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Rangers, &c.....

169 School, Christ's Coll., Brecon . 365 Record Office

193
Christ's Hospital

366 Recorder, City of London 386,389 City of London. 391 Records & Writs, Clerks of .. 308 Clergymen's Orphans 352 Rectors and Vicars ...

339

Freemasons, Females 429 Reformatories, Inspector of.. 161

Males .. 430 Refuge for the Destitute ...... 432

Greenwich Hospital .. 249 Regent's Canal Company 399

Grey Coat, Westin... 369 Regimental Colours, Inspectorof 304

Harrow

368 Regiments

265 Ladies' Charity 421 Register of Deeds, Middlesex 314 Manchester.

365 Office in Chancery.... 30.)

Mercers' Grapuar 365 Office of Births, &c., 192 Merchant Taylors'

367 & Record of Seamen 167

National Society 354 (Lloyd's) of Shipping 397

of Naval Architecture 146 Religious Tract Society. 353

Orphan Working 421 Retired Army Officers

276
Philological

422 on full pay 280 St. Olave's Free.... 368 Report Office

309
Repton

366 Royal Arsenal, Woolwich 298

Richmond

368 Naval Hospitals 247

Royal Naval

426 Navy

215

Royal Naval Female .. 426 Academy of Arts....... 379

Rugby

367 Music 382 St. Ann's

423 Artillery...

284

St. Margaret's Hospital 369
Benevolent Society..

434
St. Paul's..

365
Engineers
287 Shrewsbury.

365 Forests

170

Stationers' Company 370
Hunt

155
Welsh

421 Marines..

275
Westminster

367 Marine Office

245

Yorkshire Society's .. 424 Military Academy 305 Schools, Inspectors of

144 Asylum

306

Inspectors of Industrial 161 College

304

Inspectors of Anato-
Small Arms Factory 296 inical..

161 Observatories

245

National Art Training 146 Society

375

Endowed, Commission 147 Society of Literature 382 Schoolmasters, Society for.... 430

Soc. for the Protection Science and Art, Privy Council, of Life from Fire.... 433 Department of

145 Rupture Society 418 Secretaries of State

160 Russia Company 396 Serjeants at Law

315 St. Mich. and St. Geo., Knts.of 120 Sheriffs of Counties..

323 St. Patrick, Society of

425
London

386 Knights of 107 Ship Owners' Society.

398 Salmon Fisheries, Commis- Ships, Denomination and sioners and Inspectors of .. 161 Classes of ..

.234 School Charities ...

421 Small Debts, Society for 431 School, Archbp. Tenison's 369 Sons of Clergy, Corporation of 351 Aske's Hospital.. 421

Anniversary of 351 Beccles 369 Sovereigns of Europe

102 Birmingham

366 South Kensingtou Museum 145 Blind

422 Southwark, Borough Court of 318 British and Foreign 424 Stamp and Tax Offices

180 Blue Coat, Westm. 369 Star of India, Knights of .... 122 Bury 366 Stationery Office ...

191 Charter-House 368 Statistical Society

383

eam Vessels, List of Gort... 236 Vice-Chancellors

308 Ships, Surveyors of 168 Vice-Chancellor's Officers.... 310 ore Branch, Royal Navy 243 Victualling Branch, Rl. Navy 243 trangers' Friend Society..... 430 Victualling Offices

247 uppression of Vice, Soc. for.. 433 Wales, Prince of.,

158 axing Masters, Chancery 308

Princess of

159 'emple

324 War Dep. Sec. of State's Office 295 Tenths' Office

351 Water-Works, East London.. 400 Thames Church Mission 433

Grand Junction 401 l'histle, Knights of the 107

New River.... 400 lithe Commissioners

194

Southwark and Topographical Dépót.. 295

Vauxhall .. 400 Trade, Board of

166

West Middlesex 401 Transfer Dars, Funds

1

Lambeth...... 421 Transports, Department of the

Chelsea

421 Director of

213 Weights and Measuies DeTravellers' Society

429
partment...

167 Treasury 171 Westminster Court

317 Trinity House.. 250 West India Committee

398 Truss Society, City of London 418 West India Islands, Office for National 418 the relief of

172 University, Cambridge 359 Widows, Distressed, Soc. for 430 Durham

360

- Medical Men's, S. for 427 College.. 362 Williams's, Dr., Library

352 London

361 Woods and Forests, Office of.. 169 Oxford

356 Works and Public Buildings, Vaccine Establishmt., National 418 H.M Comms of

108 Institution, London .. 419 Yeomen of the Guard.

154 Van Diemen's Land Company 397 Young Girls, Soc. for protect. 434 Vicar-General's Office 316 Zoological Society .... 381

SCOTLAND.
Academy of Paint., Roy. Scot. 452 | Lord-Lieutenants..

447 Advocates 446 Lyon Court

446 Antiquaries, Society of 451 Magistrates of Edinburgh .... 446 Arts, Society of

451 Manufactures, Trustees for 454 Bapks....

454 Museum of Science and Art.. 452 Baronets 441 Officers of State

444 Bishops 448 Peers

435 Chamber of Commerce 455 Peeresses

440 Chancery Oltice 446 Police Court

447 Chapel Royal 444 Post-Office..

452 College of Physicians 450 Privy Scal

445 Surgeons. 451 Queen's Household .

444 Courts of Law..

445 Regalia, Commissioners for 444 Customs

452 Register of Sasines.... 446 Deans 448 Royal Archers.......

444 Edinburgh Academy

450 Burghs, Convention of.. 454 Escise....

453

Institution Fisberies, &c., Trustees for.. 454 Society.

451 Freemasons, Grand Lodge of.. 455 Scots Episcopal Church 448 General Assembly 448 Sheriffs

447 Highland and Agricul. Soc. 455 Signet Office..

446 High School of Edinburgh.... 450 Staff-Officers

445 Horticultural Society 452 Teind Court

446 Inlaad Revenue

453 Universities Keepers of Palaces 444

a 5

452

Adiniralty, Court of
477 Linen Hall ...

489 Aldermen, Dublin

479 Lord Lieutenant's Household 474 Apothecaries' Hall 488 Lord Lieutenants

475 Archdeacons.

482 Magistrates of Dublin 479 Arms, Office of.. 473 Maynooth College

486 Banks..

489 | Newry and Mourne, exempt Baronets 472 Jurisdiction of

482 Bishops

469 Payınaster General's Office .. 480 Board of Education 482 Peers

457 Castle Chapel 474 | Peeresses

469 Chamber of Commerce.. 489 Physicians, College of.

487 Commissioners of Church Police Courts

479 Temporalities .. 483 Post-Office

480 Commissioners of Education. 483 Probate Court

477 Poor Law .... 483 Provincial Court

481 for Endowed Privy Council

456 Schools....

483 Public Works, Board of for Trade and Queen's Counsel and Serjeants 478 Manufactures

482
University

484 Courts of Law..

476
Colleges

485 Crown Solicitors 478 Register Office

478 Custodes Rotulorum

475 Royal Academy of Painting .. 488 Customs.. 480 Dublin Society

488 Deans.

481

Hibernian Mil. School 188 Education, Com. of Council on 488

Irish Academy

488 Engineer Depart. Royal ...... 475 Sheriffs

478 Excise 481 Staff-Officers

475 General Survey and Valuation State Officers

474 of Ireland.... 482 Surgeons, College of

488 Inland Revenue Office 481 | University of Dublin

484 Law Department.. 476 | Wax Department

475

... 482

BRITISH ISLES, INDIA, AND COLONIES. Alderney 490 Gibraltar

493 New South Wales. 504 Antigua

501 Gold Coast 511 New Zealand .... 507 Australia 507 Grenada

500 Nova Scotia 496 Bahama Islands .. 498 Guernsey. 490 Pr. Edward's Island 497 Barbadoes 499 Guiana..

502 Queensland...... 505 Bengal

491 Heligoland 493 St. Christopher 501 Berbice 503 Hong Kong. 508 St. Helena

510 Bermuda 503 India 491 St. Lucia

501 Bombay 492 Jamaica 498 St. Vincent

500 British Columbia. 497 Jersey

490 Straits SettleGuiana 502 Labuan

509

ments, &c. .... 512 Honduras 499 Lagos

512 Tasmania

506 Calcutta.... ...... 491 Madras

492 Tobago

500 Canada... 494 Malta 493 Trinidad

500 Cape of Good Hope 509 | Man, Isle of 490 Turks & Caicos Is. 499 Ceylon 503 Mauritius

510 Vancouver's Island 497 Demerara and Es- Montserrat 501 Victoria

505 sequibo 502 Natal

510 Virgin Islands.... 502 Dominica 502 Nevis

502 West Africa SetFalkland Islands. . 512 New Brunswick. . 496 tlements .... 511 Gambia

511 Newfoundland 497

BRITISH ALMANAC

OP

THE SOCIETY FOR THE DIFFUSION OF USEFUL

KYOWLEDGE,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1871,

BEING THE THIRD AFTER BISSEXTILE, OR LEAP YEAR.

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Page THE CALENDAR, WITH PRELIMINARY NOTES. Explanatory Notices.. Variation of the Compase.

2 Table for finding Sun-rising

and Sun-setting .. Correspondence of Eras with 1871..

3 High Water at Outports.. 5 Heights of High Water at

the Landos Docks for
1871....

.6,7
Oecultations of Stan.
Memoranda for 1879.
Table of Duration of Moon-

10
Notes for the Year.
Eclipses in 1871.
Illuminated Died of Venus
and Mars...

11 The Four Quarter of the

11 Quarter Sessions

19 Transfer Days.

13 Holidays at Public Offices. 13 Terms and Returas

13 The Calendar.

14-37 Hebrew and Mohammedan

Calendar .......1436 GOVERNMENT, PEERAGE

AND LEGISLATION.
The Crown ....

38 The Queen's Household. 99 Prince of Wales's House hold

89
Miovetry of Great Britain
and Ireland..

99
Hoone of Peers...
House of Commons.
Alphab. List of Members

of House of Commons. 50 Oficers of House of Com.. 52 Lords Lieut, England, 32

Year.

CHURCH AND EDUCA

TION.
English Bishops & Deans. 56
Irish Prelates ...

57 Church of Scotland

57 Colonial Bishops

$7 University of Oxford. 08

Cambridge. 59
London.

60
Durham.. 61
Committee of Education 61
University College, London 61
King's College, London. 62
New College, London, 63
College of Preceptors. 63
Owens Coll., Manchester, 83
Manchester New College. 67
Queen's Coll.,Birmingham 63
Queen's Coll, Liverpool. 84
St. David's College

64
School of Mines, ac..
Agricul. Coll., Cirencester 64
Royal Veterinary College.
Foundation Schools

64 Scottish Universities. 65 Irish Universities

66 ARMY AND NAVY.

British Army
East Indian Army

70 Royal Navy

71 Army Agents

71 Navy Agents. Royal Mil.Coll., Sandhurat 72 Royal Mil. Acad. Woolwich 78

Page R. Nav, Coll., Portsmouth 72 Royal Hibernian School

Army Medical School .. 72 LAW AND JUSTICE. Courts of Law, England

73 Scotland..

75 Ireland.

76 Inns of Court...

76
Circuits of the Judges .
Central Criminal Court .. 77
Allowance to witnesses 77

Law & other Public Offices 77 COMMERCE ANDTAXATION

Bank of Eng. Directors .. 80
Bankens in London

80 Branch Banks of Bank of England ..

81 Fire Insurance Companies 89 Life Insurance Companies 88 Assessed Taxes, Licences,

and Stamp Duties . 83—86 MISCELLANEOUS INFOR

MATION. General Post Office . . . 87, 88 Learned Societiesand Insti

tutions ........ 89-92 Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London. .

92 Sovereigns and heads of

Governments of Countries 93 Foreign Ministers in Eng

land, and British Minis

ten abroad. Metropolitan Water Comps. 94

Gas Do. 94 Museums and other Public Institutions

13 Table of the value of a

lense, per £100 clear an

nual rental .. Weiglats and Measures i. 90

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Price One Shilling; or, Four Shillir gs bound in cloth with the "Companion."

EXPLANATORY NOTICES.

Thermometrical Register. The Thermometrical Register, showing the highest and lowest temperature of the corresponding month of the preceding year, has been resumed in the British Almanac this year at the request of numerous correspondents. These registers are copied from those made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. They show the highest and lowest ranges within each twenty-four hours, from self-registering thermometers. Each montà. is placed with its corresponding month, as affording the most ready and advantageous means of comparison, although by this arrangement the register of the last three months of 1869 follows the nine months of 1870, which are all we can gire up to the day of publication.

Equation of Time. In this Almanac the calculations are all made for mean time (given by the clock), Instead of apparent time (given by the sun-dial), which latter had been used up to the year 1833. It must be obvious that, for all practical purposes, mean time is the most iiseful; and to obtain it from apparent time, the columns in the Almanac headed “Equation of Time" should be used. The column “Equation of Time" ought, for example, to be consulted when persons are desirous of setting their clock by a sun-dial. When clock after sun is written above the number of minutes and seconds opposite to the day, then the clock ought to be set so much slower than the sun-dial, and the contrary.

Moonlight. Tue Moon's age is set down in days and the nearest tenths of days from the time of change. Thus it is New Moon on the 21st of January at Oh. 32m. morning, and therefore at noon of that day she is 11h. 28m. old, which is set down as five-tenths. The fraction of the day of course continues the same throughout the lunation.

VARIATION OF THE COMPAss, or the declination of the magnetic or mariner's needle from the meridian or true north and south line at the undermentioned places in the United Kingdom, estimated for the year 1871.

N.B. -The variation is westerly, that is, the magnetic pole is west of the true north pole, and is found to be decreasing in the United Kingdom about 9' annually.

Scilly Islands, 22° 20'; Falmouth, 220 %; Plymouth, 21° 36'; Portland, 20° 50'; Portsmouth, 20° 20'; Brighton, 19° 48'; Dover, 19° 13'; London, 199 52'; Yarmouth, 19° 25'; Sunderland, 21° 46'; Edinburgh, 23° 13'; Glasgow, 24° 0'; Liverpool, 22° 10'; Pembroke, 220 40'; Holyhead, 23° 5'; Dublin, 24° 7'; Belfast, 240 25'; Galway, 250 35'; Cork, 240 42'.

AUXILIARY TABLE FOR FINDING THE TIME OF SUN

RISING AND SETTING. The time of Sunrise and Sunset in the British Almanac' is adapted to the parallel of

latitude in which London is situate-viz. 510 30'. The table, pages 3–4, has been constructed to show the variations of time through the United Kingdom-namely, between the latitude of 580 and 500 10' N. The times of sun-rising and sull-setting are computed for the instant that the sun's centre is even with the horizon of the sea. The number of minutes found in this table under the month-day, and in the required latitude, are to be applied to the time of sun-rising and setting found on that day in the Almanac; the result will be the time of his rising and setting at the place required.-Ex. At what time will the sun rise and set on May 21 at Edinburgh? The times of sunrise and sunset on that day in the Almanac are 4h. 2m. A.m., and 7h. 51m. P.m. In the table, in parallel of 56°, in which (p. 3) Edinburgh is found, and under May 21, are 23 minutes; which, subtracted from 4h. 2m., leaves 3h. 39m. for time of sunrise; and, added to 7h. 51m., gives 8h. 14m. for time of sun-setting. But at those places where instead of mean time at place* rail: way time is now used, which in Great Britain is Greenwich mean time, and in Ireland Dublin mean time, to the times of sun-rising and sun-setting, as deduced by the aux. iliary table, the longitude in time must be applied thus:-For places in Great Britain whose longitude is west of Greenwich, to the time of sunrise or sunset adl the longitude in time, and to places whose longitude is east of Greenwich, sabtract the longitude in time, the result will be the railway or Greenwich time that the sun rises or sets.

N.B.-Longitude in arc, indicated by the signs !" (degrees, minutes, and seconds) is converted into longitade in time by reckoning 360o = 24 h., 15o=1 h., and 1° = 4m.

Example :-On June 21st at Penzance, in latitude 50° 7' N. and longitude 5° 31' W., what will be the railway time that the sun rises and sets ?

* See above, Explanatory Notices, Equation of Time,

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