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most interested in the passing of the law, Oh, no! thank you, gentlemen! The loaf would naturally bear the greater portion of pays the taxes, and, if you must have cheap the blame. What I regret, is, though I bread, you must have less taxes.-But, never had the pleasure of even seeing you, Sir, why do I plague you with this, and that
you should have so acted as to have why should you plague yourself with it?come in for your share of the popular odium Lct those who live upon the taxes stand on this account. You! who can have no forward in the measures, intended to make interest in the success of the law, suppo- them productive. You have none of the sing that success to be ever se complete.- gain, and why should you share the odiun? Already, you see, Sir, the misled rabble have begun, and in your own country, too,
MR. DE BERENGER. to hang bakers and millers in e figy! This I have no time to say much on what lias is the work of the base and prostituted passed in the House of Commons, relative press, whence the Lancasterian children are to this gentleman. Two Members of Parto imbibe their principles. The baker and liament, Messrs. Abercrombie and Barmiller gain nothing by the high price of ham, who spoke in favour of a Committee corn, which, before they make into flour, to enquire into the conduct of the Secrethey are compelled to buy. And yet they tary of State, touching this matter, are reare hanged in effigy! Now, Sir, the ported to have said, that they felt no symtruth is, that the clamour arises, and will pathy for the Petitioner. I do; I feel arise, with those, who, in one way or ano- greatly for him; and I hope, that there ther, live upon the public money. They are many who feel abundant indignation at are always in fear of some terrible change, the efforts made, through the infamous which, be it what it will, must oust them newspapers of London, to cause him to be from their fatting stalls. They are always pre-judged; than which any thing more defor keeping the poorer classes quiet.-testable never was committed, even by that Cheap bread is one of the most effectual prostituted press, the guide of the Lancasmeans of doing this ; and, therefore, they terian children.—I shall make no remark are always railing against monopolizers, on the conduct of Lord Sidmouth and Mr. grasping landlords and farmers, cheating Becket; but I am alarmed at what dropped miliers and bakers. The cold sweat comes from some one in the debate about the проп them when the quartern loaf mounts PROBABLE RENEWAL OF THE a pace. From this source comes all the ALIEN ACT. This never can be inclamour; and of this clamour you will tended, to be sure! What! An Act like never see an end, while there are so this ; or, indeed, any Alien Act at all, to many persons who live upon the taxes.-- exist in iime of peace! Is every foreigner Peace is a horrible object to many thou- who comes into the country to live here at sands, and, indeed, some hundreds of the mere mercy of the Minister of the day, thousands, of these persons. They per- even now when the House of Bourbon is ceive that their allowance will be curtail-restored to the throne of France? Are ed; but what must it be to them, then, if the we never to see an end to this sort of loaf be still of the same price? They do power? My eyes begin to grow dim; not consider, or rather, they are incapable but, are they to be closed before England of perceiving, that (difference of crops is rid of this species of power? Am I aside) the price of the loaf must depend never more to see my country divesteil of upon the amount of the taxes imposed on its cowardly fears ?-I trust there was no it through the funnel of the landowner and ground for the alarming hint; and will, the farmer, and upon the value of the for the present, say no more of it. What paper-money compared with that of specie. was the real cause of the scizure of Mr. Peace, which has blessing in its sound to De Berenger has not been yet proved, and, the rest of mankind, has quite upset this of course, it remains to be proved that he is description of persous. They fear that now really held in prison for an offence the rabble, who have been expecting cheap against the Alien Act. But, if what he bread (though it was cheap before), will states, as to his parentage, be correct (and be disappointed, and may make a noise.- I see no reason to doubt it), I am decidedWhat these people seem to want, there-ly of opinion, that, by the law of England, fore, is, that bread may bec'm as cheap he is not an alien. His father was a naas it was before the war, and that all the tural born subject of the King of England. present taxes may still continue to be paid! | Mr. De Berenger must be, therefore, a
subject of the King, though born out of and opinions to your extensive readers, I the country, clse my son, who was born in have taken the liberty of-ashing your adAmerica, is not a subject of the King. vice on a subject wherein every person who But it is a point not to be doubted, that pays taxes is materially interested. You the children of English subjects, born probably recollect, that about ten or twelve abroad, are English susjects, and we have years ago, one of the present great deliverers hundreds of them (Sir ilome Popham for of Europe, who are very soonexpected in this one) in offices, which they could not legal kingdom, borrowed seven millions of pounds ly bold if divested of that character: — sterling, which you, and I, and every indiBut, besides this, Mr. De Berenger held a vidual in the nation (those of the bloodcommission in the King's service. To do royal only excepted), are bound to pay that legally bc must be an English subject, the interest of, till that debt is extinguishexcept he belonged to a foreign corps, ed.-- Now, as it is, I believe, pretty well which he did not. The Act of Settlement ascertained, that both debt and interest are expressly forbids offices of trust, civil or hitherto undischarged, I wish to know your military, to be given to any but subjects of opinion, whether the said high-contracting the king, and Mr. De Berenger held an party is arrestable for such debt, as soon as office of trust. One of two things, there- he sets his foot on English ground. If fore, must be : either the law was violated such a measure is both legal and practiin putting him in an office of trust, or it cable, I hope the worthy Niinisters, who has been violated in seizing liim, and in ars entrusted with the moonshine-money keeping liiin in jail, as an alien.-- Only concerns of the nation, will not be bashful
hink, however, of the situation of a man, in the exercise of their duty.' We all who is thought worthy of being made a know, Mir. Cobbett, that the Duke d'Arcommander of Englishinen, enrolled for the tois, brother to the present King of France, defence of their country, and who is, every secreted himself in the precincts of Holyday of his life, liable to be seized by a war- rood House, to prevent the disgrace of berant, confined without cause assigned, or ing shut up in a prison, for a debt which sent out of the country!-I shall say no he either could not, or would not, pay. In more on the subject at present. I wish to England, although our happy laws permit offer no opinion upon Mir. De Berenger's Royalty to run in debt, without personal conduct or case; but common justice restraint, yet I never heard of the same compels us to suspend our judgment, at any lenient exemptions being extended here to rate; yes, and even to consider him as in the inhabitants of any other nation. Be so nocent till he be proud to be guilty. It good, then, as to give me your opinion on was quite a new thing to see a self-erected this subject; and should you be induced to tribunal, publishing against persons by dilate on the merits of these coalesced name, what they had the impudence to Kings and Emperors, you can bint, that call evidence, and after the country had tavo of these Potentates, after swearing sohad time to read that cz-parte evidence, to lemnly on the tomb of the great Frederick, prefer an indictment against the accused. not to make peace with the Corsican upThis was sometbing new in England. start, till he had restored to them the va. Much as we had seen before, we had, till rious places which his superior courage and now, seen nothing equal to this. Then, skill had wrested from them; yet, in the after the indictment had been preferred; teeth of this most sacred assertion, they not after the bill had been found, and the ac-only did enter into şuch a peace, but also cusing party put off the trial, the vile news conjointly engaged with him to act both depapers published to the world, that it was fensively and offensively against the interthe accused who had put off the trial, and ests of this country. What you may be disinsinuated, that they had so done in order posed to say of the morality, political conto shift the hour of their punishment! And duct, and tender sympathies towards his is it to such information and principles offspring, of the Emperor of Austria, I shall from a press like this, that men are spend leave entirely to your own superior discreing their money to teach poor children to tion; and should you be led to speak of the read ?
birth, parentage, and habits of Alexander
the Great, I beseech you to tread lightly on Public DEBTORS.
the ashes of his progenitors. You may say MR. COBBETT.—As you are a man not that he had a father, and a grandfather too, very timid in promulgating your knowledge | who are both perhaps gone to Ileaven; but
that for his own manifold good deeds in this their Isle for my residence, in consideration world, you hope the discase that sent them of the mildness of their manners, and of both so hastily thither, will not be extend their climate. Tell them, they shall be the ed to a third generation. I am extremely constant objects of my most lively inteawkward, Mr. Cobbett, at descriptions of rests.'--Elbese! These words require no this nature, or I would not have troubled commentary; they fix your destiny. The you to be the midwife of tluese perhaps ri- Emperor has formed a proper judgment of diculous conceptions.
you; it is my duty to render you this jusLynn, May 26th, 1814.
tice, and I willingly do so.--Inhabitants of
the Isle of Elba, I am about to leave you; THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON.-It is now this separation will be painful to me, beascertained that this extraordinary person- cause I love you sincerely; but the idea of age has reached the place of his destina- your happiness mitigates the bitterness of tion in safety ; and, instead of the inhabi- my departure, and whenever I may, I sball tants of Elba shewing any opposition to his always cherisi a recollection of the virtucs landing on that island, they have given of the inhabitants of this Isle, and the wishhim, I think very properly, a most hearty es which I lied for them.-DALESME, Geand welcome reception. "It was, indeci, neral of Brigade.—Porto Ferrajo, May absurd to suppose, that these islanders 4, 1814. could be alarmed at the idea of the French "The Vice Prefect of the Isle of Elba, Emperor burdening them with military performing the functions of Prefect, to conscriptions, for a moment's resection the inhabitants of that Isc.--The most must have satisfied them, that Napo- fortunate event which could illustrate leon, however fond he may be of warlike the history of the Isle of Elba is reaexploits, would in vain seek an enemy to lised before your eyes. Our august Soencounter within the narrow circle to which vereign, the Emperor Napoleon, is come he is now limited. Distinct from his mili- among us.-Give, then, free course to tary character, Bonaparte possesses talents that joy which must overslow your hearts: calculated to promote, in a very high de- your wishes are accomplished, and the feligree, the proserity and happiness of the in- city of the Isle is secured.- Listen to the habitants of Elba; and, if no new political first memorable words which he has conde'event should occur on the continent of scended to address to you, through the mediEurope, to bring him again on the stage as um of the public functionaries: - I will be the commander of an army, the Elbese may to you a good father, be you to me good chilvery soon have occasion to congratulate dren.' Let them be for ever impressed on themselves on his choice of their country, your grateful hearts. Let us all rally in preference to all others, as the place of around his sacred person, emulous in zcal his retirement. Napoleon appears to have and fidelity to save him, this will be the landed at Porto Ferrajo on the evening of sweetest recompense to his grateful heart, the 3d instant, and next day the fart was and the shall we reader ourselves worthy announced in the following manner by the of that signal favour which Providence has resident General of Brigade Dalesn.e, and conferred 01.19-Balliani, Vice-Prefect. by the Vice Prefect of Elba :--
- Otice of Prefecture, at Porto-Ferrajo, “ Inhabilants of the Isle of E!!!—The May 4, 131.1. vicissitudes of human life have conducted the On the cih instant the Vicar Cereral Emperor Napoleon into the midst of you, apprised the clergy of the island of the and his choice gives him to you as Sore- event by the following rescript :reign.-Before entering your interior, your “ Giuseppe tippo Arrighi, Honorary august and new Monarch addressed to me Canon of the Cathedral of Fisa, and of the the following words; and I hasten to com- Metropolitan Church of Florence, and unmunicate them to you, because they are the der the Bishop of Ajaccio, Vicar-General pledge of your future prosperity: -- Gene- of the Isle of Elba, and Principality of Piral, I have sacrificed my rights to the inte-ombino, to the beloved in the Lord, our Breterests of my country, and have reserved to thren composing the Clergy and all the myself the sovereignty and property of the Faithful in the Isle, health and benedicIsle of Elba; which has been assented to by tion !—That high Providence which irresise all the Powers. Be so good as to inform tibly and beneficently disposes of crerything, ilie inhabitants of this new state of things, and assigns to nations their destiny, has deand of the selection which I have made of termined that, amidst the political changes
of Europe, we should in future be the sub Spain. This beautiful country, I am jects of Napoleon the Great. The Isle of afraid, is on the eve of once more becoming Elba, already celebrated for its natural pro- the sport of a sanguinary Revolution. Ferductions, must now be more illustrious in dinand has reached the capital; but inthe history of nations, because it renders stead of swearing to the Constitution, which homage to its new Prince of immortal fame. had been previously drawn up by the The Isle of Elba takes its place in the rank Cortes, who have been supposed to posof nations; and the minuteness of its terri- sess the character of representatives of tory becomes ennobled by the name of its the people, his Majesty has issued a DeRuier. Elevated to an honour so sublime, claration, by which he not only dissolves it receives into its bosom the anointed of the that Body, but declares all their acts of Lord, and those other distinguished perso- government null and voil
It is not na grs who accompany him.- When his Im- easy, with the limited information posperial and Royal Majesty selected this Isie sessed in this country, as to the real state for his retreat, he announced to the world of matters in Spain, to form a correct idea with what predilection he loved it. Opu- of the motives which could induce the King lence will inundate this country, and mul of Spain to take so decided a step; but if titudes will flock from other parts to our ter one were to judge from the torrent of abuse ritory to behold a hero. The first day be which has been heaped upon Ferdinand for set foot upon our shore, he pronounced our this act, by the Times and the Courier destiny and our felicity. I will be a good newspapers, it might be supposed that his father,' said he, ‘be you good children.'- Spanish Niajesty had committed some Beloved Catholics, what words of tender- abominable act of aggression against this ness! what expressions of benevolence ! country or its Government. It is true, what hopes may we not cherish of our fu- the Cortes owed their political existence, tare felicity! Let these words then form in a great measure, to Duke Wellington, the delight of your thoughts, and be impres- and thence may arise the hatred which has sed on your souls with transports of conso- been expressed as to the dissolution of that lation ; let fathers rehearse them to their Body. It is even hinted in the Times, that children, and let the memory of the words the 'noble Duke should be sent back to which secure glory and prosperity to the Spain to support the cause of the Cortes Isle of Elba, be perpetual from generation against the King. Here indeed would to generation.-- Fortunate citizens of Por- be a new contest to justify the continuance to-Ferrajo! within your walls the sacred of the income tax, and all war establishinent, person of his Imperial and Royal Majesty is By and bye, we shall see what it will turn to dwell. Mild in character at all times, to. Meanwhile I have inserted the Deconstant in affection to your Prince, Naro- claration of the King of Spain, which the LEON THE GREAT resides with you; nerer Courier has chosen to designate "a belic the favourable idea which he formed “ most paltry document-a document disof you.-Beloved, faithful in Jesus Christ, “gusting from its falsehood and hypocrisy, act in correspondence to your fate; Non and contemptible for its puny reasoning." sint schismata inter vos : idem szpite, pa
STATE PAPER. cem habete, et Du nicis et dilcctionis erit Since the period when Divine Provizwiscun. Let fidelity, gratitude, submis-dence, in consequence of the spontaneous sion, reign in your hearts. Let all of you and solemn resignation of my august father, unite in a respectful sentime:t of internal placed me on the throne of my ancestors, affection for your Prince, Father rather of which the kingdom took the oatlis to than Sovereign; and exult with sacred jor me, as heir by its procurators assembled in the goodness of the Lord, who, from the in Cortes, according to the law and cusages of eternity, had destined for you this tom of the Spanish nation, practised from happy event. With this view we order the most remote periods; and since that that next Sunday, in all the churches, a so- happy day on which I entered the capital, lemn Te Deum be sung, in thanksgiving to amidst the most sincere demonstrations of the Almighty, for the precious gift which, affection and loyalty, with which the people in the abundance of his mercy, he has of Madrid came out to receive me, this disconferred upon us.-
-Given from the Eccle- play of love towards my royal persun maksiastical Court of Elba, 6th May. (Signed) ing a deep impression on the French hosts, GIUSEPPE Filippo Arrighi, Vicar-Gen. who, under the cloak of friendship, had FRANCESCO ANGIOLETTI, Secretary.?? 1 advanced as far as that city, being a pre
age of what that heroic population would other events which might occur : but one day perform for their King and for their this my Royal Decree unfortunately was honour, and giving that example which the not known then ; and although it was afterother parts of the kingslom have nobly fol- wards known, the provinces provided for lowed: since that day, I determined in the same object, as soon as the accounts my royal mind to reply to sentiments 90 reached them of the cruel tragedy perpeloyal, and to satisfy the great obligations trated in Madrid on the memorable 2d of which a king is under towards his subjects, May, by the Chief of the French troops, to dedicate my whole time to the discharge through the instrumentality of the Juntas of such august functions, and to repair which they created. Next took place the the evil, which the perpicious influence of glorious battle of Baylen : the French fled a favourite had caused in the preceding as far as Vittoria, and all the provinces, reign.—My first labours were directed to with the capital, proclaimed me, anew, the restoration of various magistrates and King of Castile and Leon, in the metropoother persons, who had been arbitrarily lis, with the same formalities as the Kings removed from their functions ; but the my august predecessors.
This is a redifficult state of affairs, and the perfidy of cent fact, of which the medals struck in all Bonaparte, from the cruel effects of which parts afford demonstrative proof, and which I wished, by proceeding to Bayonne, to the people through whom I have passed preserve my people, scarcely allowed time since my return from France have confor more. The royal family being assem-firmed by the effusion of vivas, which moved bled there, an atrocious attack was perpe- the sensibility of my heart, where they are trated on the whole of it, and particularly engraved never to be effaced. From the on my person, unequalled in the history of deputies nominated by the Juntas, the civilised nations, both in its circumstances Central Junta was formed; who exercised and in the scries of events which took in my Royal name all the powers of Soplace there ; and the sacred law of nations vereignty from Sept. 1808, till Jan. 1810; being there violated in the bighest degree, in which month was established the first I was deprived of my liberty, stripped of Council of Regency, in whom the exercise the
government of my kingdoms, and con- of that power continued till the 24th of veyed to a palace with my very dear bro- September of the same year: on which day ther and uncle, which served as a sort of were installed in the isle of Leon the Cortes honourable prison for about the space of six called General and Extraordinary, when years. Amidst this affliction, I had al- 104 Deputies took the oaths, in which they ways present to my mind the love and engaged to preserve for me my dominions loyalty of my people, and the consideration as their Sovereign ; all which appears of the endless calamities to which they were from the act certified by the Secretary of exposed formed a great part of my griefs ; State Don Nicolas Maria de Sierra. But inundated as they were with enemies, nearly these Cortes, assembled in a manner never. destitute of all means of resistance, without used in Spain, even in the most arduous King, and without a government previous- cases, and in the most turbulent times of ly established, which might put in motion the minorities of Kings, in which the Assemand unite at its voice the force of the nation, bly of Procurators was wont to be more direct its impulse, and avail itself of the numerous than in the common and ordinaresources of the State, to combat the forces ry Cortes, were not called the States of the which simultaneously invaded the Penin- Nobility and Clergy, although the Central sula, and had treacherously got possession Junta had so ordered, this Decrec having of its principal fortresses. In this lament- been artfully concealed from the Council of able situation, as the only remedy that re- Regency, and also the fact that the Junta mained, I issried, as well as I could while had assigned to it the Presidency of the surrounded by force, the Decree of the 5th Cortes, a prerogative of the Crown which of May, 1808, addressed to the Council of the Regency would not have left to the deCastile, and in defect of it to any other cision of the Congress, if it had been acBoard of Audience that might beat liberty, quainted therewith. In consequence of this, in order that the Cortes might be convoked, every thing remained at the disposal of the who had only to employ themselves on the Cortes ; who, on the very day of their in spur of the moment, in raising the taxes stallation, and by way of commencement to and supplies necessary for the defence of their acts, despoiled me of my sovereignty, the kingdom, remaining permanent for which the same deputies had only a little