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jealousies of France, which ought everwhen Russia gets Finland. Sweden, to wake in the breast of a Briton, and to “ Norway; and Austria and Prussia old “ dispose both the public and the ministry "territories, which they had for ever given “ to a false and mischievous principle, up for lost, England, whilst all ockcrs * which has been sanctified under the name “gain, should lose Why, when they in“ of generosity. We have no objection to

crease their

power, she should diminish • all for which that is the term, when pro

“ her's? We have seen po reason given perly understood, and we have certainly " which is not too absurd to answer. Engno wish to perpetuate feelings of enmity “ land has made sacrifices, she has been

or revenge towards France. It is per “ for twenty years making sacrifices for “haps the best political reason which can " the independence of Europe ; why then “ be given for our joy at the restoration of " should she be required to make additional “ the Bourbons, that we can be at peace ones? Her vast national debt shows the “ with France under the ancient family, “ sacrifices she has made ; and if Austria,

more in the spirit of peace than when un-" Russia, and Prussia, can plead pecuniary “ der a base and unprincipled usurpation. “ sacrifices also, we shall deinand why they “ Bat let us not ignorantly forget that tho' " are to be allowed to balance them with “ Bonaparte be overthrown, France is still" an extension of territory, whilst Great * the same ; that she is radically and “ Britain is to retain her debt, and at the

systematically our enemy; and let us not, same time diminish her possessions? The “ in the folly of our good nature, pour those“ gross injustice of the requisition, and the “ gifts and offerings into the hands of “gross folly of countenancing it by the “ France, because she has been compelled “cant of not being behind in magnanimity, " by her sufferings to ease herself of the “ is most apparent from the consideration, “ loadof an oppressor, which maystrengthen “ that there is no reciprocity implied in " her for future aggressions. France is " such an arrangement as shall restore the " to be placed as before the war; this “conquered Colonies to France. The other "" seems to have been the principle of the “ Allies gain independence and territory

Allies, when negociating with Bonaparte." by the defeat of the French; but Great “ We then heard it echoed from one to “ Britain gains neither. She was inde

another, that England was the only “pendent before, and would have remains “ Power who had sacrifices to make, and “ od so; she had lost no territory, and so that she was willing to make them. If “therefore had none to recover. All she " she was presumed to possess this degree “ gains is the liberty of trading with the “ of good nature when Bonaparte was the “ Continent; and in that trade the Allies

person proposed to remain on the Throne “ are as much interested as she ; and are " of France, at least she is not expected to “ we then to purchase from France this

narrow her generosity, now it is filled by “liberty by the cession of Colonies, when “ a Bourbon. Now, it

be very mag-

“ France has no right, and now no power, “ panimons in the Allies to propose that to prevent us from enjoying it? In every

England should give back to France " view the idea of such surrenders is pre“ all her conquered Colonies ; but for our “ posterous.” “ selvęs we see not why a British Statesman Upon the subject of Colonies I might “ should admire this magnanimity of mak- first address myself to the English nation, “ing free with other people's property, or and ask them what benefit they could pro“ what justice to the nation there is in mise to themselves by such an exiension of “ such proposals. It is easy enough for dominion, and that too, of a kind not at all s those Powers who have nothing to sur contributing to our security or hapsiness. render, in order to accomplish the object, I much question, whether the restoration “ to speak of placing France as before the of Colonies to France would be any real “ Revolution ; but it must be shown why benefit to her. We have seen, that s!ie “ all the Allied Powers shall depart from has not wanted the aid of Colonies in der so the contest with the fruit of success late wars : and, perhaps, it might be well “ in their pockets, and Great Britain for her, if we must consider her as radically “ should go away rather stripped and the enemy of Great Britain, that the latter mulcted than rewarded for her honour- should expand her wings of conguest and sablé perseverance, or rather suffered to doininion over all the Colonies in the known

enjoy the fair acgnirements of her own world, as the most likely means of producto insulated valour agd exertions. Why, ling her final weakacss and ruin, as ilic ex

tension of dominion has now produced the OUR VAST NATIONAL DEBT! Yes, ' want of the power of resistance in France. may it please your Majesty, it is, indeed, a But, all that I, or any one else, might be thumper. It requires thirty-eight millions · able to urge on these topics ; however of pounds sterling to pay the interest of it;' elearly we might be able to shew, that in- or, in French livres, 912 millions ; a sum,' flated dominion, that external resources, I believe, twice as great as Napoleon was that borrowed vigour, all tend to the final ever able to get from his forty-four millions fall of States, and however numerous the of people, to carry on all his undertakings: instances by which we might illustrate and and all his wars. · This sum, this sum neenforce this position, nothing that we could cessary to pay the interest of our debt · say would affect the object of this writer's alone, is enough to make one's head swim observations and doctrines, which is mani- to think of. But these same writers are, : festly to cause the people of England to at other times, continually assuring us, that believe, that, to give up Colonies to France this debt is nothing of serious import, and would tend to give her strength, and that they even go so far as to assert, that it is an we ought to do all that we can'to keep her indisputable proof of our prosperity. At in a state of feebleness ; and, envy out of any rate, I hope that your Majesty will the question, for the present, we will now take care not to run the risk of such inquire upon what grounds the justice of a debt, reflecting on the fatal consethis is endeavoured to be upheld. quences which a former debt produced to

It is alledged, that England ought to your family. But, this debt of ours. Have give nothing up to France, because the we not had the 'expending of the money? rest of the Allies give nothing up to her. Have we not, in our wars, had the moner's This is not true ; for the rest of the Allies worth? If we have paid nvoney, Europe give up all that part of France, of which has found men. Are we to have the ser.' they have possession; and it is notorious to vices for the money in the first instance, all the world, that, without them, we could and then demand dominions for the money not remain in France for a single hour. at last? This is a sort of double-handed They, we are told, all get something, and game, reduceable, I conceive, to no acwe nothing. They cannot all gain, seeing knowledged, or even supposed, principle of that Europe is no larger than it was before. equity. Besides, upon what ground are If, upon the whole, they get no territory, you (for you it is) to be called upon to leave why should we? But, if the King of in our hands any equivalent for this debt? Great Britain gets nothing, the Elector of You were not the cause of its being conHanover does; for how has Hanover been tracted; the war was never professed to recovered but by the exertions of the Al- be carried on for you.

We made a treaty lies? Tre are told, that they get territo- of peace and friendship with him, whom we ries which they had given up as gone for now call the usurper


your throne. We ever. And did not we look upon dear carried on the war, as we professed, for Hanover as gone for ever? Besides, we “ truly British objects.If we say, that are told, that we get nothing but trade we have taken the Colonies for ourselves, with the Continent. Do we not get, or and that your interests are out of Se'n, Anliep out of the hands of France, the question—that is fair ; but, then, let and also the ports at the mouth of the us not be permitted to claim from you any Scheldt? What prevents the Allies from gratitude, and to request you to disarın suffering Antwerp to become a great mari- your people for our sake. time arsenal ? What prevents them from But, that all these pretexts are false erecting here a formilable enemy to our appears from the context; for this same fleets? And, if they do not do that, do we writer calls upon us to remember, that gain voting? Slave w? gained nothing " though Napoleon be overthrown, France in the feet of Denmark; in the Dutch “ is still the same." What! Is there no fieri; ia the feet of Spain ; in the destruc- difference? After all, is there nothing tion of almost the whole of the maritime effected ? Is France still as dangerous force of the Ilouse of Bourbon ? What, to us as she was before? Why, if she be after all this, will any reasonable man say, ruclically and systematically our enemy," if we stili cling to the Colonies of France, what have we done? What have we gainstiil hold t'iem, lest I'rarce, which we re- ed? If there is to be “ war with Amalek present as being in the lowest abyss of heg-1" from generation to generation," what is gary, should become too powerful? But, I become of the subject of our recent re

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joicings? Why have we wasted so many even then.-But, how could a generous
candles, such rivers of oil, and stripped people expect it, after having approved of
the laurels off the few leaves which the
winter had not turned brown? If France a treaty to pay for 600 thousand men to
be “radically and systematically our ene- be kept on foot against France? We
* my,” to what end have we spent 800 mil- cannot eat the cake and have it too. We
lions of additional debt ard 400 millions
in taxes ? To what end have we saddled cannot expect to have all these services,
our great great grand-children (if Bank- and all this glory without paying for it.
notes last) with such an enormous load?“ What !” exclaim the patriotic maidens
What! Have we done this to restore to of fixed incomes,
France a paternal government? Have

are we to still pay the we incurred all this expence, and shed ri

“ Property Tax, now that the monster vers. of blood to give happiness, as we pre “ Bonaparte is overthrown?" But, my tend, to our radical and systematic enemy? dear ladies, pray bear in mind, that you

From this mass of inconsistency, falsehood, vanity, envy, and malignity,' I turn must expect to pay the Reckoning. There are to conclude, in a few words addressed to 600,000 Austrians, Prussians and Russians, your Majesty. You will now clearly see, Croats and Cossacks, who have been fightthat, in this country, no very small por- ing for us in defence of freedom, social tion of that powerful instrument, the Press, is employed in endeavours to pre-order, and religion; and would you not vail upon the Allied Powers to impose hard pay for their return home to their own and disgraceful terms upon you and your happy countries? Do you consider what people; that this same press is beginning already to endeavour to revive and perpe

might have been the consequence, tuate deadly animosity in the breasts of French army had got into England ? ReEnglishmen against France. When you Alect; pray reflect a little upon the terrible have seen the clear proof of these facts,

risk which

And, if you do that, I only wish you, your ministers, and your people, to observe and to bear in mind, I will not believe, that you will grudge to that it is this same press which is weary- pay the Property Tax for the rest of your ing the very air with their advice to you, lives. Besides, will not this tax go, in to slight and degrade your army, to break your promised amnesty, and to adopt all part, into the pockets of those, who, as those vindictive measures calculated to officers, have been serving in our army, plunge France into long and bloody civil and whose half pay is now to be augmeni

ed? Have N. B. The King of France having put

not relations you

amongst off the final arrangement of the Constitu- these? And, how do you expect that they tion, until the 31st of May, I shall post- are to be supported without taxes ? Have pone, till after that time, my proposed comparison between it and our happy

we not the Duke of Wellington, that "first thing of the same name.

captain of the age," as our newspapers,

call him ; have we not him and his noble SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

comrades to reward? And, would you THE RECKONING.This is a most not share in the expence of rewarding : copious subject, and I can only just notice those, who, in all human probability, have. here, that it is said, in the Parliamentary contributed to the preservation of your Debate Reports, that the War Taxes, ex- lives ; nay, more, your honour. Good cept the trifling duty on goods going from Heaven! when you reflect upon the serone part of the coast to the other, are to vices rendered you, can you complain of: be kept on for another year, at any rate ; the continuation of the Property Tax, or, at least, there is no promise that any which only takes from you one pounal note. part of them shall be sooner taken off ; out of every ten? O, fie, Ladies! dor, indeed, that they shall be taken off AMERICAN WAR, Some mention lae

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been made of this in Parliament; but I paper for gold; a measure open also to any must put off my remarks till my next.

new Coalition that might be formed against

If it be argued, that the nation is still JOHN BUIL'S SECOND THOUGHT. very rich, it is answered, that the greater MR EDITOR--It is now said France is will be the incitement for plunder. The subjugated, and restored to the Bourbon resources of the , Allies in men

are imfamily in a crippled state.-Norway, we mense, and as we cannot prevent the inare told, is bartered away to Sweden, crease of their shipping, they may shortly, whom we are to assist in securing posses- and very shortly too, make the liberty of sion of it. America, we are assured, is to be the seas their pretence, and prove equally abandoned by the Allies for us to RECOLO- successful as when fighting for the liberties NIZE it! The Allies, our Allies, will have of the land ! perhaps even now the storm is gloriously fought for, and obtained, the Li- gathering !—The expected arrival of the berties of Europe. Peace is to be univer- Allied Sovereigns in this country may tend sal and permanent. They boast that we to accelerate the event. They will be reshall all be happy under the paternal gway ceived with pomp, with ceremony, with of our own legitimate Sovereigns!—and acclamations, with illuminations, and with that discontent will not exist, or at least fêtes.-To them, as was done by Hewill be compelled to hide its head! But it zekiah to the ambassadors of Belodack has happened, before now, that a man, Baladan, Prince of Babylon, will be shewn, astor struggling hard with a discase, has, in full display, all our riches and their even after the discase has been subdned, sources. The very magnificence of their miserably fallen a victim to the medicines reception by their princely host; the luxury which have been administered !--We have of a Lord Mayor's feast, and the splendid seen a coalition of different Sovereigns appearance which will be assumed by all overcome the most powerful nation, and the those who will be permitted to approach most skufal General in Europe. What the royal visitors, will give birth to refiecever may be the ostensible pretence for tions as to the manner in which such this, the real cause will be found in the wealth was acquired, and the means emFrench having first made laws for their ployed for securing its immense influx.Monarch, and next having beheaded him Some deep-sighted politician may whisper, crimcs most unpardonable in civilized that it is all owing to the sovereignty of the Europe, and among regular Governments. scas. To the Sovereign of all the Russias, In cases of murder, it is well known that he may add, that this little Island might have length of time does not occasion prescrip- room to dance in one of his Imperial Mation. If we look into our own history, then, jesty's provinces. Why, then, he may ask, it will be seen that we have been equally should not Russia have as extended a comguilty as the French. Did we not behead merce, and an equal share of the sovereignCharles ? did we not confiscate the church ty of the seas? It may also be hinted, that land? Did we not send James and his fa- a certain portion may be granted the conmily a packing? How come we, then, to federates, for their assistance in recovering throw the first stone ? By means of a the whole. With the aid of England, Coalition we succeeded-ave, and another might these confederates argte, we have Coalition may spec«lily inflict a similar just conquered a country containing thirty punishment on us.-Coalitions may now millions of inhabitants; with the aid of become the order of the day; and if inte- these we may easily subdue a population of rest, sometimes denominated public good ten millions, and of these ten millions a by Princes, should step in, à Coalition twentieth part, at the least, will gladlytransagainst England would be full as practi- plant themselves and their manufactures to cable as one against France. It may be the Continent. Thus we may free the seas said that such Coalition would fail for want and increase our commerce, &c. &c. of money; that, in the present war, we had As the visit of the two Emperors, howbeen the barkers of the Allies. Yes, with ever, is unavoidable, it may, perhaps, be à vengeance, we have sent them our money more to the profit of the country, if, in their and reserved only our bills; so that this reception, we display less of our luxury and very argument overturns itseif; for if we more of our poverty. Let them be conhave given the Allies money, they, or their ducted to our prisons and our poor-bouses, subjects, are now in the actual possession and to our decaying manufacturing towns; of it, while we are compelled to substitute | let, them enter the peasant's half-thatched

cottage let them be made acquainted with i diture of the brother of the King is cal-
the magnitude of our National Debt--with culated at one-fourth, exclusive of the piim
the immense sums annually collected by vate property and the appendages. That
Government, and the way in which it is dis of the nephews at the sixteenth part.-
tributed; let them inform themselves, pro- The maintenancc of the children of France,
viding they do not divulge it in this coun- in the direct line from the King, male and
try, of the immense quantity of paper nos female, will be hereafter provided for.
in circulation; and thus, after dining at a The Conscription.—'The continuance of
luxurious board, and when retiring to rest the Conscription is abolished.- The Peace
on a splendid couch, they will naturally con- and War Establishments of the Army will
clude, that however great the commercial be fixed by the law, which will in like man-
resources are in England, want predomi- ner determine the modes and extent of the
nates ; that, though luxury abounds at recruiting service. The military expendi-
Court and among the great, ninc-tenths ture of each year. The way in which ad-
of the people have misery to their share ; vances shall be made.-Similar regulations
and that, upon the whole, England is like with respect to the marine establishments.
a certain bird, which, having more feather — The provision for the army retained in
than flesh, is not worth powder and shot.- active service, an: that for retired or peir
Prudence will, however, suggest to us that sioned officers, and soldiers, will be taken
we ought to keep up our large standing into serious consideration.—The marines
army and not disband our militia; that we will experience a similar attention.
ought to have recourse to a Conscription, Question of Peace and Ilar.--The rights
a Landwher, or a Landstrum; and, at all of Peace and of War shall appertain to the
events, that we ought to send our foreign Legislative Bodies conjointly, subject to
legions out of the country, lest, in the heat the following limitation :-War cannot be
of battle, they should go over in a body to decided upon but by the special decree of
the enemy. Let us by the experience of the Two Chambers, upon the formal and
others grow wise, and avoid the fate of Na- necessary proposition of the King, and
poleon at Leipsic. On the other hand, sanctioned by his Majesty.
as the people are now content to bear heavy Public Liberty.The care of the er.
taxes, they will not murmur at their conti- ternal relations of the kingdom; the main
Buance. "Government may, therefore, still tenance of the rights and possessions of
subsidize, as usual, only changing the oh- the kingdom ; the care of its political rela-
ject, and instead of making them the cc- tions; the military preparations, with re-
ment of a coalition, let the subsidies be con- ference to those of neighbouring States;
verted to the promotion of discord; for it and the repelling imminent or incipient
is much better to prevent a coalesced inva- hostilities, is- entrusted to the King. But
sion than to repell it: and it must be re- in cases of extraordinary movements of the
membered this country has often been re- forces of the State, the King shall, with-
duced by invaders, and that what has here-out delay, give notice of the same to the
tofore been effected by one invading nation Legislative Bodies, and make known tile
may more assuredly be within the verge of causes and objects thereof. And if the
possibility, when attempted by a COALITION Legislature be not then sitting, the same

ARISTIDES. shall be immediately convoked by his Ma

jesty.-- When the Legislative - Bodies

shall deem the causes and objects legitiFRANCE.-The following are some ad- mate and admissible, war shall be declared ditional articles of the new French Con- by the King in the name of the Prench n.zstitation, which have transpired since I tion. It shall then be deemed national, last adverted to the progress of the revolu- and the necessary supplics shall be provided. tion in that country :-

-If the Two Chambers shall decide that Civil List.-The Civil 'List (or the war ought not to be maile, the King shall funds of the annual expenditure of the order his Ministers, on their responsibility, King) is fixed at twenty-five millions of to adopt, without delay, measures for the francs, exclusive of his private demesnes cessation or prevention of all hostilityand those of the Crown. The King to It appertains to the King to conclude and support his civil and military household. sign all treaties of peace, alliance, and The maximum in point of number for the commerce, and other conventions with latter is determined. The annual expen- | Forcign Powers, which he shalt trem ado

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