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Dewspaper of Thursday, the 2d instant : are adroit in the use of all warlike instru“ Sir J. YORKE observed, that although ments; they possess as much courage as
one great enemy of this country, Bona- their assailants ; are more sober, more “parte, hid been deposed, there was ano-cool, and would be animated by a thousand "iker gentleman whose deposition was also motires which have no place, and can have "i treccssary to our interest, he meant llr, no place, in the breasts of those who would u President Madison, and with a vicw to be sent to fight against them. They must "THAT DEPOSITION a considerable be sensible of their fate, if defeated in a “ naval force must be kept up, especially contest upon the ground said to have been " in the Atlantic. But as to his Hon. stated by Sir Joseph Yorke. So that, if “ Friend's opinion respecting the reduc- the speech be correctly reported, here is " tion of the Navy, he wished it to be con- certainly a hopeful job cut out for us. I “sidered that a number of shipping were am disposed to believe, however, that if "employed in conveying French prisoners nothing else would prevent a war for such M to France, and bringing bome our own an object, a representation of the state of “ countrymen. So much for the occupa- our perse will have that desirable effect; " tion of our navy on the home station.—and that thus we shall, at last, once more “ But from the Mediterranean, for in- see our country at peace with all the
staoce, several three deckers were order- world. I shall not, however, be surprized sed home, and he could swear, that no if this is not the case.
There are “ practicable exertion would be remitted many people who feel an interest in per"to reduce the expence of our Naval De- petuating war; the mad passions of the "partment." —Now, perhaps, this re- nation have been wound up to so high a port of Sir Joseph Yorke's speech might be pitch; the revenge on account of the dean erroneous Report ; but I take it word feat of our frigates ; the implacable, the for word as I find it in the newspaper; and hereditary hatred of some persons against if it really was delivered by Sir Joseph the Americans ; the diabolical malice of Yorke, it is well calculated to excite most many in this country against every people serious and anxious thoughts on both sides enjoying any portion of real, and nat sham of the Atlantic; but especially on this side, freedom ; all these together are at work where an already well-sweated purse had a in favour of a long and bloody war with prospect, as we hoped, of being spared a America; and, as to whether they will little in future. Sir Joseph Yorke is prevail, my fears really rather outweigh one of the Lords of the Admiralty; and, my hopes. therefore, must have spoken, in all proba
New ConstiTUTION OF FRANCE.-This bility, not only with a thorough knowledge of the views of the Ministry, but with their important document, in wliich is involved privity and approbation ; and it is through human beings, was submitted to the Legis
the future welfare of so many millions of this official channel, that we learn, that the war has for its inmediate object, THE As it will form the subject of reference ia
lative Body of France on the 4th instant. DEPOSITION OF THE PRESI. DENT OF THE UNITED STATES !
future Registers, I have given a copy of it Now, then, Jonathan, stand clear; of France addressed to the Assembly on
here; together with the speech of the King for, in case the war goes on, the ultimiste object must be of 'a
this interesting occasion :
“ GENTLEMEN-When, for the first time character indeed.-I must confess, how
“ I came into this Assembly, surrounded by ever, that I am not quite so sanguine as " the great Bodies of the State, the repreSir J. Yorke appears to be as to the suc “sentatives of a nation which does not cees of the enterprize. The Americans“ cease to lavish upon me the inost affecting do not like taxes, and they are in the
" marks of its love, I congratulate myself right; but they like something still less
in having become the dispenser of those and that is slavery, to which they would, deigus to grant to my people. I bave made
“blessings which the Divine Providence of course, be reduced, if conquered by a “ with Austria, Russia, England, and Prusforeign enemy.
They are à rabble of sia, a peace, in which are included their armed men, compared with our troops ; Allies, that is to say, all the Princes of but they are armed, and they are frec;
“ Christendom. The war was universal. and a nation of freemen in arms were
“ The recor.ciliation is the same. The rank
“ which France has always held among the never yet subdued. Besides, the Ame
“nations, has not been transferred to any ricans are brave; they are hardy ; they
other, and remains to it without para
“tion. Every thing which the other States laws intended to restrain the abuse of that liberty. “have acquired of security, equally en Art. IX. All kinds of property is inviolable, "creases hers, and consequently adds to her not excepting that which is called national, tke "real power. Tliat, therefore, which she law making no kind of difference between thein. “ does not retain of her conquests, ought
Art. X. The State may require the sacrifice * not to be regarded as a retrenchment of of property, on account of any public interest * her real strength. The glory of the French legally extablitlied; but with a precious indem
nity. "arms has received no stain: the monu
Art XI. All animadversions on opinions and ments of their valour subsist, and the votes given before the Restoration are forbidden:
chefs dæuvres of the arts will belong to us The same oblivion is enjoincd the tribuuals and "in future, by rights more stable and more the cititeps. ** sacred than those of victory. The chan Art. XII. The conscription is abolished. The "nels of commerce, so long closed, are going mode of recruiting the land and sea forces is de“to be opened. The market of France will termined by the law. ** be no longer the only one open to the pro
FORMS OF T!E GOVERNMENT OF ductions of its soil and its industry. Those
THE KING for which habit has created a want, or
Art. XIII The person of the King is invio. “ which are necessary to the arts which it lable and sacred. His Ministers are respousible. " exercises, will be supplied to her by the To the King belongs the Executive Power. “ Colonies which she recovers. She will no
Art, XIV. The King is the Supreme Ilead of
the State ; commands the land and sea forces; longer be obliged to deprive herself of declares war; concludes treaties of peace, al. " them, or to obtain thera only upon ruinous liance, and commerce; appoints to all offices of
terms. Our manufactures are about to public, administration, and issues the regula" reflourish, our maritime cities to revive, tions and ordinauces necessary for the execution
and every thing promises that a long peace of the laws, and the security of the State. “ abroad, and perinanent felicity at home, Art. XV. The Legislative Power is exercised “ will be the happy fruits of the peace. A collectively by the King, the House of Peers, “ melancholy recollection, nevertheless, dis- and the House of the Deputies of the Departs “ turbs' my joy. I was born, I flattered my.
mcuts. “self that I should remain my whole life
Art. XVI. The King proposes the Law. " the most faithful subject of the best of
Art. XVII. The proposition of the law is “Kings, and this day I occups his place! House of Pcers or to that of the Deputies, fr
carried at the pleasure of the King, either to the “ But, however, he is not entirely dead; he cepting laws relative to taxes, which must be " lives again in this testament which he left first addressed to the House of Deputies. “ for the instruction of the august and un Art. XVII. Every law shall be discussed and “ fortunate child who ought to have reigned voted freely by the majority of each of the ivo * before me. It is with eyes fixed upon this Houses. “ immortal work-it is penetrated with ile Art. XIX. The Houses have a right to peris sentiments which dictated it; it is guided tou the king to propose a law on any subject “ by the experience, and seconded by the whatever, and to point ont what, in ibeir opis " counsels, of several among you that have nion, the law ought to contain. “ drawn up the Constitutional Charler which
Art. XX. Such petitions may be presented by " is now going to be read, and which is each of the two Houses, but not till they late “ founded upon the solid bases of the pros.
been diseussed in Secret Committee. It shali “ perity of the Stale. My Chancellor will shall have proposed it till after the space of ien
not be sent to the other House by that whichi “ acquaint you in detail with my paternal " intentions."
Art. XXI. If the proposition is adopted by PUBLIC RIGHTS OF FRANCE. the other House, it shall be submitted to the Art. I. The French are equal before the law, King; if it be rejected, it cannot be presented whatever may be their titles and ranks.
again during the same session. Art. II. They contribute, without distinction, Art. XXII. The King esclusively sanctions in proportion to their fortune, to the expenses of and promulgates laws. the State.
Art. XXIII. The civil list is fixed for the Art. III. They are all equally admissible to whole duration of the king's reigu by the first civil and religious employments.
legisiature assembled since the king's acccssion. Art. IV. Their liberty is cqually secured : no OF THE HOUSE OF PEERS. person can be arrested or prosecuted except in Art. XXIV. The House of Peers is an essencases provided by the law, and in the form tial part of the legislative power. which it prescribes.
Art. XXV. It is suminoned by the King at the Art. V. Every one professes his own religion same time as the House of the Deputies of the with an equal liberty, and obtains for his wor- Departments. The Session of the one comship the same protection.
mences, and finishes at the same time as that of Art. VI. However, the Catholic, Apostolic, the other. and Roman religion, is the religion of the State. Art. XXVI. Any meeting of the House of
Art. VII. The Ministers of the Catholic, Apos- Peers held ont of the time of the Session of the tolic, and Roman religion, and those of the House of Deputies, or which shall not be ordered other Christian religions, only, receive main- by the King, is illegal, and null and void. tenance from the Royal Treasury.
Art. XXVII. The nomination of the Peers of Art. VIII. The French have a right to publish France belongs to the King. Their number is and priņt their opinions, confortning to the not limited; he nay change their diguities,
nominate then for life, or render them heredi- mittee by the King, and unless it has been sent tary, at pleasures
to and discussed in the bureauc. Art. XXVIII. The Peers are adinitted into the Art. XLVII. The House of Deputies receives House at 25 years of age, but have no delibera- all the propositions for taxes; and it is not till tive voice till the age o1:30.
these propositions have been admitted, that they Art. XXIX. The Chancellor of France pre- can be carried to the House of Peers. sides in th: (ouse of Peers, and in his absence Art. XLVIII. No tax can be imposed òr lea Peer appointed by the King
vied unless it has been agreed to by the two Art. XXX. The inembers of the Royal Family Horses, and sanctioned by the King: and Princes of the Blood are Peers in right of Art. XLIX. 'The land-tax is granted for a year their birth; they take precedence inmediately only. The indirect taxes may be granted for after the President, but have no deliberative several years. voice till the age of 2.5 years.
Art. L. The King every year convokes the Art. XXXI. The Princes cannot take their two Houses; he proroquesthout, and may displaces in the Horse excepit by an express order solve that of the Deputies of the Departments; from the King for cach session, by a message, but in this case, he must convoke a new one nipon pain of all that has been done in their within the space of threr months. presence being anaulied.
Art. LI. No personal restraint shall be laid Art. XXXI. All the deliberations of the upon any nienaber of the House during the sesBonse of Pers are private.
sion, or within six wrecks before and after it. Art. XXXIII. The llouse of Peers takes Art. LII. No member of the House can, cognizance of the crimes of high treason and during the session, be prosecuted or arrested aliomote against te safety of the State, which for criminal matters, unless for a fagraut shall be drainced by the law.
offence, till the House has permitted his proArt. XXXIV. No Peor can be apprehended secution. but by te authority of the House, and tried by Art. LIII. All petitions to either House must it in criminal matters.
be presented in writing The law forbids their OF THE HOUSE OF THE DEPUTIES OF bring preferred in person, and at the bar. THE DEPARTMENTS.
OF THE MINISTERS. Art. XXXV. The House of Dep'ities shall be Art. LIV. The Ministers may be Members of composed of deputies chosen by the Electoral the louse of Peers or of the House of Depaties. Colleges, the organization of which shall be de. Ta y have, morcover, it right to admission into termined by the laws.
either House, and must be heard wlienever they Art. XXXVI. Each departinent shall have desire it. the same nuinber of deputies as it has bi Art. LV. The House of Deputies has a right therto ball.
to accuse the Ministers, and to impeach them Art. XXXVII The deputies shall be elected ivfore the House of Peers, which alone is comfor five years, and so that one-title of the Hous petent to try them. sho il beaumally received.
Art LVI. They cannot be accused, except for Ai. XXXU. No Deputy maa be admitted high treason or peculation Particular laws into the blouse, uuniss be be 10 years old, and shall specify this kind of crimes, and di terorine pay a diiert contribution of 1,009 bancs.
the mode of prureesli in respect to them. Art. XXXIX. If, ucver, there should not
OF THE JUDICIAL ORDER. be in the Department fity persons of the age Art. LVII. All justice emanates from the loured, paying at lea t 1,900 francs in direct King; it is administered in his name hy Judges, cuitribation, th, ir ramier shall be copied whom be nominates and appoints. by tieso nied the next lihest, under 1,000 Art. LVIII The Judges nominated by the fines, and these shall nut be capable of other King cannot be removed. in lineals je ives as candidates ainst ille former.
Art. LIX. The ordinary courts and trilao:': Art. XL. The Electors who coueur in the actually existing are retained. Nothing shall in noinination of the Lopaties, cannot have the changed in thein bnt by virtue of a law. right of voting unless they pay a direct con Art. LX. The present institution of the tribution of 300 francs, and be at least 30 years Judges of Commerce is preserved. cí ag .
Art. LXI. The office of Justice of the Peace Art. XLI. The Presidents of :lo Llectoral is likewise retained. The Justices of the Peace, Colleges shall be named by the King, and of though aominated by the King, are removable. right inembers of the College.
Art. LXII. No man can be taken out of the Art. XLII. One half at least of the Deputies 19ds of his natural judges shall be chosen from amon such persons cli Art. LXIII. There cannot, of course, be gible as have their political residence in the Dc.created any Extraordinary Commissions and partinent,
Tribunals. Under this denomination the ProArt. XLIII. The President of the House of vosts' jurisdictions are not coinprehended, is Deputies is appointed by the King, out of a their re-establishment should be judged neceslist of fire Members presented by the House.
sary. Art. XLIV. The Sittings of the House are Art. LXIV. The plcadings in criminal matters public, but the requisition of five Members is shall be published, imless their publicity be dansufficient to enable it to resolve itself into a
gerous to good order and morals; and in this Secret Committee.
case the tribuual shall declare it by a ja igment. Art. XLV. The House divides itself joto Com. Art. LXV. The institution of juries is remittees (bureaur) to discuss the projets pre- tained; the changes which a longa experience sented to it on the part of the King.
may cause to be cousidered necessary, cannot · Art. XLVI. No amendment can be made in effected but by a law for the purpose. any law, unless it has been proposed in Com Art. LXVI. The penalty of the confiscation
of property is abolished, and cannot be re-estab-bear their full share of the burdens of thcir lished. Art. LXV11. The King has the right of pardon, from them by diminution of taxes, ine
country, and if they cannot be relieved and that of commuting punishments.
Art. LXVIII. The civil code and ibc laws ac- vitable ruin speedily awaits them upon any tually existing, not contrary to the present char - great or sudden reduction in the price of ter, remain in force till they shall be legally abulished. PARTICULAR RIGITS GUARANTEED
1792. Expendilure before the War.
€200 Art. LXIX. The military in active service, the Poors late 2s. per pound. Ollicers and soldicrs who have pelireil, the Tvihe 2:. 61. per acra. widows, ofiicers and soldiers, pensioned shall re-church Raie and surveyors tain their ranks, honours and pensions. Art. LXX. The public debt is guaranteed; Land Tax.
Rate 1s. per pound. all kinds of engagements contracted by the State, with its creditors, are inviolable.
S: Art LXXT The ancient Nubility resume their titles; the new retain theirs. The King creates 1814. Expeni'iture ai present time. Nobles at pleasure; but he coafers on them
£100 ouly ranks and honours, without any exemption Poors Rałe 5s. per pound. 125 from the charges and duties of society.
100 Art. LXXII. 'The Legion of Honour is main-Tythie 5s, per acre. tained. The King will fix its interior regulations
Church and Surveyors Raie
Raic? 23 and decorations,
Is. per pound. Art. LXXIII. The Colouies shall be governed Land Tax.
30 hry particular laws and regulations.
Tenants Property Tax.
37 106 Art. LXXIV. The King and his successors Encreased payments to Labourers, 908 shall swear at the ceremony of their anointment Encrease in Wreelwrights, Black-? to the faithful observance of the present consti suniths, Collar-inakers and
$ tutional Charter.
$1,15 104 the time of the last aujourament, shall continue to sit in the House of Deputies till they are re On inquiring into the cause of the ad placed
vance of rents, provisions, and oiher eArt, LXXVI. The first renewal of one-fifth of the House of Deputies shall take place, at the cessaries, it will be fourd to be the opisina latest, in the year 1816, according to the order of most of our enlightened political econofixed belween the classes. We order that the mists, that, in cxact proportion to the present constitutional charter submitted to the weight of taxation, these articles advance Senate and Legislative Body, agrecably to our in price; but no Author has so clearly and proclaination of the 2d of May, be furthwith sent to the House of Peers and that of the Deputies. Tectually illustrated this as Soame Jen
Given at Paris, iu the year of grace nings, in his Pelitical Disquisitions, by the 1814, and of uuria ign the nincfollowing anecdote :-“ A sand-man,
durteenth (Signed) LOUIS.
ing the American war, raising the price of (And underneath) The Abbe dé MONTESQUIOU. bis sand, was asked the reason for his so
doing - Because of the war,' replied the CORN LAWS.
sand-man. Ilis customers scored at hin for Sir-The encreasing ferment in the this answer, and eagerly enquired if he impublic mind, and the ill directed abuse of ported his sand from America. But, (says every species of agriculturist, induce me to our Author) the sand-man was right for
send you the following Comparative State- the tax on leather, on hats, salt, porter, ment of the situation of farmers bolding candles, and other articles necessary for farms of 400 acres in the year 1792, pre- his subsistence encrcased his weekly cxvious to the war with France, and the time penditure, and he had no other means of
now writing. May I be indalyed encreasing his revenue but by advancing .. by its early insertion, as not the price of the article in which he without hope that those who give attention traded.” This argument is equally applito its contents will no longer consider the cable to every class of tradır and farmer farmer unreasonable and selfish, in wishing through these reiras: -- ir list of half the price of corn to be high enough to re- yearly taxes confirm the fact ---Those muncrate him for his present encrease of persois, therefore, who demand that landexpences, and to meet with sufficient en- iords shonld abate their rents, begin at the couragement to continue its growth. It wrong end of their route. As the cause of will appear also, that the landed interest | the evil is clearly pointed out to be an
overloaded taxation, there is no other re-Russia, already forgotten, when in less than medy than a speedy dirzinution of that a month after the news arrived, the price of taxation, in proportion as that decreases corn was reduced 50s. per quar. or more, by every necessary article of life will also di- the opening the trade of the Baltic. Is not minish in price: If a landlord is asked the price of oats stated in our last week's why he cannot lower lis rent, he replies, market return, sufficient to convince us of because his expenditure is encreased by this undeniable fact, the certain and inevi. taxation, and he will hold up to our view, table consequence, that importation lowers those badges of slavery, the accursed tas- the price of any article imported? does not papers. I'he parson will give the same the eager and anxious look of every farmer reason for not lowering his tythe, and the of the kingdom at the weekly Market landholder, wáo thinks a free importation of Herald, demonstrate the trath of this corn would suddenly and inevitably ruin opinion ? I think it does; and that the utter him, is justificd in applying to Parliament ruin of all agriculturists is most certain, if to prevent the importation of corn, and a importation were freely allowed. The contisudden and consequent reduction to the nental price of corn is such, I am assured, price of 1792. The fariner, like thic sand- that importation would reduce it even man, has no means of paying his increased below the price of 1792.-But I am calmly expenditure of 805). 10s. a year, if a pro- told, let tbings find their level; but in the portionate advance in the price of his corn finding this level, I feel destruction and will not enable him to do it; and presuming ruin; the little account here stated, convistern to be reduced to the price of 1792, the ces me of this. There would be as much whole of the capital he employs on his propriety in persuading the fen farmer to farm (suppose 3000!) will be wasted in take down inis banks and let the water four years by reduced prices and undimi- find its level; and leave off interfering with nished taxation.—Those, therefore, who the course of nature. It would only be clamour against agriculturists, and meet asking him to inundate his farm, drown his to pass inflammatory Resolutions, had better cattle, and destroy his property, perhaps petition Parliament to keep their faithwith too his family into the bargain-a more the public, and let the Property Tax be painful sight even than this is requested of reduced at the time specified, and that all the agriculturists of this country, by the tłe war taxes may immediately cease. Then calm gentlemen who wish things to find may the landlord abate his rent, the par- their levcl-they only require that bis ieson his tyt!c, the labourer his wages, and nocent prattlers should surround their fathe price of corn will be as chcap as the ther, and inquire the reason why his cattle pullic might wish i.-It will be found are seized, his farming stock and houseupon examination that the landed interest is hold furniture sold, and the carning of the one of the chief sources of taxation; ruin industry of many fears at once destroyed or distress this interest, the taxes will fail
, the only answer to be given is to satisfy and the fanelloller will be found involved the demands of the fan-gathere!'; cruel in the national bankruptcy ; convulsion, necessity: and because he wishes to avert · tunult, and anarchy, their constant accom- this evil, he is to be held up to the public paniments, nuust inevitably follow.Of as avaricious, wishing to deny to the those, therefore, who petition Parliament ! people the bounty of Heaven-to be burnt against the Cow Bill, it may truly be said, in effigy, and treated with scorn, contume" they know what they ask.”—There are ly and contempt. I conclude, therefore, those, however, who are of opinion that the with requesting all those towns, connties, evils I dread are only imaginary ; that a and districts, who mean to petition Parliafree importation of corn would not reduce ment against the regulations of the Corn its price; that there are persons who liold Laws, to state, in their Resolutions and Pethis opinion, excites in me the utmost titions, that an overloaded taxation puts us degree of surprise: it is no longer an affair in eminent danger, and praying their speedy of speculation or doubt, we have facts so reduction. This would be acting more like recent before us, that nothing can overturn reasonable beings, than abusing the agrithe position, that an importation of corn culturists, whose industry, economy, and would reduce its price.--Is that memorable ingenuity, nothing can surpass. event, the death of the late Emperor of
Printed and Published by J. MORTON, No. 94, Strand.