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“ If they remain, they will be something, I know, that the King's Speech, deli" for they will point out to the Govern- vered on the Thursday afiernoon, was s ment precisely who are the men to be read by me, in the “ NOTTINGHAM RE" made a terrific example of.” Before view of the Friday morning, I am disthree months had passed over our heads, posed to exclaim, How can a Member the elect of these clubs were all safe in of Parliament want the “BIRMINGHAM dungeons ! And the worst of it is, that UNION " as a vehicle of facts and argumen, thus combined, meet with little ments to the people ! or no support from the people at large ; No: it is in that House that the thing because, even those who inwardly ap- is to be done, if it be to be done peaceprove of their object and efforts, do not ably; because that which is there said, do it openly, such approval being a tacit is said to all the people, and said to all confession, that they themselves have at once. If the matter be calculated to neglected their duty, in not having rouse men to action, all are roused at openly joined the combination. Besides, one and the same time. Public opinion every petition, every remonstrance, is thus formed and settled; and it never coming from a combination, is received has yet been known, that public opinion and dealt with as such ; the combina- did not, in the end, prevail. Now, theretion is regarded as not speaking the fore, as I am of opinion, that I should voice of the people; it is looked upon be able to do a great deal in this way, I as a conceited and disaffected party; and wish, as I long have wished, to be is exposed to every shaft that calumny placed in the House of Commons. If is able to level against any one or more all the people read my Register, this of its members.
would not be so necessary: if all the No: the great change, the regenera- people had read (I mean tax-eaters extion or renovation, is not to be effected cluded) what I have published within peaceably by such means. If, indeed, the last ten years, there would be little the object were to effect it by physical for me to do : the public opinion would force, combinations might' succeed; be settled and determined. However, but this object is most emphatically dis- all this falls far short, with regard even avowed by the parties; and here, at the to my own readers, of what speeches in very outset, they discover far too much Parliament would effect; for there are of timidity to encourage bold spirits to thousands of facts which, though of the join them, while this very timidity in greatest interest, and of undoubted truth, their language will make timid men i, as a writer, dare not state. I wear a suspect their sincerity, and stand aloof gag with respect to those matters precisefrom them accordingly. According to ly that ought to be laid before the peotheir own declarations, they will con- ple in all their naked deformity: in profine themselves to petitioning; and portion as the matter ought to be pubmost men will be satisfied, that we licly known is the peril of making it have had enough of that already. The known: and thus it is that a gagged good that a combination could do by press is, beyond all measure, worse than publications from the press, is very ques- no press at all; for, while it enjoys tionable. The circulation of them must boundless liberty to gloss over the deeds be partial ; their motion would be slow; of corruption by falsehoods endless, it and their effect but feeble, however dares not, though it confine itself to ably written, and in a style however strict truth, expose those deeds in a forcible.
plain and efficient manner. No: the scene wherein to effect a What, above all things, the people peaceable regeneration is the House of want to know is, INTO WHOSE Commons itself, whence every word, HANDS THE TAXES REALLY GO; coming from an able man and convey- who it is that has GOT THE PROPERing interesting knowledge, flies to the TY, OUT OF WHICH RELIEF FOR utmost bounds of the kingdom almost THE POOR FORMERLY CAME; with the rapidity of thought; and, when who is it that take the money raised on
the people, over and above the interest it had swallowed of the public money; of the debt? These are the things that give all the items with day and date ; the people want to know: this would show the origin, the progress, the result, be enough ; but, never will they know of the horrible accumulation ; and show this from writers, nor from “political exactly how it is that the middle class unions,” however able the authors and are stripped of their property, and that leaders may be. From me they should the labourers are starving in rags by know this in quick time, if I were in these very means. I would not amuse the House of Commons. There would myself with loose declamation about need nothing more ; the whole mystery exorbitant taxes and lavish expenditure ; would be explained ; a public opinion but I would bring the receivers face to would be formed and settled at once; it face with the payers ; and this I would would be heard, not in little councils or do in a regular methodical way, enabling combinations of any sort, but from the the readers of debates to cut the statelips of every man not living out of the ment out of the reports in the newetaxes; and, strong as those are, who papers, and stick it up over their have an interest contrary to the people, chimneys. One wonders that these and deaf as they would be to their voice, taxes could have been raised to sixty as long as deafness would avail them millions a year ; that the very collecting anything, their own interest would final of them should cost as much as the whole ly, and in a very short tiine, dictate to revenue of England amounted to when them to give way.
George the Second came to the throne; If it be said that it is presumption in and to three-fourths as much as it me to believe that I could do that which ainounted to when George the Fourth no other man can do, my answer is, came to the throne : one wonders how that I do not thus presume : many a this could have taken place without man is able to do the same; but, I am one single man ever having made presumptuous enough to say, if it be a rational effort to stop its propresumption, that I could do more than gress. One wonders how the poor-rates any man has yet done or seems disposed should have risen in the same period to do. I am very far from under- from about a million to eight millions, valuing the great and meritorious la- including, at both periods, the law exbours of Mr. Hume ; but, in my opinion, penses and divers other rates : one wont he does not pursue the right course. He ders how this could have been withounever traces the money to the personswho there being a single man in the Parliaactually receive it. To propose reduc- ment ever making one single serious tions of expense is nothing, unless you effort to make the people see the true show who it is that pockets the money. cause of the evil. But when one con: There may be various opinions about the siders the motives that have been at necessity of these enormous expenses. work; when one considers what the but that which fires a man's blood is, the progress of power is when it is wholly sight of those who pocket the money; unchecked, the wonder ceases; but it and I would have every man and woman leaves a conviction on the mind that the and child of them down by name, and only way of obtaining a peaceable re. would show the people who it is that medy, is to make the people see, at last, stripped the middle ranks of their for- the real cause of such a horrible mistunes, and starve and beggar the work- chief. ing classes.
There are arising every With regard to my fitness for this hour facts, which, if placed in a strong task, there are my thirty years' labours and clear light, are enough to madden before the nation ; and there is my histhe people ; but if these be alluded to tory, convincing every man that I might casually, the matter goes off in vapour, bave rolled in riches long ago if I had leaving no impression upon the mind of not been animared by a constant desire the public. I would take a particular to rescue my country from those dangers family, for instance; show how much which have, at last, overtaken it. I
repeat, that I have no desire to obtain sion, if the means be rearly; but those private advantage of any description ; means must be ready before any effectand that, if to all my other toils I add ual step be taken. My desire would be this, it will be for the sake of the peo- that the money should be deposited in ple in general, and not in any one re- the hands of Sir Thomas Beevor, spect for myself. As to fame, I can whose diligence and punctuality were obtain none from the measure now pro- so conspicuous in the former case. I posed. Nothing that I can do ; nothing never touched any of the inoney then, that a human being can possibly achieve, and I do not wish to do it now : for if achieved by me, can render ine myself, I have enough, and those who more celebrated than I ain, or can cause are dependent upon me are content with my memory to be more reverenced by what they have, or with what they can the wise and the good : that memory I gain hy their own industry. In another must know well will be perpetuated in Register, I will state more particularly, writings which it will require inany the mode which appears to me the best ages to cause to be forgotten, or to be calculated for raising the money; and, come obsolete ; and, therefore, I can in the mean while, I leave the matter to gain nothing by having a seat in the the reflection of those particularly who House of Coinmons; absolutely nothing have talked to me on this subject during but additional labour, to which may be my tour in the North. I shall be glad added a load of anxiety, which I have not to hear from any of them, stating their now to bear. I have always held it to opinions upon the subject generally, be the duty of every man to endeavour, particularly as to the mode of raising the to the utmost of his power, to leave his money. As it is best to take some little country as good as he found it. This time for communicating with eaciı other, has always appeared to me to be a duty; I will defer making any other publithis duty I have discharged according cation on the subject until Saturday, the to the utmost of my means; and, in 13th of March, before which time I shall wishing to have greater means than see Sir Thomas Beevor, and shall be those which I now possess, or ever have ready, in the Registerof Saturday the 15th possessed, I am animated by the same of March, to communicate his views on sense of duty.
the subject. In order that I may have With regard to the sum required for time to prepare the publication in questhe purpose in view, if every man who tion, I ought to receive communications has within this twelve-month told me by Tuesday, the ninth of warch, or that he owed his fortune to me ; that Wednesday, the tenth of March, at he owed bis preservation from ruin latest. If I should not have returned solely, or in great part, to me; if every from Norfolk by the ninth or tenth of such man were to subscribe twenty March, I must then put off the publicapounds, there would be money enough tion to the Register of the twentieth of to secure not one seat, but half a dozen March. The more time in reason that seats in Parliament. It is not my busi- is taken for previous deliberation, the ness to be urgent in this case : it is quicker and the better the thing will be more the business of the nation than it done. If any friend in the North, or is mine. I never will, on any account, any where else, has any plan to propose, expend a farthing of my own earnings he may, however, communicate it to for this purpose ; and I am very sure me as soon as he pleases ; so that I that every friend, and particularly every may possibly be able to give it circulahusband and father, would condemn me tion in the next Register. A good deal, for so doing.
in this case, must be left to the conWith regard to the particular mode of venience of the gentlemen themselves. eflecting the object in question, that They will, therefore, be pleased to write need not be pointed out at present. . The to me on the subject whenever they object is always to be accomplished, find it convenient; but not later, it even before the end of the present ses- they please, than the times above speci
March. It is clear that something must COBBETT'S LECTURES.
give way; it is clear that all canIt is my wish to be present at the not go on in the present course ; it intended meeting of my native county, is clear that the system must be Surrey; but there is so much delay taken to pieces, or that it will go, or about it, that I am afraid that I shall be knocked to pieces; and it is clear not. For I shall set off for Norwich on that those who are most deeply interestSunday, the 7th of March. I shall be at ed in the property of the church, have a Bury Sr. EDMUNDS on that evening, design to touch the funds; and it is and, if all things be convenient, deliver clear that the interest of the nation is, a lecture at that town on Monday, the that the funds should not be touched, 8th of March, and shall take the until every species of public property, town of Eye, as I come back from especially that which is called churchNorwich. I told the manufacturers property has been made available for pubwhat they had to expect; and I wish lic purposes : finally, it is clear, to me, at How to tell the farmers their for- least, that this property must and will tunes. In the mean while I shall de- be taken at last, in one way or another ; liver another lecture at the Mechanics' and that therefore the sooner the pubInstitute in London, on Thursday Even- lic clearly understand all about it, the ing next, the 4th of March, at the better it will be, the more quietly and usual hour, eight o'clock. The subject the more equitably the settlement will will be, chiefly, the legality, the justice, take place. There are very few perand the necessity of taking a large part sons, comparatively speaking, that know of the public property, commonly called anything about the state of this church CHURCH PROPERTY, and applying and the property that passes under its it to other public uses. I have several name. It is high time that we all untimes touched upon this subject; but I derstood the matter well ; and, if we do have never gone fully into it. It is a not, the fault shall not be mine. This subject that wants to be well understood is the thing for us to resolve on : that by the people at large; for the amount the funds shall not, if we can help it, of the property and the present applica- be touched, till all public property has tion of it are equally prodigious. It is been brought to account, and applied to very clear that those who have almost public purposes. the whole of this property, have fixed their hard-looking eyes on what the
ADVICE TO YOUNG MEN. fundholders receive; it is equally clear that to pay, for any length of time, the The Eighth Number of this work will interest of the Debt in full tale, and in be published on Monday, 1st of March, heavy gold, is impossible; resort must None of my little works have had a run be had to some source other than that of equal to this. In the North, people were taxation ; this is the greatest thanking me for it everywhere: the source of all; this is a real mine, a young men, husbands, fathers, and perennial spring of wealth. Therefore, mothers. If it were, on any account, it will be of the greatest utility to justifiable to be proud, it would be jusunderstand clearly what is the nature of tifiable in me on account of this work. the property, the uses for which it was intended, how it was formerly applied, AMERICAN FOREST TREES, what purposes it is applied to now, what are the laws that have been passed
APPLE AND PEAR TREES. respecting it, and what are the grounds of a proposition for a new application I notified, last spring, that I should of a great part of it. To communicate not have a great many forest-trees to sell to my hearers the knowledge that I pos- this year. I have, however, some of the sess relative to these matters, will be the following sorts, and at the prices put chief object of the lecture on the 4th of against them.
Island in 1827, put them upon a large Locusts, two years old, transplanted, stock in the spring of that year, and 7s. a hundred.
these cuttings have begun to bear alBlack Walnut, very fine and large, ready, having yielded a dozen pears this 45. a hundred.
year. This pear always bears in abun. Black Spruce, two years old, trans- dance, and for baking, and making planted, 10s, a hundred.
perry, it surpasses all others, and be Red Cedar, three years old, trans- yond all comparison, as far as my obplanted, 6d. each.
servation has gone. My pears are, this N.B. I would recommend planters to year, all upon seedling pear-stocks; the raise the Locust trees from seed, agree- stocks were removed ; and, therefore, the ably to the directions, contained in my roots will be in the best possible state book, entitled, “Toe Woodlands,” for the transplanting of the trees. The which explain the whole matter very scions, or cuttings, were chosen so as to fully. In general, not a tenth part of be of the exact size of the stock; the the seed come up; but this is because it grafting was done in the neatest manis not soved in the proper manner. See ner, and the plants are clean and beauparagraphs from 383 to 387, inclusive. tifol accordingly. I venture to say, that Follow these directions, and you will these pears never were exceeded, either never fail. I shall have some fine seed, in growth of shoot or condition of root, in a short time, from America, and some by any that ever came out of a nursery. other American tree-seeds also. They are growing at Kensington, as well APPLE TREES.
as the other trees. The price of the No. 1. Newtown Pippin.
pears is, as it was last year, three shil2. Rhode Island Greening.
lings a piece. The list is as follows: 3. Fall Pippin.
No. 1. American Fall Pear. 4. Concklin's Pie Apple.
2. Jargonelle. These are all the sorts that I have now,
3. Ganzal's Bergamot. and they are all that I think necessary.
4. Brown Beurée. The first is the finest flavoured apple in
5. Crassanne. the world, and it will keep till May.
6. Colmar. The second is good from November till
7. Saint Germain. February; the third, from fall till Christ
8. Winter Bergamot. mas; and the fourth is an incomparable 9. Bishop's Thumb. pie apple, and a good keeper. They are
10. Chauinontel. all great bearers, and the wood is of free
II. Summer Bergamot. growth. The plants are as fine as it is 12. Poire d'Auch. possible for them to be. The stocks were 13. Winter Bonchrétien. trice removed; the roots are in the best 14. Summer Bonchrétien. possible state for renloving; and if plant
15. Green Chisel. ed according to the directions contained 16. Williams's Bonchrétien. in my “English Gardener,” they will
17. Orange Bergamot. grow off at once, and speedily bear. 18. Long-Island Perry Pear. PEAR TREES.
These pears are those which I reI have eighteen sorts of pears, omit- commend in my book on Gardening. ting, I believe, no one that is held in I have omitted one or two, because, at much estimation. The first and the last the time of grafting, I could not prosort, No. 1, and No. 18., are from Ame- cure cuttings of them from persons rica. No. 1. is an extraordinarily Gine whom I could depend upon as to the eating pear, the like of which I had never sort; but the list is, neveriheless, pretty seen before. No. 13. is a baking pear full, and any gentleman with these trees of most exquisite flavour, and a great in his garden, will bave a good succesand constant bearer. I had lost this sion of this table fruit from Midsuininer sort, but I got some cuttings from Long to February.