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Serm. by our Saviour, that we are to give an Aca
VII. count for every idle Word.

As to the Fourth Commandment, the
Gospel clears it from the false Constructi-

which the Scribes and Pharisees had put upon it, by condemning Ads of Charity and Beneficence on the Seventh Day, as a Breach of the Sabbath; and yet so great was their Hypocrisy, that they themselves would

not, if an Ass or an Ox were fallen into a Pit, refuse to help him out on the Sabbath-Day.

The Fifth Commandment, which is ve-
ту strict in enjoining the Duty of Children
to Parents, is also established by the Gospel,
which condemns the evil Practices of the
Jews, as to that Matter: For they said,
Whofoever shall say to his Father, or bis
Mother, It is a Gift, by whatsoever thou
mightst be profited by me, and shall not
honour his Father, or bis Mother, be
Shall be free. Thus, says our Saviour,
bave ye made the Commmandments of God
of none Effeet by your Tradition.

The Sixth Commandment forbidding
Murder is fulfilled, and improved by the


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Gospel: For their Tradition ran thus, It Serm. was said by them of old time, Thou Malt VII. not kill; and whosoever fhall kill, shall be in Danger of the Judgment : But, says our Saviour, I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his Brother without a Cause, jhall be in Danger of the Judgment, &c.

The Seventh Commandment prohibiting Adultery is confirmed and established by the Gospel, with this Improvement, that it adds the Adultery of the Heart.

The Eighth Commandment prohibiting Theft is fully confirmed and established by these Words of our Saviour ; All things robatsoever ye would that Men should do


ye even so unto them. As to the Ninth Commandment, the Gospel has improved it to such a Degree, that we are not only not to bear false Witness against our Neighbour, but we are commanded not to judge him, or entertain an evil Thought of him ; Judge not, that ye

be not judged. The Tenth Commandment, which fora bids us to covet another's Property, is fulfilled and perfected by the Gospel, which

unto you,


SERM. commands us to drive


all covétous VII. Thoughts and Defires, in that Prohibition

of taking no Thought for the Morrow. Several other Passages might be produced, would the Time admit of it, to thew, that the Gospel confirms and establishes the Law, either by making Additions to it, or by explaining and clearing it from the false Glosses and Traditions of the Jews ; so that the Gospel is fo far from making void the Law, that it distinguishes us from all the rest of the World, by a greater Degree of Purity and Holiness, and by a more steady Adherence to that Moral Law it felf, which some thought Christ came to destroy.

How beautiful does the Gospel appear in the lovely Ornaments of Righteousness and Good Works; when we see her visiting the Fatherless and Widow, comforting the Broken-hearted, and dispenfing universal Love and Benevolence to all the World ! This is the King's Daughter that is all glorious within, who is fairer than the Children of Men, because God hath blessed ber for ever. 'Tis by the Gospel that we


know from what Slavery, what more SERM. than Egyptian Bondage, of Sin, we are VII. fet free; which we could not possibly know any other Way: For as it is true, that we had not known Sin but by the Law, fo is it likewise true, that we had not known the Goodness and Love of God in delivering us from it, but by the Gospel.

There are also greater Sanctions of Rewards and Punishments under the Gospel, than there were under the Law; and it more clearly sets forth to us the Duty and the Nature of Repentance. It'teaches us also the Insufficiency of our best Performances, and tells us, that when we have done all we can, we are unprofitable Servants. To do a good Action, and not to put it down to the Score of Merit, would have been thought a hard thing under the Law ; for they knew no other Condition of obtaining Happiness: But the Gospel teaches us better things; for there we are taught that as by one Man Sin entered into the World, and Death by Sin, fo Death passed upón all Men, for that all have hnned; and therefore our Good-Works, imperfect


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Serm. as they always are, cannot avail to the obi
VII. taining Happiness; but the Gospel Chews us

the only way to make them useful and ad-
vantageous to us, by supplying them with
the Merits of Jesus Christ. Not that those,
under the Law, were destitute of the Pro-
mise; for they had the same Promise, in
Substance as we; but then they had it
not, barely as under the Law, for it was
made to Adam, and delivered to Abraham,
tho' he was not yet circumcised; so that
still it signifies nothing to them, who were
the Children of Abraham, according to
the Flesh, and so only Fews by Birth, but
only as they were the Seed of Abraham,
according to the Promise. Therefore it
is of Faith, that it might be of Grace; to
the End the Promise might be sure to all
the Seed, not to tbat only which is of the
Law, but to that also, which is of the
Faith of Abraham, who is the Father of us
all. Having proved that the Gospel does
not make void the Law, but that it con-
firms and establishes it, I shall draw a
few Inferences from the whole, and for


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