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of Germany, and leaving him, in fact, have no desire to diminish the maritime

inaster of Holland ; and, by what rule of means of Napoleon, especially as she so 'inorality are the Allies to refrain from well knows how Holland will stand with making peace with lim now? Why are regard to us. Our 'increased maritime ihey to consult us, who 'never consulted power will, in her opinion, perhaps, stand them at Amiens ? As to 'what this in need of something to balance it. That writer' says about 'selling Austria at 'defi- balance is not to be found in Holland, unce, it is little better than the dream of a where we have an army, and where we maniac. . She is to be first comibased in have so close 'a connexion witli the rulers. council; but, if that fails, the other of the Austria and Russia too may, therefore, nôt Allies are to reject her policy in the field; wish to destroy or to cripple the navy of that is to say, they are to fight her; 'for France; but, rather to see it rise to somethere can be no other meaning in the words. thing like a match for ours. In this case, They are to light her in order to coinpel the fleet in the Scheldt will not be destroyhier io continue fighting against France! In ed, even snpposing the 'Allies to have the other words, a new war is 10 commence, power of destroying it. There is to in which France and Austria and Naples doubt that our government will endeavour are to fight against Russia, Prussia, Sweden, to procure such terms of peace'as 'shall and us; for, as to Hollandi, the work is drive the French across the Rhine and out riot yet above 'half done in that country of the Brabants; but, it requires a larger

-If this were to take effect, we should view of things than’ we have been, of late, see the 'French at Berlin again in two accustomed to take, in order to be able to 'months, and much sooner than that at Am- judge, with any chance of correctness, what sterdam.--- What can these writers' mean, is likely to be the result of the measures then, by thus abusing and insulting Aus- and projects now on foot; but, at any rate, tria? -One would imagine, 'that they it is impossible that it can be wise in us to *meant to do all the mischief in their power. abuse the Austrian govertiment, who has They do, iu one respect, for they wish to so much in its power as to the making of prevent peace at any price. But, their cf- peace. forts must be unavailing if the Emperors of 'Austria and Francc agree upon the basis of "INVASION OF' FRANCE. — “France' is, 'at peace. These tivo powers may dictate a last, 'actually invaded by a large army, an! peace to the Continent ; and, as they have the Emperor Napoleon appeals to the French both the satne interests with regard to people, and calls on' them lo rally round Russia and Prussia, I think, that there can him. We shall now have complete proof, be no doubt of peace taking place.- in a very few weeks, upon the most inteRussia, owing to the connivance of France, resting of all points : namely, whether the has poked her nose a good distance into the people of France be really for or against system of Europe. It has always been the him. They will now, if they wish to cast policy of the Court of Vienna to keep her him off, have the poiver to do it with back. This policy will now' revive, and safety; and, if they do not do it, we must will more easily admit of being enforced. take it for granted, that they desire not to Austria will no longer stand in need of the change. -As to the act of invasion it is aid of Russia or Prussia. In short, every nothing in itself. It is only walking across thing seems to 'ine to combine to render an undefended boundary, which boundary peace between France and Austria a work is of no other nature than that between of facility and of cordiality:-----A general Middlesex and Essex. If Napoleon has an peace must be the consequence, unless we army of anything like the numerical force stick out ; and, if we stick out, we shall of the invaders, he will, if the people be have a war of the most irksome, and, very on his side, assuredly beat these invaders ; soon, of the most unpopular kind, to sus- and, one battle lost by thein 'will lose then tain. --The terms, which have been the half of what they have gained. talked of, seem not likely to have been Perhaps the invasion has proceeded upon proposed; but, I think it probable,' that the supposition that in France the invaders

the boundary of France will extend to the will find friends. It is not iinpossible that Rhine, Austria receiving van indemnity they may ; but, in such a case, disappointelsewhere. If this be the case, Antiverp ment will be death. The measure which will remain in the hands of Napoleou; and, Napoleon has adopted of sending Extraorindeed, if Austria abandous all pretensions dinary Commissioners into the several to her territories in that quarter, she can countries menaced by the enemy puts one

in mind of the Commissaries, sent into the such should be the effect of our pushing on departments, during the revolution ; and, the war, we shall yet have to thank those it certainly shows, that he thinks great pre-" who are urging it forward. There is cautions to be necessary: -Yet, the laq: qne passage in the Report of the Count de guage of himself and that of the Reporter Fontanes, which is truly diabolical. After from the Committee do not discover fear, of blaming the Allies for appealing to the peothe result. There is no attempt

, inade to ple, in the Declaration from Frankfort, he disguise" any thing from the people; and proceeds thus: - May not this exainthis, to me, is a sign, that he has ple be fatal? Should it be given, espe . confidence in them. We are not “ cially at this period, when people's told what particular preparations are made, 1“ minds, agitated by all the diseases of or are making, to receive the enemy and“ pride, are so averse to bending under the lo repulse him; but, we are not to con “ authority which protects them, while it clude from that, that very great prepara-" represses their audacily? And against tions are not made; and, it is by no means 66 whom is this indirect attack aimed ? impossible, that Napoleon may wish to Against a great man, who merited the suffer the enemy to penetrate to a certain gratitude of all Kings, because by redistance before he gives him battle. All establishing the throne of France, he has this, however, is merely, coojecture. As closed up the crater of the volcano which few weeks, or a few days, may furnish us threaten:d them all."

-This is, perwith facts. - In the mean while, our haps, one of the most wicked, as well as newspapers are publishing and re-publish one of the most impudent paragraphs that ing, day after day, the Proclamation of ever dropped from the lips of mortal man. Louis XVIII, and giving their readers to This is really making a merit of one's understand, that it is our object to push shame. It was enough, one would have on the war, till the Bourbons are on the thought, for the people of France to know, throne. It must be very encouraging to that their sacrifices for freedom had been the French people to see, that this Procla. made almost in vain, without being insultmation is patronised by those, who scruple ed in this style, and being told, that their not to designate the whole French nation'as ruler, who now calls upon them to bleed worthy of punishment for their past sins, afresh, had been the cause of their failure, and, at other times, to urge the necessity and that he gloried in it.' Let us hope that of crippling France for the good of man- this is not a fair translation. If it be, kind in general.

If these benevolent Mr. Fontanes deserves to be toșsed down persons should live to see their wishes sul- into the deepest well in Paris. What: filled, we may save ourselves the trouble have the impudence to tell the people of of pitying the French; for, certainly, they France, that it is a merit in Buonaparıé to will deserve no pity." They tell us, that, have prevented them from destroying all if the Bourbons were restored, there would those, by whom their country is now inbe " no fear of the ancient abuses being vaded: I should not be sorry if this para

re-established," which is confessing, at graph were to be cramined down the throat once, that the French did right in getting of Monsieur de Fontanes, at the point of a rid of the Old Government, though these Cossack's spear. ----But, what have the people would have them punished for so Antijacobins to say against it? It is in doing:

Il Napoleon is to fall, it is not their style and manner, and breathes their beyond the compass of hope, that the Re- sentiments. They went to war against the public may revive; os, at least, that a French people, in part, because they apsomething will arise, that will give a liule pealed to the people against their governnew energy to the minds of men.

ļi is of inent. This was one of our alleged grounds far less consequence who rules in France, of the war. The famous decree of Nothan that France, the finest part of the vember 1792 was alleged by us as a ground world, should contain the elements for put- of war against the French; and, therefore, ting the rest of Europe in notion. No: those who approved of that war, cannot thing is so much to be dreaded as a sind fault with the sentiments of Mausieur quiet, calm despotism, let who will be the de Fontanes. despot.

Who knows, that, out of all speaks of the Proclamation of the Duke of this a state of things may not arise, in Brunswick, and of the indignant spirit which men may not again, from the press which that roused in the French. But, of Paris, ugter wholesome truths, without Monsieur de Fontanes, a word in your ear: the fear of being killed for so doing? | The French people were not lleu cold by

their government, that “their minds were consequences so decisive of the happiness, “ agitated by all the diseases of pride, and and of the misery of the human race, where " that they ought to bend under the autho is the individual who can regard with in"rity that repressed their audacily." No: difference the discussion of topics which they were then called upon to deliver their involve concerns of so vast a magnitude ? country from the invasion of despots; that Who is the man that can put his hand they were going to meet death or secure upon his heart, and say, “ I am no way liberly. They were not told, that it was interested in the fate of Religion?" for thrones that they were to shed their · These reflections, Mr. Cobbett, have blood; and, accordingly, they met, at once, arisen in my mind, on observing that the and defeated the foe. 'It was the people doctrines of Christianity—of that religion who were then directly appealed to ou both which all Europe acknowledges to be sides. There were no committees, making divine, have been lately attacked in a most reports to Emperors, and Emperors making unprecedented manner; and which, in my speeches to committees. The call was di- humble apprehension, is calculated to overrect and plain, and it was answered by the throw our national faith, if an antidote is voluntary march of hundreds of thousands.. not provided against so terrible an evil.

This speech, or rather this part of the That I am not now writing at random, but speech of Monsieur de Fontanes, is more from a deep conviction of the truth of what offensive than any thing I ever read as I say, will appear when you consider the coming from the government of France. It following facts :-I have now alınost reached indicates almost as great a contempt of the my fiftieth year. I was brought up with a people as the sentiments which we some strict and pious regard for all the obsertimes hear uttered by pampered insolent vances of the Church; and, I' think, I enmen in this country; sentiments, the utter- tertained as sincere a belief of its more ance of which I thought would not have essential doctrines as any of my neighbours. been endured in any country but our own.

- In fact, till within these few months, it

never once entered into my mind, that it THE BOURBONS. - Insolent, however, was possible to doubt the truth of any part as is Monsieur de Fontanes, we must not of a religion, which had been professed, in put the sway of Napoleon in comparison, this quarter of the globe, for so many ages for a moment, with the horrible govern

which had been warmly cherished by the mnent of the Bourbons. Our news-papers

learned, whose province it is to judge of have published, for the third time, a Pro- these matters--and adopted by men celeclamation of Louis XVIII; and, in my brated in every country for their probity next Number, I will, in behalf of the French and talents. A circumstance, however, has people, give an answer lo this Proclamation. occurred, which has somewhat shaken this

conviction.--I am a constant reader of your WM. COBBETT.

Register, in which I have recently observed frequent allusion made to a work, entitled,

6 Ecce Homo," written, it appears, for the ECCE HOMO.

express purpose of bringing the Christian MR. COBBETT.-I trust I shall not incur Religion into discredit. Unaccustomed as the charge of dogmatism when I state, that I had been to look into works of that dethere is nothing regarded amongst mankind scription, it will not be supposed, considerin general of greater importance than reli- ing my state of mind, that I was very gion. It is by instilling its mysterious curious about this dangerous production. doctrines into the minds of youth, that Indeed, I felt no desire to see it; and, procharacter is formed ;-it is by unceasingly bably, I would have continued equally indifinculcating these tenets, during their riper ferent respecting it, had you, Mr. Cobbett, years, they are tutored to fill that place in not come forward, and given importance to society to which they are destined; it is in the book by candidly acknowledging that a the execution of all their after projects perusal of its pages had staggered your faith; through life, that religion is allowed to or at least had created considerable doubts in exercise its imposing influence; and finally, your mind as to some of the leading points when death approaches to close this mortal of our religion. This avowal led me imscene, it is then that the aid of Religion is mediately to purchase Ecce Homo, which sought for, above all things, to encourage I have since perused with a mind as much the wretched, and to console the virtuous. divested of prejudice as could be expected Arbiter of the fate of nations : fraught with in my situation. In that work I have found

trova,

much to shock my feelings, but more to Austria, had the goodness to communicate copfound my understanding. Its perusa! to him. When their Majesties tle King has in fact had the same effect upon me that of Prussia and the Emperor of Russia hasta it had upon you: it has given rise to so ened to accept the mediation of the Court many difficulties in my mind, that I find it of Vienna, and thereby proving bosh their impossible to get over them without the desire of terminating the calamities of war, assistance which you also are in want of, and their deference for his Imperial and Most cordially, iherefore, do I concur in Royal Austrian Majesty, they might have your intention to submit your doubts to the supposed that their adversary would have head of the Church, because, in doing that, equally respected this mediation, and that there is a chance of my difficulties, and the they would have been safe from seeing so difficulties of thousands more, who have false and injuriauis an interpretation given read Ecce Homo, being removed by the to their intentions. The Note, which has splendid talents which are so very conspicu- been just communicated to the undersigned, ous in the whole body of the clergy. proves, that this expectation was illusory.

It is particularly gratifying to find, that the conduct of the French Plenipotentiaries, the prosecution which was commenced is deficient in all the respect due to the me, against the publisher of Ecce Homo, has diating Court, and destroys at once all, been abandoned. - I trust I shall not be hopes of peace, by gratuitously supposing, disappointed in regarding this as a pledge in the Allied Courts, views contrary to its of the intentiou of the secular power to re-establishment; and they pervert, instead combat the reasonings of the writer by of answering, in a plain and natural manreason rather than by thę sword. Ecce ner, the Notes of the Mediator; so ihat, Homo might no doubt be easily suppressed, throughout, there has not been one reprebut this would not convince any one of the sented in its true light, or was presented on falsehood of its doctrines : on the contrary, its proper day. The undersigned abstains it would tend to confirm their doubts, and from analyzing the passages which regards give to the arguinents of the author greater the mediation of Vienna. To repeat its weight than they prohibly deserve; whereas words, would be to hurt the sentiments. candid and open discussion must expose his which his Court has continually professed errors, if he has coinmitted any, and finally towards his Majesty the Emperor of Ausensure the triumph of truth over falsehood tria, The most simple nations of media-, and infidelity.--I am respectfully yours,

tion, and the mere perusal of the ConvenA Lover Or TRUTH. tion of the 30th of June, will be sufficient London, Jan. 6, 1814.

to enable us to form a judgment upon; il., -The form of the negociations could not

be agreed upon separately, at Dresden bea OFFICIAL PAPERS.

tween the mediating Court and the French

Government. The unlimited confideuce of FRENCH DOCUMENTS.

The Allied Courts at the first rendered all (Continued from Vol. XXIV, page 832.)

further explanation useless ou this point, ders the questions of the moment in their The French Plenipotentiaries, therefore, consequences towards her, because his con- cannot be astonished at not seeing the con-, duct during the continuation of his residence ferences opened, which, according to the at Prague has been irrevocably regulated proposal for the form of the įransactions in by the obligation of his Court towards that writing, could not take place. But the un., whose mediation she had accepted.dersigued might have expressed his just He avails himself of this occasion, &c. surprise at the delay in the arrival of the (Signed) D'ANSTETT.

French Plenipotentiaries, and the leugth, Prague, July 26 (Aug. 7), 1813. into which the negociation was protracied,

if it had not been the resolution of his Court, Gopy of a Note from M. De Humboldt to, to refer whatever concerned this negociation * his Excellency Count de Metternich.

solely to the mediating Power. It was The undersigned Minister of State, and his regard for the benevolent mediation of Plenipotentiary from his Majesty the King his Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, of Prussia, yesterday received the Note of which alone could cause his Majesty the the French Plenipotentiaries, which his Ex King of Prussia to condescend to suffer his cellency Count de Metterruch, Minister of Minister to wait during Efteen days to no State and for Foreign Affairs, and Plenipo- purpose, for the French Plenipotentiarics : tentiary from his Majesty the Emperor of and his Excellency Count de Metternich

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would certainly feel if natural, that without moments which the repose of arms offered the same sentiments, theundersigned should for the work of pacification; or whether it deem it his dury not to continue his abode is the Government which, after having de here until the actual moment, nor expose ferred, without any plausible pretext, the himself to see a false light thrown by commencement of the negociations, and France on the pure, upright, and benevolent after having followed up one delay by an intentions of the allied Courts.---The other, does not hesitate in causing to be form of negociation proposed in the note of sent, four days before the expiration of the the French Plenipotentiaries may be judged armistice, a note similar to that which the by i self

. "An union of the two opposite undersigned has just examined, not without forms of transaction by writing, and con- a lively and deep sense of pain, in seeing ferences, was not possible, unless by so de- those questions on which the welfare and priving the former of the advantages which tranquillity of nations depend greased in caused it to be proposed, that they could such a manner. -The undersigned has

SI ETT oily be preserved to appearance: therefore, the honour, &cc. it would not have been useful in any manner; and the undersigned thinks it almost Prague, August 7, 1813.

bigo

ісі ургац эгт superfluous to say, that he ought to continue on insisting on the form proposed by No. XXXVII.-Note from his Excellency his Excellency the Count de Metternich, Count de Metternich to the Plenipolena and whicli has served for the basis to a turies of France. known and memorable peace. Although The undersigned Minister of State and the note of the French Plenipotentiaries for Foreign Affairs to his Imperial and affects to apply solely to the conduct and Royal A postolic Majesty, Plenipoteptiany the views of the Court of Russia (an af- from the Mediating Court, at the same fectation which is extended to the Ministers time that he discharges himself of the comof the two Courts), whilst the steps of munication of the official paper, dated the Prussia and Russia, as likewise those of 7th, from the Plenipotentiaries of Russia their agents, have constantly presented the and Prussia, thinks it his duty to reply on most perfect concordance, the undersigned his part to the note which their Excellencies has no need to say, that his Majesty the the Duke of Vicenza and the Count de King, his master, can but doubly resent Narbonne, Plenipotentiaries from his that passage in it which concerns his august jesty the Emperor of the French, King of ally and that it is impossible to apply to Italy, did him the honour to address to it the name which it deserves. It would him the day before yesterday. As a be beneath all dignity to vouchsafe a reply negociator of the convention of the 30th of to it. The people cannot be mistaken as to June, he never consented to the two points the authors of their evils. The Sovereign anterior to the signature of the Act of who, after having repulsed the most unjust which mention is made in their Excellenaggressions, and after having succeeded, by cies' note. To demonstrate the error which the efforts of his faithful subjects, in de has dictated this assertion, it will be sufstroying an army which had dared to in- ficient to assure, that it would have been vadé his empire, has professed the most contrary to the dignity of his august Court, púre and the most noble desire of re-esta- to enter into an engagement of being im blishing a stable and solid peace, is not the partial, as that of not binding itself by any one that should ever be charged with the convention, even eventual, during the newish of putting it off, or of prolonging the gociation; and the parts of Mediator and miseries of war. The great and im- Arbitrator are too widely different, for portant question in the present transaction, Austria in charging itself with the former, is, without doubt, that of peace; and Eu- with the consent of the Powers interested, rope and posterity will easily Judge, which ever to think of arrogating to herself the of the two parties has opposed itself to its attributes of the other. Neither can the prompt re-establishment; whether it be undersigned admit that he has detained his the allied Courts, which, as well as the Excellency the Duke of Bassano, by the mediating Courts, have, by departing from form of the conferences to be adopted in the grand principle, to which they will the negociation. The particular attenever remain faithful, of restoring a state of tion which the two Courts of Russia and good order, and the general balance of Prussia might, with a regard to their popower to Europe, have done every thing litical attitude, find themselves

, inclined 10 not to lose a single instant of those precious observe, relative to the choice of that form do23336 31° 0 1909 1994 and 1301 9013

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