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Elba. But, if there is any difference at sanction an allov ance to the lawful wife, all in the matter, it would have been in which bore no manner of proportion. to finitely more to the lionour of this couptry that granted to her mcre fortunate rival? to have kept from Napoleon the means of Was it morality, was it honour, that made doing evil, than to refuse to acknowledge us concur in that stipulation of the treaty, his inperial and kingly rank; for, in the wbich conferred the entire sovereignty of one case, if he is the dangerous and un- the Isle of Elba upon the worthless lapoprincipled character described, he has it in Icon, while we refused to accede to tbat bis power, with money in his hands, to sow part of the same treaty, by which the discord when and where he pleases; whereas French Emperor provided for the sccurity in the other, possessed of little more than of the persons and property of all Frenchthe vain and empty titles of his former men who had attached themselves to the greatness, he would be more the object of fortunes of his family? Was it, in beconteinpt and ridicule than that of fear.- coming a party to this generous act, that the It was highly indecent, therefore, in this 'Allies strengthened revolutionary movebase writer, to

accuse the Allies of ments; or were they less moral and less “ strengthening revolutionary movements," honourable than us when they consented, and of acting “ inconsistently" in their while we refused, to that other article, by conduct towards Napoleon, after the par- which Napoleon secured a safe conveyance ticipation which, it is plain, we have had home, with their arms and baggage, their in the business. Before any one attempted decorations, and pensions, to the Polish to censure the Allics for what they have troops in the service of France, done, they should have been prepared to timony of their honourable services ?" shew, that they themselves had no concern Really one knows not what these honourwhatever in the transaction. It is not able men of the Times and Courier; these enough to say, that they discovered what modern sticklers for what they call cranappeared to them to be bad, and concurred gelical morality, would be at. What they only in the good; for, if there is any truth denounce crime and vice to-day, they extol in the axiom of law, that the partial vitia- to the skies to-morrow, as the first of virtion of a contract proves fatal to the whole, tues; what they pronounce dishonourable then the becoming an accessary to any part and immoral in the Allies, when it doc3 of the treaty with Napoleon, implicates the not readily meet their views, becomes party so acceding in the morality or im- all at once magnanimous and praiseworthy, morality of the entire transaction. But when they find it adopted by the party even were it otherwise, I have yet to learn whose cause they have determined on all that it was less moral, on the part of the occasions to espouse.

When it was given Allies, to sanction the payment of one mil- out that this Government had positively lion of francs to the Empress Josephine, refused to become a party to the treaty with than it was, in Great Britain, to consent Napoleon, there was no part of it which to the arrangements which secured the full these writers censured with greater maligsovereignty of the Italian States to the nity than that which secures to him the enEmpress Maria Louisa, and to her son tire possession of the Isle of Elba. It was and his heirs in succession. Have we not then the changes were rung, from day today, always said, at least, have not the writers upon all the abusive epithets they were in in the Times and the Courier repeatedly use to lavish upon him; it was then that affirmed, that Josephine was the lawful his crimes were multiplied and magnified wife of Napoleon, and that María Louisa to a tenfold greater degree than they liad was only his mistress, and the young King been at any former period; and in all of Rome a bastard ? They have even this it was plainly discovered that it was gone so far as to assert, that this child wislied to render the Allied Sovereigns was not the offspring of the Arch-duchess, odious for the part, it was supposed, they But a spurious ciuild imposed upon the crc- had exclusively taken in the business. dulous people of France.- Where, then, -Now it has been discovered, that we was the morality, where the honor of also bad a sbare in the transaction, giving our sanction to an article of a and actually subscribed to that article, treaty which secured to the mistress and which these men were so loud in condemnthe bastard of a vile Emperor, (according ing as the basest and the most dishono!ır. to these base newspapers) the possession of alle of the whole. But, instead of this extensive domains, whele we refused to discovery leading these infamous traducers

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to do justice to the motives of the Allies, Art. 2. Their Majesties the Emperor
they have become the more bold and audi- Napoicon and Maria Louisa shall retain
19.3, and, in defiance of all docency, totally their titles and rank, to be enjoyed during
regardless of all prisciple, they endeavour, their lives. The mother, the brothers,
by the vilest sophistiy, to comeri into sister3, nephews, and nieces of the Empe-
crime the mannaminit of others, merely ror, wall also retain, wherever they may
becituse it gratilies their malignant and re- reside, the titles of Princes of his family.
vengekal dispositioas towards an individual, Art. 3. The Isle of Eba, adopted by his
wylicse conduct, if fairly balanced in the Majesty the Emperor Napoleon as the
scale, would, perhaps, be found ten times place of his residence, shall form, during
more pure than that of bis base accusers. his life, a separate principality, which shall
Tiat Napoleon has been guilty of many be possessed by him in full Sovereignty and
errors, none will deny; but that he has property; there shall be besides granicul, in
perpetrated the crimes which have been full property, to the Emperor Napoleon, an
ascribed to him, is what not one amongst annual revenue of 2,000,000 francs, in
thousand pretend to believc. At least, if rcut charge, in the great book of France, of
they do say they believe those charges, it is which 1,000,000 shall be in reversion to
not because they have cxamined them, but the Empress.
because they have taken thein upon the Art. 4. The Duchics of Parma, Placen-
word of others, whose notives they have not tia, and Guastalla, shall be granted, in full
been at the trouble to investigate. The property and Sovereignty, to her Majesty
cniy crime, in my opinion, of which Napo- the Empress Maria Louisa ; they shall pass
leon has been quit;, is that against liberty. to lcr son, and to the descendants in the
Ilcre hc has enough to answer for, without right line. The Prince her son shall frona
Mading him with imaginary crimes, which henceforth take the title of Princcof Parma,
can serve no other purpose than to divert Placentia and Gaustalla.
the attention from the real nature of his Art. 5. All the Powers engage to em-
offence. It is to his enmity to freelom ploy their good offices to cause to be res-
that all his misfortunes are to be traced, pected by the Barbary Powers the flag and
and had these misfortunes been much territory of the Isle of Elba, for which pur-
greater than they have been, he would, for pose the relations with the Barbary Powsers
this cause alonc, haye deserved them all. Ishail be assimilated to those with France.
But while we rsprobate and deplore the Art. 6. There shall be reacrved in the
conduct of the man upon grounds which territories hereby renounced, to his Ma-
are tenable, let us not forget the good jesty the Emperor Napoleon, for himself
which he has done to France, in consolida- and his family, domains or rent-charges in
ting those admirable laws and institutions the great book of France, producing a reve.
to which the Rovolution gave birth, and nue, clear of all deductions and charges, of
the benefits of which, I am persuaded, not- 2,500,000 francs. These domains or rents
withstanding the great faults he committed, shall belong, in full property, and to be dis-
it was his intention to communicate to sur posed of as they shall think fit, to the Prin-
rounding nations. Inasmuch as his down- ces audl Princesses of his family, and shall

may have prevented or retarded this, it be divided amongst them in such manner
may be considered a matter of regret; but, that the revenue of each shall be in the fol-
viewed as the just reward of lis apostacy lowing proportion, viz..
from liberty, it is a circumstance which no

Francs. one who values genuine freedom can se

To Madamc Mere.....

...900,000 riously deplore.

To King Joseph and his Queen.. 500,000
To King Louis..



children ....


To King Jerome and his Queen. 400,000 THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON.

To the Princess Eliza...


300,000 Art. 1. His Majesty the Emperor Na To the Princess Paulina, poleon renounces for himself, his succes

2,500,000 sors, and descondarts, as well as for all the The Princes and Princesses of the House members of his family, all right of so- of the Emperor Napoleon shall retain vereiraty and dominion, as well to the besides their property, moveable and ima French Empire, and the Kingdom of Italy, moveable, of whatever nature it may be, as over every other Country.

which they shall possess by individual and





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public right, and the rents of which they sequence furnish Cficers and men for shall enjoy (also as individuals.)

escorts. Art. 7. The annual pension of the Art. 15. The French Imperial Guard Empress Josephine shall be reduced to shall furnish a detachment of from 1,200 1,000,000, in domains, or i: inscriptions to 1,500 men, of all arms, to serve as an in the great book of France: she shall con- escort to the Emperor Napoleon to St. tinue to enjoy in full property, all ber pri- Tropes, the place of his cmlarkation. vate property, moveable and immoveable, Art. 16. There all be furnished a corwith power to dispose of it conformably to vette, and the necesary transport vessela, to the French laws.

convey to the place of his destination his Art. 3. There shall be granted to Prince Majesty the Emperor Napoleon and liis Engene, Viceroy of Italy, a suitable estab- household; and the corvette shall belong, Lisbient out of France.

in full property, to his Majesty the Emperor. Art. 9. The property which his Majesty Art. 17. The Emperor Napolcon shall the Emperor Napoleon possesses in France, be allowed to take with him and retain 29 either as extraordinary domain, or of pri- his guard 400 men, volunteers, as well vate domain attached to the Crown, the officers, as sub-officers and scldiers. funds placed by the Emperor, either in the Art. 18. No Frenchman, who shall have great book of France, in the Bank of followed the Emperor Napoleon or lis France, in the Actions des Forets, or in any family, shall be held to have forfeited his other manner, and which his Nsajesty aban- rights as such, by not returning to Irance, dons to the Crown, shall be reserved as a within three years; at least they shall not capital, which shall not exceed 2,000,000, be comprised in the exceptions which the to be expended in gratifications in favour of French Government reserves to itself to such persons, whose names shall be contain- grant after the expiratio. of that term. ed in a list to be signed by the Emperor

Art. 19. The Polish troops of all arms, Napoleon, and shall be transmitted to the in the service of France, shall be at liberty French Government..

to return home, and shall retaia their arms Art. 10. All the Crown diamonds shall and baggage, as a testimony of their ho. remain in France.

nourable services. The officers, sub. Art. 11. His Majesty the Emperor Na- officers, anxi soldiers, shall retain the decopoleon shall return to the Treasury, and to rations which have been granted to them, the other public chests, all the sums and and the pensions annexed to these decoraeffects that shall have been taken out by liis tions. orders, with the exception of what has been Art. 20. The high Allied Powers guaappropriated from the Civil List.

rantee the execution of all the Articles of Art. 12. The debts of the Household of the present Treaty, and engage to obtaia his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, such as that it shall be adopted and guaranteed ly they were on the day of the signature of the

France. present Treaty, shall be immediately dis Art. 21. The present Act shall be raticharged out of the arrears due by the pub-fied, and the ratifications exchanged at lic Treasury to the Civil List, according to Paris within two days, or sooner if possibles, a list, which shall be signed by a Commis

Done at Paris, the 11th of April, 1814. sioner appointed for that purpose.

(L.S.) The Prince de MIETTERNICH. Art. 13. The obligations of the Mont- (L.S.) J. P. Compte de STADION. Napoleon, of Milan, towards all the credi-|(L.S.) ANDRE Comte de RASOUNOUFSKY. tors, whether Frenchmen or foreigners,


shall be exactly fulfilled, unless there shall

any change made in this respect.

İL.S. CHARLES AUGUSTE Baron de Art. 14. There shall be given all the ne HARDENBERG, cessary passports for the free passage of his

(L.S.) Marshal Ney.
Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, or of the

Empress, the Princes, and Princesses, and
all the persons of their suites who wish to TO THE EMPEROR ALEXANDER.
accompany them, or to establish themselves

The reception which your Majesty las out of France, as well as for the passage of all experienced in England must compel you the equipages, horses, and effects belonging to reflect. The coarse hut hearty welcome to them. The Allied Powers shall in con- you, a stranger, have met with, compared

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with the discordant topes lavished upon the withstanding all that scoffers and infidels Prince Regent who was born and educated have said on that score. Not only have among the people of this couutry, and to we Consuls at Rome, to congratulate the włon, therefore, he must be thoroughly Holy Father on his restoration to the chic know., will convince you, that in a Save- of St. Peter, but we were lately informed reign something besides rank and power by the Courier, that the Pope had sent are requisite to gain the people's affection ; Cardinal Gonsalvi, his Minister for Foreign AND ON A PEOPLE'S AFFECTION RESTS Affairs, to England, with a letter to tic THE SECURITY OF A SOVEREIGN,

Prince Regent, thanking him for the active Emperor! to Battery I am a stranger, part his Royal Highness had taken in reand uito flatterer3 be thou a foe.--Report establishing the Roman Catholic Church speaks highly of thy intellect, and of thy upon its former basis. I do not know wholicart. Justify that report. Let thy tra- ther his Holiness styled our Regent “X vels be to the advantage of Russia, and of true Son of the Church;” but I am sure it mankind in general. At thy return be a he did not, he made a most ungrateful re8:cond Prrer, in thy cadeavours to luma- turn for the benefits conferred on him by arise and liberate thy subjects Roign by his Royal Highness. It has been said, that love, and not by fear an: terror. Srdid not the Prince Regent is secretly attached to thy subject’s blood through ambition, or for Catholic Emancipation, and would immedithe gratification of courtiers. Drain not ately confer that boon upon the Irish uation, the people's substance to pamper sycophants, were it not for the naughty interference of or encourage vice or treachery; and, final. some of his father's Ministers. My opinion ly, let thy subjects see in thee a patiern of is, that those who are the loudest in their justice, of temperance, and of morality.- cry in behalf of the Irish, go the wrong To them appear not a criminal. The con- way to work, to better their condition. sequences thou now seest, and then will Instead of bawling about their eligibility to experience.

ARISTIDES. fill public situations, by which only a few

at the most would be benefited, I think the THE Popz.-While Emperors, Kings, best boon we could confer upon the Irish, and Princes, are celebrating their grand would be to render them more civilized, jubilee in the capital of the British em- and to destroy that abominable system of pire, to the inexpressible gratification of middle-men, which intervenes between the John Buil and his numerous family, ac- landholder and the peasant, and renders counts have arrived that his Holiness the situation of the latter more abject and the Pope has also been exhibiting him- deplorable, than that of the negroes in the self to the pious inhabitants of the an- West India Islands, respecting whom so cient capital of the world. “ The Holy much clamour is now raised against France, Father," says an article under the head though there vsas not a word to be heard Rome, in the Paris Papers, “made his on the subject while these Islands regrand entrance into the Vatican, on the mained in our own possession, or in that 24th instant. Before day-break an im of the Allies. I was, at first, inclined to mense crowd, of all ranks, hastened through think that the Prince Regent, by the rethe gate at which his Holiness was ex- ception which, it is said, he gave to the pected to enter. He was received by Pope's Legate, intended this as a prelude their Majestics the King and Queen of to some concessions in favour of the Irish Spain, and the Queen of Etruria, on quit- Catholics; but the late proclamation issued ting his carriage, at the country-louse, La in Ireland, by which the Catholic Board Justiniana, where he rested an hour.-has been declared an illegal Assembly, saMessrs. Faga:and Dodds, the English tisfies me that it is not the intention of his

Consuls, were then presenteil, and most | Royal Highness to shew any greater couiugraciously received. The Ministers from tenance to the successor of the great Aposthe Courts of Vienna, Portugal, Naples, I tle, than what he has already done. This &c. also formed part of the cavalcade, and has greatly quieted my alarms, for I was the whole entered Rome amid the accla- afraid that we were on the eve of agaia mations of the people. Several Addresses becoming a Catholic nation in reality. I were, in the course of the day, presented dislike the cant and rant of most of our to his Holiness." From this, it appears, modern sectarians, and would even prefer that the war in which we were lately en- the reign of the Pope, to that empire over gaged, was really a war for religion, not- | minds which these are dmen and visionaries

Humo says,

At page

are every where attempting to establish.-ported must diminish the growib at home, But I still give the preference to the which is, in truth, allowing that it must Episcopal Church; not because I consider affect the price. To the extent of the its clergy the most virtuous of men, but taxes, the British farmer is entitled tô because they are; in general, more tolerant protectiou against even the chance of loss : and less bigotted, than either the Catholic it is not only justice but good policy, and çlergy or the preachers among the Dis- by it the real interest of the consumers of senters.

corn will be best consulted. Moreoves, as

you yourself have shewn, it is a measura POWER AND RICHT.

imperions upon the Goverr.ment. It is SIR,

s' the oririn of the fruit of their system—and to them it: all Right is Power ;” and another of ought to have been left. Tre should then @qual celebrity asserts, that the nation that have seen none of that hypocritical oppoholds “ the trident of Neptune” must al- sition on the part of those who must be wars rule the world by commanding its convinced of its absolute necessity-if the wealiha If those observations be just, interest of the debt is to be pail. which I believe no one will doubt, why do 720 of your last number, (in the same Letyour friend Cobly make such a pother ter to the good People of Southampton) about taxes ; for have they not been very yon allude to the depreciation as one cause generally caused by the system adopted for of the high prices, and as another reason “the libcration of Europe ?” Do we not for restriction—that is, as alledged by the possess a naval force more than a match farmers. But it must be eviilent, that the for all the rest of the world? Have we depreciation is always a sufficient protecnot sugar, coffee, ginger, pepper, nutmegs, tion against its own effects. It has no &c. for which nearly all Europe must de- doubt a very important share in the rise of pend upon us ? Why, then, do we hesitate prices, but this circumstance aliccts the in laying a thumping export duty on them, foreign grower of corn in the same way as in to reimburse ourselves, in part, at the British. A Polish farmer, or rather feast, for the vast expense we have been at, merchant, who, twenty ycars aco, sent his by. obliging the Continental consumers to wheat to this country, and sold it with pay as a proper tribute on them, as the advantage at forty shillings a quarter, canbest means we can adopt for that end, or not do so now. Two pounds sterling were why our boasted naval superiority and then equal to a certain quantity of gold or maritime rights.?

Bos Short. silver. Now, they will not produce so Clifton, June 13th, 1814.

much of these metals by a third at least,

and in that proportion (other things sipCORN LAWS. SIR,_After the nonsense which we have posed equal) must he be paid in the present of late been subjected to read, on the sub- depreciated paper. The state of the for ject of the Corn Bill, it does one good, at reign exchange is the unerring index to Jast, to meet with a little common sense. every foreigner upon this subject. It is I allude to your Letter to the People of odd, that with the immenso erports from Southampton; and I sincerely hope it may the predictions and assertions in Parlia

this country of late, and still more from tend to produce a more correct way of thinking through the country in general. matters, that a change has not taken place:

ment, by men who ought to know these There is one point upon which I cannot

But altogether with agree

we must have patience There is and that is, you ;

nothing for it but patience I am, Şir, the impropriety and inefficiency of any

TYRO. restriction at all. It is allowed, that the your constant Reader,

Mid-Lothian, sth June, 1814. taxes, direct and indirect, affecting the growers of corn in this country, amount FRENCH HOUSE OF COMMONS.--The to some pounds per acre; of course to a Chamber of Deputies at Paris, which corconsiderable sum per quarter of wheat, responds with the plan of our House of call it twenty shillings. Is not the same Counmons, heid its first sitting on the 13th protecting power, which imposed this bur- inst. Thongh the debates were no way den upon the British agriculturist, bound interestirg, being of a personal nature bem in justice to tax foreign corn in the same tween two of the members respecting the proportion, when imported into this coun- right of foreigners to a seat in the Assemtry, however small the quantity may be? bly, I have given the Report of it below as You seem to allow that every quarter im-la curiosity, and that some idea may be

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