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wonderful, that this feeling should have tainly be no occasion for the presence of lain dormant for so many years? That, 300,000 foreign soldiers. upon the soil of while Napoleon and his army were in France, garrisoning all her strong and great Spain, at Vienna, at Berlin, and even at towns and her capital. It will, therefore, Moscow; that when such fair opportuni-be to the world, a pretty good criterion, ties offered, when there was nothing ap- when it is informed of the movements of parently to prevent the people of France these troops and of the period of their defrom expressing their wishes in your favour; parture from France. If it be necessary that, upon none of these occasions, no part for these troops to remain for any length of that populous nation should, amongst of time; if they are to occupy Paris, and, all their love of changes, have thought of in fact, France, until your Majesty. bé expressing a wish for the return of the seated in the exercise of your authority;" if ancient family? If I am reminded of the this be found necessary, it will take a great spies, the police, the gens d'armes of Napo- dead more than the Senate and our neysleon, I answer that all these were still papers have yet said to convince the ratioFrenchmen. They made a part of the nal part of mankind, that the genuine feel. French people at any rate; and, some how ing in France is what it has recently been or other, it has happened, that this people, described to be. Napoleon is now out of taken all together, have, until now, been the way. He has not only lost his power; quite silent as to any wish for the restora- but, his person is removed. Fear of him, tion of your House. They are now, we therefore, is quite out of the question. are told, lost in their feelings of joy at your Fear of whom, then, can it be, that shall return; but, when was there a nation, the render the presence of such an immense populace of which did not shout for the foreign force necessary?. If the presence strongest ; did not shout for him who had of this force be found necessary, it will be the power for the time being? Loud as hove your Majesty well to consider of the the shouts may be, they have not, and will means of gaining the real affections of the not, surpass those which were wont to be people. The Senate, after accusing set up for Napoleon, who, according to Napoleon of violating the liberty of the the accounts we received, was hailed at press by bis imprimatur, have themselves Rome, Amsterdam, Berlin, and Vienna, imposed an imprimatur, under pretence of with joy as great as your Majesty is said preventing inflammatory placards and other to have been hailed with at Paris. This dangerous publications. Or what could noise, therefore, is no cireumstance to this, their apprehension be grounded? If judge by of the real sentiments of the na- the people really be of one mind as to your tion; and, if your Majesty has a true restoration; if they have hailed your return friend about you, he will caution you, with sincere joy ; if they do thirst for their every hour in the day, not to build any ancient nobility and clergy; if the work of hopes upon that of which these shouts ap- counter-revolution be really their uprk, pear to be the evidence. He will remind why these fears of the press ? - du short, you, as I have, that the French people every thing tends to prove, that your Manever spoke of you and your family, 'till jesty has much to do to gain the good will thie foreign armies got possession of their of the people of France; that your object country; and that, so reluctant were they ought to be to convince them by your to do it at last, that the white cockade did measures, that they will not dose by the not travel so fast as the invaders, until change; that they are not going to return

Paris itself was taken, and Napoleon was to that state from which they emerged in - unable to afford then any chance of suc- 1789; that they are to enjay the fruit of - eessful resistance. These are facts, their labour and genius ; that their coun: whith a faithful adviser will keep constant, try is still to be great ; and, in short, that ly before yoy, as the strongest of all possi- they are to sweř neither ii interest nor in ble reasons for your acting in such a way character by your restoration. You have as shall reconcile the people to your return. the disadvantage of succeeding to the

Either, says common sense, the peo- power of á man, who, 'notwithstanding ple of France did really wish for your ré-all that has been, or cau be, said of him,

storation, or they did not: either it is true will for ever live in the highest ranks of : that they have received you with sincere fame. He carried the French arms farther joy, of it is false: either you are the ob- than any other man; he made. France

jeét of their love and their free choice, or greater than she ever was before; the you ate net. If you are, there can cer- splendour of his atchievements weudeared

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him to a people enamoured of military not been gained as the friends of liberty glory; he was a liberal protector of the could have wished; but, if your Majesty arts and the sciences; he invariably showed ::scend the throne upon the conditions prethat the glory of France was the object scribed, France, at any rate, will enjoy as' constantly in his view: and, it will be much freedom as we, who formerly reborne in mind, that, even at last, if he proached the French nation with being would have consented to a treaty which slaves ; and your subjects will have the adwould have rendered France a contemptible vantage of having something like a specific State, he might have been still an Emperor. compact to refer to. The French people Though he became an enemy of freedom, have carried on'a' war for twenty-two feeling that the friends of freedom could years; 'they have made great sacrifices; not be reconciled to him, he established, they frave lost much of their best blood; or, at least, confirmed, a wise code of but, they have given an example to the laws; he caused justice to be duly, impar- world of what people are able to do when tially, and punctually administered; and, the obtaining of freedom is their object, the people of France, if what is called the and they have secured many advantages, New Constitution be accepted by you and any one of which would have been worth preserved, will not fail to recollect, that its a life of war. The principle of represenchief merit is, that it retains what he had tative government they have caused to be established; that it is, in fact, the work of recognized; they have a specific compact his hands; that he made the Senate and with their King, who is called, not in virthe Legislative Body; and that, by what- tue of his right, but of a decree; to supply ever name his code may now be called, it the place of another who had been deposed is, in fact, the Code Napoleon.--There- by a decree. They have made conditions fore, it will require, on your part, no com- with their new Sovereign; they have immon degree of prudence and firmness to posed an oath on him to observe the comsatisfy a people, who have lived under such pact; and they have made such a compact a ruler. "The old regime will not suit such as will give them, at least, as much free a people. They have been spoiled for the dom as the English, amongst whom they old regime. Those who are still attached formerly passed for contemptible slaves. to that regime are about to quit life. The --Taxes are to be levied impartially ; scene is filled with new actors with feelings equality of proportion in taxes is of right, and minds fitted only to a new and more and no tax is to be imposed without the free and active state of things.The pic- free consent of the Legislative Body. No ture of France, previous to the revolution,* taxes are to be laid for more than one year, as given us by Mr. Young, the Secretary except the land-tax.-These are most to our Board of Agriculture, who travelled important points. It is all that the repuball over France, who made the most mi- licans ever wished for upon this head; and nute inquiries, who observed accurately, thus, by the new compact, which I trust and who, in writing, always cited his au- your Majesty will faithfully observe, all thorities; this picture was such, that the those odious and detestabe draivis upon the man who did not wish to see a total change people, under names of Corveés, galelles, in the government, mut have been a fiend tailles, and ferrdal imposts, are for erer in human shape. There were, however, done away. The partiality in the imposuch men, and in England 100; but, their sition; so strongly dwelt upon by Mr. wishes were deteated; they had the mor- Young, is provided against; the odious tification to see the French people become and intolerable exemptions are abolished by free; and they are now endeavouring to your own consent; men are to contribute stimulate your hlajesty again to make them according to their means, and not accordslaves. Their hatred is partly to France ing to the caprice of any subaltern ruler; and partly to freedom ; blu the latter pre- and thus, in this respect, the people of dominates in their mind. This class of France have gained and secured all that men, and this class alone, would recom- ever the republicans ever had in contemmend an attempt to restore the ancient re- plation.--The independence of the jugime. They are crucitied at the thought dicial power is guaranteed." That is to of the revolution having ended with a gain say, it is to remain as Napoleon left it. to the cause of freedom. So much has There is to be one and the same system

and set of principles for deciding as to the *I subjoin it to this address, the republication property and crimes of all men, withont having been so oftep called for,


exception. Thusare swept away

all the saleable justice, of which Mr. Young | This matter of titles may be looked upon so loudly complains; all those persecuting as the touch-stone of the counter-revolutribunals the seigneurial courts; all the par- tion. It is a land-mark for a great part liaments, in which, as he tells us, the judges of the world to go by; and, there will be themselves were often parties; all these nine hundred and ninety-nine out of every divans of death and devastation, such as thousand in England, who will say, that, that of Toulouse, by whom Calas was sent in this one thing, the French people are

to the rack under the influence of re- amply paid for all their sacrifices.: morseless bigotry and superstition. ----To Here it is that your Majesty will stand in have got rid of this terrible curse alone, need of all your firmness and resolution. would have been worth a century of war. The priests will assail you with the artillery A civil war; raging through a whole coun- of their terrors and all the mining-tools of 'try, is less horrible to contemplate than their endless and ever-varying intrigue. the existence of the tribunals described by To rob the Church of her patrimony will Mr. Young;, and, indeed, he was merely be laid before you as the wort of crimes; the translator, in this respect, of the com- to do justice to her will be represented as plaints of the French people themselves, necessary at the risk of losing a crown

- The sale of the national domains is and life; and, as for oaths, they will be irrevocable."—These include the real pro- termed trash, when in opposition to the perty of the Church, which went to the interests of all that is valuable in the world support of some hundreds of thousands of to come. Nevertheless, you must repersons, who, under the pretext of devotsist, if you wish to reign in peace; for, to ing their times and persons solely to God, revive the tithes; to bring back a claimant wallowed in wealth, luxury, and pleasure, to a share in every man's crop, and that, and insulted the people by whose labours too, after the lapse of twenty-two years ; they lived. Their property paid little or to give a fifth, or, perhaps, a fourth, of the no sliare of the imposts; they enjoyed all annual worth of every man's land to another, the benefits and performed none of the when, in many cases, the land has been duties, of civil society. They were not, purchased being free from any such charge, in general, amenable to the laws; they would be an act that could hardly fail of committed crimes with impunity; and the exciting commotions leading towards, if only way in which they exerted their ta not to, another revolution. -Your Malents, was in keeping alive that accursed jesty will not want for advisers, though the superstition, which served to preserve their press, in this country, urge you to adopt owo power at the expense of public hap- tis odious measure. There are men here, piness.--" The freedom of worship and who, caring nothing about you or your faconscience , is guaranteed ; and, the minis- mily, are tilled with dread at the idea of ters of worship are treated and protected the people of France being free and happy. alike." This is again a mere confirma- They dread to see the people of France tion of the laws and regulations of Napo- gain any benefits at all. They would, leon. But, the word traitement has a above all things, dread the consequences meaning of great importance, which is not of their being, under a government accontained in the translation. The word, knowledged to be legitimate, freed from the in French, means salary, or pay: and, the charge of tithes. They would be terrified compact with your Majesty is, what the at so dangerous an example, as they would ministers of all religions, shall be paid in deem it; and, I have little doubt, that, if · The same manner, or, from similar sources. you conform strictly to this part of the Thus, then, the tithes are not to be revived. compact, they will soon be found amongst This is a most important point; not only the bitterest of your enemies. This as it affects property, but as it affects the point is not like any thing relating to the power and influence of the Romish Church. | legion of honour, or to any mode of proIn fact, if this article of the compact be ceeding in the Legislative Body. It touches adhered to, there will be no estillisheil the property of every man who has prochurch in France; and, I think, that your perty. To revive the tithes would be dis Majesty, during your long exile, must have rectly sending a stranger to take away the seen enough to convince you, that a pre- tenth part of every man's produce. What dominant hierarchy bas its inconveniences. a change! What a contrast with the go

To put down an established Church, is a vernment of Napoleon! It would rouse į very different thing from refraining to raise every pitch-fork in your kingdom. And

up one that has already been put down. yet, if done at all it must be done at once,

It is not a work that can be effected by they reviled the Catholic religion and the time, or by partial acts; for, to seize the Catholic priest. They represented your tenth of a man's crop cannot be done im- predecessors 'as tyrants; your clergy as perceptibly; the people cannot be deprived subtle and cruel knaves; and the people of of this, as they sometimes are of their po- France as superstitions and degraded litical rights, by slow and imperceptible slaves. But, the revolution having alarmed degrees. It is not like 'à tar, which, at them, your family became a race of pater worst, is only for a time, and is paid in nal sovereigns, and, as to the Catholic money. It is a seizure upon the real pro- priests, they were the most pious and perty itself. The act is visible, and touches most vittuous set of men in existence. The every man in the tenderest part:

-Your repeal of the edict of Nantes was no longer Majesty may have perceived, that, amongst thought of; the judicial murders of Lanour great agriculturists, including some of guedoc and Provence at the dictation of the most violent enemies of the French re- bloody bigotry, might have been necessary volution, there are persons who are very to prevent disorganization;" the Pope, eager for the abolition of the tithes even from being called -Anti-Christ, became e here, They speak of them as a monstrous venerable old man;" and, even the inquis national evil; they have no scruple of at- sition with its cells and its flames, tended, tributing every scarcity to them, though at least, to preserve « social order." Yout they forget that they now and then com- Majesty must have been amused with all plain, that corn is too cheap, though this this. The shyness of the world gave you cause of scarcity is existing all the while. time to observe and reflect; and I dard

These worthy gentlemen are deceived; but, say, that you concluded these people to be the error is general; and, one of our no- the very basest of all mankind. From blemen, not lorg ago, cited the happiness, the sanie motive that hugged the Capuching of our neighbours in being freed from tithes to their bosom, and that their wives ad

-But, to impose tithes is very different daughters decorated themselves with rosaries from preserving them, especially wher, and crosses, they would stimulate yon to in the former case, the land has been pur- extirpate, or, at least, degrade, all the Prochased tithe-free. - This is the case pre-testants in France; namely, because liberty seuted to your Majesty, whose advisers of conscience there, perfect equality as to must be your worst foes, if they counsel religious matters, would be an acquistion you to depart one jot from this condition to the cause of freedom. The remaining of your restoration. Yet, here again it condition, relating to religion, is of great must be confessed, that the French people consequence too; that is," that all will have been gainers by the revolution. Frenchmen are equally admissible to all This their gain will excite envy, in their civil and military employmenls." This is neighbours, and will tend, it may be hoped a very wise and just provision, or, rather, to strengthen, rather than weaken, the retention of what Napoleon had established. cause of freedom.--The liberty of con- You, like him, will act wisely in availing science and of public worship which is yourself of all the talents you can reach, provided for, or, rather, retained, will give without regard to the religious opinions of great satisfaction to the friends of freedom, the possessor. The belief or disbelief in the especially to those who have read of the doctrine of transubstantiation has nothing borrid persecutions of the Protestants, under to do with the making of a treaty, or the the ancient regime. But, it is said, that, pointing of a cannon, or the deciding of a in this country, there are Protestants who question in law or equity. France, under protest against this condition of your recall! your sway, if you adhere impartially to They wish you to re-establish the Catholic this condition, will set a bright example to hierarchy in all its plenitude. The truth the European nations. You will can down is, that they care nothing about your in- qu your head the curses of superstition and

terests or the interests of religion. They priest-craft, of corruption, and of every hate freedom; they look upon an exclusive oligarchy on earth; but, you will be faith 'church-establishment as the means of fully served, and France will always be able holding men in abject subjection; and, to chastise any envious aggressor. Your therefore, whether Catholic or Protestant, only real enernies are those, who will enthey wish for an establishment.--Your deavour to stimulate you to acts of despot. Majesty will hardly have failed to be amus-ism and revenge. I perceive with great ed with observing the conduct of those satisfaction, that the republican generals personis. Before the revolution in France, are likely to be the commanders onder

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you. You bave seen, that there was no for, as to putting them back into the state dependence on the frivolous offspring of in which they were before the revolution, what was called high blood. There were it is as impossible as it would be to form enough of these in France to have saved again the image of the Lady of Loretto ont the life of your brother, or to have raised of the ashes, into which it was reduced by His son to the throne after his death. They the people of Paris. --The people of made no effect in his defence. They fed France, by their valiant excursions, have from their homes and their country, seek- set Europe into a commotion which will not ing the aid of foreign troops to do what soon subside. Spain, Portugal, Italy., Holthey themselves might have done. They land, Belgium, Switzerland, Naples, Sicily; hated freedom, but, fortunately, they all these countries are yet in an agitated wanted the courage and the mind to oppose state. It will be your Majesty's true polia its progress. They have been severely punish-cy to leave them all to arrange their dised; and they will now seek to avenge them- putes in their own way. Let France now selves by urging you on to acts hostile to sit down quietly in peace ; let her people the freedom of the nation. They will enjoy the blessings, which they so well incessantly whisper in your ear the neces- deserve; let other nations now struggle sity of straining the bonds tighter. They for their freedom, or remain in a state of will tell you, that your brother fell by his slavery. Let those who have had in view leniry, and that, therefore you ought to be the humiliation of France, the tearing of severe. They will never remind you of her to pieces, the throwing of her back for the real causes that produced his tragical a century; let those who hate and who end; namely, their pernicious advice first, envy her, now settle their disputes in their and then, their base desertion.--If your own way. Only let the people of France Majesty has the firmness to resist these be free and happy, and the rest of Europe advisers; to turn a deaf ear to the priests, will soon follow her example.--I have and to adhere steadily to the social con seen with infinite satisfaction, that the retract, which you have made with the peo- publican generals appear the most promi. ple of France, there is no treaty that you nent in the new order of things. They may consent to, there is no combination are the inen, in whom your Majesty ought of any sort from without, that can prevent to confide: An old decripid, rotten nobiyour being the most powerful sovereign in lity, who have fled, in all parts of Europe, the world. You will be surrounded at the approach of the republicans of with skilful generals, and have, beyond France, are not fitted for times like these. what history gives any account of, men Let them wear their old cordons and their whose very names will inspire a desire to ruffles; let themi muster up their parchlive in peace with you, and to treat you ments and their armorial bearings; but with respect. The very prisoners of war, trust them not with your armies. Let who will return to you, will form an army military officers continue to rise by their sufficient to defend France against all the merit. Ask no questions as to who is their world. The nation is enlightened; agri- father or their mother. The bravest and culture and all the arts flourish in your most skilful alone are able to give you supa dominions : you have no Delt to plunge port, and those only you ought to promote. you and the country into embarrassments One great cause of the wonderful success and confusion. Your bank pays its notes of Napoleon was, that he took all his comin specie. There will be no exclusive pri- manders from the ranks. Every soldier vileges to impede knowledge and improve had a fair chance of promotion. He had ment. The soil, the climate, of France not the mortification to see the son of some are the finest in the world, and her people noble, the bastard of a mistress, or the the most brave and most ingenious. Mouk- stupid off-cast of some family of interest, ery has been driven out of the sciences put over his head. The commissions in as well as out of the convents. All the the army were not the wages of corruption causes of the former decrepitude of France or of prostitution. They were not the are removed ready to your hand; and it perquisities of prostitutes or the valets-dedepends wholly on the counsels which you chambre of battered rakes in power. They shall adopt, whether the French people are were not amongst the compensations of now to enjoy the friuts of their immense political villainy; they were not given in sacrifices and their unparralleled exploits of part payment for acts destructive of all civil valour ; or, whether they be yet destined and religious liberty. Say the world what to renew those sacrifices and those exploits; it will of your - renowned predecessor in

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