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formed of the spirit and manner in which not to abjure the quality of a foreigner. these term repre:tatives of the French The Chamber alone could pronounce upon people coodaci their deriverations: the legality of its Members. M. Pictet CHA!DER OF DEPUTIZ?.

sars, that an attack has been made upon Suting of the 13th of June.

Genera.-“ This,” says M. Dumolard,

“ I deny. I merely meant to say this -- you The Presidcat communicates to the Chemier to exages, by rich the are a Genevese, Micaber of the Sovereign King 27.5 JI. Laine, President, and M. you will still be so-Can you bave a seal Mame Birun, and Caicet, Qu 1971.-11. here _M. Debacchet moved that the Fix fas.coa, in giving up the President's evra speeches be printed. - M. Bouvier oporci, tarks the thajer, in a short posed it

, as both speeches contained persxach.-I. licet the desire to be sonalities. "The President was about to kein. O: Saturday lasi, I. Dumolard had made a pouch against him, contervag, tiro speeches --Several voice --N, print

put to the vote the motion for printing the that as a native of Genera te bad ng sighting--no printing — 11. Loavier:--The io a seat in the Chamber. Al. Pictet baan personalities in the specches render then by declaring, that it was paialt to hear unit for being made puiic. I move that one's self spoken of, or to speak of one's the; be nerely referred to a Committee.seif; yet it was impassible for him to pre. This motion was agreed to. serve siser.ce upon the charges brought against hinand a rainst the city of Genera. POLITICAL OCCURRENCES.---Europe, He did not expect to hear bis native city notwithstanding the fall of Napoleon, is denounced. li is osjected to Genera that still much politically convulserl. Some of she has ceased to be Frenci. lie begred the forcign journals speak of insurrections leave first to deposit bis titles on the table. in Corsica ; and it is said, though I believe He then declared, that in 1789 the King without any truth, that this island is to be care to a Gencrese, haring property in transferred to the French Emperor, on conFrance, the right of being elected to the dition of his resigning his pension. States General. He attaiteed with cum It is certain that the affairs of Norway 'Dess and respect the decision of the Cham- are not yet settled, bnt some hopes are enterber: whatever it might bi, he should tained, from a disposition said to be evinced al rays be happy in haviag licen a llember by Sweden to retain Pomerania, that the of it at the ever-memorable epoch in which independence of the Norwegians may be Louis the 1Sth ascended the throne of his ultimately respected. ancestors.--The printing of this speech was Some blood appears to have been sted in called for, when I. Dumolard appeared Switzerland, where commotions prevail rein the Tribune. It was, at first, wished specting the adoption of the new Constituthat he should give in his explanation tion, recommended by the Allies for the before a Commission, but lie observed, that different Cantos. having been publicly accused, he had a The following article from Asadrid iudi. right to make a public reply. After some cates that considerable ferment preraus moments of agitation, he obtained silence.- through Spain, in consequence of the recent All those, lie said, who heard his speech, proceedings of the King, wbich, it is could not suppose that he had the slightest thought, will be productive of very serious intention of a personal attack upon M. consequences : -Madrid, June 2.-All Pictet. He asked a constitutional question, the news from the interior agree in the and he was not to blame if M. Pictet was same details—every where the cry is, the only person to whom the case applied. Long live Ferdinand-Perish the ConstiThe question was simply this, to know if a tution. This zeal requires to be repressed. foreigner could be admitted among the It is excited by agitators who abuse the dumber of Deputies of the French people; | ignorance of the people, and are preparing and if, in order to have that title, be ought for us fatal re-actions."

Printed and Published by J. MORTON, No. 94, Strand.

COBBETT’S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.

Vol. XXV. No. 26.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 25, 1814. [Price Is.

801)

-[802 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. that the Corn Bill would have had any

very great effect; but, certainly, he did no CORN BILL. -Still I must notice the more than his duty in stating what was the proceedings as to this Bill. The people real cause of the high prices, and in cauhave been sadly deluded by those venders tioning the country against expecting to of falsehood, the newspaper editors. The see bread cheaper, upon an average of notions, which the people have spread years, while the taxes continued. abroad are a disgrace to their country, FINANCE.—This brings us to the not less than the acts of folly and of vio- matter so closely connected with the price lence which they have produced. I have of corn; namely, the, FINANCES.just been told, that, at HAVANT, in this The Chancellor of the Exchequer has now county, Mr. HUSKISSON has been made out and delivered his account for the burnt in effgy; and that, at some other year 1814; that is to say, for this ycar, places, loaves of bread have been carried ending on the 5th of April, 1815.- The in procession, decorated with ROSES!-- expences, exclusive of the interest of the as if Mr. Huskisson had endeavoured to Debt, are calculated at 63 millions, and make corn dear, and Mr. Rose to make the whole together will make up about 104 corn cheap. At Southampton, the better millions. Now, in order to get this money, informed part of the people are, if I am there has been made a loan of 24 millions, rightly informed, coming to their senses. without any promise that there shall not I have been told, that many are ready, and be another loan this year.---The nation is even forward, to disavow having had any drunk, just at this moment, and, therefore, hand in these “ Resolutions,” which, had not in a state to listen to any serious matit not been for their inflammatory ten- ter, respecting its affairs. But I will dency, would have been perfectly con- just open the subject now, reserving myself temptible. My Address to them has, I for a future opportunity to enter fully into am told, been re-published in the town. I it. When the rabble bave satiated them. am exceedingly glad of this; for, all I selves with the sight and the talk of Emwant is, that men of only common under- perors and Kings, and Princes and Priastanding should have the opportunity and cesses ; wlien the noise and nonsense of inclination of reading that Address. the jubilee are over, we may hope to obtain What ought to be the shame of those, who a hearing upon the subjects touching our have led the people into the excesses of liberties and prosperity.----I shall, thereburning and hanging in effigy upon this fore, in waiting for the serious hour (which occasion! And what is remarkable, too, is is not far distant), just state, that none of that these are the very persons who have, the taxes are to be repealed this year ; that for

many years past, been accusing others the expences of the year will ÉXCEED of seditious attempts !

This Corn Bill the amount of all the present taxes, by about was a measure proposed by the Ministers; 30 millions, at least. Now, if all the supported by them; having a great ma- present taxes be not kept up, there must, jority of the Parliament in its favour; and it appears to me, be loans in time of peace; yet the people burn some of its supporters for, will any one believe, that the expences in effigy, and are hardly censured for the of army, navy, ordnance, &c. which now act. The riots, upon these occasions, have amount to more than 60 millions a year, no where been, as far as I have heard, will be reduced to less than 20 or 30 mit attempted to be suppressed. Would lions a year? What, then, is the consethis have been the case, if the object of quence to be expected? Why, that all such assemblages had been to obtain a the present taxes will be kept up. Or, at Reform of Parliament ? Mr. HUSKISSON least, that taxes to the same amount will was, in my opinion, mistaken in supposing, continue to be collected. It is the same

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in effect, whatever the tax be laid on. If af.er suitable admonitions, and exhortait be raised, it presses upon all classes tions as to the necessity of speedy repents pretty much alike, put it upon what you ance, the finisher of their law hanged him, please; and, I have often been astonished while others were employed in taking a at all this complexity of custom-houses and fire, under the gallows, to consume the excise-offices, &c. &c. when the purpose suspended body. The execution being acwould be more easily answered by one complished, the mortal remains, viz. thicsingle tax upon the land, which always re- ashes of the offender, were collected, placed mains in the same place, is always visible, in the chaise in a suitable receptacle, and has always, responsibility within itself, and carried away for interment, to the slow and the produce of which tax miglit be brought discordant sound of broken bells and otber to account with a very trilling expence. instruments of hideous noise. Now, all The weight of such a tax must fall with Mr. liuskisson's crime was, telling the the most perfect impartiality. From the people very sensibly and very honestly, land come all the n:cessaries of life. Our that, with our present taxes, they could bread, our meat, our beer, our coats, bats, not, upon an average

of

years, reasonally shirts, shoes, and stockings. We must all expect to eat their bread at less than have these; and if the land was the only double the price at which they ate it thing taxed, we should all pay taxes in before the year 1792. He said further, proportion to our means of paying: What that we could not expect to see the taxes is it to the farmer that his land is taxed ? <iminished; and the statement of the He makes the caters of the produce pay Chancellor of the Exchequer has alread's the tax. Now his suli is taxed, for in-confirmed his opinion : And yet the people stance, at 175. 6d. a bushel, out of 205. of Havant hang and burn him in effigy!We could buy salt, at a few miles from this The people of Havant have never, that I place, at 2s.6d. a bushel ; and we give have heard of, petitioned against any tax; 203. a bushel for it. But if we give never against any expence; never against 175. 6d. for the salt which prepares the war with the Republicans of France, or bacon for the stoin.chs of our ploughnen, with the Americans; never against any wo is fool cnough to suppose that we do subsidy, grant, place, pension, barrack, not get the 175. 6d. back again, as well as or depot; never against any measure by the 2s. 6d. in the price of our corn, meat, which the public money was especded, won, bides, Aecce, better, chcese, and and the taxes augmented, and the curpuultry? And who is to give it us back, rency depreciated. What right have thes, but those iho are fed and clothed ly these therefore, to complain of the high price of artisles of produce it is the tax and bread, in which price are iecluded a larse the dipreciation of the currency, which, part of the taxes, necessary to meet the upon an average of years, make to rise in expenditure, of which expenditure they prices; and as there is no reason to ex- have never complained? * They are a pect that these cauces will become less foolishly, or rather, as unjustly, as a meal, powerful wiih peace, there can be no rea- who, after having ordered an expensie son to suppose, that, leaving the difference entertainment, should hang and burn the of seasons out of the question, the corn landlord in esligy for bringing in his bill. will be cheaper in peace than, it has been in war.---\liy is salt 20s. a busbel, instead AMERICAN WAR.- A correspondent of 23. od.? Becausc tie maker of the salt calls my attention to the capture of another has to ray 17s.6d. a busixi in tax, and in of oar men of war by the Americans. It the expances apportaising to the tax. And scoms, that the Epervier, captured by the dlo tle people oi Harant, who kanged and Peacock, was a ship of equal force; but barat tir. iluskisson in efligy, si pose, the striking circumstance is, that the latter that the growir of corn is not to be paid 12:24 only tuo men wounded, while we had back the amount of liis taxes as well as the lion killed and fifteen woundel. This is a maner of' sat? Tie people of Harant subject of deep regret with my corresponfor this siis raceful act should be made dent, wlio calls upon me, as a friend to the known) formed a procession, having their country, and jealous of its honour, to give victim seated upon an ass, followed by a utterar.ce, or, rather', circulation, to his opichaise drawn by mert. Asr parading nions as to the causes of this wonderful about for some time, thry arrived at a and alarming change in the maritime affairs 01.01.2019: 1ncar the Church, on whichi, l of the world, wd the relative maritime cha-'

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racter of England. I will not give circula- l'is, that it may finally dispose the whole of tion to these opinions; not because they are the people of America to such an alliance. not just; not because they are not calculated - Therefore, there is great risk in this war. to do great good; but, because I see great The force that we are able to send, if we danger to myself in doing it; and because disregard the expence, is very great indeed; I have suffered quite enough in this way.- but, I take it, if the war be of any

duraBut, I have no doubt, that his opinions will tion, we must pay regard to that expence. find vent, and that they will produce a There are persons, who think that the matsuitable effect on the minds of all those ter will be soon settled; that it is the work who have sense enough to attend to them.-- of a summer; that we have only to take In the meanwhile, this war with America New York, or Charleston, or Boston, and calls aloud for the expression of my appre- that the people will compel the government hensions as to the ultimate consequences to surrender upon our terms. This is a with regard to our naval power, and also very great error. The people are divided with regard to our future weight in the in their politics. The parties are violent world. It is possible, that the war which against each other; but they are all of one we are now waging against America, may mind as to their goverument, and the sort end in the total defeat of all her armies, and of government that they shall live under. in the consequent subjugation of the coun- The war, such a war as we are now about try. It is possible, that such may be the to carry on, will unite them. They will result of the expeditions now sailing thither forget their political animosities in their from France and elsewhere. But I do not common danger; and, though their armies think it is probable; I do not think, that have little discipline, the people are as brave we can rationally count upon such a result. as we are, at least, and will be animated And if we do not obtain that end, ire shall with that sort of spirit, with those motives only have added to the military and naval of action, which are the true and infallible means of America; swelled her exasperation source of effectual national defence.-I against us beyond all bounds; and added should hope, however, that, notwithstanding some hundreds of millions to our own debt. what fell from Sir Joseph Yorko, there is After such a war, we should find ourselves no clesign of making war for the deposition weak, exhausted, pressed to the earth, es- of Mr. Madison, and that the unfortunate pecially if it lasted for some years; while dispute may be settled without any further the navy of America would just then begin irritation; without making all the people of to make a figure in the world; and, joined America willing to ally their country close- to that of France, upon any future occasion, ly to France, as the sure means of safety and would make a change in our situation suff- tranquillity to themselves. This is what I cient to make the stoutest Englishman fear as the consequence of the war; and I tremble for the safety of the country.- As must again beg the reader to bear in mind, to the hatred, which it is supposed the royal that, if the war be of any duration, nothing government of France will entertain to short of complete subjugation will prevent wards the Republicans of America, it is to this consequence.—The war in Cunada is discover very little knowledge of the histo- unpopular in some parts of the American ry or the motives of nations to suppose, that States; but a war for the conquest of Caany feeling of this sort will have much ef- nada is very different indeed from a war for fect. France (for the nation and the go- the defence of the homes of the Americans, vernment are the same in this respect) will and for the preservation of their sort of feel much deeper, and remember longer, government. They have a million of mithe triumphant air which England now litia-men armed; and, though not distakes. She will see, that her rival now ciplined in our sense of that word, they triumphs; she has felt the effect of her ma- all know how to use arms; they have all ritime potver; and, will she not be glad to been accustomed to shoot from their bovish sec another maritime power rise up? Will days. They are all marks-men, and so they she not, as much as possible, favour the were found to be during the last war. The commerce of America ? She is in no dan- branch, perhaps, in which they are most ger from the rivalship of America. She deficient is that of the artillery. But, is must wish for a maritime ally, who is oppo- it not to be supposed, that they will find insed to, and who wishes to reduce the power structors in this art where they have found of England. "Such an ally America will the inventors of the steam-boat? And is it present to her; and the danger of this war | not also probable, that they will find more

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than enough of French engineers? The French LIBERTY OF THE PRESS AND public should not, therefore, be too san-JURIES. Amongst the other things, guite as to the result of this war. There wbich is provided for by the new French is no doubt but our fleet and army will do Constitution, is, the Liberty of the Press. all that they can. Every thing that skill It is stated in the newspapers, that the I.e-. and courage can accomplish, proportioned | gislature is engaged in framing a law to to the means, we may confidently expect at DEFINE the extent of that Liberty. their hands; but the distance is so great, This I am very glad to see. This, be the the conveyance of troops and of all sorts of definition what it may, will be a happy means of war is so expensive, and attended thing for those who write, print, and pubwith so many difficulties and so much de- lish in France. Because, with a written lay, that it really is a war less promising law before their eyes, they will know for a of success than any other in which we certainty what they may publish and what could possibly have been engaged. they may not publish. If they are for

bidden to write against the royal family, The Russian Troops. It was intend- the ministers, or any persons in power, ed to bring some thousands of these from though the truth of all they say can be France to England, and a camp has been proved clear as daylight, they will know, prepared for them upon Tichfield Common, that they must not write truth respecting about two miles from Botley. People from such persons; and all the world will know all the ncighbouring towns have been erect- it too. Consequently writers will be in ing booths, bringing beer and other things no danger upon that score, and the world of necessary consumption. The Common will not be deceived by the press; by wore yesterday, the appearance of a town; the name of Liberty of the Press. But, and to-day, it is said, that the tents are to I hope, the definition will be clar. Our be taken away! The people have sadly expounder, Blackstone, leaves, us sadiy in hoaxed themselves, upon this occasion. But the dark. He says, that, by our law, the certainly, the change in the intention of press is quite free, only that every one is the government is very wise; for, az all answcrable for what he writes and prints ! the world isked, why could not the Russians Tbat is to say, we may write and print go home in the same ships that were to just what we please ; bat we are liable to bring them to England ? Being safe on be punished for so doing. The liberty of board, why should they land here, before the press he makes to consist in this; that they went home? They are now, it seems, there is no previous licencer, as in other going home in their own ships, directly countries. Our stage he said nothing from France. Of this I am very glad; about ; for that is subject to a previous and, I do hope, that we shall now begin to licencer. But what does this distinction Jook a little like a nation at peace.---The amount to? I am of opinion, that a man, militia-men, at any rate, will now return writing under a terrible responsibility, to their occupations, and relieve theparishes would be apt to make less fite than one of the 'u len of maintaining so many of who wrote under the inspection of a lie their families. The Russians will have cencer. A law, clearly defining how fap seen enough of the South of Europe with a man may xo, wouid place the press in out coming to England. They will, I hope, the best possible state ; because, then, the profi: from what they have seen ; and, with writer would be in no danger from the unthat hope, I heartily wish them a safe certainty of the law as applied to his pervoyage home.Our horse

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seems, to formance; and the public would be in. traverse {'rance in their way to England. formed of the matters, on which he dared The people of a great part of France will not to touch.There is, however, one thus have a sight of an English victorious principle, from which, in my opinion, that ormy quitting their soil. Tilis, too, is law ought not to depart : namely, that in likely to proluce an impression that may every case, a man should be held innocent, finally pro:luce good; for, in all such cases, it be were able to produce complete proof We ought to look to the final result, and not of the TRUTH of bis statements; and, in to the momentary effect. As we were the case of making frilse assertions or insinuafirst to invale, so, it seems, we are to be lions, he should be punished according to the list to yuit, the soil of rance. This the degree of mischuf produced, or likely circunstance will, i dare sar, have its due to be produced, by his writiags, and of the weight with the people of liance. | malice by which he was proved to be ace

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