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titude in accommodating, with large elbow serious subject. The eight hundred millions room, the gentlemen who will return trom of debt; the paper-money; the income-ta't; se vas. 'No longer shall we see families and such like topics must be reserved, 'till plunged in mourning for the loss of rela the delirium has subsided a little. At prerioris on service; tender fathers and mo- sent, therefore, I shall deal with minor thers, 'who, out of pure love of their king matters. If we do not reduce our expenand hatred of Napoleon, have sent their ces; if we do not reduce very low our miscris into the army and navy, will no longer litary and naval force; if barracks, and be looking with paternal anxiety into the depots, and military colleges, are still to go lists of killed and wounded. They will on, what shall we have gained by this great now enjoy the society of their children by event? While the war lasted, or, indeed, their own fire-sides: under their own vines,

while the warlik:e Devil had been in power, and own rig-trees they may sit, with no people would have paid, as far as they one to make them atraid. Those, who could, with some degree of content; but have been supplying great-coats for the this Devil being so completely destroyed, army, and trousers for the nary; all the what will they say, if they have still to pay army butchers and bakers; all, yea all, the same ta.res as when he was in power, may now, and must now, cultivate the arts and when they were made to believe, that oi peace; that is to say, they must work, the income tax was absolutely necessary in some way or other, for their bread; for to preserve them from being devoured by thi varlike Devil is destroyed, and their him? - This event will have tine effect OCC..2.2001 is gone. --And, oh! ye Bar- in opening of eyes. We have been groping rick-Masters; ye gurdians of the nation's on blind-folded for twenty-two years. coals and candles, and bed-steads, and bed- Many things were amiss, it was acknowding, and pots, and kettles, and fire-shovels, ledged, but peace, and especially the fall and pokers, what think ye of the fall of of Napoleon, would put all to rights. Npoleon? Think you that your horses Now, then, we shall see. We shall see will be so sleek and the livery of your ser- whether the income-tax will be repealed; 73.5 so gay? Will your wives now find we shall see whether the Bank will pay in it so dificult to curb their steeds, suffici- specie; we shall see whether it was the en ''to restrain them from trampling on malignant hostility of Napoleon that kept flim iple by whose labour they have been our guineas out of circulation; we shall

23.ned --The constables staff; this see whether the paupers will become less is t_sori of arms, to which Englishmen numerous, without the repeal of taxes ; form:ly yielded obedience, and to which we shall see whether loans will cease: and, ali ne, let us now hope, they will, in future if we see none of these, we shall see how be, in any way subjected. - There is now the loyal people, who pay taxes and do no room for any pretext for keeping up not receive any, will stare at one another. ally torce greater than that, at most, which They will all become jacobins, I am afraid; was kept up after the close of the American that is to say, people who do not like to Vr, when, colonies included, the whole work to earn bread for others, who do did not exceed thirty-seven tiosand men. nothing, to eat. When a man now ven

---But, if, contrary to every rational tures to say, that he thinks it wrong, that şround of hope, a great force should be one man should receive out of the taxes

it up, and a great annual expence still many thousands a year for doing nothing, i urred, what reason should we have to he cannot be answered by an observation List of this termination of the contest that he is a partizan of Napolion. This 1 .ill be very easy to shew. when the answer will not now be given to those who proper time comes, that all which we shall say, that seats in parliament ought not to now get; all which we shall now secure; be bought and sold. Some other answer th all which we say we shall get, we lad must now be found out; and, when the before the war began, and might have : people are called upon for as much in taxes continued to enjoy il without any ilar, or as they were before, they will look so silly any delit at all; but that is too large and at each other first, and then they will betoo interesting a subject to be treated of gin to bite their lips and grind their teeth. here, and especially before people's minds But, gentlemen! act like gentlemen. You have settled down into any thing like sober have had a feast; you have just been thought. We are as yet in the delirious shouting and rejoicing; and pray, pay the hour of the feast, and it is too soon to talk reckoning. People do not, now-a-days, about the reckoning. The bill; the bill is the have feasts for nothing. They pay the bil;

and John Bull, who is a very liberal fellow, Clarence, may amuse himself with reading ought to act like himself, and pay it with the Treaty of Amiens. That document out grumbling. This is what old George will always be an instructive lesson to him; Rose will tell us, I am sure, when he calls and will, doubtless, keep alive in his boa county-meeting in Hampshire, and at som that gratitude, which he is said to owe which meeting I shall, if alive and well, to this country. In short, it is nonsense certainly attend to give my voice for con to talk in this strain. He owes no gratigratulating the Regent upon the cessation tude to any power. All the powers have, of war and plunder, and upon the speedy by turns, left him to his fate; and they approach of guineas in lieu of paper. have now restored him, because they were The reckoning is a part of a feast, which afraid of Napoleon, or of the example of some people forget; but we must not for another revolution. They have, for their get it: we must keep it constantly in view; own safety, put him upon the throne; and, and, amongst the benefits of the French if he be a wise man; if calamity has not revolution to France, the French people been a teacher in vain, he will seek the have no reckoning to pay. They pay off good will of his PEOPLE, who alone can the score of the old government, and they make that throne secure.--It now remains have contracted no new debt. They begin to be seen whether we shall have a comthe world afresh, full-handed; and they mercial intercourse with France; whether will, as they would have done under Na. we shall be upon the same footing, in that poleon, start in the career of peace with respect, as we were before the war began. aniazing advantages. Their country has if we are not, there will be a clear loss by not been drained. It is the finest country the war; and, if we are, we shall see whea in the world. Those who cannot live here ther that intercourse will bring our guineas and pay the taxes, will go thither to spend back again into circulation. So many their money and live cheap. But, I sup- topics arise, that the mind is puzzled pose, the king of France, out of gratitude which to choose; but, the event has a to this country, will not suffer his people great good in it, as it will inevitably throw to rival us! These notions are afloat. into honest labour, or send to Botany Bay, Wild as they are, they are afloat. The or the gallows, that swarm of reptiles, who King of France, who certainly has shown have so long lived by the means of a hire. great constancy in all his trials, will, I dare ling press. No more SECOND EDI. say, be highly gratified to see himself TIOŃS and THIRD EDITIONS. No under the royal flag of the Duke of Cla- more trumpetting of lies and cheating the rence, wafung him over to France; but, public: Curiosity will now have nothing that will scarcely deprive him of his memory. to work on: The alarm is over: The old He must bear in mind a little what is pass- maiden ladies will sleep in peace; espeed. He has travelled about a good deal cially if their incomes should be enlarged from country to country. He knows a by the turning of paper into gold. The little of mankind by this time; and, he hirelings of the press will soon begin to must be strangely infatuated, if he does find the lack of traffic. Their talents will not do all that he is able to conciliate his soon cease to be vendable. They will be people. His army is made to his hands, no more wanted than the commissaries and generals, soldiers, all will be given to him contractors for prisoners of war. Away seady prepared; and such an army, too, as goes that profitable branch of commerce, there is not in the world. He will not be the dealing in Moniteurs. News will now so weak as to reject the services of such come from the Continent by the post, and men as Soult and Marmont; and, we may to every one who may have a mind to relay our account with not seeing France receive it. It will be no longer treason to, duced to a shadow to please us. The correspond with France, or to shake a powers of the continent, having got rid of Frenchman by the land.

To revile a man their dread; having no longer any occasion now as a jucolin, will be senseless, and for our feets, or our subsidies, will not be will excite ridicule ainongst a people who Very desirous of leaving us absolute masters have lost their fears. This is a great of all the colonies, and all the commerce good. The luglear is gone: The hulgolof the world; and, besides the war gen- lin is destroyed: Reason will now resume uy, I shall not be at all surprised to hear her sway; and, in spite of all that can be many others, before this day twelve months, done, I do not care by what means, the regret the fall of Napoleon.—The King of lot of those who do not now live upon the France, as he sails over with the Duke of taxes, must le lettered.

In the oppo

Has NAPOLEON FALLEN? to be at the disposal of his country, and MR.COBBETT.-"Whatever is is right:" that he would joyfully lay down both for --So says Pope, and late events prove it its salvation and prosperity. true. It was right that France should be site scale to gold, he throws magnanimity; vanquished and that Napoleon should be but, in this refined age, gold prepondeposed. It is a highly useful lesson to derates, and Napoleon falls! Yet this was mankind, to nations, and to sovereigns. the man of the people's choice.- Now the It is right despotic monarchs should be malignant scribblers of venality accuse him taught, that nations are not their property; with cowardice for having so abdicated. that their will or waprice do not constitute These dastardly and time serving reptiles, law; and that the kingly office is but a well versed in the suggestions of cowartrust! Often have they been told this; dice, judging of Napoleon's mind by their a Charles, a James, and a Lewis have, at own, cannot conceive any other motive for their cost, been so taught.—These lessons, his resignation: But were they, or were however, having proved insufficient, the the impartial and sensible for them, to reFrench nation and Napoleon, have now vert to a public document published four given to the world another, and a more months prior to the date of his abdication, exalted specimen. The first of these have they would there find that step intimated, exerted their indefeasible right in deposing not indeed in positive language but strongly Napoleon. The latter has frankly acknow- hinted at, as the future purchase of peace ledged that right, by nobly signing his ab- to the French nation, if it should prove nedication; and, like Cæsar, when assassi- cessary. This is contained in the speech of nated in the Senate, on discovering his son M.De Fontanes to the Conservative Senate. among the conspirators, after feebly and The whole discourse would well bear, at tenderly exclaiming, et la Brute, covered this critical juncture, a republication, his head with his robe, and sunk unresist with explanatory notes, for the use of the ing and silent. So Napoleon, when in- good people of England. The passage alformed of the national will , expressed by luded to runs thus:

:-“This appeal to the the senate, with an elevation of sentiment national honour is dictated by the love of to which few can attain, calmly and with peace; of that peace, which is not obtaindignity signed his own abdication! Leted by weakness but by firmness; of that the unfeigned and grateful thanks of man- peace in short, which the Emperor, WITH kind follow him for having acted thus. A NEW SPECIES 04 COURAGE, PROMISES After having rendered the most essential TO GRANT AT THE PRICE OF GREAT SAservices to the nation while a Republic; CRIFICES."--Although the word ABDIafter having accepted the crown and the Cation is not here positively made use of, throne, made hereditary in his family by yet it is strongly implied in the expressions, the gratitude of that same nation, he, upon with a new species of courage and at the a change of the public opinion, and to pro- price of great sacrifices.-Subsequent cure peace to his beloved country, to pre-events have shown what, thut new species vent a civil war for his personal rights, ac- of courage meant; though our venal and quiesces with its will, expressed by a Se- ignorant writers cannot comprehend this pate of his own choosing; calmly descends because it is made up of materials they are from the throne; writes, with his own not provided with; because it is composed hand, his abdication; and retires. of principle, honour, self-command, and Monarchs of Europe, to you and to your disinterestedness, of which they are wholly. people this lesson is addressed! From it destitute. Noble France! Magnanimous learn, that it is both honourable and safe to Napoleon! if it be true that this twenty attend to your people's wishes !– Napoleon years war las cost Britain upwards of eight in his abdication says, “The allied powers hundred millions; this, dethroning, this having proclaimed that the Emperor Na-d abdicating lesson, is fully worth the expoleon was the only obstacle to the re-es- pense; for although other nations may reap tablislıment of the peace of Europe, the the benefit while we alone pay the cost, Emperor Napoleon, faithful to his oath, yet the whole human species will derive declares, that he renounces for himself and advantage from it. In marching the comhis heirs, the thrones of France and Italy, bined armies into France; in taking pose and that there is no personal sacrifice, even session of the capital, in compelling the that of life, which he is not ready to make Senate to dethrone Napoleon; aud to asto the interest of France.”—Here he as- sign reasons for so doing, the Allies have ferts, not his crowa merely, but his life jointly given the death blow to despotisın

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Spanisu GRATITUDE. niated, in strong colours, the facility of a MR. Cobert.-If the opinion of an people's overthrowing every species of ty- individual, who has long perused your Tanny; they have taught their own sub- weekly pages, is of any consequence, I jects that they are men; that reason, right, venture to say that you effected a most and power, belong to the people. Their judicious rejorm in your work, when you soldiers, after receiving instruction in excluded the official papers, and threw France, will carry it to their fellow sub- open the whole scope of its pages for origi. jects at home.—The very savage and fierce nal discussion. It is of little conseCossack will say, it was in obedience to quence, in the end, perhaps, whether a the sovereiyn will of the people that the public writer, like you, be, in heart, a lover great, the renowned Napolec:1), who had of truth, provided there be, in all that he so often and so valiantly vanquished their puts forth under his own name, a proper sovereigns, and then extended his friendly degree of apparent earnestness, and imme. hand to raise them from the dust; that diate consistency. The thinking part of this very Napoleon, the conqueror of Em- the nation, there is no fear, will afterwards perors, the maker of Kings, had abdicated exercise their own judgment, with good his crown at the wish of his people! - He effect, and decision.

Your strong redid not make war upon them; he did not marks on the war in Spain; on the general reproach them as rebels; he abdicated. continental policy of this government; and On learning this, Russians, Prussians, Aus- on the public and private professions of trians, and Germans of every denomina- regard for the national independence, as it tion will ask, have the people then such is called, of states, which are so common rights? Have the people such powers ? with a certain set of interested and half deReflexion follows.——But these advan- luded men, have always appeared to me tages are confined to our Allies.-Our King important and well deserving of attention, (God bless him) can do no wrong. We, not only for the ultimate moment of the therefore, can have no pretence for voting subjects themselves, which were discussed, him out of the throne. But our good but for the manner in which they were King, like unto a valuable plant upon a brought home to the “work day" consihot-bed, may grow surrounded by noxious sideration of every Englishman --My weeds; may be both stinted and shaddow-object in troubling you with this simple ed by them. These weeds it is equally a note, is to copy for your Register, if you gardener's, as a nation's duty, to pluck up choose, an extract from a letter addressed by the roots; and among other such weeds by a private soldier in the British artillery now growing rapidly, and surrounding the to his mother in this city. The substance royal plant, we certainly must class cor- of this extract is accurate, and such as any ruption, and consider it an imperious duty man of honour might attest. I shall only to root it out most speedily.--REFORM further premise, that the writer is an HighOF PARLIAMENT-a dreadful sound lander of spirit-pretty fair sense at the to the corrupt;-a Reform of Parliament, bottom, and of good common education. now the sole means of saving the country, This distinction is necessary to satisfy, soine can at present meet with no opposition but persons; but you will say, I suppose, that from corruption.-A Reform of Parlia- with such useful, though not shining, gifts, ment to remedy the past and to prevent any mạn may be a good member of society, all future abuses-a Reform of Parliament and many with nothing more have made will lay open to the public eye all the items bold, able, and useful attempts. The letof an expenditure of 800 millions-a Re- ter is dated, at St. Sebastian's, in the month form in Parliament will, by economy, re- of January last.--"I am now here, in duce such extravagant expenditure for the the hospital, and, as some of my comrades future; and a Reformn in Parliament, by are writing to Edinburgh, I cannot omit to acts of justice, may bring back much of it tell you the real state of my present situato the public purse. The fiinsy excuse, tion, for fear that you

should

get, through that this is not the time, for we are at war, other channels, or by report, an alarming is now upset. We are no longer at war. account of ine. The house in which I, None, then, but the base and the corrupt, and others of my comrades lately lodged, can now resist a REFORM OF PARLIAMENT. at a place not far from this, unfortuately

took fire, in the night, and we had only ARISTIDES. time to escape with our lives, Some how

or other, the inhabitants had most errone

497) APRIL 16, 1814.- Spanish Gratitude. - Restoration of the Bourbons. [498 ously and falsely taken a notion that we that has reason is capable to decide.-had set the house on fire; and they came Taking the conduct of the Spanish people to us, in our naked and miserable state, to on the whole, however, I can neither join reproach us, and to have revenge. By one in the shouts of Mr. Canning, to the of these people I was stabbed, with a knife, universal Spanish nation,” nor in the parenin several places, particularly to a great thetical and inflated encomiums of Mr. depth in the fleshy part of my side, and left Henry Brougham, on the noble conduct of on the ground, with some other wounded “ that many-headed beast the multitude.": companions, to crawl to shelter if we --I have heard it stated by persons of could, or to die. I am now recovering good credit, that they had been told, by fast. But I cannot. help saying, my dear officers from the Peninsula, friends of theirs, parent, that the wounds in my flesh would that they would rather choose to lie down, have been hardly felt, had they been in- in the field of battle, at night among Alicted by the hand of a generous French- Frenchmen, than take up their quarters in man*, in the field of battle, when I had at a Spanish village.--It is for you, Mr. least the honour of my native land to main- Cobbett, to solve such difficulties. You tain; but it cuts me to the soul to think seem to luxuriate in them: your powers of how I have suffered from the stabs of a illustration are peculiarly suited to them; fellow who came behind me when I was and I gladly leave them to you. , naked and distressed; a cowardly and ma Edinburgh,

J.M. lignant Spaniard! And it is certainly both 5th April, 1814. wonderful and provoking, to the last degree, that our country should spend its

RESTORATION OF THE BOURBONS. millions, and shed its best blood, under Sir-I am rather surprised at our excespretence of assisting a superstitious, a de- sive rejoicing on account of the restoration graded, and an ungrateful people.".

of the House of Bourbon to the throne of Amidst all those obvious and outward signs France, as it is without doubt the most unof decay that present themselves to the favourable event, for this country, that wearied eye, it is consoling to think, Mr. could possibly have taken place: for, in a Cobbett, that we have, in the ranks of our short period of time, we probably may, army, men who can write so shrewdly, and and certainly shall, see the sumily compaci, feel so honourably.- God grant that these and the united force of France and Spain, fine materials may be less abused than they acting against us, and their joint fleets, have been.--I leave this young soldier perhaps, riding triumphant in the channel to you and your readers, with this short as they did during the latter part of the remark: I can allow much for a natural unfortunate American war. That masters, feeling of jealousy in any people towards piece of politics, which united the different Allies that come among them, and share branches of the House of Bourbon in the their homes, and occupy their fields, as we closest connexion, was projected and condo; and I think I have some notion what cluded by the Duke of Choiseul, whom may be the conduct of a victorious army, liis countrymen, though they found in him flushed with success, and actuated by a the vastness of Richelieu, the activity of spirit of revenge; not to view them, also, Louvois, the magnificence of Seignelay, in the light of a great body of men, in a

and the amiableness of Pompone, dismisscomparative sense, left to the full scope of ed, as they have done Napoleon to whom all the mere animal passions, and all the France is infinitely more indebted in variworst vices of humanity. In such a state ous respects, than she has been to all her of things, acts will be committed that are monarchs taken together. This extraor. calculated to injure, and to enrage any dinary man has fulfiled his duty to that people, and to disgust them even with that country to the very last, from which it cause which may have abstracted truth and would have been a scandalous departure general reason on its side. This is a point in him to have put into the possession of of universal feeling on which there can be her enemies the strong holds or fortresses, no dispute. Every man needs only to put which they unreasonably demanded. For the case in his own person, and

every man

she had as good a right to make such a de

mand on them as they had on her: and • These are the exact words of this candid but for the treachery of the very creatures and spirited private soldier; one of the rabble of his own making, who, will probably who are so often complimented by certain meet the just reward of their ingratitude, orators,

success could not possibly have attended

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