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male to male, in order of primogeniture. | only be established for a year. The bride They are named by the King. The present get of the following year, and the accoulos Senators, with the exception of those who of the preceding year, are presented anuntashould renounce the quality of French ally to the Legislative Body and the Series citizen, are maintained, and form part of at the opening of the sitting of the Immer this number. The actual endowment of lative Body.-16. The law shall fix tir the Senate, and the Senatorships, belongs mode and amount of the recruiting of the to them. The revenues are divided equally army.--17. The independence of the juzbetween them, and pass to their successors. dicial power is guaranteed. No one can be In case of the death of a Senator without removed from his natural Judges. Tłw direct male posterity, his portion returns to institution of Juries is preserved, as well as the public treasure. The Senators who the publicity of trial in crimim! matueri. shall be named in future, cannot partake of The penalty of contiscation of goods is this endowment. 7. The Princes of the abolished. The King has the right on Royal Family, and the Princes of the blood, pardoning.--18. The courts and ordinary are by right members of the Senate. The tribunals existing at present are preserver: functions of a Senate cannot be exercised their number cannot be diminished or ixuntil the person has attained the age of 21 creased, but in virtue of a law. To years.-8. The Senator decides the cases in judges are for life and irremorable, exce; which the discussion of objects before them the justices of the peace and the judges ont shall be public or secret.-9. Each depart-commerce. The commissions and ext3ment shall send to the Legislative Body the ordinary tribunals are suppressed, and cautsame number of deputies it sent thither. not be re-established.--19. The courts The deputies who sat in the Legislative cassation, the courts of appeal, and the triBody at the period of the last adjournment bunals of the first instance, propose to the shall continue to sit till they are replaced. king, three candidates for each place of All preserve their pay. In future they shall judge vacant in their body. The King be chosen immediately by the Electoral chooses one of the three. The Kink Bodies, which are preserved, with the ex names the first presidents and the public ception of the changes that may be made ministry of the courts and the tribinud. by a law in their organization. The du- -20. The military on service, the ofiration of the functions of the deputies to cers and soldiers on half-pay, the widows the Legislative Body is fixed at five years, and pensioned officers, preserve their

The new Election shall take place for the ranks, honours, and pensions.-21. The Session of 1810.-10. The Legislative Body person of the King is sacred and inric· shall assemble of right each year on the 1st lable. All the acts of the Governik na of October. The King may convake it are signed by a minister. The ministers extraordinarily; he may adjourn it; he may are responsible for all which those acts oonalso dissolve it; but in the latter case ano- tain violatory to the laws, public and prither Legislative Body must be formed, in vate liberty, and the rights of citizens.-22. three months at the latest, by the Electo- The freedom of worship and conscience is ral Colleges.-11. The Legislative Body guaranteed. The ministers of worship :10 has the right of discussion. The sittings treated and protected alike.—23. The si are public, unless in cases where it chuses to berty of the press is entire, with the excepform itself into a general committee.-12. tion of the legal repression of offences wlicia The Senate, Legislative Body, Electoral may result from the abuse of that lilxerir Colleges and Assemblies of Cantons elect The senatorial commissions of the liber » their President from among themselves. of the press and individual liberty are pria

-13. No Member of the Senate, or Le- served.-24. The public debt is guaratgislative Body, can be arrested without a teed. The sales of the national domains are previous authority from the Body to which irrevocably maintained.--- 25. No Frenc. he belongs. The trial of a member of the man can be prosecuted for opinions or votes Senate or Legislative Body, belongs exclu- which he has given.-26. Every person in! sively to the Senate.-14. The Ministers the right to address individual petilis: may be members either of the Senate or to every constituted authority.--27. A!! Legislative Body.-15. Equality of pro- Frenchmen are equally admissable to all chi portion in the taxes is of right ; no tax and military employments.-28. All the can be imposed or received, unless it has laws existing at present remain in vigour, been freely consented to by the Legislative until they be legally repealed. The collie Body and the Senate. The land-iax can civil laws shall be entitled, Civil Coele ano.

7

French.-29. The present Constitution | vered themselves. This' Monarch will
shall be submitted to the acceptance of the grant you the rewards which you have
French people, in the form which shall be merited by long services, your brilliant
regulated. Louis Stanislaus Xavier deeds and houourable wounds. Let us
shall be proclaimed King of the French, as then swear obedience and fidelity to Louis
soon as he shall have signed and sworn, by XVIII. and let us display the It hite Cock-
an act stativg, I accepi the Constitution ; 1 ade, as a sign of adhesion to an event
swear to observe it, and cause it to be ob- which stops the effusion of blood, gives us
served.---This oath shall be repeated in the peace, and saves our country.—This order
solemnity, when he shall receive the oath shall be read by the commanders of the
of Fidelity of the French.-(Signed) Prince different corps, at the head of the troops.
of Beneventuin, President; Counts de Va-JOURDAN, the Marshal of the Empire,
lence and de Pastoret, Secretaries; the Commander in Chief of the 15th Military
Prince Arch-Treasurer; Counts Abrial, Division. Head-quarters, Rouen, April 8.
Barbe Marbois, Emmery, Bartlemy, Bal Although it might have been supposed,
- dersbuck, Beurnonville, Cornet, Garbena- that the forming of a new constitution for
ra, Legrand, Chasseloup, Chollet, Coland, France, was a labour of sufficient magni-
Davous, de Gregory, Decroiy, Depere, tude to occupy the whole attention of the
Dembarrere, Dhaubersaert, Destatt, Tracy, Provisional Government, during the short
d'Harville,d'Hedouville, Fabre(del'Aude), period they were engaged upon it, we still
Ferino, Dubois Dubais, de Fontanes, Garat, tind that they found leisure, even then, to
Gregoire, Herwyn de Nevelle, Jacourt, direct their views to other matters.-By the
Klen, Journu, Aubert, Lambrecht, Lan-frst decree which they published, they de-
juinais, Lejeas, Lebrun de Rochemont, clared the restoration of the Pope to his
Lemercier, Meerman de Lespenasse, de former power. By another, the total sup-
Mautbadon, Lenoir Laroche, de Mailleville, pression of all those public schools, esta-
Redon, Roger Ducos, Pere, Tascher, blished in France by Napoleon, for the
Porcher de Rechebourg, de Ponte Coulant, Education of poor Children ; and, a third
Saur, Rigal St. Martin, de Lamotte, Sainte respecting the liberty of the press, ran as
Suzanne, Sieyes, Schimmelpenninck, Van follows:
de Vandegelder, Van de Pol, Venturi, Vau “ The Provisional Government consi-
bois Duc de Valmy, Villetard, Vimat, Van dering that the most effectual means of
Zaylen van Nyevelt."

establishing public liberty is to prevent li-
Since the promulgation of the new Con-centiousness; that the liberty of the press,
stitution, which, it appears, has been joy- which should be the safeguard of the citi-
fully accepted by Louis XVIII. the fol- zens, ought not to become an instrument
lowing proclamation has been published of insult and defamation; that, under pre-
by Marshal Jourdan, by which the fact is sent circumstances, such an abuse, and
placed beyond all dispute, that Napoleon especially that which might be made of
is to retire to the island of Elba on an al- pamphlets and placards, would easily be-
lowance of six millions of franks, about come a perfidious engine in the hands of
£:40,000 sterling per annum :- Sol- those who might endeavour still to sow
diers! The Emperor Napoleon has abdi- disturbance among the citizens, and thus
cated the imperial throne, and is to retire impede the noble movement which should
to the island of Elba, with a pension of unite them all in the same just cause; order,
6,000,000 franks.-The Senate hasadopted -1. No placard or bill shall be posted in
a Constitution which guarantees civil li- the streets or public places, without having
berty, and insures the rights of the Mo- been previously presented at the prefec-
narch.-Louis Stanislaus Xavier, brother ture of police, where an imprimateur shall
of Louis XVI. 'is called to the throne by be given. - 2. Every hawker is prohibited
the wish of the French nation, and the from crying, selling, or distributing in the
army has manifested the same sentiments, streets any pamphlet or sheet, the distri,
-The accession of Louis XVIII, is the bution of which has not been authorised
guarantee of peace. At length, after so by the prefecture of police."
many glorious campaigns, so many fatigues

NOTICE. and honourable wounds, you are going to The Public are respectfully informed that the enjoy some repose. --Louis XVIII. is a Register will, in future, bc published be Mr. Frenchman, he will not be a stranger to Morton, No. 94, Strand, to whom all communithe glory with which the armies have co-ted, addressed to the Editor.

cations and orders (post paid) may be transmit. Printed and publiebed by J. MORTON, No. 94, Strand,

VOL. XXV. No. 17.)". LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL, 23, 1814. [Price Is.

$13)

(514 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. whom they had condemned to death, and the TRIUMPH OF THE ARISTOCRATS. rest of whom they had (before NAPOLEON TREATMENT OF NAPOLBONA The triumph was:heard:01) proscribed as they thought, of the aristocrats is not greater than we forever!: This is a pretty way of showing had reason to expect; for reason bade us atluehment to a Royal Family: We now expect it to be boundless. We shall here- see the same, the :

Every same writers who "after liave to talk to them about the gains justified, nay, who urged with all their

and the losses of different nations by that might, the putting down of the Bourbons, "gränd 'event, the French Revolution; but, exerting their skill to render their reste

though I wish to get on to a very import-ration palatable. : Crelelle is mentioned ant topic, the designs with regard to amongst those who have uttered the most

Američa; which are now of the first conse- bitter things against NAPOLEON. It was quénce to the world, I must stop to say a he, wlio lauded his character the most; word or two 'upon the business of those, who praised his humanity to the skies, and who so lately were the loudest in praising who, in his history of the hero's.exploits, Napoleon, and who are now the most loud gave a cut, representing him in the pestamongst his calumniators- We are toldof house in Africa, discovering a trait: of hu. the joy, the plaudits, attending the arrival manity and courage such as is bot upon of MONSIEUR at Paris. Were they greuter record, relating to any other man; Itis vot or miore sincere than those, with which time yet to take a view of the result of the Napoleon was receivedat Berlifi, at Viemma, French revolution of its gains and its or at Rome?-1 very much question the losses. When it is; we shall bring into fact. It is the voice of the base and weak view the putting down of the inquisition as and thoughtless at the dictation, or under well as the destruction of the Bastiite. We the influence of the strong. We are told, shall, in a few monthsbe able to make that the Alliéd Sovereigns and troops took the comparison of the previous state and no share in the entry of MONSIEUR ; that the present state, of France. As to the they were resolved, that it should be purely new constitution, as it is called, we can yet a French procession; an act of the French know notbing of it. It is binding, or not people! To be sure, they did not put their binding, as the king shall please..: But, at hand to the thing. They only formed a any rate, much must have been gained; Ting round, while it was going on. But because it will be impossible to bring things this is all foolish trash. We know, all to their-ancient state. The very materials the world knows, that it is force; that are gone,' and: it cannot be done. I am it is a great, overwhelming military force; not one of those, who think, that the sovethat it is the power, the sheer military reigns of Europe will now, taking a lesson power, of all the States of Europe com- of France, be more mild in their governbined-through their fear of one man; all ments than they formerly: were : I think the world knows, that it is this force, the contrary : I do not think that they will and that it is this force atone which has make any concessions to liberty;, but .in produced the fall of Napoleon, and the re- France, to restore all the old abuses willbe storation of the Bourbons. The triumph absolutely impossible. The people of France

is, therefore, the triumph of the strongest; will have gained many things; -any one of the triumph of him who has most bayonets which was worth all the sacrifices, they

on his side."There is no moral victory: have made: To get-rid of any one of their The people of France had an opportunity great curses was worth 22 years of war

of showing their attachment to the Bouré and althe lives that have been lost. bons long before'; büt; they waited till the The treatment of. NAPOLEON is what, ällies were in possėssion of their capital. indeed, he had to expect if ever he fell But, indeed, how monstrous is itito talk of into the power of those Sovereigus, whoni their attachment to those; the head of he had a bis feet, and whom he hadise

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placed on their thrones. It is such, too, / into the house of Austria, to have lost all as the republicans of France must rejoice notion of respect for the people of France; to see him endure. They put him at the and to liave carried his dread of repúblicanbead of a republic; they placed an army of ism to a length hardly conceiveable. It Tepul licans in his hands; they sent him is, therefore, perfectly natural in the reforth to pull down thrones. He betrayed publicans of France to rejoice at his fall; his trust; he upheld thrones : he raised but, the aristocrats are very ungrateful himself to a throne: he allied himself by towards him: he has been their political marriage with a family, whom they regarded saviour and redeemer : he has saved them as their greatest enemy.

He sold the from total destruction: he has restored liberties of his country, and, as far as he them and their titles and their priviliges in could, of Europe, for a wife and a dynasty. France, and has given them security, for His offences are, therefore, against repub- some time, at least, in all other countries. licans, and not against royalists, of whom If he had been and continued a republican; he has been the sole guardian and protec- if he had faithfully obeyed the will of those *tor. His fall was not wished for, as yet, who put power into his hands; there by me; because I thought, that he might, would not, in all human probability, have by continuing some years longer in power, been a king 'ns day existing on the contido good in some respects. As being at war nent of Europe. But, he, so far from acting with my own country, Icould not, of course, as the republicans of France wished him, wish him success; but, as we had made not only spared the kingly race, but ac. one treaty of friendship with him, I saw no tually married amongst them, and took the reason why we should not make another lead amongst the aristocrats in abusing with him. But, the republicans in France the people, and treating them with conmust rejoice at his fall.' It must have been tempt; therefore, he is now justly treated, “much more galling to see him triumph, as the republicans of France must think. than to see the Bourbons return. He He would be an Emperor, would he! He became, not only a king, but the friend of must marry into the ancient House of all kings; the supporles of kings, and by Austria, must he, and be papa of a dignity the means of that very power, which had of kings! He, who received all his power been placed in his hands for the extermina- from republicans! These were the causes tion of royalty and aristocracy. This is the of the loss of his power ; these were the light, in which he is viewed by the repub- causes of his fall; and, therefore, that fall licans of France; who, if they are now to must have given infinite satisfaction to the submit to a government that they dislike, repuòlicans of France, who will have to have, at any rate, the satisfaction to reflect, reflect with pride on the contrast exhibited that the man, who has reduced them to the in the invasion of France when under Nanecessity of so doing, has been mot severely poleon, and when under the assembly and punished; that, if they are vot free, he, at convention: when under an Emperor, and any rate, does not enjoy the fruit of his when under a republican government. treason against freedom. - FONTANES'S They will always have to say, that all speech on the invasion of France, that Europe combined was nothing against speech, in which the allied sovereigns were France animated by the voice of liberty s reproached, not with their designs against but, that France, under an Emperor and the liberties of France, but with having, in King, with a gagged press, yielded to the their proclamation, given it to be under- first invasion. Napoleon's character, as stood, that they regarded the roishes of the developed at the elose of the drama, we people of France as something; that inso- cannot yet judge of; because, in truth, we lent speech, in which the people were know nothing about his behaviour. Al

told, that they ought to thank the govern- that we bear comes through a channel : ment for repressing their audacity; that hostile to him. He could not fight with

speech, the author of which, as I remark- out an army any more than another king. ed at the time, ought to have been thrown If he had dared appeal to the people; if he beadlong down the deepest well in Paris ; had still had the cup of liberty upon his

that speech alone was an act to deprive head, in place of an ill-gotten crown, he - Napoleon of all compassion on the part might have been able to make a last stand; of the friends of freedom, notwithstanding but, like all other despots, bereft of his all the good he had done in other respects. bayonets, he was powerless as a child.He seemas, from the date of his marriage It has been stated, that his Empress (we

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always ought to call her by that title), and which has ended in the putting down of the King of Rome, are to be separated Napoleon. The Times, of the 19th infrom him, and that the former is to go to a stant observes: “Among other news from convent. They would do well to make a the North, we learn, that the Danish Conmonk of him. One monk discovered gun- tingent is advancing, and that the Crown powder, and, I am sure, NAPOLEON has, Prince of Sweden has reached Brussels. in this respect, shown a true zeal for the His Royal Highness's activity is not at discovery of his predecessor. I still think, least premature. Surely, he has judged NI, however, that he will be divorced. The after the laurels which he so honourably House of Austria will hardly endure to reaped at Leipsic, to allow any minor con. continue him as a relation; and, I dare siderations to prevent his appearing equally say, that the Holy Father, will have little prominent in the last great scenes which objection to relieve her from the dishonour consummated what was so well begun.". of such an alliance. Perhaps NAPOLEON'S ---This is only a beginning, I imagine: death is the most likely thing of all. It "His Royal Highness” will, probably, would remove numerous difficulties. We soon lear, that these gentry have a little shall hear, I dare say, that he has put an more to say. They do not think, appaend to his existence; and then there is rently, that the cause needs his Royal an end of him and his dynasty for ever. Highness's assistance; and “ His Royal

We hear great boastings of the prowess Highness" will, I am afraid, have to be of the allied powers; but, do what they contented with the high eulogiums that he will, they never can get rid of the fact of has already received; for, it appears to me, their having been all defeated by the armies that he is not likely to receive any more of France; which armies, and under Na- from that quarter. Whither he is to look POLEON too, have entered all their capitals. for praises, in future, I cannot, I am sure, They have all been beaten, over and over guess for the life of me; but, I will vena again by France, and France alone. Their ture to say, that His Royal Highness is a countries have all been subdued by French- personage not likely to give rise to any very men; and, until the ruler of France mar- violently interested feelings amongst any lied amongst the ancient sovereigns, they dozen of people on the habitable globe. were all together, unable to resist ber prowess. These are facts that never can RECOLONIZATION OF THE AMERICAN be gotten rid of. France has placed a king STATES.-It was easy to believe, that the in Spain, in Holland, in Naples, in Italy. enemies of freedom would, upon this ocShe has beaten all that she could reach; casion, turn their baleful eyes towards the and this will be recorded by history in spite of United States of America, and endeavour every thing that can now be done or said.- to stimulate our government, who, let us That the fall of NAPOLEON will be follow- hope, however, has too much sense to be ed by that of all his family and relations, so worked on, to wage a war for the dethere can be little doubt: and, indeed, the struction of liberty in the western world. allied sovereigns would be greatly to blame, But, I, who fully expected to see this, am upon their own principles, or upon any really astounded at the speed and the boldprinciples of sound policy, to suffer any of ness, with which the project has been them to remain in power. It was wise in brought forward in some of our public them, if they were able, wholly to extin- prints, especially the Times, which, in guish NAPOLEON himself; for they must plain terms, urges a war against the United have been very certain, that, with the States upon the same principles that the power of France in bis hands, he would have close of the war has been carried on against annoyed them, and put them in peril, first Napoleon; and, indeed, which aims at or last. The same policy will dictate to the subjugation, re-occupation, and re-cothem the putting down of all the branches lonization of that country.----Belore I of his family; but, I must confess, that I proceed any further, I shall insert the artidid not expect so soon to have heard a hint cle, which has called forth these observathrown out against his ROYAL HIGH- tions.-" It is understood that part of our NESS, the CROWN PRINCE OF SWE- army in France will be immediately iransDEN; that worthy personage, of whom ferred to America, to finish the war there our ministers used to speak so much in with the same glory as in Europe, and to praise; and who, be it remembered, was place the peace on a foundation equally amongst the very first to take our money form and lasting. Now, that the tyrant for the purposes of carrying on the war, BUONAPARTE has been consigned to in

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