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famy, there is no public · feeling in this is something more than dreams of the most country stronger than that of indignation unmeasured ambition. We need not here against the Americans. Tlat a republic detail the long history of fraud and false; hoasting of its freedoin should bave stoop- hood by which he at length succeeded in ed to become the tool of that monster's deluding his countrymen into war. Suf.. ambition; that it should have attempted fiee it to say, he had two objects in that to plunge the parricidal weapon into the war:-first, to sap the foundations of our heart of that country from whence it's own maritime greatness, by denying the alleorigin was derived; that it should have giance of our sailors; and, secondly, to chosen the precisemoment when it fancied seize on our colonial possessions on the that Russia was overwhelmed, to attempt main land of America, leaving it to a fu.. to consummate the ruin of Britain all this ture occasion to lay hands on our insular is conduct so black, so loathsome, so hate... settlements in the West Indies. Perhaps, ful, that it naturally stirs up the indigna- when he finds himself unexpectedly de. tion that we have described. Nevertheless' prived of the buckler under which he aim-s there is in this case the same popular error, ed these stabs at our vital existence--the that there was, not long since, when France Inighty NAPOLEON, the Protector in pelto. was identified in the minds of most men, of the Columbian Contederacy he may with the name of BUONAPARTE. The be willing to draw in his horns, and sneak. American Government is in point of fact, away from his audacious undertakings. as much a tyranny (though we are far from But shall we have the extreme folly to leta saying it is so horrible a one) as was that him off thus?: When we have wrested the of BUONAPARTE: and as we firmly urged dagger from thre bravo's hand, shall we the principle of No Peace with BUONA- quietly return it to him to put up in its PARTE; so to be consistent with ourselves, sheath? No. No.:. Mr. Madison himwe must in like manner maintain the doc- self, in his very last public speech, has fure trince of NO PEACE WITH JAMES nished us with a most apposite rule of con, MADISON. The reasons for this are duct, which he cannot blame us for adopte twofold, as respecting this country, and as ing, since he avowedly follows it himsel respecting America. A very little reflec- numely, that we should not only chastise tion will render them sufficiently manifest. the Savages into present, peace, but make a - In the first place, hatred of England is lasting impression on their fears:— Hitherthe fundamental point in the policy of Mr. to we bave considered the Americans as MADISON. He is the ostensible organ of identified with Mr. Madison's govern-a party, all whose thoughts, feelings, and ment; but is this the fact? So much the sentiments are guided by this master key. reverse, thit it has been openly proposed. Some of the statesınen of this school have in some of the States to treat for peace. not blushed to assert in full Senate; that with Great Britain separately; and they the world.ought to rejoice, if Britain were would act wisely and justifiably in adoptsunk in the sea;' if, where there are now ing this measure. The Eastern States, the men, and wealth, and laws, and liberty, most moral, the most cultivated, the most: there were no more than a sandbank for intelligent, the best in every respect, are the sea-monsters to fatten on, a space for at this instant reduced to a complete thralthe storms of the ocean to mingle in con- drone by the Southern Stales, under the

Such is the deep rooted antipathy forms of a constitution, which the prevailwhich these wicked men have to the landing taction violates at pleasure. - The of their forefathers! With such men Mr. small - States,' says FISHER AMRS, “zare. Madison acts; and he himself before the now in vassalage: they obey the nod of accession of his party to power, expressly Virginia. The Constitution -sleeps with laid it down as a principle (on the discus-, WASHINGTON, having no mourners, buit: sjon of Mr. Jax's negociation), that no the virtuous, and no monumeut but histreaty should be made with the enemy of; tury. - Qut, tote and influence (those of France... His love for the latter country, the Eastern States) arail no more than that: however, was but an adjunct of the hatred of the Isle of Man in the politics of Great which he entertained towards us: and he Britain. If this was true before the anhated us for the very same reason, thats inexation of Louisiana, haw much more BOOXAPARTE did--because we stand in strikingly so now, that that addition. has the way of any state that aspires at univers quite broken down, all balance between sal doiginion; for, young as is the trans- the States; and poured an irresistible stream adantic Republic, itchas already indulged, of corrupt

influence into the chauntlofs tant

Executive! What is very“ remarkable is, servedly enjoys a much greater popularity that the preponderance of the Southern in. America. These, and nrany more such Ştates is chiefly owing to the slaves they writers as these; have kept alive the fire of contain! The number of votes wlrich each genuine British liberty in the United States, State has in the national government; is Whilst, on the other hand, the miserable determined by the whole population, blunders of the DearBQK N's, and Hop: Hence, though the slave has no political kins's, and WILKINSON'S, and HAMP, existence, he gives a weight to his master ron's, and all the long list of defeated ge, over. a free man in a different State and nerals,, have thrown à ridicule on that irr by another curious but not uncommon vasion of Canada which was one of the great paradox in human nature, the slave owner baits of the war. Lastly comes the fall of there is generally a furious democrat, and Mr. Madison's grand "patron attended the democrat has hitherto been the most with the execration and scorn of all Bus servile of the tyrant's adherents. Clear, rope. Can we doubt, that a vigorous ef therefore, is it, that the free. Constitution furl on our part will annihilate the power

. of the United States is either incompetent of a faction alike hostile to Britain, and in itself to afford an equal protection to the fatal to America ? Is not the lime propitious wisest and best part of the Union; or else for winning at least the sounder and let that Constitution has been violated and ter part of the Americans to an. union of overthrown by the faction of which Mr. interests with the country from whence they Dladison is the ostensible head; and, in sprung?". -It is impossible to read this either case, the oppressed States would act article, without being convinced, that there justly to themselves, to separate their inter- are men; who seriously entertain the wish ests from those of the incapable and treac!k- to see America recolorrixed; who wish to erous individual who has dragged them re see our king restored in America, as the luctantly into a war no less inglorious than Bourbons have been in France; for, Mr. unjust. When we speak of these and the MADISon is the chosen President of the like crimes as perpetrated by Mr. Madlo Union; he does nothing of himself; - it is son individually, we only mean to use his the President, the Congress, and the Poor name in the common way, in which per ple, all acting in concert... Yet, he is to be sons in eminent stations are generally spo- put down; no: peace is to be made" with ken of. He stands at the head of the list, him any more than with NAPOLEON; the not but that Mr. Gallatin may be more government of the States is a tyrunny; the artful, Mr. Clay more furious, Mr. Jef- constitution is-violate, or is inefficient; its FERSON more malignant, and so on; and existence is inimical to lasting peace; the besides, there is a ferocious banditti be-time is propitious for winning the soudit, longing to his party, of whom, perlaps, he er part of the States, at least, to an union of himself stands in awe, and who, as they interests with the country whence they consist of Irish traitors, and fugitive bank- sprang.. These are sentiments and declas rupts and swindlers, from all parts of the rations to begin withi; but, in fact, they go United Kingdom, may easily be conceived the whole length of recolonization, and to exceed even the native Americans in that is the project now on toot amongst the rancour against Great Britain: but the foes of freedom, who seem to be resulved more shameless and abandoned are the in- to prove to us, that those friends of liberty:!: dividuals who compose this faction, the in Americ:1, who did not wish for the ex-; greater odium must be cast on Mr. MADI, tinguishment of NAPOLEON, despot-ás he! son himself, in the eyes of the moral and was, were not without sound rexis0113reflecting part of the American population for their sentiments. They s2w; that, It is a great mistake to suppose that the though he had betrayed the republican United States are wholly deficient in cld-cause, if he were put down there would racters of this. latter description. They be men ready to urge projects of tite dehave had many wise and many eloquent scription of that of which weyare -now" men, whose words. yet live in the hearts speaking... This language towants the and in the meditations of their countrymen. United States was never made use of; senMr. Walsh, the accomplished. editor of timents like these wero never hazarded, the American Review, has attained a high while NAPOLEON was vir power;, but, theliterary reputation even in this country; moment he is down, these. njen turn their and though the late Fisher Ames (the hostile eyes towards America; the only rea" BURKE of the western hemisphere), is not public Jeti upon the face of the earthr! se much known in this country, be de- Our quarrel with America ceases with the

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There being peace in Europe, the account; and, in short, that this might be quarrel is at an end without any discus- made an immense source of income, and sions. But this writer passes over all the an infallible security to the paper--system. subject of quarrel. The American Presi

---Of politicians there will be two de. dent and Government are bad. That is scriptions for the war: one will see in now, according to him, to be the ground America a dangerous maritime rival; a of the war; and, we are to have no peuce maritime power which grows, like her own with them. I will pass over the impudent Indian corn, almost visibly to the eye. falsehoods, which this writer utters as to They will mix this apprehension with the the conduct of Mr. Madison and the nature the feelings of mortification and revenge and effects of the American Government; arising from the naval victories of America, and come at once to what is most interest which are not to be washed away by the ing to us now; namely, First, whether fall of NAPOLEON, nor of fifty Napoleons a war for the recovery of the American at his heels. These are honourable-mindStates as colonies would be popular in ed men, loving their country; not able England; and SecOND, whether it would to endure the idea of her ever, at any time, be likely to succeed. --As to the first, ceasing to be mistress of the ocean, and so I have no hesitation in expressing my terrified at that idea as to lose sight, in the belief, that it would be, for a while at pursuit of a preventive remedy, all notion least, the most popular war in which of justice, humanity and freedom. AnoEngland was ever engaged, the reasons ther description of politicians, animated for which opinion I will now. state.- solely by their hatred of whatever gives lie In the first place, peace, real and lasting berty to man, will see in America, what, peace, and a vast reduction of our forces, indeed, they have always - seen, and for would be total ruin to a great number of which they have always hated her, an persons and families. All these will wish asylum for the oppressed ; a dwelling for for ever, no matter with whom, or upon real liberty; an example of a people, enwhat grounds. They will be for the war joying the height of prosperity and the for the same reason that undertakers are greatest safety of person and property, for deaths, and without being, any more without any hereditary titles, without any than these, chargeable with any malicious army, and almost without taxes; a counmotive.--The farmers will be for war, try, where the law knows nothing about upon much about the same principles ; they religion or its ministers; where every man being of opinion, no matter whether erro- pursues his own notions in religious mat. Deously or not, that war makes corn dear. ters; where there are no sinecures, no Here are two very numerous classes of pensions, no grants of public money to in. persons. A third is the land owners in dividuals; where the people at large choose general, who believe, that peace will lower their representatives in the legislature, their rents, without lowering their taxes. their presidents, governors, and sheriffs, -The ship-owners and builders fear Ame- where bribery and corruption are unknown, sica, who can build and sail much cheaper and where the putting of a criminal to than they can, and who, if left at quiet, death is nearly as rare as an eclipse of the would cover the sea with their ships. - Sun or Moon. This description of politiThe great manufacturers ever will be for cians look at America as Satan is said to a war, likely, as they think, to tear up, have eyed our first parents in the Garden root and branch, those establishments of Eden; not with feelings of envy, but which are not only supplying America her- with those of deadly malice. They would self, but must, in a few years, especially exterminate the people and burn up the with the emigration of artizans to America, country. The example of such a people become our rival, and supplant us, all over sears the eye balls." They will tell us, the world. Besides, if America were to that, while that example exists, nothing is be recovered, we should, they think, have done; nothing is secured ;, nothing is sate: a monopoly of supplying her. --Even the they will endeavour to terrify the governstock-holders, though they might, gene- ment and the nation by describing the rally wish for peace, might probably be emigrations which will take place from persuaded, that the recolonization of Europe; the numbers of artizans and of America would afford the means of lessen- people of enterprize that will crowd to ing the national debt; that America might America, adding to her population, extendbe made to bear a share of the debt; that ing her knowledge, increasing her means the lands there might be sold for our of all sorts, and enabling her, in a short

time, to spread far and wide what they | Eastern States, will heartily participate in call her disorganizing principles.This our joy at the fall of Napoleon and the last description of politicians have the press restoration of the Bourbons. Will they greatly in their hands; the press is the not, on the contrary, be terribly alarmed? most powerful instrument; and it will, in And will not those, who have cried out this case, lave prejudice, supposed private against the government for aiding XAPO-, interest, passion, and all in favour of its Leon, as they called it, begiu to tear the efforts.-- These are the reasons, on which consequences of his fall, when the project I found my opinion as to the popularity of. of the Times reaches their ears, and when : such a war; but, yet, I hope and trust, they find that there are writers in Engthat the Ministers and the Prince Regent land, who already openly propose to make will not be carried away by such notions. war upon them for the express purpose of It is for them to consider, what is best for subverling their government and effecting the country, and permanently best ; and in America what has been effected in not to suffer their judgment to be warped France, namely a restoration ? Mr. Ames by an out-cry, proceeding from the selfish is complimented by this writer as the ness of some and the rage of others.-BURKE of America, and I dare say, that With regard to the SECOND question : Mr. Anes would have liked very well to . whether a war for the recolonization of get a pension of three thousand pounds a America. would be likely to succeed? I year; but, in that respect he was not so think it would not. I must, however, lucky as his great prototype. Mr. Ames confess, that I agree with the author of the was a poor drivelling hankerer after aris-. above article, that “ the time is propitious" tocracy. His party wished to establish a in the highest degree. Not only have we sort of petty noblesse: they wanted to an army ready organized; composed of make some honorary distinctions. The the best stuff; best commanded; best ap- people took the alarm; put them out of pointed and provided ; best disciplined, in power, and they have ever since been enthe world, but we do not know what to do deavouring to tear out the vitals of their with it in the way of employment, and it country. The fall of NAPOLEON, hows would be, for a year, at least, as expensive ever, will leave them wholly without supin peace as in war. We have more than a port from the people, when that people. sufficiency of ships of war to carry this hears that the first consequence of that army across the Atlantic, without crowd fall is a proposition, in the English public. ing and without the aid of a single trans- prints, to treat THEIR government as that port. In Europe we have nothing to fear. of NAPOLEON has been treated, and upon France will, for some years, have enough precisely the same principle, namely, that to do at home. It is the same in Spain it is a despotism.-As I said before, I trust, and Holland; and, besides, what are any that our government is too wise to be led of them to do without fleels, and where, to the adoption of any such project; but, in the whole world is there a fleet but in if they were, what could our friends in England ?-Now; then, what are the Ame- America say? They have been assertiog, ricans to do against this army and this fleet? for years past, that ours was the cause of I have no doubt, that our army would freedom against a despot. What will they waste the sea-coast; that it would, at first, say if. we make war upon them upon the beat the Americans wherever they met same principle, and for the same end, that them; that it would, if it chose, demolish we have been making war against Naro, some towns and occupy others; that it Leon? By Mr. Jefferson and his party it would make the Congress change its place was always concluded, that there was no of sitting; but, unless the States divided, I danger to be apprehended trom France, have no idea, thtı such a war would finally under any circunstances;, and that if succeed, and it appears to me, that the France, if the new order of things was fall

' of Napoleon, especially coupled with subdued in France, America would be what will be deemed the ruinous language in great danger. Therefore they always of the Times news paper, will infallibly wished, and they acted as if they wished, silence the voice of faction in America, and that Frauce should not be defeated in the will make the whole of the people of one result of the war. It is in our power, by mind as to the necessity of providing for making peace with them at once, and resistance --The Times seems to sup, waving all dispute about differences that pose, that the people of America, or, at cannot arise during peace, to show then least, a part of them, and especially in the that their fears were groundless; but will

they not, when they see the project of the alluring bait : it presents einployment for Times news-paper, hold it up to the teeth Governors. of Provincess Commanders, of their political adversaries, and say, “ look Post-masters, Attorneys and Solicitors-Gen. here!. Here is the first fruits of the fall of neral, Secretaries, : Comcillors - of State, the man whose destruction you told us we Taxing People, Pay-masters, Judges, and ought to assist in producing, and to do any a long and nameless 'list of hangers-onj, thing in the upholding of whom you re- but, again, I say, I hope and trusty that presented as impolitic and base." This the Prince Regent and his. Ministers will will be their language to those adversaries, liave too much wisdom to listen to any. who will hang their heads with shame, such mad and wicked. project, "It is ime. unless the author of the Times can make possible, however, for the people of Ane, a shift, some how or other, to convey to rica not to feel same alarm, and not to them a small portion of his impudence.- make preparations accordingly. This lanI think it is clear, then, that the people of guage of our news-papers is quite enough America would, in case such a war were to to excite apprehension; and for this, be made upon them, be united in a spirit of amongst the rest, we have to curse a base; resistance; and, if they were, I have no und degenerate press. idea; that ten such armies as all that we could send, well-disciplined and brave as New French CONSTITUTION. our army is, would finally succeed in sub. Whenever I find the Courier and other duing and recolonizing the country. We hireling prints praising any public measure; might make inroads from Canada ; ; we whenever I read an eulogium in these sermight demolish towns upon the coast ; we vile jourvals on any legislative act of our might destroy manufactories; we might own, or another government, I immedi. lay waste the corn-fields, and burn many ately suspect something wrong; I ain then of the mills; we might destray all the convinced that some design is in contem, shipping; we might tear the country a plation, to abridge the liberties of the peogood deal to pieces; but, I do not believe ple; that there is a snake in the grass. that we should, even by adding another which, if not strangled in time, will sooner. eight hundred millions to our debt, secure or later strangle those by whose sufferance. one single colony, in the territory now called it exists, and is permitted to become a dana ; the United States of America. Yet, it gerous and formidable enemy. It is true, is really true, that the enemies of Freedom, that whether the new Constitution, which while America remains what she now is, France is about to receive, be acted upon, have gained nothing. . NAPOLBON has or not, the situation of the French people, been put down; but, then he was an ene- will be better than it was before the Revomy of freedom. He was not owned by lution, and perhaps better, for soine time. any friend of freedom. France was not a at least, than our own condition under our.. republic, nor had she a representative go- present “ glorious and happy establishvernment under hini.- The war against ment.". But if this is all that the inhabihim was in the name, at least, of the peo- tants of France are to gain by the change;. ple. The example, so hateful to the ene- if, after the oceans of blood which have mies of liberty, of a people happy and free, been shed, during a revolutionary struggle without distinction of ranks, without an of more than twenty years to obtain a reestablished church, without hereditary cognition of their just.rights, under a free power or privilege of any sort, with a press and representative government; they should nove perfectly free, with legislators and now revert to that system which put it in: chief-magistrates periodically elected by the power of their ancient monarchs, to the people at large;. this example still exists, render them the dupes and slaves of their and this country is yet: open to all the caprice, or of that of an insolent mi. world; and, to-put down this example nister, or a hauglity mistress. if, 1 say, the would, I am of opinjon, coslus more blood French nation is to be placed in circumand more money, than it has cost us to put stances; in which there is a probability, dowp NAPOLEON.. The enemies of frees or even a chauce of the formen tyranny and compromised us peace, daralte peace; if despotism of the Capets being restored, it we got rid of NAPOLEON; buty scarcely is. appears to me that the return of the Bours he down, when they'propose to us a new bons, instead of being ablessing to France, wur, more, if possible expensive in its will be the greatest of all the-curses withi nature, and probably; its dura- which she has been _visited. Better, a tion. To be sure, America holds out an thousand times better, would she hava

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