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Orders for these trees will be received would recommend to the notice of the at Fleet-street, or hy leiter (postage meeting what had taken place at Lincoln paid). I suggest the utility of sending last week. That county had set the in the orders as quickly as convenient; example; she was closely followed by because, if long delayed, the variety is Norfolk, and he trusted that the whole diminished, and the executing of the country would pursue the same course. orders is not so well attended to. Gen- (Applause.) If it did, he had no doubt tlemen will be plensed to give very plain that they would be able to attain the directions, not only with regard to the object that they sought for, and that place whither the trees are to be sent, the ministers would be compelled to bot also with regard to the mode of con- pay attention to the generally-expressed veyance, and the particular inn or opinion of the country. wharf where the packages are to be

Lord Charles Towns@END hoped, delivered.

that the system of petitioning would be N. B. The Locusts are all either gone steadily pursued in all directions ; for or ordered.

he had not that confidence in the Mi. nistry to believe that they would yield

the point unless they were compelled to NORFOLK COUNTY MEETING. do it. (Appplause.)

Mr. Coke then presented himself to (Continued from page 256.)

the meeting, and was received with loud No! let them petition again and again; and general cheering. He said that he but not only for the repeal of the malt had never attended a county meeting, tax (a voice in the crowd, “Why what with more stisfactory feelings, for it had is the meeting for but that?"), fór that nothing to do with a difference in politie would be virtually saying that that was cal or party spirit. (Applause.) Neither all that they required for the return of had they to canvass the horrors of a reprosperity and the revival of trade volutionary war, which, in his opinion, (hear, hear); and with what face could had been the primary cause of all the they go twelve months hence to ask for distress and bankruptcy which had the repeal of something else ? (Applause.) taken place since, and of the present They ought, in fairness to themselves impending danger to the country. (Apand to the Parliament, to state what was plause.) In looking around him he saw the distress of the country, and what men who had pledged their lives and were the means of relief that presented fortunes in that cause; they were, howthemselves. (Bravo!) As he had already ever, alive and at this meeting, and he stated, he did not intend to oppose Mr. was glad to see them; he wished to Wodehouse's amendment; but if that God, however, that they had seen their was rejected, he saved to himself the error before they had plunged so madly right of proposing the resolutions which into a war, which had ended in almost he had in his pocket. (Applause.) the ruin of the country. (Applause.) To

Mr. Tock said, that the meeting the mover of the resolutions he offered should recollect that the only object his congratulations, on his now, for the which they had met to discuss was the first time, stepping forward to take a repeal of the malt tax. That that re- public part in the affairs of the county; peal was much required by the country and he was sure that they ought all to there could be no doubt, for as the be obliged to him and his seconder, for trade now stood, it was impossible for the able manner in which they fiad inthe poor man to brew his own beer, and troduced the resolutions to their notice: hardly to obtain it; and he looked upon with respect to the latter of those gen. it that the saine Providence that had tlemen, though he agreed with him in given wine as a luxury for the rich, had many of the points which he had urged intended beer as the luxury of the poor. on the meeting, there were some in If he might be allowed to allude to what which he was obliged to disagree with had taken place in another county, he him; he might also, perhaps, agree with

Sir Thomas Beevor in his wish for ra- greatest breweries in England ? (Yes, dical reform. (A laugh and applause.) yes! and applause.) He would tell them This, and other points, might be in why he gave the preference to the reunison with his sentiments, but he must peal of the malt tax over that of beer. be allowed to say, that at all events It was because he was old enough to they were foreign to the objects of the remember when all the poor of the meeting. (Henr, hear.) For the exer- kingdom were able to brew their own tions that were now making for the re- beer. Up to the year 1750, when the peal of this tax, he was bound to return population of England and Wales was bis thanks to the yeomanry of England, no more than 6,476,000, there was as and to the county of Norfolk in par- much malt as now, when the populaticular. He knew that it was thought tion amounted to thirteen millions. by some that the repeal of the beer tax (Hear, hear.) · Surely this was sufficient would still be more beneficial to the evidence that the beer did not contain poor than that of the malt tax. To hope the malt that it ought. (Applause.) They for the repeal of both duties, was too were told by interested persons, that if much, for, altogether, they amount to a the beer tax was taken off, they would large sum; and the question therefore, supply it to the poor for a penny a pot was, whether they would not be more less; but did they tell them that they likely to obtain the repeal of one than would make it better, and promise not of both? In order to obtain that, he to use the skill of the chemist in its believed that it was only necessary for composition? (A laugh and applause.) them and the yeomanry of England In his opinion, the removal of the beer generally to resolve to have a long pull, tax would only be a premium for bad a strong pull, and a pull all together. beer. Now, let them consider the malt (Cheers.) The other counties had but tax. He could remember the time when to follow the example of Lincolnshire every poor man brewed his own beer; and Norfolk, and then he should like to nor was it only his beer that he thus see the Minister who would dare refuse procured; in addition to that, there what was the joint request of the pride were the grains, with which he could of England. (Applause.) In the removal fatten a pig, or which enabled his wife of all grievances, however, there must to rear a few fowls; besides this, there be a beginning, and he therefore gave was a little yeast with wbich he was the preference to the malt tax over the able to make his own bread; for all beer. Mr. T. Salmon (and he trusted which reasons he thought the repeal of that that gentlemen was present to hear the malt tax preferable to that of beer. him) had attacked the agriculturists of (Applause.) Perhaps it might be conEngland as a selfish body; and as he tended that this repcal would not give considered himself as a member of that rise to all these operations in favour of body, he was sorry to hear it stigmatised the poor ; but he was sure that it would, in such a way; for he trusted that the for if they could not do these things agriculturists of England had never been singly, at all events they would be able actuated by any other feeling than the by clubbing together to the number of good of the community at large. Mr. fifteen or twenty. (Hear, hear.) It was Salmon, however, had told them that a balm and cordial to any man's conit was their selfishness which made them science to think that he had not been pray for the repeal of the malt tax, accessary to the evils out of which the when that of the beer tax would be so distress of the country had grown. He much more beneficial to the poor. But, had already lived to a great age, and being tbus attacked for selfishness, let bud long had the honour of representthem for a moment inquire who Mr. ing that county in Parliament; but he Salmon was. That he was a very re- could conscientiously say, that in all spectable person he had no reason to that time he had never given a vote doubt; but the question was, whether that had pressed upon the country. (Aphe was not connected with one of the plause.) It was in that proud situation

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that he stood, and no commoner of Eng-|ceive money, or else, how was he to land could stand in a prouder; and as spend any? (Applause.) With respect to long as he had the honour of represent- free trade, too, was not that one of the ing that county in Parliament, he should crying causes of the distress of the pursue the same course. (Cheers.) country? (from Mr. Palmer, “No, no!")

Mr. WodeHOUSE wished to explain He contended that it was, and he had the grounds upon which his resolutions never heard the contrary proved. Let went. It was true that the produce of them now, for instance, take only one the malt tax was only 4 millions, but article, that of gloves ; how many thouthere was no doubt that its repeal would sand pairs of these were annually imgo to affect twenty millions more of the ported into this country, to the intinite taxes under the heads of the beer tax, detriment of the glove trade of England, the spirit tax, the sugar tax, and the though the manufacturers here protea tax. As this was the case, it would duced better articles than those abroad. surely be better to go to the main evil (Hear, hear.) But he did not think that at once, instead of standing only on the there was any necessity to go into a threshold. (Applause.) The only way in lengthened argument to prove to them which they could escape the dangers the evils of the free-trade system. wbich threatened the social system of

(To be concluded.) England; the only way in which they could avoid circumstances as dreadful

COLES'S PATENT TRUSS, 3, Charing, in their origin as they were desolating per advertisement in Lodge's Illustrious Pora

Cross, (late of London-bridge). You will fiud in their consequences, was by adopting traits for November, in Boyle's Court Guide some measure which should keep up the and fusyal Blue Book Directory for 1830, in prices at home, at the same time that No. 82, Quarterly Review, and No. 99, Edinit lowered them with foreigners.

burgh Review, the names of twenty Surgeons

who have acknowledged Coles's PATENT Colonel Harvey thought that they Truss to be more beneficial to the wearer, were bound to do the best they could than any other Truss in use. to relieve the condition of the poor, important information on the subject of Res

The Gazette of Health contains more when they considered the oppressive ducible Hernia, than any other publication. circumstances under which they were To be had of all newsvenders ; price two-pence. labouring; if the malt tax were The LANCET, No. 337, in reference to the moved, he had no doubt that it would Gazette of Health, says, “ There will be no greatly tend to that effect. (Applause.) by and by."

lack of knowledge amongst ruptured people The great fault, and one of the principal causes of the distress of the country,

THE LANCET. was, that the legislature, in what they

No. 339, published this day, at 210, Strand,

contains : had done of late years for the supposed Three Lectures by Mr. Lawrence, on Rheurelief of the country, had proceeded on matism, Gout, Syphilis, use of Mercury, &c. a wrong principle. If they did but con- Clinical Lectures by Dr. Alison, on Fever, template what had been done, both with

Small-pox, &c. respect to the corn laws and free trade, Lithotrity._-Stove in the Bladder treated by they would perceive how ruinous the sys- Strangulated Hernia at the Derby Infirmary. tem must be. As to the corn laws, as they Meeting of Chemists and Druggists. now stood, they were entirely absurd; Anniversary Dinner of the Aldersgate-street and indeed they must be so, for they knew Meeting of the College of Physicians: the result. The bubble, that cheap corn Representation of the Medical Profession in was a comfort to the people, was burst; Parliament. and they now began to know that what Review of Dr. Shirley Palmer's Popular Illus

trations of Medicine. they wanted was, to get back to the former

Reports from the London, Country, and Po« prices : that cheap corn, to a certain ex

reign Hospitals. tent was advantageous, he did not intend Meeting of Medical Societies. to deny; but in order that the country Letters, Cases, &c. &c. &c. should enjoy a state of prosperity, it was necessary that the farmer should re Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's court; and

published by him, as 183, Flegte trepte

re

VOL. 69.- No. 10.)

LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 6Th, 1830.

[Price 7d.

TO THE DUKE OF RICHMOND.

Barn-Elm Farm, 26th February, 1830. My LORD, I have read in the report of your speech of last night, the following passage, relative to the treatment of

the unemployed labourers, who apply for "The law chargeth no man with default parish relief. The words of this passage, "where the act is compulsory and not volun- as I find it in the Morning Herald, are "tary, and where there is not consent and these :~" In that part of the country to "election; and therefore, if either there be which he belonged, able-bodied men “ an impossibility for a man to do otherwise, “ were employed on the roads, for they “ or so great a perturbation of the judgment had no other work, at 4d., and even " and reason, as in presumption of law man's nature cannot overcome, such necessity some of them at 3d. a day. This, “carrieth a privilege in itself. Necessity is “ however, was not the case in Sussex " of three sorts: necessity of conservation of “ only. It was the same in Wiltshire, “ life ; necessity of obedience; and necessity Dorset, and many other counties. s of tie act of God or of a stranger. First, of “conservation of life ; if a man stcal viands

This could not be attributable to the " (victuals) to satisfy his present hunger, this “ farmer, because he was nearly crushed, " is no felony por larceny."-LORD BACON : “ not only with taxation, bụt with poorLaw Tracts, p. 55.

“rates and county rates, daily increasing

by distress, while at the same time TREATMENT

“there was not a people more loyal to Of Men applying for Parish Relief laws. They did not pretend to dictate

“their King or more obedient to the

“ to the Government, they only asked This has, with me, been a subject “ for inquiry; and they had a right to of observation, complaint, and remon-" ask it on the principles of the constistrance, for more than ten years. I “tution. Who could not feel for the always, from the time of passing “ distresses of the people, when they Sturges's (the fellow is now called “ learned the fact which had been pubSturges BOURNE) Bull, I clearly saw lished in the newspapers, that British where this treatment would end. More “ subjects were harnessed to wagons, of that matter by-and-by. The subject," and degraded to the state of the brute at the end of ten years, is spoken of in “ creation? Is this the way in which the the House of Lords, above all places in " once happy peasantry of England the world! The following letter from " were to be treated ? And this occurred me lo the Duke of RICHMOND, which" not only in Sussex, but in the county was on Monday published in the Morn- “ of which the noble Duke was the ing HERALD, will open the subject very Lord Lieutenant.” Upon the same well. Then other things will follow; occasion, Earl STANHOPE is reported in for it is now time (and no time to the Herald) to have said that, “ Their lose) for us to have the whole of this “ lordships were already acquainted with subject before us. The poor-rates will," the deplorable state of the labourers if this system go on, soon bring all the “ in more than one district of the counfarmers and tradesmen in the agricul-" try. Their lordships must have seen tural parts, completely down. Then " that they had been degraded to the rates will take away all i'ents anı profits : “ level of beasts of burden, and that and a dreadful struggle will ensue. Let" they had been yoked like cattle to the us, therefore, understand the whole “ wain, to draw loads from one place to maller,

“ another. Was that a situation to which

L

was ac

“their lordships wished to see labourers | least, answer this question. The noble “ reduced in England; in that country Earl said that he himself “ which boasted of its free constitution, “ quainted with a parish in Sussex, in and which looked down with an eye “ which the whole proceeds of the land " of compassion on the condition of its “ were insufficient io maintain its poor; “ neighbours?"

“ and the inhabitants had for some Now, my Lord, the wonder is not," time been compelled to apply to the that observations like these, that such“ neighbouring parishes for assistance shame and such indignation should " and support. Looking at statements have been, relative to this matter, ex “ like these, and knowing the number pressed by English noblemen; the “ of agricultural districts in which the wonder is, that they should never have " same description of distress could be been, by English noblemen, expressed found, he confessed he thought we before. For more than ten years I have “ were fast on the road to, if we had been complaining and remonstrating on“ not quite arrived at, that state of disthis subject; and for about three years, “ tress in which the landed proprietors many of the editors of newspapers have " held their properties, not for the purbeen doing the same. J, with my own

pose of supporting or enriching their eyes have, with burning cheeks and possessors, but merely in order to act boiling blood, seen it going on, from “ as trustees for the paupers who reLancashire, inclusive, to the south of " sided on their estates. The next stage Sussex. Strange that it should never “ to this was, he feared, not far distant; have, until now, excited the sympathy " that stage in which the unhappy and indignation of your Grace and of “persons thus scantily and wretchedly the noble Earl; or at least, not suffi- “ supported, would relieve themselves ciently to induce you to speak of it in “ from their miserable condition; and Parliament ! In the year 1821 (3d De.“ finding they could neither obtain a cember) there was a meeting held at “ livelihood by the exercise of honest Lewes, at which Lord Egremont pre “ industry, nor support from the estate sided, at which the younger Joun“ on which they were placed, would at Ellman said that “ he had seen the " once endeavour to put an end to a state

poor employed in drawing beach- “ of things so intolerable, and enforce,

gravel; and that the leader worked "' through the power of their numbers, “ with A BELL ABOUT HIS NECK.” This “ a division of the land." you may find fully recorded in the Re

Never were wiser words uttered by GISTER, Dec. 22, 1821. Upon the sight mortal man; and, unless effectual meaof it, I, who was in Norfolk at the time, sures of prevention be adopted, and in expressed my hope to see these cruel time too, this will assuredly be the end; farmers broken up. About two years and this I foresaw and foretold many afterwards, at a public dinner at Lewes, years ago. Every day that is suffered an attempt was made to vote me out of to pass over without the adoption of the room ; but this failed, and the man such measures, makes the adoption who made it was a bankrupt in a few more difficult. It is real madness ; it weeks afterwards.

is not error, but real madness, to imaNow, your Grace must have heard gine that the thing will mend itself ; something of all this; and, in short, and it is madness just as complete to where can you have lived in that county ascribe the distress to any but the one not to know that this shameful abuse of cause. That cause is, an attempt to power, and, I say, violation of law, has collect nearly sixty millions in taxes been there going 'on, for nearly ten annually in money of full weight and years, in numerous parishes ? And how fineness; and if this attempt be concomes it, that now, for the first time, tinued to be niade for any length of we hear of your indignation at the prac- time, Lord Srannope's last stage will tice? Perhaps another part of Earl certainly arrive. Yet, the currency canSTANHOPE's speech may, in part at not be changed in value without more

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