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on the Wednesday, Thursday, and Fri- he seen; so that, during the fifty-three day nights, we prepared to quit Not- days of my absence, the frost and snow tingham for Leicester ; but, before we lasted all but the last day; thus tercame off, it being Saturday, and the minated a journey of 667 miles, during market day morning, a

morning, a gentleman which I made seven and twenty speeches, took me to see the meat market, occupying, in the whole, about sixtywhich was the finest, with regard to one hours, and returning on the very day the quality of the meat, its cutting- that the frost broke up, and made it, in up, its cleanness and

every other some measure, necessary that I should thing belonging to it, that I had ever be again at home. seen in my life. This is a matter of which I am a very competent judge, hav TO THE FARMERS. ing seen the London markets and that

Barn-Elm Farm, 11th February, 1830. of Philadelphia, and being a great connoisseur with regard to the article of

Brother Sufferers,

I have been to condole with the sons meat. I saw here a greater number of fine sirloins of beef than I had ever

of cotton, woollen, iron and steel ; and seen in any one market before. After I now I will go and condole with you, my got back to the inn, I hankered after dear brethren of the earth. I intend to one of these sirloins of beef, went back,

deliver a lecture in London, on Thurshad it sewed up in cloths, and brought it day, the 18th instant; and then to set to London. It was not of the largest shall sce, in my way, what is doing at

off for Norwich, to lecture there. I size; but with the third part of the

Bury St. Edmund's. In the nean suet left in, it weighed tilbs. and was whiter and fatter than any one of the while I shall be glad to hear from any same size that I ever saw before. The friend at either of those places, relative butchers told me that the oxen were

to a proper place to lecture in. The bought in Lincolnshire, and that a great

sooner such friends have the goodness part of the sirloins had that morning

to write, the better. After Norfolk and been sent off to London sewed up in Suffolk, I shall take Kent and Sussex. cloths. I have always sought for this

Comfort yourselves, dear brethren, as Lincolnshire beef in Newgate market.

well as you can ; for, be assured, that It comes sewed up in cloths, the rump you will never see the pretty little notes and sirloin in one piece.


WM. COBBETT. We got to Leicester, through very rough weather, on Saturday evening,


SWAIN and CO. 6th

of February, and I intended to give a Clothiers, DRAPERS, AND Tailors, lecture in a work-room which had been No. 93, Fleet Street, (a few doors below the prepared for the purpose ; but we had new entrance to St. Bride's Church,) omitted to write from Nottingham, and, Superfive Coats, of Fashion (Ready money) owing to that omission, no notice of finished Cloths

able Colours, from Patent £. s.

2 the lecture had been given. Our Ditto, Blue or Black

2 10 3 5 friends wanted us to stop until Monday; Extra Saxony Wool, Blue or but my appointments at home rendered

3 10 & upw. that impossible.

Superfine Frock, with Silk

2 18 4 0 On Sunday morning, the 7th of Feb- Ditto Trousers

0 18 1 10 ruary, we found that a thaw had come Kerseymere Waistcoats 0 10 0 14 in the night; and when we got to

Marseilles ditto

07 0 10 Birchill, where we slept on Sunday, we Silk ditto

Valencia ditto

0 12 found there had been a heavy rain. On A Suit of Livery

0 18 Monday morning, we set off for Ken Ladies' Habits aad Pelisses, Children's sington, finding less and less snow as Dresses, Shooting Jackets and Hunting Coats, we approached London ; and when I

Camblet and Plaid Cloaks, Witney Wrappers,

and every other Garment, equally cheap. got to Barn-Elm, which I did before it wag dark, .carcely a bit of snow was to

Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's court; and

published by bim, at 183, Fleet treet,

£. s. 5 to 30

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Black .


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VOL. 69.-No.8.]


[Price 7d.

shall bave a good deal to say to you upon the subjects of it.


To the Honourable the Commons of the

United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland in parliament assembled.

The petition of William Cobbett “ Have not 1, then, a clear and indisputable " right to blame you and your colleagues for

(farmer of the parish of Barnes, “ whatever calamities the nation bas now to in the county of Surrey), being “ endure? For sixteen, nay, for twenty years, dated this 15th day of February, “ have you not been warned by me of all the

1830, “ dangers that you have brought upon the “ country? Have you, then, any excuse to Most humbly showeth, "plead 1 - LETTER TO STERN-PATH MAN, That your petitioner perceives, with Register, Ilth May, 1822.

great alarm, that there are persons who appear to be combining for the purpose of inducing your honourable House to

pass laws to cause the King's coin to be READERS OF THE REGISTER. again supplanted by a fictitious currency, READERS OF THE REGISTER. consisting of worthless rags ; a measure

which, if adopted, would deprive the On the Prospect which we have now people of that protection which they before us.

derive from the most important of all

the prerogatives of the Crown, and Kensington, 16th February, 1830.

would, in the firm conviction of your ME FRIENDS, I have prepared a petition to be pre- pose the nation to the horrors naturally

petitioner, finally and even speedily exsented to the House of Commons, containing, in the first place, a recital of resulting from an extinction of all meathe several instances in which it has

sure of value. been warned by me of the dangers to duce your honourable House not totally

That your petitioner, in order to inwhich its measures would expose country; and in the next place, giving be permitted to state the following

to disregard this his opinion, begs to it one more warning with regard to the future. I here insert this petition for

facts to your honourable House; that your perusal, and that you may have it to refer to as events shall come on. I 1. That, in the year 1817, your petitioner, tohave always, for many years past, taken gether with some thousands of the peocare to have my predictions recorded, ple of Hampshire, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and that, too, in the papers of some sort

and other counties, sent to your honour

able House a petition, humbly praying, or another belonging to the House

that you would be pleased to reduce the itself

. I have adhered to this course in interest of the Debt, and all public salaries the present instance : whoever lives a and pay, in proportion to the then-augfew years, will see the predictions veri mented value of money; that you would fied which predictions I have now, in

be pleased to reduce the standing army;

that you would be pleased to reduce all the this very petition, conveyed to this most taxes, and to abolish the taxes on malt, honourable and most wonderful House, hops, leather, soap, and candles ; and that which sits under a law made to protect we the said petitioners, most humbly and it against the contempt of the people, to

respectfully besought your honourable

House to helieve, ibat, unless measures govern whom it is daily making laws.

of this description were adopted in time, When I have inserted the petition, I the final consequence must be distress so



is to say,

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the counties of Cambridge, Hereford, and are not

general and so great as to expose the whole comiug of which had been so clearly and I frame of society to dissolution,

so confidently predicted by your humble 2. That your honourable House was pleased petitioner, was spreading itself over the

to give to these humble representations country with such fearful strides, that and prayers, no answer other than that your honourable House repealed, in effect, which the petitioners found in a law, which the most material part of the law of 1819, your honourable House hastily passed, leaving, however, other parts, which, in to enable the King's Ministers to shut time, your humble petitioner knew must, them up in prisons and in dungeons with left without remedy, tend to produce a out being confronted with their accusers,

convulsive revolution. without crime specified in the commitment, 6. That, in the year 1823, your humble petiand without the power of appeal to the Act tiover, together with a great majority of of Habeas Corpus; and that in conse his brother freeholders of the couuty of quence of this law, many of the petitioners Norfolk, sent to your honourable house a were thus imprisoned, cut off from all petition, praying you, while yet there was communication with wives, children, and time, to pass Jaws for the making of an friends, and deprived of the use of peu, equitable adjustment of all contracts, not ink, and paper; that some of these peti excepting the contracts with those who tioners died in prison ; that the rest, after were receiving interest on account of the long suffering, were sent forth from the Debt; praying you to abolish all unnecesdungeons, without any trial, without any

sary expenses; praying you to abolish the Hhearing, without any knowledge of the taxes on malt, hops, leather, soap, and offences imputed to them, totally ruined in candles ; praying you to apply certain portheir affairs, some finding that their wives tions of public property to public purposes ; and children had perished for want, and praying you to restore the people to the all cut off from the possibility of obtaining enjoyment of their right of freely chosing redress, your honourable House having in their representatives in Parliament; and the meanwhile, passed a Bill of Indemnity imploring your honourable House to bebearing harmless all those, of whatever lieve, that, without these measures, there rank or degree, who had, in their treat would be great danger arise to that constiment of those unhappy men, gone even tution which had, in former times, been a beyond the severity of the imprisonment a source of so much greatness and happilaw itself.

ness to England.
3. That, in the year 1818, your bumble pe- 7. That your honourable House, while you

titioner having fled to Long Island, iu received, and caused to be printed this our
order to avoid the dungeons and the treat humble petition, did not condescend to pay
ment aforementioned, and having heard the smallest attention to its earnest prayers
of an intention on the part of your Ho and its solemn warnings, though these
nourable Honse to cause a return to the were speedily followed by similar prayers
ancient measure of value, lost not a mo. and warnings, expressed in petitions from
ment in praying your honourable House
not to cause such return, without, at the Surrey.
same time, passing a law making an equit-8. That in the year 1826, the consequence of
able adjustmeet with regard to the inte this inattention made its hideous appear
rest of the Debt, with regard to all con ance in a panic, which, according to the
tracts between man and man, and without confession of one of the King's Minister's,
a reduction of the taxes to, at least, one had, at ove time, brought the country to
half of their then nominal amount, hum within forty eight hours of barter"; that
bly beseeching your honourable House to in this state of alarm, your honourable
be assured, that, if your honourable House House passed a bill to abolish all notes
caused a return to the ancient measure of under five pounds on the 5th of April,
value without adopting these concomitant 1829; that while the bill was on the table
measures, you would, in effect, more than of your honourable House, and before it
double the amount of the taxes, cause a was passed, your humble petitioner sent
violation of all contracts, falten the usurers to your honourable House a petition, pray.
at the expense of the industrious classes, ing you to pass the bill, but not without
and would plunge the country into con reducing the taxes to the amount at which
fusion and misery indescribable.

they stood before the small paper money 4. That, in the year 1819, your honourable supplanted the coin of his Majesty,

House, totally disregarding this solemn lemnly warning your honourable House, warning of your humble petitioner, though that if the said bill were passed and en, he had enforced it with arguments wholly forced, without such reduction, it would unauswerable, actually passed a law for produce throughout the kingdom ruin anı re-establishing the ancient measure of wretchedness absolutely insupportable; that value, and that, too, without any of those your honourable Housi, not condescending concomitant measures so earnestly prayed even after all that had passed, to listen to for by your bumble petitioner.

this humble supplication and solemn warno 5. That, in the year 1822, that distress, the

ing of your petitioner, passed and have

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enforced, the said bill, and that the un- tioner fears, as he thinks that all men happy people are now smarting and writh- must fear, that if the King's coin coning under the consequences.

tinue to be the measure of value, withThat your humble petitioner, begs to out a reduction of the taxes to the be permitted to express a hope, that amount at which they stood previous to your honourable house will not, after the issue of the small paper-money, civil the recital of this series of facts, at society will be shaken to its very once so striking and so notorious, deem that already, even though the law of it an affront offered to the wisdom of 1826 has not yet produced one tenth your honourable House, if he entertain part of its inevitable effects, all proan expectation, that you will now at perty begins to feel its insecurity; that last condescend to lend an ear to his the manufacturer, the merchant, and bumble representations and prayers the trader, whether wholesale or retail

, with regard to the present and the fu- are carrying on business without profit, ture.

and living on their capital, or on the That it is his decided conviction, that, capital of their creditors; that the landif your honourable House shall unhap- lord finds even the rigid law of distraint pily entertain, or give countenance to, insufficient for the obtaining of his rent; any measure for again debasing the that the farmer finds his stock and all currency, without, at the same time, his means melt imperceptibly away, closing the bank against demands for while the increasing' wants of the ungoid, and making the paper a legal employed labourer augments the detender, there will be a general run on all mands on those diminished means and the banks ; that another panic will en- that, while all these classes are suffering sue ; that the gold will be buried ; that the extreme of both budily and mental there will be no measure of value; and anguish, they behold the receivers of that all law and all the rights of property the inore than doubled taxes, wallowing will yield to the tingovernable ravings in luxurious waste, and glittering in of hunger and to the unbridled indul- insulting splendour. gence of the dreadful passion of re That your humble petitioner hopes

that your honourable House will not in-' That, if your honourable House adopt terpret into any want of respect towards the said measure of debasement, and at your honourable House an expression of the same time close the banks against his earnest hope, that you will be pleased demands for gold, and that if you do while there is yet time, seriously to rethis in a manner so sudden as to prevent fiect on the catastrophe to which this the run above-mentioned, your humble state of things naturally tends ; that, petitioner beseeches your honourable even at this moment, hundreds of thouHonse to reflect on the awful conse- sands of the manufacturing labourers quences of two distinct prices in all obtain their miserable pittance in great dealings, one price in paper, and ano- part from the voluntary contributions of ther price in money; an event which those amongst the next class whose has always taken place under similar means are not yet exhausted, the law

an event clearly in- having long since failed to enforce a evitable in the case contemplated; an collection of rates suflicient for the purevent that has always proved, and that pose, and that, in the manufacturing always must prove, the death of paper- districts, to the dolings of charity on money; an event that has never failed the one hand and the menace of military to be attended with the total destruction force on the other, is to be ascribed of every thing called credit; an event the keeping of the peace amongst a that must, your humble petitioner is people the most industrious and the convinced, produce in this country, a most expert and ingenious in the whole convulsive, if not a sanguinary, revo- world.

That, in the agricultural part of the That, however, your humble peti- kingdom, that is to say, in nineteen


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twentieths of it, the prospect is infinitely your honourable House to lose no time inore full of peril ; that the people of in adopting effectual measures of preEngland have a clear right, in law as sent relief, and of security for the future; well as in reason, to food, raiment, and and that, therefore, in this hope, he fuel, out of the produce or proceeds of humbly prays, that your honourable the land of England; that if they can- House will, with all possible speed, not obtain these out of their own means, pass a bill, or bills, having the effect or by their labour, they have a right to following ; to wit, them in the shape of parochial relief; that they know their rights in this re- 1. To reduce the amount of the taxes to spect; that already they have in divers the amount at which they stood in instances, shown a determination not to

the year 1791. lie down and groan out their souls under 2. To take from the revenues of the the unspeakable pangs of hunger ; that

Church, from the Crown lands, already they have in several instances,

and from mismanaged corporations enforced their demands of relief with

and public charities, whatever sum cudgels in their bands; that, in every

may be wanted annually beyond the case they have been tranquillised by a

amount of the taxes of 1791. yielding to their demands; and that 3. To make a just reduction of the inyour humble petitioner beseeches your terest of the debt, commonly called honourable House to reflect, while there

National. is time for reflection, on the swiftness 4. To make a radical reform in your of the spreading of this species of con

honourable House, so that the tagion, and to put to yourselves the

members of that House may be solemn question of, what could be done freely chosen by the people at large. if half a county here and half a county there were in a state of commotion,

That it has been with extreme re: arising from hunger, and urged on by has thus ventured to trespass on the

luctance, that your humble petitioner all the hostile passions known to the breasi of man?

time of your honourable House ; but That such is a possible and even

that, being fully convinced of the probable event, your humble petitioner existence of the dangers of which believes that no man will deny; that,

he has spoken; being little short of if such an event were to take place, it is certain, that, unless prevented by the manifest that there would be an instant measures which he has suggested, and universal run on the banks for the catastrophe will be even gold, and that general bankruptcy, dreadful than that which he has atadding to the turmoil, would hasten the tempted to describe; being thus conmoment when the word property would vinced, he thought it a duty due from be without a meaning ; and your hum him to his country, to add the present ble petitioner beseeches your lionourable to all the past warnings given by him House to reilect, that, in such a state to your honourable House, whom he, in of things, the choice would lie between conclusion, once more earnestly implores universal violence and bloodshed, and to save the country from all those hora transfer of all rented property from rors, into which he firmly believes it the owner to the occupier, and thus, as must finally be plunged by a rejection the least evii of the two, making the of those measures which le has here so rich and the poor change places.

respectfully, and with so much anxiety, That your humble petitioner cannot suggested for the consideration of your

honourable flouse. trust hinself to venture on a description of the scenes which the metropolis And your petitioner will ever pray. would present in case of any of the

WM, COBBETT. events above contemplated ; that barely to hint at these will, your petitioner Now, my friends, you, observe, comhumbly hopes, be suficient to induce pose the only part of the community,



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