« ZurückWeiter »
of Austria will not wink at assassinations, and Louis the Fourteenth, are those, who nor suffer any victims to be entombed in dun were the most adored by their subjects. géons; and the petty powers will no longer The misfortunes of the late king may have sell their subjects like Bullocks !-while, excited compassion in many a bosom, but in England, we shall have only to put an not a note of admiration is ever úttered extinguisher upon corruption, and a spunge when he is mentioned. He is called le pauupon the National debt. -Others may, vre Louis seize, le malheureux Louis seize, perhaps, with a malign eye, view this while the names of the others are never Royal Alliance in an unfavourable light, mentioned but with enthusiasm, as Franand inaliciously suggest, that they intend fois le grand, Henri le grand, Louis le monopolizing that for which they have been grand. "If such their fondness then for fighting the Liberties of Europe. -But military glory, with what sensations must many circumstances prevent us from being they not behold the emperor Napoleon ! of this sentiment. Among others, the fre- Is it possible that he should not be the ob. quent appeals to the people made by the ject of their adıniration ?-1 have more Allies, in our opinion, serve to show the than once observed, that if in the midst consciousness of crowned heads that nothing of repining and discontent with the revolucan be done without the people :-that the tion, and the present government, the days people are not only respectable, but also of Arcole, of Lodi, or of Marengo, have formidable. and that, with the people, been mentioned, a glow of enthusiasm in resides the foundation of all power, an instant animated every countenance, and The Allies are in Paris :--the white-flag seemed to inspire every bosom ; all other may be unfurled, and the white cockade feelings were immediately absorbed in may be woru by a sinall number of indivi- the idea that it was by the victor at Arduals. But the Allies have not yet colę, at Lodi, and at Marengo, the nation safely got out of France:- the Bourbons was governed, and the two following lines are not yet peaceably seated on the throne from one of their most celebrated tragic - Bonaparte is not yet exterminated :-) poets, were immediately applied to him: neither is the French nation yet prostrate. The fate of war is various :--the conqueror Qui sert bien son pays, n'a pas besoin d'ayeux.
Lo premier qui fut roi fut un soldat heureux ; of to day may be the captive of to wor
CORNEILLE. A lucky warrior was the first of kings ;
Who serves the state, no matter whence he springs. BONAPARTE AND THE BOURBONS. Will the days of Ulm, of Austerlitz, of Mr. Editor,--Having observed in your Jena, of Friedland, of Aspern, and of invaluable Register of the 12th of March, Wagram, have contributed to lessen this an article entitled "
Magnanimity of Bona- enthusiasm ? -If among those who were parte,” in which there is an extract from the most forward in expressing general disAnne Plumptre's narrative of a three years' satisfaction and discontent with Bonaparte's residence in France ; I beg leave to direct government, inquiries were made into the your attention to the following remarks of reasons of their discontent, it appeared that the same able writer on the Character of these were not very easily explained. Was the French Emperor, which at this even- he addicted to gallantry? No.-To the tual moment, when the restoration of the pleasures of the table ? No.-Was be a Bourbons is so much spoken of, may be gambler? No.—Did he squander away deemed acceptable to your numerous read the money of the country in gratifying idle ers. Speaking of the accusation of morose- fancies of his own ? No.-Had not all bis ness of iemper, which the enemies of Na- expenses some great public object in view ? poleon have brought against him, Miss P. Yes.-Had he not restored the nation, haobservés : " But even supposing Bo-, rassed by faction, to unaniidity and tranquil. naparte's manners ever so violent and un lity! Yes.—Had he not 'extinguished the conciliating, he has a hold upon the public dreaded flames of civil war? Yes.-Had opinion of another kind, so forcible, that, he not restored the emigrants to their coun while supported by that, it is difficult to try? Yes.-Had he not restored their reconceive it in the power of any thing else ligion to all? Yes. --Were not religious to shake hịm. Military glory is, and ever opinions free and unshackled? Yes. - Did has been, the idol of the French nation;, he neglect the duties of his station ? did he and the greatest military heroes among their leave to others the business which he ought kings, Francis the First, Henry the Fourth, ( to attend to himself?' Oh! parbleu non :
He was always at business, he would herents of the Bourbon cause, if they should hardly allow himself time to eat or sleep; ever again obtain the ascendancy, is suffinay, he would scarcely even allow those ciently demonstrated in the outrage's comabout him a moment's respite from their mitted by the Sabreurs at Marseilles. They labour. His private secretary was kept' so plainly showed that they had no objection hard to work that he was obliged one day to to license and anarchy, when they were remonstrate against it, and beg that a second themselves at the head of it; they only obsecretary might be employed, to take some jected to it when they became its victims. of the burden off his hands : but Bonaparte, To restore the family of Bourbon to the instead of yielding to his remonstrance, throne would now be only to sacrifice one answered, that he certainly should not take faction to another; whereas the way to a second, that he only regretted the being promote the general peace and prosperity obliged to have one; he wished nothing so of the country is to keep a vigilant eye over much as that it were possible to do all the them all. -But there is yet another quesbusiness himself,
tion to be asked, Is it in Bonaparte's power “ Let Bonaparte restore us our lawful to restore this lawful king? --would the « king," say some, “ and we will then nation at large ipermit his restoration ?-1 " confess that he is a truly great man.” am firmly of opinion, not. However at These are of those zealous royalists, " who, tached these zealous champions of the royal “ seated comfortably by the fire-side, with cause may be to the ancient dynasty of their " their feet upon the fender, declaim in kings, it is by no means clear that the sen 56 very severe terms upon the dastardly be timent of the nation, taken in the aggregate, « haviour of their countrymen towards corresponds with theirs. Bonaparte might “ their monarch; and who, it might there. overthrow his own power in attempting to so fore be supposed, had done prodigious restore Louis the Eighteenth; but it is far " things for him themselves; but who had from certain that he would seat him on the " in fact deserted him on the first approach throne: the nation, which has delegated to “ of danger, and left him to scuffle through him the task of governing it, would scarcely “ his difficulties as well as he could; the choose that he should delegate that task to
consequence of which was, that he could another, without their opinions being con“ not scuffle through them at all: yet now sulted upon the subject; but, if he propose “they are very zealous for the restoration of ed to quit his station, would reserve to “ his heir." But would Bonaparte do a real themselves the right of deciding who should service to the French vation in restoring to fill it. Such an immense mass of inthem their lawful king? This certainly terest against the return of the Bourbon may be made a question. What sort of a ser- family has been created by twenty years of vice did Monk render to England in restoring revolution, that even if Bonaparte were as the two sons of Charles the First? A very great a tyrant as he is represented, and his sorry one indeed ;-one which occasioned tyranny should become ever so insupporto the necessity of a second revolution only able to the nation, though they might make twenty-eight years after. And is there a him descend from his present eminence, better prospect in the restoration of the they would not invite a Bourbon to be his Bourbon princes ?-have any of them ever
In the time of the League, a evinced the talents requisite for guiding the priest of that party once, when he was to helm of a great nation ?-are they so ex- preach took for his text the passage in the alted by their virtues above the rest of sixty-ninth psalm, which in our translamankind, that they hence derive a just tion runs, « Lord, deliver us out of the claim to command and rule over them?— " mire!" which he translated, Seigneur, or is it to be expected that in returning to debourbonnez nous :-In such a prayer I power they would bury all their animosities believe ninety-nine out of every hundred, or in oblivion, and not execute what they perhaps nine hundred and ninety-nine out would call retributive justice upon the au- of every thousand, among the French, would thors of their sufferings? Nothing, that now join.-"Let Bonaparte restore me has hitherto appeared in any part of their all that I have lost," say others, " and ! conduct, gives reason to answer these ques. will then acknowledge him truly the friend tions in the affirmative. What then would and benefactor of the country.” This is mobe the prospect of the country in seeing dest; it is identifying the public good with them restored, but to become a prey to their own individual ease.—One trifling fresh scenes of carnage and desolation objection, however, stands in the way of The conduct to be expected from the ad- accomplishing what these gentlemen, whg
are indisputably of the faction of the im- result be beneficial to the inhabitants of patient, require,—that the thing is impos. Oxford, the liberal and philanthropic sible. Supposing Bonaparte ever so well mind, it is hoped, will not be disposed to disposed to comply with their wishes, yet object to the publication of this correspondwhere is all that they have lost to be found ? ence, merely because it is of a local nature.
- But have they forgotten that many of The two letters formerly given, were con them were once strangers in foreign lands, fined to one side of the question. The fol. wanderers on the face of the earth; and lowing; which I have since received, is in. that they have now a home and a country, tended as an answer to the one that appearwith the means of subsistence, though noted in the Register of 26th February.-It of living in their ancient luxury? To ac- has already been published in an Oxford tempt the restoration of all their possessions, paper, together with the subjoined reply, would be to plunge the country into worse from the able pen of the writer of the first calamities than those from which it has letter: recently been rescued ; 10 relume in its MR. EDITOR, -I will not intrude upon bosom the flames of civil war. Instead then so large a portion of your valuable columns of murmuring and repining at petty incon-as has been occupied by the writer of a letveniences, which they find personally, and ter from this place, which I have read in attributing them to the present government, your paper. I have only to observe, that they should reflect, that a very great length it is ullerly false that the Proctors of the of time is necessary to correct the number: University exercise or possess any right less abuses to which such a period of whatever of being judges in their own anarchy has given rise ; and consider that causes; and I need not say that this is the the work of destruction is the operation of main hinge upon which all your Corresa moment, while that of regeneration is of pondent's subsequent observations turn. It necessity extremely slow. The one is the is equally false that the statute cited by your impulse of a hasty ipovement executed Correspondent conveys the power of a ge. without reflection, under the guidance of a neral search-warrant; inasmuch as the heated imagination; while every thing re- power of entering the houses of the inhalating to the other, must be poised in an bitants is given to those Officers of the exact scale, weighing deliberately the ad. University, solely and expressly for the nevantages and disadvantages which may re cessary purpose of ascertaining whether any sult from any measure proposed, without of their own body are therein ; and cannot suffering passion or prejudice to give the therefore, authorize them to proceed in the least preponderance either to the one side manner in which they would be entitled to or the other; and recollecting always that act under the authority of a search-warrant. the general good is the main object to be - It is absolutely false that any prostikept in view, not the particular convenience tutes have been apprehended " for merely, of this or that individual."-I am yours, appearing in the streets, though walking &c.
ARISTIDES. orderly and quietly in the day-time;" they Edinburgh, 4th April, 1814.
are at no time put into confinement without suitable warning, nor without the most ear.
nest endeavours to reclaim them from their OXFORD UNIVERSITY.
vicious mode of life; and it is especially Two letters having already appeared in false, “thai an instance is well known to the Register, on the abuse of the Procura- have occurred in Oxford, of an unfortunate torial power in the University of Oxford, prisoner being driven into a state of insathe subject, which certainly is of great im-nity, from which she never recovered." portance to the inhabitants of that cele The discipline and authority of the brated place, appears to have excited a University, which are of vital importance considerable degree of interest, and to have to the interests of the State at large, cannot given rise to a discussion which, it is to be be impaired by the sophistical argumentahoped, will lead to a radical reform of the tion of your Correspoudent; but it is perabuses which are said to belong to the pro- haps due to a cause, however strong, to curatorial office. In giving publicity, how shield it from wilful misrepresentation of ever, to these letters, it is not my intention facts. Of such misrepresentations I have to pledge myself for the accuracy of the selected only some of the most glaring spestatements which they contain. The wri-cimens ; but I may safely assert, that there' ters are unknown to me; but, as truth will is scarcely a sentence in your Correspon-, probably be elicited between them, and the dent's letter, which does not contain some
thing of the same nature. -I am, Mr. | The words of the Statute are these : -" In Editor, your obedient servant,
subsidium Vice-Cancellarii et Procurato
APSEUDES. rum, potestas sit Præfectis &dium Domos Oxford, 11th March, 1814.
Oppidanorum intrandi; ut explorent an
aliqui e suis illic versentur de die vel de MR. EDITOR,– From the style and man
-IC APSEU DES from his own ner of the above letter from Oxford, I have knowledge is not sufficiently acquainted great reason to suppose it to be the produc. with the fact, he will find, by making the tion of one of the very persons, whose necessary inquiries, that within the last conduct I exposed in my “ Observations on twelvemonth (though, I believe, not bethe Statutes, &c.—The anger of APSEU D'ES fore), prostitutes have been apprehended by gives me much pleasure and satisfaction. I the Proctors, and committed to prison by am gratified in seeing that my animadver- the Vice-Chancellor, for “ merely appearsions have taken eRect." Let the galla ing in the streets, though walking orderly jade wince."
—But now for matter of and quietly, in the day-time.” Indeed the fact. The following short statement will, fact speaks for itself; for before this illegal I think, sufficiently shew what claim this severity took place, women of this descripwriter has to his assumed name of APSEU DES. tion were frequently seen walking in the
If APSEUDĖS will take the trouble of streets in the day-time, but now very rareconsulting the University Statutes, he will ly;t and, I am ready to allow, that if this find, notwithstanding his assertion to the alteration could have been brought about by contrary, that the Proctors have the right legal means, exercised with proper temper of sitting as judges in the Vice-Chancellor's and discretion, it would have been desir. Court, without any restriction, whenever able. But the Proctors have not any they may think fit to attend,” along with power in the streets, in the day-time, over the Vice-Chancellor, or his Deputy or As any but matriculated persons. The time sessor. The words of the Statute are of watch-and-ward does not commence till these: “ Cui Curiæ] præsit Commissarius nine o'clock at night, and it ends ai five in sive Vice-Cancellarius Universitatis, ejusve the morning, and it is only during that time Deputatus ; assidentibus sibi duobus (cum that the Proctors have any power in the ipsis videbitur) qui pro tempore fuerint, streets over those who are not matriculated; Universitatis Procuratoribus.” Tit. xxi. for all jurisdiction over them in the day$2.-This, however, is not "the main time belongs exclusively to the Mayor. 'I hinge upon which all my subsequent obser- must here add, that if any endeavours have vations' turn;" for 1 stated, that it is a been used to reclaim prostitutes from their court“ in which there is no jury;" a court, vicious mode of life, they are solely owing in which the process is tedious," and in to individual exertion, and not to the officers which “ the expenses are so great as to of the University in their corporate and operate to the total exclusion of the poorer magisterial capacity. -- IF APSEU DES will clients."_If APSEUDES, while the Sta. condescend to ask almost any inhabitant of tute Book is in his hand, will turn to Tit. Oxford concerning an unfortunate femalexv. 04. he will find that the University- prisoner "being driven into a state of inofficers have the power of searching houses sanity, from which she never recovered," both by day and night ; a power equivalent he will learn that her name was Susaona in effect to that of a general search-warrant. Gray. She was a prostitute, and was senI will, however, take this opportunity of tenced to imprisonment, at the Quarterpointing out 'an important difference in one Sessions, for being concerned in a riot. respect, which seems to have escaped the The circumstance happened nearly twenty sagacity of APSEU DES ; it is, that their years ago, and, at the time, made a great power does not extend to the forcing or impression on the public mind. I have breaking open of doors ; though I heard reason to think, froun information with an instance, a few years ago, in which this power was illegally exercised by them.* deprived of all intercourse or commerce with
privileged persons; and if committed by a privi
leged man, he is to be deprived of his privilege. • The officers of the University have not the See Stat. Tit. xv. 94.--How these penalties are power of forcing doors, or breaking into a house, to be enforced, we are not informed. if refused admittance, in any cuse whatever. If f Their walking used to be checked, in some any person refuse them admittance, he is liable degree, by a kind of compromise of agreement, to a penalty of twenty shillings for the first of that if they did not appear in the streets, in the fence. On a repetition of this offence, if com day-time, they would not be molested by the mitted - by a non-matriculated mat, he is to be Proctors at night in their houses.
which I have been favoured, since I ad- own door, with words to the following efdressed my
"Observations" to you, that fect : “ Unless you go into your house she was not committed by the Proctors. immediately we will take you to gaol.", At any rate, she affords a melancholy in- He replied, that " he had done no harm, stance of the effects of imprisonment (how- and that he did not like to be driven like a ever deserving of punishment she might dog into his kennel :" on which, without have been on the constitution of females of further parley, they instantly ordered him that description; which was all I wished into the custody of their assistants, and he. to prove, and is all that was asserted, - was taken to the county gaol, where he was So uch for APSEUDES, the detector of fal. confined two nights and a day, without lacies! If he will point out any other as being confronted by his accusers, in the sertions, which he conceives to be false, vagrant-cell, a cold, damp, detached buildfor he says, of the misrepresentations he ing; a place very improper for a man of has " selected only some of the most glar- his habits and situation in life, and still ing specimens ;” and by so doing give me more so for one of his age and infirmities. an opportunity of noticing them, he will
of his being confined make some amends for the coarse language in that cold cell was, a severe fit of illness, into which his zeal has betrayed him, and, which lasted several weeks; a violent cold at the same time, confer a considerable ob- settled in his limbs, and occasioned a lameligation on, Sir, your obedient servant, ness from which he never recovered; his Oxford, March 26, 1814. Y. Z. mind, too, suffered so considerably from
the thoughts of having been confined in a Another Correspondent has transmitted common prison, the receptacle of rogues the following:
and vagabonds, that he never appeared to MR. EDITOR,—The great power of the have regained that happiness and serenity, Proctors, and the frequent abuse of that which he had previously been accustomed power having become, in consequence of to enjoy. - This unfortunate man was a the letter which appeared in your Register fishmonger. He had kept a shop for many of Feb. 26, the chief topic of conversation years in the High-street; but when this in Oxford, I send you the following case, affair happened he lived in Queen-street. which can be supported by the testimony -An action at common law was comof many respectable persons, and request menced against the Rev. William Wood, you to lay it before the public, - In the one of the Proctors; but the acting officers summer of 1800, a few students of this of the University pleaded their privilege, University, met several successive even- obtained cognizance, and moved the cause ings, at about eight o'clock, towards the into the Vice-Chancellor's court. -His upper part of the High-street; and violent- friends, being aware, that in a court in ly assaulted those inhabitants of the city which there is no jury, and in which the who happened to be passing. On the defendant, being Proctur, had a right to third evening of their continuing the out- sit as one of the judges, he could have but rage, the Proctors came, and sent the stu- little chance of redress, very prudently addents to their colleges. On that even- vised him to drop the prosecution.---The ing, Mr. Bayliss, of the parish of St. Mar- widow of Mr. Bayliss is still living, and tin, in this city, was quietly standing at his resides in the parish of St. Glement. She own door, in Queen-street, at some little can speak to the truth of all the material distance from the scene of riot. Mr. Al parts of the above case, and is willing to derman Yates came up to him, and inquired answer any inquiries. what was the cause of so many persons
Civisi being assembled. They were soon after Oxford, April 4, 1814. wards joined by Mr. Thomas Ensworth, sen, of the Corn-Market; when the Proctors, with their attendants, came up to
The EmperOR NAPOLEON AND HIS ARMY. them, and desired Mr. Ensworth to go -I'shall not be induced to give up the home. He said, he was standing on his title which I have chosen for this article, owo ground, that he had purchased the until I find that Bonaparte has not an army freedom of the city, and that he should go to command, even although the sovereign bome when he thought proper. One of power should be assumed at Paris by Louis the Proctors next accosted Bayliss, who was XVIIIth; because I do firmly believe, a feeble inoffensive man, and upwards of that the French people are warmly allached seventy years of age, while standing at his to Napoleon, not only from interested mo.