Annual Report of the Commissioner of Patents, Teil 2
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1853
Prior to 1862, when the Department of Agriculture was established, the report on agriculture was prepared and published by the Commissioner of Patents, and forms volume or part of volume, of his annual reports, the first being that of 1840. Cf. Checklist of public documents ... Washington, 1895, p. 148.
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agricultural amount apples applied attention August average become better bushels per acre cattle cause cents cents per bushel Circular clover common considerable considered corn cost cotton cows crop cultivated culture deep dollars early eight equal experience extent fact fair fall farm farmers feed feet fertility field five four fruit give grain grass ground growing grown growth guano half harrow harvest hill hogs horses hundred important improved inches increase interest keep kind labor land late latter less lime manure months natural never oats pasture PATENTS pear plant plough potatoes pounds present production profitable quantity raised received requires result roots rows season seed sheep soil soon sown spring summer Timothy trees turn usually varieties wheat whole winter wool worth yield
Seite 416 - This is epecially true in the Atlantic States. The excessive drought inflicted then more damage than all the opposing causes of the present season. The receipts at Charleston and Savannah will therefore exceed those of last year. They will also be increased by the extension of the Georgia rail-road farther to the West.
Seite 357 - ... marl, and the recent shells and other marine remains, offer the best principal and indispensable means for fertilization, and which are available for half your territory. Another great resource, and almost as much neglected, is presented in your great inland swamps, now only wide-spread seed-beds of disease, pestilence, and death ; and which, by drainage, with certainty and great profit, might be converted to dry fields of exuberant fertility.
Seite 413 - July 5£d., and 6d. in September, 1852. The increased estimates of the crop depressed the price early in the season, but the immense consumption in every part of the world — in the United States, in England, and on the continent — encouraged the sellers to demand higher rates ; and these have been maintained, in spite of the promise of another large crop for the ensuing year. The rates now current are not high, but they are above the average. For the thirteen years from 1840 to 1852, the whole...
Seite 351 - ... living — population and the products of taxation — and, in time, would as much decline the measure of moral, intellectual, and social advantages, the political power and military strength of the commonwealth. The destructive operations of the exhausting cultivator have a most important influence far beyond his own lands and his own personal interests. He reduces the wealth and population of his country and the world, and obstructs the progress and benefits of education, the social virtues,...
Seite 62 - ... planter says, that cotton has destroyed more than earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions. Witness the red hills of Georgia and South Carolina, which have produced cotton till the last dying gasp of the soil forbade any further attempt at cultivation ; and the land, turned out to nature, reminds the traveller, as he views the dilapidated condition of the country, of the ruins of ancient Greece.
Seite 356 - If all the advantages ofiered by this crop were fully appreciated and availed of, the possession of this plant in your climate would be one of the greatest agricultural blessings of this and the more Southern States. For my individual share of this benefit, stinted as it is by our colder climate, I estimate it as adding, at least, one thousand bushels of wheat annually to my crop.
Seite 399 - A TABLE showing the receipts of the principal articles from the Interior, during the year ending 31st Jlugust, 1851, with their estimated average and total value.
Seite 352 - But if any, from prejudice, should deny or doubt its truth, they may see the practical proofs on all the most improved and profitable farms of Lower and Middle Virginia. On the lands of our best improvers and farmers, such as Richard Sampson, Hill Carter, John A. Selden, William B. Harrison, Willoughby Newton, and many others, slave-labor is used not only exclusively, and in larger than usual proportion, (because more required on very productive land.) but is deemed indispensable to the greatest...
Seite 358 - ... so greatly exaggerated as to be altogether incredible. But however much I would desire to avoid the position of a discredited witness, I will not be restrained by that fear from stating general results, which are notorious in Virginia, and to sustain the truth of which thousands of particular facts could be adduced. These results, susceptible of clear proof, or exhibited by official documents, are, that thousands of farms have been doubled or tripled, and some quadrupled in production, and the...
Seite 354 - Also, a cover of weeds left to rot on the surface, or any crop ploughed under, green or dry, as manure, is subject to more or less waste of its alimentary principles in the course of the ensuing decomposition. Therefore, it is nearer the facts that two years...