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corps, in order to be incorporated there-lever remain great and happy, and proclaimwith.---- The Generals coinmanding the ing a guarantee of their Lit:erties.- May,
Sir, the Prince they recalled to reign over military divisions shallenforce thestrictest
them hold those liberties sacred !- or the execution of this order, and shall render benefits of Peace, we ought to be truly “ account thereof to the Minister for the shful to l'rovidence; as well as to those
War Department. -General Count by whose valour and labours, or by whoso “ DUPONT, Minister Secretary of State for Write and wisdom they have, under Provi" the War Department."
dence, been attained. --- Buit, sir, we should
ill acquit oursclves of the duty, ww owe to WESTMINSTER ADDRESS,-'i de inge our country, and to your Royal Highness, pendent inhabitants of this great city, are as the Representative of our Sovereiga, aid the only persons who have followed the we not entreat you to couple with the example of the citizens of London, in praise-wortuy conclusion of the war its voting an Address to the Prince Rogent Highness would theu see, iliat what we now
blamicable commencement.-olour Royal on the late termination of hostilities against contemplate as a barpy result to France, France. I have subjoined a copy of this namely, the government of a represented Address, upon
which some useful re- People by a limited King, might have conmarks may probably occur after it has been inued as it then existed, without any war at presented, and an Answer given by the all- !! that case, Sir, the world had not
l'een disgusted by the atrocitics of a RobesRegent. Meanwhile it may be stated,
pierre, nor territied by the porten tous power that the Address, which was read by J. of a Bonaparte. In that case Europe had Lochce, Esq. moved by Major Cartwright, escaped a sacrifice of three millions of buand seconded by Peter Walker, Esq. was man lives and countless calamities. In unanimously approved of by a very large and that case, England had not seen degraded respectable Meeting of the Electors of to paupers a million and a lialf of her inWestminster.
dusirious people, nor have felt the scourge Several spirited Resolutions were also adopted without a dissent- rest of an incurred debt of eight hundred
of a Taxation for paying the annual inteing voice, except
about millions sterling, -As, however, Divine ProAmerica, to which an amendment was vidence brings good out of evil, and as it proposed by a person who said some accords with experience, that a constant thing about the great wisdom which growth of knowledge is the effect of an Ministers had displayed in their conduct ucial to civilized min; so we cannot but
ever-operating cause, and eminently bene. of the war, and talked loud about punish- attribute the moderation and wisdom, so ing the American savages. I could not eminently displayed by the Alhed Sovelearn the individual's name who proposed reigns, io thai growth of knowledge, to that this amendment-but it was whispered dilusion of truill, which, in our age, is daily. that he was a Contractor; and his « full enlightening the civilized world. --if, sir,
the American and French Revolutions had fledged plumage” shewed that, at least, he had not been a loser by the warlike innumerable discussions they generaied, did
their accompaniments of calinity, yet the mania. It was justly remarked by Sir also improve, in a high degree, the science Francis Burdett, that the proposed amend- of civi government---master science of ment had met its deserved fate, in being !'rinces and statesmen. The Monarchs who consigned to oblivion by the unanimous liave as virtuously as wisely guaranteed voice of the assembly.
Peace, Greatness, and Liberty to l'raiice,
as well as their Ministers and Warriors, ADDRESS TO THE REGEYT. THE DUTIFUL ADDRESS of the Househor.D- scells of amelioration, the scientific prin
must carry home with them fro:n Paris the EPS OF THE CITY AND Lirenties OP WEST
ciples of amendment, by which the condition May it PLEASE YOur Royal HIGHNESS. of their own subjects will be greatly betOn a termination of the conflict with tered; and by which, without convulsion, France, in which our country has so long their states may be rapidly made to enjoy been engaged---at
a termination as fortunate as that perfection of polity, that freedom and it has been singular, we beg your Royal prosperity, which is equally the oriament Highness to accept of our sincere congratu- and felicity of Princes and of People. In lations. In a war so sanguinary, it has been the political transactions of both beinisa spectacle as novel, as auspicious to huma- pheres, those intelligent Monarchs must nity, to behold a coalition of Sovereigns, at bave seen a full confirmation of this jinthe bead of immense armies, ou victoriously portant truth, that“ Representation was the entering the capital of their enemy, inviting happiest discovery of political toisdom." To the People to choose the Constitution of Go- this point, they must have observed, that vernment under which they desired to live, . all rational energies in pursuit of public expressing a wisli that that people night | freedom and happiness uniformly tend.
Whcrefore, Sir, we cannot doubt, that in all, with the highest admiration, the virtuc and civilized countries Representation will in wislom so conspicuous in the arrangements time attain perfection. When, Sir, your made on the first day of April at Paris, we Royal Highness shall reficct, that after a are unable, Sir, to express the deep concern war of more than twenty years contine and the shame we feel, touching the bes. ance, originally underliken for crushing the tile measure which your Royal Highness infint liberties of france, the existence of has been advised to sanction in respect of those very liberties is how found to afford Norway. If it be just that any one Nation the only hope of tranquillity to Europe, and shall provide for its own welfare and hapkas therefore been mide the basis of l'eace, piness by the excrcise of its own reason, we inust, with additional earnestness, recur and the freedom of its own will, it must be to the impression we endeavoured three just that every Nation shall freely do the years ago to make on the mind of your England, Sir, can have no right to 1:0jal ilighness-an endeavour in which, force on Norway a sovereignty tw which she we crust, we succeeded in favour of such is adverse, For such a purpose, to draw a radical Reform in the Commons llouse of the sword were manif'stly wicked; bat to Parliament of our own country, as shall af attempt to subdue Independence, Intocence ford us the full beaefit of Representation and Patriotism, by the instrumeztality of fila our former Address to your Royal High- mine, were shockingly inhuman. We bumi. ness, we spoke of that Rorough Faction bly, Sir, and most anxiously intreat your vinich alike tramples on the lights of the Royal Highness to save your country froin Crown and Peopie. Were, Sir, that Faction this reproach: to avert from her this disho. to continue its daring inroad on the inde. And, Sir, ainong the many happy pendence of the Throne,---- were it to con results of the pacification of Europe, we tinag its deadly stabs to the Liberties of the contenpinte, with inexpressible satisfaction, l'eo &c.-were' it to continue its deprevla- the annihilation of the disputed points restous en the property of the nation-wera, peeting ihe maritime rights of neutral nain short, our frierloin to be no more, of|tions, which have constituted the ground: what value Peace, or aught else on earth!-- of the ever-lamentable hostility in which In proportion, Sir, as a constitutional Com, wc are engaged with the United States of mons ilouse must be an object of unbounded America. Hence, Sir, we confidently trust, veneration, your Royal Highuess will be that on boih sides of the Atlantic the misensible that the existence of a Faction, scries and immoralities of war will shortly which shoulıl greatly impair its excellence, be at an end, and the whole civilized world must to every loyal mind be exquisitely repose under the peaceful olivc; studying painful. The yoke of a Faction-a domes and practising only the social and moral tic Faction--that had feloniously broken duties, arts and accomplishments, for their into the citadel of the Constitution and general improvement and happiness. stolen our l'alladiuin, were even worse than foreigu war itself . It were the tyranny of Election will be gratified to find that the
67 The Friends of the Freedom of a few, who had no other claiin to rule over their fellow sunjects than that of having Seventh Anniversary of the Election of robbed them. it were to bow the head and Sir FRANCIS BURDETT, to represent the heud the kuce to an avdacious corruption. City of Westminster in Parliament, is to It were the very lowest depth of disho.
be celebrated at the Crown and Anchor Tanour. On the part, Sir, of an English So
vern, Strand, on Monday next, by a pubvereign, on the part of an English People, to such a l'action there could be no sib-lic dinner. The chair will be filled by Sir mission. A truly patriot Representative francis.--The following, among other stauds, however, pledged to his constituents respectable Gentlemen, intend to be preand his country, to bring before Parlir- sent:~E. B. Clive, Esq.; Sir John ment, at the first convenient opportunity, Throgmorton; Robert Knight, Esq.; J. their great question. It is, sir, impossible Josling, Esq. Thonias Northmore, Esq.; that Parliament should then be at war with W. J. Burdett, Esq.; R. M. Biddulphi
, England. It is impossible that it should noi thien imitate those Sovereigns who, Esq;, Mr. - Alderman Wood; Henry even while at war with France, eagerly Brougham, Esq.; Hon. Thomas Brand sought the opportunity of oftering to he: R. H. A. Bennet, Esq.; Thomas Creever, their guarantee of all she claimed as her Esq. Francis Canning, Esq.; Gwyni, , Rights and Liberties. After contemplating, Esq.; Mr. Waithman.
Printed aad Published by J. MORTON, No. 14, Strand.
Vol. XXV. No. 22.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1814. [Price ls.
the ground, that France, though she had
changed her Ruler, was still the same, and TO THE KING OF FRANCE. was radically and systematically the enemy No. III.
of England; and therefore, that it was the
duty of every Briton to harbour a constant In the first Number of these Papers, ad- jealousy of her, and to endeavour, by all dressed to your Majesty, I assured you, the means in his power, to keep France in that, if you discovered an inclination to a state of weakness. Since the writiag act fairly towards your people, you would of that paper, these same persons, increassoon become an object of censure, if not of ing daily in their hostility towards you and abuse, with those persons in England, who your family, as well as your people, have had been amongst the loudest in expressing proclaimed, that we Englishmen ought to their joy at your being called to the throne bear in mind. “ that the disgraceful interof France ; and that your Majesty would, “ ference of France in our quarrel with in that case, experience the curious change “ America, took place under a BOURof having for defenders those who were BON;" and, inferring from that fact, not for your recall, fearing that it might that we ought to be as jealous of you, is we prove injaricus to the cause of freedom, were of Napoleon. It is impossible for not only in France, but throughout all Eu- malice to be discovered more clearly than rope. -3y this time those who have read it is discovered here. What reason was these papers (amongst whom I am not vain there for the reviving of this subject? It enough to hope that your Majesty is one) must be manifest to your Majesty, that the tvill begin to perceive, that my opinion motive could have been no other than that was bat too well founded; for, from the of paving the way for a series of hostile moment that it was seen, in this coun- conduct towards you. But the cuuse of t ry, that your Majesty discovered no in- this hostility, so wholly unprovoked, onght tention to gratify the wishes of the ene- to be exposed to the world. It is no other mnies of France; that you did not in- than this: that your Majesty has disaptend to plunge your country into a civil pointed these people in not making lists of war by reviving the animosities of past proscription; in not establishing a despotimes; that you did not intend to degrade tism; in not doing that, in short, which your country, to make her the prey of her would have totally mined either your peoneighbours and the scorn of the world; | ple or yourself; in not doing, in other from that very moment the men, who, in words, that which would have made France this country, had been the forwardest in the most feeble and despicable nation
upon urging your recall, began to change their earth. If these men had found you a ready tone respecting you. The point, aimed tool in their hands to raise the bloody flag at, and, I think, clearly established, in my of political revenge ; if they had found last Number, was this, that the same per- you, upon your return, erecting scaffolds sons who recommended to your Majesty to whereon to murder thcse who had survived break your promise, to re-establish the an- the war and the intestine troubles of cient regime, and, in short, to oppress your France; if they had seen you drive from people; and who, at the same time, recom- your presence every man who has acquired inended to you most earnestly to slight and glory in the armics of France; if they had degrade the soldiers of the Revolution ; seen you ready to agree to every proposithat these same persons recommended to tion, tending to the degradation of your the Allies to strip your Galleries and Mu- country; if, in short, they had seen in you seums, to keep their armies in France, and a manifest disposition to be at once a tyrant to retain their prisoners contrary to agree and a traitor, you would have been, to this ment, to narrow your dominions, to suffer hour, as much an object of their praise as you you to have no Colonies; and that, too, upon were when you disembarked at Dover for
Calais. —Your Majesty will barely be “sians, Spaniards, or whatever we are suf
ca fierea Spamuch from hele vermore care milliliere, that the prints, which I am compelled to point out by name, speak perely “tary force of France, to permit it to be the sentiments of the owners or editors of " accumulated again into so formidable a those publications. You must be well mass, threatening at every moment in aware, that, if these persons, obscure and“ break its bounds, and sweep away all becontemptible as they are of themselves, “ fore it. It would be madness in Great did not know that their publications Britain to restore to France, Ships, Coloweuld be palatcable to others, they would“ nies, and Commerce; to pour wealth so not send them forth. - You, indeed, “ profusely into her lap, as the mere price must be well arare, that these owners “ of peace, if the first use she made of it and editors are little more than mise were to sharpen the sword for war. We rable tools in the hands of men of superior “ perhaps pay too great a compliment to this abilities and more weighty interests; and, loose and unauthenticated paragraph by notherefore, what they publish becomes entit- ticing it; but if it be really true, we think led to more attention than if they were to “it is quite sufficient to make us pause before be considered as the mere offspring of the “ we give up to France a single conquest, brain of these insignificant individuals.-" or even restore an individual prisoner."'Every article of news from France, rela- I will not attempt to describe the feelings ting to your measures, becomes an object of which must agitate the breast of every criticism, with the persons to whom I al- Frenchman, upon the hearing of such inlude, who fail not to communicate regular- pudence and profligacy as this. Here we, lytheir observations to the public. Amongst at once, see with what views it was that the last of these there are some very well these persoo- wished for your restoration. worthy of yourself and your people; for, in Here it becomes manifest, that they only them, you will not fail to sce a new proof of desired that event in the hope of degrading the fact, which ought constantly to be kept and crippling France, having conceived in view; namely, that those who are the the notion, that your Majesty would be enemics of a tree and just government in made a tool in the hands of the enemies of France, are also the enemies of a due share your country's greatness. - What would of power being possessed by France; and, be said here, if the other Powers were to moreover, are your enemies, unless you will prescribe to us what army or what nary consent to be a foul traitorto your country.— we should keep up in time of peace? It was not Napoleon that these persons What an uproar such an idea would create hated so much as it was France ! and this here! And what insolence, then, must it fact, which I formerly endeavoured to prove, be in these persons to hold forth the justice they now, of their own accord, prove to a and propricty of France being dictated to demonstration. They wish to see France in this respect!
- The number of troops despoiled of all power, of all greatness, and spoken of as the peace establishment of of all the means of becoming great. An France, will be less than her proportion, observation of theirs, relative to the mili- compared with the numbers kept up by tary force of France, to be kept up in time other Powers. We shall, in all probabi. of peace, has made this a fact not to ad- lity, not come down so low as 100,000 mit of dispute.—'Thc publication, to which men of all sorts, besides the half-pay list, I here more particularly allude, was in amounting to many thousands. And France the Times newspaper, of the 21st of has more than three times our real populaMay, in the following words :-" It|tion, we having no frontiers to guard, and " is stated, but re imagine with no ofi- she having many hundreds of miles of fron"cial grounds of accuracy, that the Peace tier. But, these matters are unworthy • Estabiishuncnt of the French army is to of notice, when we think of the impudent "Be 220,000 men, cxcecdirhy 68,000 and infamous proposition to the Allies to " the number of the army in 1792. Now, COMPEL vour Viajesty to fix on such a * if the Franch Government h:24 adopted peace establishment as they, or, rather, as
such unwise and extravagant resolu- these vile men may choose to leave you; Pion, we should think it the duty of all and, what is still more infamous, the pro"the other Sovereigns of Europe to say at position to retain our prisoners of war,
onco, anel without the lozet roremony, unless you consent to strip your country of " TITS THING SHALL NOT BE. I the means of defence ; unless you consent " We have all (British, Germans, Rus- Ito annihilate the power of France. It is
as well known to these vile men as it is to “ vereign incapable of maintaining their me, that there exists a Convention, accord * just rights. On the other hand, as we ing to which these prisoners are to be re are rich in conquests, the restitution of leased forthwith; and yet, in the teeth of which France must owe solely to our lithis solemn compact, these men would re “berality, we have both the right and the tain the French prisoners, unless you con power to insist on her doing justice in sent to leave your country in a state of return. We ought not to cede an inch feebleness, that would make her an easy “ of territory to her, until she has agreed prey to all her neighbours. They have the “ to an cquitable commercial treaty; to a reprofligacy openly, and in plain terms, to “ duction of her army within limits which recommend a violation of a treaty, which would leave us nothing to fear for the has been fulfilled on your part already; “ peace of Europe ; and, lastly, to an abanand that, too, upon the ground, that in the “ donment of the slave-trade.” _Thus, arrangement of your own domestic concerns as your Majesty will see, they mean to mu do not act as they could wish. We have such terms as shall put the resources bave, in England, the most profligate of France into hands not her own. They writers in the whole world; but, even think, that you will be made to consent to from their pens, any thing so very profli- reduce your kingdom to a sort of colony to gate as this has seldom issued. They England. If this were for the real benow discover their real motives for wish- nefit of England; if it would tend to our ing for the fall of Napolcon. They now dis- happiness and freedom, I am afraid, that I cover, that their cheerings of your Majesty myself might be tempted to wish for it too. on the occasion of your recall, arose from But, convinced that I am, that such a the hope of France becoming degraded and treaty as these men desire would be a r. al crippled in your hands. The treaty of injury to us; that it would tend to make peace now begins to be a subject of observa- us, the people in general, worse off than tion with them; and, it is worthy of your we now are ; and that it would be to Jay attention, bow they here also shew their the foundation of a new war, I wish for desire to see you and your country de- fair and equitable terms of peace. I wish graded. They take fire at the expression to see France left in possession of great of the Paris journals, that the conditions power; because I am of opinion, that her are to be a!! honourable to France ; and possessing great power will be for the good they particurly dwell upon a topic, well of the people of Engiard. It is not necalculated to deceive the unthinking part cessary for me to state precisely how I of mankind; namely, that of the Abolition think that power is to operate in favour of of the Slave Trade. - The Courier, of the our liberties. It is sufficient for me, that 21st instant, observes, that “the King of I am convinced that it will so operate; “ France has assumed a tone, which the and it is a strong presumption that this “ Allied Sovereigns were not prepared to opinion is correct, that we see all the most
erpect.” By Allied Sovereigns these deadly enemies of our freedom anxiously men mean themselves. They, indeed, ex- labouring to prevent France from retainpected you to be their slave; a vile tooling any power at all. The commercial in their hands. There are two points, treaty, cxisting before the Revolution, was on which they begin to harp pretty loudly: very much complained of in France. It the commercial intercourse and the slave-was certainly very advantageous to certain trade, in neither of which the Continental persons in England. But the Revolution Sovereigns have, in fact, any interest. has made great changes.
France has now As to these the Times says:-“ As the the means of manufacturing for herself.
negociation branches out into detail, She has new resources. She will be able • difñculties of various kinds must be ex- to feed a greater population. She will 'pected to arise. It is said, and we can contain a greater mass of industry and en• not be surprised at it, that M. Talley.terprise. She is delivered of her load of · rand has started many objections against debt. Her soil, climate, canals, rivers, : the introduction of English manufac- and ports, often abundant means for all sorts
tures, on the footing of the treaty of of commercial enterprises. But, indeed, 1786.
All reasonable modifications all tariffs ought to be thrown aside.-onght to be acceded to on our part. It French wine, oil
, corn, and brandy, ought would not be a wise policy in us to hold to come here freely and without duty; up Louis XVIII. to his people, as a So-1 and France ought to be open to all our