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man's servant, for his looking after the nag Irave talked of the hardship upon the farand brushing the shoes of the wheat mer to pay such heaps of taxes. The hardgrower; upon the dog, whose teeth are ne- ship cousists wholly in the trouble, and the cessary to protect the wheat grower's torment, and the humiliation : for the barus; upon the stamps of the wheat- farmer does, and must get the amount of grower's lease, his receipts, and his notes the taxes back again from the bread-eater. of band; upon the sugar, the coffee, the He may not do it for one year, or for two tea, the

soap, the candles, the pepper, the years ;. but, upon an average, he musta salt

, the very drugs, and 'a score of other The tax pursues the commodity to the things, used in the house of the wheat-mouth, as necessarily rivers find their głower ; upon the malt that makes the beer way to the sea. I view the wheat-grower necessary io keep his nerves steady amidst as a collector of money to be paid over to the buwiidering of such an accumulation : the agents of the Government ; and, if is the tax be collected upon all these, mist others did the same, I am of opinion that it not be paidd, at lust, by those who eat th: we should hear much less about the grasplorf, made ont of the weat? And if the ing disposition of the landholders and their wheat-grower gets lizzie money for his tenants. I dislike the talk about that crop, is it not evident that he can have lit-“ vrluable class of men, the agriculturists," tle money to pay to the Governrient in any, as the farmers are now called. I do not shape whatever? Is it not, in other ses ary peculiar claim that they have words, evident, that if wheat, (generally to such an appellation. They till the the regulator of all other commodities) con- land for gain, just as a shoe-maker makes tinue to be of the present price, the inte- shoes for gain, and as a merchant, or marest of the debt can:ot be paid ? -Mind, nufacturer, carries on his business for reader, I am no advocate for law that is sain. I see no obligation that the comnow pending. I know, that the thing will, munity is under to the growers of wheat, and must, regulate itself. If, by importa- who sell it as dear as they can. They tions from countries where the land is are entitled to no special mark of legislamore fertile and less taxed than ours, tive favour; but, as they are the grand wheat were to beconie too cheap to make vehicle for the taxes, it is the height of it profitable to grow it here in the present stupidity to express wishes to make them average quantity, less would be grea an unproductive vehicle.—As very closely here ; the capital, the labour, the mcans connected with this vicw of the corn subof all sorts, now used for the raising of corn, ject, I will here notice what has been said would, in part, be used for other purposes about bringing round our CURRENCY and some of those who are now farmers to the standard of 1796; that is to say, would turn their hands to other employ when gold was in free and general circuments. I see no harm in this. But the lation. How such an idea came into the thiag is impossible. No such effort, it ap- head of any one accounted sane, I am at pears to me, can be produced by importa-, a loss to discover. We were told, that tions from abroad, the quantity being too peace, upon a firm foundation, would do small to be of any consequence. I think, the thing of itself. It is notorious that a that Mr. Coke, and the other advocates of light guinea will sell now for 26 or 27 the Bill, proceed upon erroncous notions of shillings in paper. But the worst, the the effect of importation. But, at the most foolish part of the conduct of those same time, they are by no means charge- who entertain the notion of restoring our able with injustice. Their endeavours, in currency to the standard of 1796, is, that fact, tend to the protection, not of the they allow, at the same time, that the pafurser but of the fund-holder, and of per money is depreciated; and ( now o)those who depend on the Civil List: serve) that this depreciation has had the Their endeavours, they being landhold cflect of raising prices.-Very well. It ers, are very disinterested, seeing that is depreciated, and it has raised prices.their inevitable tendency is to enable Keep this in mind, and then ask these the grower of what to draw money wise men, what would be the effect of “re from the eaters of bread, and to pay storing the currency to its former healthy it over to the Government. I do not state.”—These gentlemen, in their anxious know how it has happened, but no one ap- desire to restore guineas, overlook the intepears to me to have viewed the matter rest of the debt. But, is it not manifest, that in this its natural light. Some persons they ought to have this object continually

2

in their view, when they are talking upon the present paper-money. To pay these the subject of restoring guineas and lower- people their interest, therefore, in specie, ing prices? And is it not also manifest, would be to give them one-third more that, in whaterer degree prices be lowercil than is really their due; and, in the same for a permanency, the interest of the debt degree, it would be to do wrong to must, in rality, though not nominally, be those who have to p:\y that interest. augmen!ci?-Now, then, what is the an- The same may be said with regard to all bual interest of this debt? I will not offices, pensions, grants, rent-charges, &c. plague the reader with any miserable de- which have criginated since 1796.-—But, tail about funded and untunded, and rc- as I said before, the thing is impossible. deemed and unredeemed; but will state, The Chancellor of the Exchequer is reportin round numbers, thrit the debt reed to have said, that it was probable, that quires taxes to be paid to the amount the Government would not call upon the of about forty millions year. Bank to pay in specie in six months after Suppose then, that what (to take that the signature of the definitive treaty of article as an instance) be now upon an peace. His answer was wise. It is really arerage of years, 271. a load, of five quar- very probable indeed, that the Bank will ters; the paper-money h.23, at the rate of not be so called upon.-Oh, dear! What exchange with Paris, depreciated one third curious things this glorious event in France below gold; and, of course, has raiseil will bring to light, and bring about ! Very prices one-third. Bring the currency back probable indeed, that the Bank will not be to the standard of 1796, and the conse- called upon to pay in specie! This

peace quence is, that wheat will be upon an ave- will put many an one to his trumps ! rage

of

years, 181. a load. Well, then, farmer Stiles, whose share of payment of

DANGER SEEN IN TIME. interest of the debt is 271. a-year, and who,

Mr. COBBETT.-Thus, then, ends the liof course, used to pay a load of what, berly and independence of nations. Nora-ycar, must, upon the restoration of gui- way is to be free and ind pendent, under neas, pay a load and a half of wheat a-year. the blessed domination of Bernadotte.This would make the farmer scratch his Poland is to be free and independent, unhead, I believe! It is as clear as day- der the happy auspices of Alexander, the light, that the restoration of guineas rould, liberator. The knowi will free the misein reality, make the debt cost sixty mil rable pea arts, as, by the wholesome exerlioaz a-year instead of forty millions a-year. cise of dancing to it, their matted hair But, this is not all. The Civil List, offi- will be impelled to uztvist. Italy is to cers of ali kinds, pay, pensions, annuities, be frce and independent, under German fixed stipends of every sort, leases, ground- legislation, the profundity of whose matchrents, rent-charges, must all become more less regulations bas long astonished the expensive by one-third to those who have world. Saxony, the garden of Germany, to pay them. What a revolution would be is to be free and independent, under the here? What smashing, what work for measured discipline of Prussia and the sa.. lawyers and bill-framers! Besides, as to gacious policy of Austria. · France is to be the justice of the thing, I am so certain free and ind pendent, under the hereditary that it is impossible for it to take place rule of an crudite Bourbon, and the without the utter destruction of the paper, wholesome restraints of a Constitution, and the debt along with the paper, ihat it coming into life under the fostering ausdoes seem to me superfluous to talk about pices of 200,000 baroneis, wielded by the justice or the policy of it; but, for the congenial heroes, issuing from all the resake of those who may not be of my opi- sions, from the Adour to the Rbine. niva as to this point, I will say a word or Spain is to be free and ind pendent, under two as to the justice of such a measure, if Ferdinand the Sevonth and the Spanish it were practicable. The greater part, Constitution, both enlichtered by the wisor, at least, a very considerable part, of dom of ages and experience. Every exthe debt las icen contracted since 1796; pectation is answered, at least, every reathat is to say, since the Bank ceased to sonable expectation. The people of Eupay their bills in specie. Of course, those rope, to whom the appeal las been so who have lent the Governmcot this part of loudly made, are become all that they the money, have lent them

paper-MORY of could expect to be; all that it was mear. the same, or nearly the same value, with that they should be. Tbryare content."

mon sense.

-Be it so. If they are, they deserve no 1 land and Saxony, and all Germany and more than is actually accorded to them.- Italy, are behind you, who might, ir they The question is, however, are they con- have foolishly expected any thing from you, tent? It is very possible that it may be that you have not granted, or any thing highly unreasonable in them not to rest except your own paternal sway over them; satisfied, for all that they coull hope for if they have unreasonably looked for any will be given them. If they hoped for thing that has been left unaccomplished more, they must have been void of com- who might, in that case, form the diabo

Unless they were the merest lical design of intercepting the return of children, it is for this they shed their your armies, in the certainty that their blood; it is for this they must have known unholy desigas would have no military that they were shedding it. But, low-force, after that, to combat. I tremble ever that may be, they inay have enter- for you. A start of the maddened people tained unreas unable expectations, or they destroys your sacred authority in one momat, hy this time, repent of their mode- ment, which would have nothing more left ration. The moment is critical. They with which to support itself. Methinks may conceive it not too late to retrace I hear the cursed word liberty profaned by their steps, or to manifest their repen- vulgar tongues, and darting like lightning tance. The purpose of this paper is to fro:n one end of the heaven to the other, alarm the Allied Sovereigns, as to ile pos- and penetrating even your consecratedl leture of affairs, and to shew them how gions. Down, in a moment, are tumbled auspicious the crisis is to that spirit of in- crowns, and coronets, and mitres, and a subordination, formerly miscalled the spi- sound sweeps from the face of the earth rit of freedom, should the madness of the all that ayes have venerated and canonized. people still lead them to dream of liberty Such a moment never before existed! The and independence. In all the countries of work of the giants is accomplished by Europe, from the Ural mountains to the children! The force of Europe being conAtlantic, there are no forces of any conse- centrated in the heart of France, is siiquence to maintain the different regions in vered to atoms with a breath! Do not rely their hapoy possession of the liberty and on the newly restored Monarch, for, either indepenılence for which they have so pro- lie mar, which is not certainly very likely fusely shed their blooi, except in the heart for a long while, identify binself with his of France. Those troops which are left country, and foolishly imagine what you behind may not be dependent upon, as the well know is mere madness, that the inmadness of misunderstood liburiy and ine- terests of himself and of the French people pendence may, like a contagion, spread are the same ; or, which is more likely, and from the people into their ranks. A shoe- which may be expected from his wisdom, maker in Germany may raise the cry, and purchased by so much experience, he may it may be echoed from the Danube to the more profoundly penetrate into the true Dwina, An infuriate Jacobin in France nature of things, and clearly see that may kindie the torch of discord, and occu- France is his own, and made for him, and pation sufficient may be given to the for him to rule. But, in either ea, he can 200,000 regenerators of Europe in that do you little service.

Of the first supcountry, which, to redor all things sıfe, pozition it is idle to speak, as then his they must not only conquer, as they have first wish and resolution must be to drive done, but finally crush. The cry of wnion, you out of his territories. The second which infatuates the Italiens, may lead supposition makes him indeed your's ; but them to chase the forrestirei, the stran- he enters your camp alone, and leaves gers, over the Alps, to their Teutonic France in array against you and hinseli, aboles. Alus! if such a moment as this while the world behind you is ready to tvere seized to unite th: Grinan name, to intercept your retreat. I tremble for you, a'nılgım.it: the Italia population, to rouse august Potentates! Save yourselves before the French spirit of revenge, what can be the mail project be conceived. Dispatch opposed to the inighty torrent that might the instruments of your mild sovereignty thus iniindate the States from the Baltic to the several countries to which you have to the Mediterranean? Sovereigns, save restored liberty and independence, by grathe tronds wiich you have assembled so ciously conceding to them the boon of your surcessfully to restore liberty and indepen- parental sway. Restrain the madness of dence to the world. Sve you not that Po-l the people, who can be po judges of liberty

and independence, and who must be ig- I ing off in their gains, which threatens very norant what is for their advantage, since shortly to destroy the source which has you know well how extensive the sway of so long afforded them an abundant barignorance is over the face of this obstinate vest, from which they have for so many globe, whose inhabitants will know nothing years derived the wages of prostitution. in spite of every cifort to instract them. A Their object, therefore, is to revive the wholesome vigour is necessary: break system, to give life to the horrid and down their obstinacy; crush their mad- abomirable traffic, by which they were ness ; make them love and revere you by enriched, at the expence of all that is dear the seasonable severity of your primitive to humanity:- It is gratifying, however, justice? Do not you see your danger? Is to observe, that tlie acts of the present it not imminent? Flee to meet it, or you government of France promise to secure are undone! You are on a hideous preci- to the French nation a long and uninterpice, and will not, I fear, see it in time. rupted repose ; and that all the attempts Your enemies will be quicker of sight, if which have been made to injure that galyou are not prompt to take advice. You lant people, will have no other effect than will have no excuse for delay, as you are to overwhelm with confusion those who forewarned. See, the torch is going to be bave so basely and enviously attempted to lighted! The cry is on the tip of the destroy and to degrade them.--The foltongue of the misled people! You will not lowing declaration of the King of France, know whom to trust in your greatest need. recently published, sufficiently shews, that The fire may

seize

your cump; the whoop he considers his own interests inseparable may be raised by your practised batta- from those of his people, and justifies the opilions : people, refrain, refrain; take thank- nion, that the French, under his reign, may fully your liberty and independence. What long enjoy a considerable portion of happido you want more? you have all that you ness.-- “Louis, by the grace of God, King of deserve, if you expected more, or if “ France and Navarre, to all those to you once had no further expectations. In “ who:n these presents shall come, greetthe one case, how unreasonable not to be “ ing :-On ascending the Throne of our content with the completion of your hopes!

ancestors, we have found our rights in In the other case, how could you be so your love, and have given up our whole idiotic ? Expect more! Alas, alas, ye “ heart to that sentiment manifested of old were mere beasts, and should be contentcd by Louis XII. the father of his peopic, to be treated as such. Down on your “and by the good king Henry IV. Their marrow-bones to ask a blessing, or a par “ incessant application to the happiness of don of the ancintod of God.-HORTATOR. “ France shall nark our reign also; and

“it is our most ardent wish that it

may

in PROGRESS OF THE FRENCH REVOLU “its turn leave behind recollections worthy TION.-If we are to believe the prosti of being associated with the memory of tuted press of this country, France is again “ those Sovereigns, whose first and noblest on the eve of being involved in all those “ virtue was paternal aflection.-Amidst scenes of anarchy and blood, which afflicted “ acclamation, so unanimous andeo soothher during the predominance of discordanting to our heart, with which we were factions-even while the Paris Journals accompanied from the frontiers of our are altogether silent as to the pretended Kingdom to the bosom of our capital, convulsions in that and other cities, the “ we have never ceased to consider the sipublic attention here is occupied with pri-“tuation of our provinces and of our brave vate letters from the French capital, in “ armies. The oppression which crushed which are given minute details of alleged “ France has left behind it many evils, by insurrections, of disturbances which ended “ which we are keenly touched; our conin bloodshed, and of symptoms in the state cern on account of them is profound, but of political opinion, which indicate the their weight will be daily diminished; approach of some terrible revolutionary “ all our care shall be directed to this point, commotion. It is easy to divine the mo “ and our liighest pleasure will increase tives which give rise to these alarming“ with the felicity of our people. Already reports. The

newspapers engaged in pro an armistice, concluded in conformity pagating them, find, since the fever of “ with the views of an enlightened and mowar, and the fervor of political strife sub-“ derate policy, dispenses its benefits R sided, that there has been a dreadfui fall. | " the forerunners of peace; and the

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“ Treaty, which is tó estahiish it in a du- | directed bis particular attention to the “ rable manner, is the most constant, as proper organization of the army, and to “ well as the most imvortant, objcct of our the just rewards which are due to men « thoughts. In a short time, the olive, who have procured so much glory to their “the pledge of the repose of Europe, will country: In furtherance of the intentions “ be displayed to the nations that require of his Majesty towards these brave sol"it. 'i'be allied armies are beginning diers, the following has been made public: “ to move towards our frontiers, and the “ WAR DEPARTMENT.-ORDER OF THE "angrust Sovereigns, whose principles “ DAY ----PARIS, MAY 15, 1814.-llis “ have been so generous in regard to • Majesty has just determined on the orga

us, are rohly desirons of closely unit “nization of his army. After having heard

ing themselves with us by the ties of a " the Council of War, he has issued an or“ nutual friendship and confidence that “ donance of the most favourable nature u shall never be broken. We know that possible, for establishing the new Mili

some individual abuses have been com tary Constitution; and he has less con* mitted, and that contributions have “ sulted the financos of the State, than his “been levied upon the departments of eur " justice, in rewarding honourable services, kingrom since the conclusion of the armis- " and his afiection for his brare troops.

tise, but the just ard liberal declarations “ Inspectors-General, furnished with in" which the Allied Sovereigns have irade“ stractions from the Ministers of War, " to us respecting these abuses, authorise" will depart to form the amalgamation of

us to forbid our subjects to comply with all the corps. It is important that all "such requisitions as are illegal and con- “ such officers, who have rights to claims or

trary to the Treaty, which has stipulated “ rewards to solicit, should appear under “ for the çeneral suspension of hostilities. “ their respective banners: the absence of

Nevertheless, our gratitude, and the these officers, during this operation, will

usage of war, rcquire us to order all “ lead to serious and irreparable inconve" the Civil and Military Authorities in our “ niences. It is consequently necessary, 6 doninions to redouble their care and at " that every military officer, of whatever "tention, that the valiant armies of the Al rank,

sliould

appear without delay, with Jied Sovereigns may be regularly and abun-“ tlie corps to which he belongs, in order of dantly supplied with all that is necessary for “ to lay the state of his services before " the subsistence and wants of the troops. "the Inspectors-General, and to obtain - All demands not comprehended in these

“either his continuation in active serrice, “ objects shall therefore be of no ellect," the prescrvation of his full appointments, " and the sacrifices of the people will be “thc enjoyment of half-pay at home until " i diminished. Frenclumen! you hear the replaced; or, finally, to be permitted to . hing, and he wished, in his turn, that “ retire in consequence of the rights he

may reach him, and express may have acquired by new services since your wants and your desires ; his shall “ the month of January, 1914.-Those of“ alvravs attest the love which he bears“ ficers who do not belong to any corps,

to his people. The largest cities, and those of the staff without appointments, “ the most obscure hamlets, all parts of his and those who wish to be placed in re“ kingdom, are equally objects of his care, "riments, shall present themselves, ac" and he presses all his subjects at one and "cording to their choice, in the chief places , “ the same time to his heart. He does not “ of the divisions or departments in which " think that he can indulge feelings to there are Inspectors-General, to make “ paternal for people whose valour, loyalty,“ representations of their services; those “ and devotion to their Sovereigns, have “ who prefer half-pay may retire to their “ for ages constituted their glory and pros

“ liones. -Every officer who, without ex- perity."

Louis. press permission, shall remain at Peris Several ordonances have likewise been cight days after the publication of the published in France, all tending, like the present order, shall be held to have reabove proclamation, to promote tranquilli nounced his right. The soldiers who do ty, and to prepare the people for the enjoy“ not belong to the corps of the garrison ment of the blessings of peace. Awars" of Paris shall be immediately marched, also, that France can never be great and “ under the immediate direction of the powerful unless her troops are put upon a “ Commander of the place, to their reT'espectable footing, the King seems to have spective corps, or to one of the nearest

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