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the seed come up; but this is because ittifal accordingly. I venture to say, that is not sowed in the proper manner. See these pears never were exceedel, either paragraphs from 383 to 387, inclusive. in growth of shoot or condition of root, Follow these directions, and you will by any that ever came out of a nursery: never fail. I shall have some fine seed, They are growing at Kensington, as well in a short time, from America, and some as the other trees. The price of the other American tree-seeds also.
pears is, as it was last year, three shil. APPLE TREES.
lings a piece. The list is as follows: No. 1. Newtown Pippin.
No. 1. American Fall Pear. 2. Rhode Island Greening.
2. Jargonelle. 3. Fall Pippin.
3. Ganzal's Bergamot. 4. Concklin's Pie Apple.
4. Brown Beurée. These are all the sorts that I have now,
5. Crassanne. and they are all that I think necessary.
6. Colmar. The first is the finest flavoured apple in
7. Saint Germain. the world, and it will keep till May.
8. Winter Bergamot. The second is good from November till 9. Bishop's Thumb. February; the third, from fall till Christ 10. Chaumontel. mas; and the fourth is an incomparable
11. Summer Bergamot. pic apple, and a good keeper. They are 12. Poire d'Auch. all great bearers,
and the wood is of free 13. Winter Bonchrétien. growth. The plants are as fine as it is 14. Summer Bonchrétien. possible for them to be. The stocks were
15. Green Chisel. twice removed; the roots are in the best 16. Williams's Bonchrétien. possible state for removing; and if plant 17. Orange Bergamot. ed according to the directions contained 18. Long-Island Perry Pear. in my “English GARDENER,” they will
These pears are those which I regrow off at once, and speedily bear.
commend in my book on Gardening.
I have omitted one or two, because, at I have eighteen sorts of pears, omit- the time of grafting, I could not proting, I believe, no one that is held in cure cuttings of them from persons much estimation. The first and the last whom I could depend upon as to the sort, No. 1. and No. 18., are from Ame- sort; but the list is, nevertheless, pretty rica. No. 1. is an extraordinarily fine full
, and any gentleman with these trees eating pear, the like of which I had never in bis garden, will have a good successeen before. No. 18. is a baking pear sion of this table fruit from Midsummer of most exquisite flavour, and a great to February. and constant bearer. I had lost this Orders for these trees will be received sort, but I got some cuttings from Long at Fleet-street, or by letter (postage Island in 1827, put them upon a large paid). I suggest the utility of sending stock in the spring of that year, and in the orders as quickly as convenient; these cuttings have begun to bear al- because, if long delayed, the variety is ready, having yielded a dozen pears this diminished, and the executing of the year. This pear always bears in abun- orders is not so well attended to. Gendance, and for baking, and making tlemen will be pleased to give very plain perry, it surpasses all others, and be directions, not only with regard to the yond all comparison, as far as my ob- place whither the irees are to be sent, servation has gone. My pears are, this but also with regard to the mode of conyear, all upon seedling pear-stocks; the veyance, and the particular inn or stocks were removed ; and, therefore, the wharf where the packages are to be roots will be in the best possible state delivered. for the transplanting of the trees. The
N.B. The Locusts are all either gone scions, or cuttings, were chosen so as to or ordered. be of the exact size of the stock ; the grafting was done in the neatest man Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and ner, and the plants are clean and beau. published by him, at 183, Fleet street.
Vol. 69.-No. 13.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 27 ru, 1830.
places, it consisted more of town's people than of country people.
During the 14th and 15th, I was at a friend's house at Yelverton, balf way between Norwich and Bungay, which last is in Suffolk, and at which place I
lectured on the 16th to an audience “ You permit the Jews openly to preach in entertained there in a most hospitable
consisting chiefly of farmers, and was “their synagogues, and call Jesus Christ an "impostor; and you send women to jail (to and kind manner at the house of a friend. “ be brought to bed there, too), for declaring The next day, being the 17th, I went " their upbelief in Christianity."-King of to Eye, and there lectured in the evening Bohemia's Letter to Canning, published in the in the neat little playhouse of the place, Register, 4th of January, 1823.
which was crowded in every part, stage
and all. The audience consisted almost EASTERN TOUR.
entirely of farmers, who had coine in
from Diss, from HARLESTON, and from Hargham, 22nd March, 1830. all the villages round about, in this ferI set off from London on the 8th of tile and thickly-settled neighbourhood. March, got to Bury St. Edmund's that I staid at Eye all the day of the 18th, evening; and, to my great mortification, having appointed to be at Ipswich on saw the county-election and the assizes the 19th. Eye is a beautiful little place, both going on at CHELMSPORD, where, though an exceedingly rotten borough. of
course, a great part of the people of The two great estates in the neighbourEssex were met. If I had been aware hood formerly belonged to Lord Cornof that, I should certainly have stopped Wallis and Lord MAYNARD, and are at Chelmsford in order to address a few both now owned by Sir EdwaRD KERRIwords of sense to the unfortunate con- sox, who is the son of a man who was stituents of Mr. WESTERN, who, how- once a journeyman cooper at Bungay. erer, at the last county-meeting, showed Nothing the worse for that, to be sure ; him that they were no longer real but this transfer could not have taken natural calves, but men of sense, who place in so short a space of time under rejected his idle stuff about a return to the operation of any other than a paperthe small notes, and who adopted a peti- money system. At Eye, I was quite at tion, in spite of his remonstrances, pray- /home: got up in the morning, walked ing for an abolition of tithes and taxes. about a mile to the farm of Mr. Clouting, At Bury St. Edmund's I gave a lecture and there breakfasted: took the same on the ninth and another on the tenth walk again to dine with him ; and the of March, in the playhouse, to very same walk again on the morning of the crowded audiences, and set out the next 19th, before I came off. Mr. Clouting morning through Thetford to Hargham, has been a reader of the Register for the seat of Sir Thomas Beevor. Harg- twenty years; also Mr. Twitchet, tallowham is three miles from Attleborough, chandler of the town, and another friend, and eighteen from Norwich. I went to a baker, whose name I have forgotten. Norwich on the 12th, and gave a lecture For these staunch disciples the 17th of there on that evening, and on the even- March was a day of great triumph. I ing of the 13th. The audience here was never saw men more delighted than more numerous than at Bury St. Ed- they were. They had borne twenty mund's
, but not so numerous in propor- years of reproaches on account of their tion to the size of the place; and, con- faith ; and though they feel the effects trary to what has happened in most other of the distress as well as their neigh
bours, they forgot the distress in the charch of England ; third, the repeal midst of their triumph, which, however, of the penal and excluding laws with they enjoyed in a manner to give offence regard to the Catholics; and this last to none of their old opponents : all was act, said I, does in effect declare that harmony and good humour: every body the thing called "the Reformation" appeared to be of one mind; and as was UNNECESSARY. "No," said onethese friends observed to me, so I gentleman, in a very loud voice, and he thought, that more effect had been pro- was followed by four or five more, duced by this one lecture in that neigh- who said “No, No.” “ Then,” said I, bourhood, than could have been pro “ we will, if you like, put it to the vote, duced in a whole year, if the Register “ Understand, gentlemen, that I do not had been put into the hands of every say, whatever I may think, that the one of the hearers during that space of “ Reformation was unnecessary ; but I
for though I never attempt to put say that this act amounts to a declar. forth that sort of stuff which the “in- “ation, that it was unnecessary; and, tense" people on the other side of St.“ without losing our good humour, we George's Channel call “ eloquence," 1" will, if that gentleman choose, put bring out strings of very interesting this question to the vote.” I paused facts; I use pretty powerful arguments; a little while, receiving no answer, and and í hammer them down so closely perceiving that the company were with upon the mind, that they seldom fail to me, I proceeded with my speech, conproduce a lasting impression. cluding with the complete demolishing
On the 19th I proceeded to Ipswich, blow which the church would receive not imagining it to be the fine, populous by the bill for giving .civil and political and beautiful place that I found it to be. power for training to the bar, and seatOn that night, and on the night of the ing on the bench, for placing in the zoth, I lectured to boxes and pit, crowd- commons and amongst the peers, and ed principally with opulent farmers, for placing in the couucil, along with and to a gallery filled, apparently, with the King himself, those who deny that journeymen tradesmen and their wives. there ever existed a Redeemer; who give On the Sunday before I came away, 1 the name of impostor to him whom we heard, from all quarters, that my au.
worship as God, and who boast of have diences had retired deeply impressed with ing hanged him upon the cross. “Judge the truths which I had endeavoured to in- " you, gentlemen," said I, “ of the figure culcate. One thing, however, occurred " which England will make, when its towards the close of the lecture of Sa- “ laws will seat on the bench, from turday, the 20th, that I deem worthy of " which people have been sentenced to particular attention. In general it would“ suffer most severely for denying the be useless for me to attempt to give any “ truth of Christianity; from which thing like a report of these speeches of “ bench it has been held that Christianity mine, consisting as they do of words“ is part and parcel of the law of the uttered pretty nearly as fast as I can“ land ; judge you of the figure which utter them, during a space of never less“ England will make amongst Christian than two, and sometimes of nearly three“ nations, when a Jew, a blasphemer of hours. But there occurred here some- Christ, a professor of the doctrines of thing that I must notice. I was speaking " those who murdered him, shall be of the degrees by which the established sitting upon that bench ; and julge, church had been losing its legal in- “ gentlemen, what we must think of fluence since the peace. First, the Uni-" The cleryy of this church of ours, if tarian Bill, removing the penal act “ they remain silent while such a law which forbade an impugning of the shall be passed." doctrine of the Trinity ; second, the re We were entertained at Ipswich by a peal of the Test Act, which declared, in very kind and excellent friend, whom, as effect, that the religion of any of the is generally the case, I had never seen Dissenters was as good as that of the or heard of before. The morning of
the day of the last lecture, I walked for disappointing me; and, now, I am about five miles, then went to his afraid that I shall not fall in with this house to breakfast, and staid with learned body during the whole of my him and dined. On the Suuday morn- spring tour. ing, before I came away, I walked Finding THETFORD to be forbidden about six miles, and repeated the good ground, I came on hither to Sir THOMAS cheer at breakfast at the same place. Beevor's, where I had left my two Here I heard the first singing of the daughters, having, since the 12th inclubirds this year; and I here observed an sive, travelled 120 miles, and delivered instance of that petticoal government, six lectures. These 120 mniles have which, apparently, pervades the whole been through a fine farming country, of animated nature. " A lark, very near and without my seeing, until I came to to me in a ploughed field, rose from the Thetford, but one spot of waste or comground, and was saluting the sun with mon land, and that not exceeding, I his delightful song. He was got about should think, from fifty to eighty acres. as high as the dome of St. Paul's, hav- From this place to Norwich, and through ing me for a motionless and admiring Attleborough and Wymondham, the auditor, when tlie hen started up from land is all good, and the farming excel, nearly the same spot whence the cock lent. It is pretty nearly the same from had risen, flew up and passed close by Norwich to Bungay, where we enter him. I could not hear what she said; Suffolk. Bungay is a large and fine but supposed that she must have given town, with three churches, lying on the him a pretty, smart reprimand; for side of some very fine meadows. Hardown she came upon the ground, and leston, on the road to Eye, is a very he, ceasing to sing, took a twirl in the pretty market-town : of Eye, I have air, and came down after her. Others spoken before. From Eye to Ipswich, we have, I date say, scen this a thousand pass through a series of villages, and at times over; but I never observed it | Ipswich, to my great surprise, we found a before.
most beautiful town, with a population of About twelve o'clock, my son and I about twelve thousand persons; and set off for this place (Hargham), coming here our profound Prime Minister might through Needham Market, Stowmarket, have seen most abundant evidence of Bury St. Edmund's, and Thetford, at prosperity; for the new houses are, inwhich latter place I intended to have deed, very numerous. But if our famed lectured to-day and to-morrow, where and profound Prime Minister, having the theatre was to have been the scene, Mr. Wilmot Horton by the arm, and but the mayor of the town thought it standing upon one of the hills that surbest not to give his permission until the round this town, and which, each hill assizes (which commence to-day the seeming to surpass the other hill in 22:1) should be over, lest the judge beauty, command a complete view of should take offence, seeing that it is the every house, or, at least, of the top of custom, while his Lordship is in the every house, in this opulent town; if he, lown, to give up the civil jurisdiction to thus standing, and thus accompanied, him. Bless his worship! what in all were to hold up his hands, clap thern the world should he think would take together, and bless God for the proofs me to Thetford, except it being a time of prosperity contained in the new and for holding the assizes! At no other red bricks, and were to cast his eye time should I have dreamed of finding southward of the town, and see the an audience in so small a place, and in numerous little vessels upon the little a country so thinly inbabited. I was arın of the sea which comes up from attracted!, too, by the desire of meeting Harwich, and which here finds its tersome of any learned friends from the mination; and were, in those vessels, to Wex; for i deal in arguments founded discover an additional proof of proson the law of the land, and on Acts of perity; if he were to be thus situatec), Parliament. The deuce take this Mayor and to be thus feeling, would not sopie
doubts be awakened in his mind, if I, John, with an Augustine friary, a Care standing behind him, were to whisper melite friary, an hospital founded in the in his ear, “ Do you not think that the reign of King John; and here, too, was
greater part of these new houses have the college founded by Cardinal Wolsey, “ been created by taxes, which went to the gateway of which, though built in
pay the about 20,000 troops that were brick, is still preserved, being the same “ stationed here for pretty nearly 20 years sort of architecture as that of Hampton
during the war, and some of which Court, and St. James's Palace.
are stationed here still ? Look at that There is no doubt but that this was a “immense building, my Lord Duke: much greater place than it is now. It “it is fresh and new and fine and is the great outlet for the immense “ splendid, and contains indubitable quantities of corn grown in this most “ marks of opulence; but it is a BAR- productive county, and by farmers the “ RACK ; aye, and the money to build (most clever that ever lived. I am told " that barrack, and to maintain the that wheat is worth six shillings a “ 20,000 troops, has assisted to beggar, quarter more, at some times, at Ipswich “ to dilapidate, to plunge into ruin and than at Norwich, the navigation to “decay, hundreds upon hundreds of London being so much more speedy “ villages and hamlets in Wiltshire, in and safe. Immense quantities of four “ Dorsetshire, in Somersetshire, and in are sent from this town. The wind66 other counties who shared not in the mills on the hills in the vicinage are so “ ruthless squanderings of the war. numerous that I counted, whilst stand“ But,"leaning my arm upon the Duke's ing in one place, no less than seventeen. shoulder, and giving Wilmot a poke in They are all painted or washed white; the poll to make him listen and look, the sails are black ; it was a fine mornand pointing with my fore-finger to the ing, the wind was brisk, and their twirltwelve large, lofty, and magnificent ing altogether added greatly to the churches, each of them at least 700 beauty of the scene, which, having the years' old and saying, “ Do you think broad and beautiful arm of the sea on “ Ipswich was not larger and far more the one hand, and the fields and mea
populous 700 years ago than it is at dows, studded with farm-houses, on the “ this hour?" Putting this question to other, appeared to ine the most beauhim, would it not check his exultation, tiful sight of the kind that I had ever and would it not make even Wilmot beheld. The town and its churches begin to reflect ?
were down in the dell before me, and Even at this hour, with all the un- the only object that came to disfigure natural swellings of the war, there are the scene was THE BARRACK, and not two thousand people, including the made me utter involuntarily the words bed-rida'en and the babies, to each of the of BLACKSTONE : “ The laws of Engmagnificent churches. Of adults, there“ land recognise no distinction between cannot be more than about 1400 to a “ the citizen and the soldier : they church; and there is one of the churches“ know of no standing soldier ; no inwhich, being well filled, as in ancient" land fortresses ; no barracks.”'“ Ah !" times, would contain from four to seven said I myself, but loud enough for any thousand persons, for the nave of it ap- one to have heard me a hundred pears to me to be larger than St. An- yards, “such were the laws of England drew's Hall at Norwich, which Hall“ when mass was said in those magniwas formerly the church of the Bene- “ ficent churches, and such they condictine Priory. And, perhaps, the great tinued until a septennial parliament church here might have belonged to " came and deprived the people of Engsome monastery; for here were three " land of their rights." Augustine priories, one of them founded I know of no town to be compared in the reign of William the Conquerer, with Ipswich, except it be Nottingham; another founded in the reign of Henry and there is this difference in the two; the Second, another in the reign of King that Nottingham stands high, and, on