election; fellows that nature seems to observed that he was the city-cock, have made to be food for carrion-crows! trimmed and spurred for the battle; Is an election to be set aside for this! that all eyes were upon him; that the STANLEY“ protested,” did he? and so expectation was very great, and that as did I, and he laughed at me, and Old great would be the disappointment. Nic laughed, and Corruption laughed. Waithman, however, had brass; but, as

A petition, indeed! Those who have I reminded him, though brass was a good given bim his fat place and a good par- thing, in such a case, bare brass, cel of the public noney, may, indeed, brass and NOTHING ELSE,". would let him petition ; but he will not do it certainly not do. And such has been without their assent, and I do not think the result. He has been in the House it likely that he will get that. There thirteen or fourleen years, and we do was, indeed, a time when such a peti- not experience a feather less of calamity tion would have been sure to succeed; and disgrace than we should have sufbut that time is gone by. But, sup- fered if he had never been there. pose the petition to come, and to suc- However, those were to blame who ceed, all the world will see that you expected any-thing good from him ; for, will have been beaten by money; all the however honest he might have been, what world will see that you will have been good soever there inight be in his wishes, defeated by foul means; and the effect men should have seen, as I saw, that he will be universal indignation against wanted the talent necessary to the Stanley and his patrons. Besides, this effecting of any good; and by talent I petition cannot be presented until did not mean the faculty of pouring after the recess. It will be the month words, however volubly and at whatof May before it can put Baring's ever length, to the delight and wonder "blacking-man" out. He will be of the Guildhall auditors; I did not mean amongst them, sitting alongside of this capacity of pouring out words, but Baring and Scarlett, for ihree months, at I meaned the possession of knowledge. the least; and three months is a pretty A man that knows nothing can do good spell; it is length of time suffi nothing, except injure any cause that cient for the doing of something. By he attempts to support; and this was that time, too, the great question of precisely the case with Waithman. parliamentary reform will have been The worst of it is, too, that, in propordiscussed, if not finally settled. The tion to the lack of knowledge is always Parliament will adjourn in about a week; the conceit ; that is to say, that the latter but there is plenty of time for taking is great in the exact proportion that the the seat before that, and for making a former is small. What, in all the world,

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did this poor vain man, though amply him up in a ludicrous tight; to get a supplied with brass, know ; what did, laugh set up against him; or they will what could, he know about the various suppress what he says, as they have important matters that came before done with regard to O'Connell. Howhin? What knew he about the causes ever, they will not, and they shall not, of the public decline and distress ? succeed in any of these things. There What knew he about the relative in- is nothing like resolutions, single or in terests and power of foreign , states ? sets, moved and seconded, and put into What knew he about the effects of our print'; and they may be treated to a colonial system? And, did he really stinger

And, did he really stinger of this sort every three or four know what colonies we had! The days. In this manner the good things boroughmongers say, that if we had a got by all their families may be exradical reforni, we should choose none posed, and some subject of indignation but such men as this. Several such may constantly be kept before the pubmight be chosen at first ; but the lic. In the course of a Session, the people would quickly discover their whole thing may be, by two men, laid error; they would soon feel that a fool's as bare as a callow mouse. I do hope friendship is more dangervus than his that a second man will be found; but wrath; and Waithman never would I know that one man can do much; have been elected a second time, if the aye, and very nearly break up the conpeople of London had been free to cern, or make them break it up them. chvose whom they pleased. The man selves. And now'I dismiss the matter in the fable, who had set up a wooden for the present, leaving Baring and god, prayed to him a long while for Scarlett to call Mr. Hunt “ honourable various purposes and in various emer- gentleman." Come, come; open your gencies, but finding that god did no- shoulders, and swallow the bolug with thing for him, he took his axe and a good grace ! And, there is one chopped him up for fuel. We could Baring in office too! Just making a not chop Waithman up without a vio- beginning ; a little nibble at us. Oh! lation of the law; but his talk has what a pity to mar so fair a prospect! long been of no more consequence than However, down the thing must come. the rattle of the hackney coaches.

Let us hope that we are now to have better things. At any rate, my friends, THE PRESTON ELECTION. you

have done your duty, and you, par The Radical Reformers put out a placard, ticularly Messrs. Irvin and Mitchell, calling upou the electors to return Mr. Hunt; have the hearty thanks of

besides that nothing occurred till Sunday,

when we observed posted on the walls two Your faithful Friend

papers, one being the transcript of a letter And most obedient Servant, from Mr. Baiges, of the Leeds Mercury, headed WM. COBBETT. Spy," and the other, a notice requesting the

“Mr. Mitchell, the companion of Oliver, the P. S.-I have, from the PRESTON meet him at the Bull lon at ten o'clock the

supporters of the right hoa. E. G. Stanley to Pilot, inserted, at full length, an following morning. Mr. Stanley arrived on account of all the proceedings at this Sunday evening. election, which no London paper has done. No, no: they see the blow fall- Bull Jon, in the course of the morning, and

Mr. Stanley's friends made their calls at the ing, and they know where it will handbills were issued stating that the right alight. They will, when Mr. Hunt hun. Gentleman had siguified his intention of takes his seat, do every thing that they speaking at one o'clock. At that hour some can to sink him, and to render his and shortly after the right hon. candidate efforts of no avail; because, if our peared at nne of the windows, and spoke 28 cause triumph, they fall; their foul follows: monopoly is extinguished. They will, from this place I certainly

had very little contact

Gentlemen,-When I last addressed you porthers to misrepresent him; to hold | bave occasion to address you agaia. We meet


here, gentlemen, under circumstances, as vulsion. I hoped that, on altered principles, they regard the country, materially altered, they might have remained in power, but on but with my sentimenis, my opinions, and the very first division of the House of Commy principles remaining, as they were tben, mons it was shaken to pieces, That event was uochanged and unchangeable. Sach as they so far beyond my anticipation, that d confess I were then, such they are now; such as my I dared not look to it. I did nut venture to principles were out of otice, such are they hope that on the very first occasion public now that I am in office. Such as bas been my opinion would so prevail against the governconduct while in opposition to the late govern- ment that in one moment the whole fabric meat, such shall be my conduct as a supporter should fall to the ground, or that another of the present administration. Gentlemen, it should be formed in a week after, solely upon will be undecessary, to trouble you with enter the support of public opinion, and that such is ing very much at length respecting those the case with the present goveromeut I do not priuciples and professions which I have uni- hesitate to express my inost perfect conviction, formly made with one mind, and which have bay mure, with public opinion only to look to actuated my public conduct. I feel it due to to support them. They do know tbat they you, under the present circumstances, so bave a ainst them all those geutlemen who short a period elapsing previous to the com- were returned to the House in the interest of mencement of the election as to prevent me the administration, but, in detiance of that, from offering myself to you on a persoual can- they kusow no doubt that, if they set conscienvass, and submitting myself to such investi- tivusly to their work, they will be supported gation as you might thiuk fit, and as you have by public opinion, and be enabled to carry a right to demand, under such circumstances; their measures into effect. My object in beI say, I have felt it due to you to request your coming a member of the existing administraattendance here, in order that I may have an tion was because I felt it to be an administrar opportunity of justifying my conduct in ac- tiorrfounded on thuse principles which, through cepting office. The priociples under which evil report and good report, 1 bave honestly the new administration has been formed are advocateil, and I ventured to hope that in well kuown, and they are such that I can give taking office under it I might be enabled to to them my pledged and cordial support. give it inore effectual support than I could as Gentlemen, when I last met you dere I told a mere meniber of parliameot. Gentlemen, the you my opinion, on both the priocipal ques- questions on which I opposed the late admitions which were then likely to engage the nistration were shortly three, and I support the attention of parliament on its meeting. 1 present administration because it holds opposite told you my sentimeirts both with respect to opinions upon these three. Those were, our our relations with foreign powers, and to pulicy with relation to foreign powers, parliaaffairs at bome, I called on you to watch the mentary reform, and retreucument in the exconduct of your representatives in parliameut penditure of the government. Gentlemen, on that first and most important question, the when the Duke of Wellington put into the consideration of the civ i list. Gentlemen, 1. mouth of his royal Master that most unfortuthen felt that the administration of the Duke of wate speech, in which there was not only no Welliogton bad for a year previous been totter- sympathy expressed towards those great and ing to its foundation, and that it had been glorious events which had occurred in Paris tottering, not from any factious and party vio. and at Brussels, but, from wbat was to be imlence, from no combination of parties, but that plied, rather a regret that those things had tait was tottering from its own adberent weak- ken place, public opinion was loudlyexpressed; ness, because it was not relying on that which still the feeling was not strong enough to recould alone give it strength, namely, the great move him from office, but when; in defiance of strength of public opinion. Geotlemen, I public opinion, so lately and so generally extold you then that to expect any more good pressed, he ventured to declare in his place in from that administration was so hopeless, that ihe House of Peers, that under no circunI determined, bowever reluctantly, to enter stances whatever should the smallest alterainto uncompromising opposition to the go tion take plsce is the represeutation of the vernment. Gentlemen, I may say as candidly House of Commons, in an instant his power as I ever said any thing in my life, that it was at an end, his supporters shrunk from was my ardent and my anxious hope that the bim, and his government fell to ruin. (ApDuke of Wellington would see his error in plause.) Gentlemen, the existing goverument time; and that the administration would carry has at least this claim to your kind indulinto operation those principles which we had gence and favourable consideration, that it is recommended to thema Such I hoped would a government, the members of which have be the case, and for this reason, because if lately heen, or are, the representatives of great the Dake of Wellington, proceeding is oppo. and populous places, and if any of you here sitiou to public opiniou,' should still reluse present will take the trouble of availing yourthose salutary reforms that public opinion re- selves of those means which are within every quires, I felt great alarm lest, in the present man's reach, and of looking to the places state of the House of Conumuus, he would which the members of the late adibiustration have been able to support himself against pub and the present represented, yog will find kic opinion, and to bring about a public con that to be the case, while not one of the mem

decided, sound, and effectual measure of par-(that since you lords upon. ous and earnest wish of all who feel it impos: about as much understand as a parrot

bers of the late government sat for any place of interfered in the affairs of Belgium. They more consequence than a rotten borough, hoped that England would remain at all events such places merely to which the right of free peuter, and so give them support in opposition election has not extended. I will now recite to liberated France and liberated Belgium ; to you a few of the places for which the mem- but when the change took place they knew bers of the new government sit, and, having they had no such hupes. They know the predone so, I think I may venture to appeal to sent administration is not one to take up the public opinion for its support. Amongst the cause of despotism against the cause of the first, I need scarcely state that the highest people. They knew that if they press that office is filled by a man too well known to re- circumstance they will have against them, quire any observation here.' When I say the heart and hand together, the people and coLord Chancellor is Mr. Brougham, who has vernment of England. They know that Eng. been more distinguished for his exertions in land and France are uuited, and they know the cause of the people than any other man, that if France and England he combined, they and that he was gratuitously returned as one may defy the efforts of Europe and the world. of the members for Yorkshire, I need say (Applause.) I say by the great and cordial nothing more to convince you that public union which exists between France and Eng. opinion is at least here on the side of the peo- land, but which would not have been the case ple and the government. Next there is Lord with the late government, we have the means Althorp, the member for Northamptonshire; of restoring the repose of Europe. Gentlemen, Sir James Graham, one of the members I will now address yon on the important and for the county of Cumberland; Mr. Wynne, difficult question of parliamentary reform. member for the county of Montgomery, Mr. Gentlemen, it may be known to you that a. Charles Grant, member for the county of In. inongst those who support the doctrines of verness; Lord Palmerston, one of the mem- parliamentary reform there are some who go bers for the University of Cambridge ; Mr. further than I can, others who stop short, and Poulett Thomson, one of the members for some who wish to coofipe their reform within Dover; Mr. Ellice, one of the members for such limits that I can consider it no reform at the city of Coventry; Mr. Robert Grant, one all; again, there are those who stand pledged of the members for the city of Norwich; Mr. to oppose all reform. Now, the present goSpring Rice, member for the city of Limerick; vernment are pledged to bring forward a speciand I hope to be able to add Mr. Stanley, the fic measure. They are pledged to bring it member for Preston. (Hear, and laughter.) forward ; and if so, it may be considered carNow, gentlemen, when I tell you these are all ried, and it can only be delayed or defeated by men in whom the great towós and counties discord and disunion. This is the time when have placed the confidence to return them at the government has a right to call on all rethe last election, I have not stated above half formers to give them their hearts and hands in the case, because in all the elections that have carrying this measure. There is now such an since taken place not only has not one been opportunity for reforn as never before occurturved out, but every one has been re-elected red, and it will be the fault of an Reformers by his constituents, without the administra- themselves if by their dissensions they prevent tion being offered the shadow of opposition. the carrying the great principle into effect. 1 say it is a proud gratification to this adminis- Gentlemen, 1 hold in my hand an address, tration that it can so appeal to public opiniou. which I believe has been circulated and is With regard to the measures on which the signed by individuals of no very high pretensions, present administration are pledged, they stand calling upon you not to support me, and bring pledged to 'maintain peace by all means in ing forward two charges against me, which, their power

, consistently with the safety of the though insignificant, and contemptible as ! state, to keep at peace with all foreign pow. may think this paper to be, I shall, in ers; they stand pledged to bring forward a to you, say a

me I have sold you. Jiamentary reform; they stand pledged to the ("You have.") I am told that I am un worstrictest economy and retrenchment, and thy of being returned by you

because I am to begin that retrenchment in the higher called a placeman. There are, gentlemen, 4 Situations of the government. It is my earnest certain beber an perho can apply

them with and anxious wish, as it must be the most aux terms by heart,

of the be taught to the e .', I meet added to, that peace, at whatever hazard, with these expressions in this paper, and I shall be maintained ; and I think I may say ask them what they mean? Sell you? Hør.? that it is chiefly owing to the change of admi- You elected me as your representative at the Previous to the declaration of the late govern- ried into effect the principles I ayowed here : nistration that peace has been maintained. last election : I went to Parliament, and free ment, we have reason to believe that Russia, 1 accepted office under a government whose Prussia, and Austria, frightened at the turo principles I uniformly supported; and then I of affairs in France, alarmed at the pro- resigned my seat and came back to ask you gress of better opinions, and fearing for

the to exeroise agaiu your privilege, and retura me Safety of all despotic governmenis, would have or not. "I say the man when he wrote this, uno


are told


derstood no more what he was writing about words to say with respect to economy and rethan a parrot would. Now, Gentlemen, one treuchment. It is further, earuest of the word abou place. That I hold one uuder the future, that in the short fortnight since the Government is very true : that I hope to du present Goverument have beeu in office inany some good is my humble but very contident places of amount have been suppressed; feeling. I am not much absent from my places not bestowed upon the lower ranks, duty; never I hope when wanted, but, when- or supporting poor clerks, but places giving ever I can, I do get away to enjoy the plea- ! power to the holders and influence to Minissures and amusements of a country life, and iera. I may enumerate a few. There is a person with those feelings is not very likely the office of Post-master General of Ireland, tu prefer the anxieties of a responsible and lately held by Lord Rosse, has now beea Jabörivus office, which requires my attendance abolished; and the Vice-treasurer and Denot merely during the sitting of Parliament, puty Vice-treasurer of Ireland, the two makbut for the remainder of the year. I should 35001. a-year, have been abolished, and the be opeu to low abuse and obnoxious to the duties are to be performed by a clerk receivcharges generally made against placemen if ing 2001. a year. The office of Master of the I were one of those who took tlie money or | Mint has also been added to another office, the country and did nothing for it. This and the duties of both are performed for one paper desires you to beware of a Whig ad salary. The office of Treasurer of the Navy ministration, that it will bring forward no is in like manner beld! with that of Vice-prepractical reform. How they obtained know. sident of the Board of Trade, and one gentleledge of this I know yot; because I believe it man performs the duties of the two departimpossible that the Cabinet could bave agreed ments. Now, thus far the Goveroinent affords upon what they are going to propose. But so pretty safe evidence of its intentions with refar as the general scheme and substance is gard to economy and retrenchment. Naming to be collected froin what has been said by the gentleman who fills the office of Vice-preLord Grey, a man, by the way, not iu the sident of the Board of Trade leads me to anhabit of saying one thing and meaning ano other question of importance to you who live ther, he said that reform would be carried to in manufacturing districts. I mean freethe extent of satisfying the wishes of the pub. trade, the question of removing all those burlic, consistent with the safety of the existing dens and shackles which hang upon trade establishments of the country. I am told in without producing any benefit. Alibough do this paper, that by those esiablishıneuts are specific measures have as yet been taken, the meant the rotten boroughs. It is really ludi. appointment of Mr. Powlett Thomson is a crous so to pervert the plainest terms. Lord sufficient security, for amongst the many able Grey only wishes to limit his reform to that advocates of free-trade, there is no mau who has point which shall be necessary to preserve to expressed himself more strongly or more ably each of the three estates of King, Lords and than that gentleman. Gentlemen, I believe I Commons, its due share of power, and those have now called your attention to all the who wish to throw into any one of them such principal features in which the present governa preponderating influence ihat may destroy ment is materially at variance with the late. the balance, seek not reform but revolution. I have only to say, that as the present govern. Such reform and such revolution will never, I meat rests exclusively on public opinion, it am confident, be supported by the food seuse can only hope to carry its wise and salutary of the people; and I trust there is not ove in measures by the aid of the members of large teo thousand who would not resist by every places, confident that, as those places will means in their power a revolutionary reform. institute inquiry into the conduct of those (Applause.) Lord Grey has a right to de- they send, their members become so many maud that you will not condemu bim uolieard, testimonials in favour of the conduct of the and that you ought to consider the difficulties Government. (The right bon. Gentleman of carrying an extended measure through Par- here again alluded to his political principles, liament; and to rely on his sincerity to do and repeated bis explanations respecting his every thing consisteutly with the safety of the appointment to office; after which he proinstitutions of the country. Not three nights ceeded as follows :) I do not understand that ago, the Duke of Newcastle appealed to any real and substantive opposition will be Lord Grey, and counselled that noble Lord to offered. (A cry of " Hunt” was here see the propriety, in the present disturbed raised.) Those who called out “ Hunt" must state of the country, of not pressing the ques. remember that he said the time was not tion just now, something intimating that his come when the people of Preston could elect conduct and that of other noble Lords would bim, He has, therefore, no bope of sucbe regulated accordingly. Without one mo. cess, and you will not see him here. If he meut's delay his Lordship said the state of does come here, it will not be as a candidate, the country was one reason why it should be and I feel assured that this putting him in nomidone, and that the question must be brought nation is done inerely with a view of creating forward now. I hope that this declaration some trifling disturbance in the town, and for given in such a place and at such a time will the disgraceful purpose of occasioning that exbe taken as further evidence of the siucerity pense which it is my firm determination to of Lord Grey. Geutleinen, I have a very few avoid if possible. I hope the good sense of

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