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to be made public, and when we are to be are just in their object, generous and liberal favoured with a sight of the new Declara- in their application, giving security to all, tion of the Allies, which, as the Chancellor honourable to each. The Allied Soveof the Exchequer admits, may be delayed reigns desire thal France may be great, in its publication by circumstances which powerful, and happy; because the French may slill arise ; while, I say, we antici- power, in a state of greatness and strength, pare the information which we are then to is one of the foundations of the social edibe put in possession of, I have thought it fice of Europe. They wish that France proper to republish here, the famous De- may be happy,—that French commerce claration of the Allies, which they issued may revive, -that the arts, those blessings at Frankfort on the 1st of December last ; of peace, may again flourish; because a a declaration which the Courier afterwards great people can only be tranquil in proportreated as a forgery, but which, it has tion as it is happy. The Powers confirm since been proved, was genuine, and is to the French empire an extent of territory pow rendered the more interesting and im- which France under her Kings never knew; portant, that it must have formed the topic because a valiant nation does not fall from of much discussion during the late negocia- its rank, by having in its turn experienced tions, and have been frequently appealed reverses in an obstinate aud sanguinary conto, particularly by the Emperor of France, test, in which it has fought with its accus. ás forming the basis of a treaty of peace. tomed bravery. -But the Allied Powers It will enable us also to judge, by compa- also wish to be free, tranquil, and happy, rison with the new Declaration, how far themselves. They desire a state of peace the Allies have adhered to their former which, by a wise partition of strength, by professions, and whether their views as to a just equilibrium, may hence forward preThe recognition of Napoleon's claim to the serve their people from the numberless cacrown of France, and the independence of lamities which have overwhelmcd Europe the French Empire, have since altered, for the last twenty years. The Allied and what are the causes which may have Powers will not lay down their arms, until given birth to this, if any alteration has they have attained this great and beneficial really taken place. The following is a result, this noble object of their efforts. copy of the Frankfort Declaration : They will not lay down their arms, until " The French Goverument has ordered the political state of Europe be re-establisha new levy of 300,000 conscripts. The ed anew,-until immovable principles have motives of the Senatus Consultum to that resumed their rights over vain preteneffect contain an appeal to the Allied sions,—until the sanctity of treaties shall Powers. They, therefore, find themselves have at last secured a real peace to Eucalled upon to promulgate anew, in the face rope." of the world, the views which guide them in the present war; the principles which ENTRANCE OF THE ALLIES INTO Paris. form the basis of their conduct, their - This is an event which must afford wishes, and their determinations. --The real cause of joy and satisfaction to every Allied Powers do not make war upon one who values the rights and independence France, but against that preponderance, of nations; who wishes the speedy termihaughtily announced, -against that pre- nation of a contest, which has for so long a ponderance which, to the misfortune of Eu- period desolated the fairest portion of Europe, and of France, the Emperor Napo- rope, and inflicted misery incalculable upon leon has too long exercised beyond the li- the human race. It is an event which I am mits of his empire. -Victory has con as serious in congratulating the nation upon, ducted the Allied Armies to the banks of as any of the conduciors of our daily press the Rhine. The first use which their In- can possibly be. But I am somewhat of perial and Royal Majesties have made of opinion, that our exultation arises from very victory, has been to offer peace lo his Ma- different views of the subject, and that we anjesty the Emperor of the French. An atti- ticipate a very opposite result from the same tude strengthened by the accession of all premises. Their ground of joy is, that the the Sovereigns and Princes of Germany, occupation of Paris by the Allies will exhas had no influence on the conditions of tinguish; has, in fact, already extinguished, that peace. These conditions are founded the power of Bonaparte; enabled the inon the independence of the French empire, vaders of France to set liinits and bounds to as well as on the independence of the other that yast empire; and put it in their option to States of Europe. The views of the Powers, force upon the French people their "ancient

principles and their ancient sovereigu.” have it. Let them, if they will, restore Now my cause of rejoicing has nothing to the Bourbons, and, with them, the Bastile, do with the restoration of these ancient and all the horrid and oppressive inquisiprinciples ; nor does it proceed from any tions which disgraced the reign of the anwish that the inhabitants of France should cestors of the remaining stock of thát now be restrained, or dictated to, as to the form unfortunate and degraded family. No of their government. What I am glad friend of humanity will pity them if they of is, that the crisis has at last arrived, bow to this; no hand will be found when this great question must be decided, stretched out to succour them, if they ARE THE FRENCH PEOPLE DETERMINED TO should even submit to the chances of being SUPPORT THE THRONE OF NAPOLEON ? again reduced to their former abject and If they have not adopted this resolution; deplorable state of political degradation. if, after the experience of twenty years of But, if we are to believe the conductors of internal political convulsions, and external the daily press, the work is already done; war, they have at last resolved to put down a counter-revolution has already been the man who, during the greater part of | brought about; and nothing remains to that period, has so highly gratified their complete the work, but to invite Louis passion for military glory, and has availed to Paris, where he will be crowned amidst himself of this to establish himself on the the shouts and triumphs of a loyal and throne of the Capets. If, I say, the French grateful people. The Courier, in the plehave resolved to get rid of Bonaparte, I do nitude of its frenzied zeal, thus exclaimas: not see that any man has a right to find -66 The march to Paris has at length fault with them for this. They gave their been accomplished-the Capital of France consent to his assumption of the Imperial has fallen; and Vienna, and Berliny and purple. Whatever his enemies may say, it Moscow, and Madrid, and Lisbon, have is a historical fact, that of all the sovereigns been avenged. Surely we may now apply who ever reigned in France, not one of with grateful piety the expressions which them held the crown, except Napoleon, by the Tyrant used at Dresden, is not the the immediate suffrage or vote of the peo- finger of Providence here ?' How often in ple.--This same people, who placed him our impatient indignation at the successful on the throne, and even declared the suc- career of "This Desolator of Europe,' have cession hereditary in his family, have a we wondered that he should be permitted right to call upon him to descend from that to remain the scourge of men and of naelevated station, and to compel him to sub- tions? Let us now confess that he has mit, if he should refuse. But it yet remains been spared till the harvest of his crimes to be seen, whether the people of France and his disgrace was full ripe. The scene will act in this manner; whether they are would have been imperfect, the denouement so dissatisfied with Napoleon's governinent would have been incomplete, had he been as to bring about a change ; and whether cut of sooner: something would have been that change will lead to the total exclusion wanting to the moral; some finishing touch of his dynasty, the restoration of the Bour. and colouring to the picture. The shame bons, or of the Republic. If the establishment and prostration of his character would not of a free republican government in that have been so openly exposed, had not the country, is to be the result of the possession edifice he had raised been crumbled to the of Paris by the Allies, then, indeed, would dust, and had not he, who had profaned the fall of Bonaparte be a desirable event; the capitals of the Cæsars and the Czars, then might the friends of freedom rejoice ; beheld his own capital share the same fate." then might they congratulate themselves, -Now one would have thought, that, once more, on the opening prospect of liber- instead of the mere occupation of Paris afty and independence being about to be re- fording a proof of the iotal subversion of stored to man. But if he is to be put Bonaparte's power, the very recollection down, merely for the purpose of placing of what followed his possession of Vienna, another tyrant in his place, and of submit. of Berlin, of Moscow, and of Madrid, ting the people to the arbitrary will and might have led the Courier writer 10 draw captice of another despot, I do not see a very different conclusion from this how any benefit is to result to mankind event. Napoleon was in Vienna, as a confrom this counter-revolution. Still, if the queror, more than once, but we do not French people, who, it must be allowed, find that Francis lost his crown on that acare the best judges of their own affairs, count, or that he was so crippled! in his wish the change, in God's name let them power as to be unable again to make head

against his opponent. Neither do we find but we may have the consoling hope, that thal the Emperor of Russia, or the King of the brave men who fell, will accomplish Prussia, were brought to this low pass when the work of the downfall of despotism, and Bonaparte entered their capitals. "Had they rear the standard of renovated Europe unbeen so, they would not now have been der a just equilibrium, and the dominion of found exulting over their powerful rival ils legitimale sovereigns." -" Amen in the city of Paris. While they would do (says the Courier) to that sweet prayer! well, in my opinion, lo imitate the modera- À British officer has pronounced it; his tion of their former conqueror, his apparent Government has repeated it ; the Allies inhumiliation, I think, is calculated to al vite the people of France to accomplish it! ford them. a very beneficial lesson as to the Yes—they have consecrated the ancient instability of fortune. What was their si- standard,' and what now can strike it tuation once, is now his. What at present down ?"--Very well ; we shall see by is his, may again be theirs. These reflec- and by how matters will turn; for whattions, however, do not seem to have once ever the Courier inay say, this fact at occurred to the sovereigns who are now in least is certain, that Bonaparte is still at possession of the French capital. Nothing the head of a powerful army, which, inbut the subversion of Bonaparte's power stead of having been wasted and dispirited will satisfy them; nothing but the restora- by defeats, is in full strength, flushed with tion of the Bourbons will now induce them recent victory, and ready, I still think, to to sheath the sword. In a proclamation second his views against the allied powers. issued by Prince Schwartzenberg to the in. Had the possession of Paris followed the habitants of Paris, he tells them, that" che defeat of Bonaparte in a great batile, it attempts to put an end to so many misfor- might then have afforded a substantial iris Lunes have been useless, because there ex- umph to his inveterate and personal foes ; ists in the very power of the government but this has not been the case. The Allies which oppresses you, an insurmountable have reached the capital without any serious obstacle to peace.”

16 The allied Sove. interruption ; a circumstance which carries reigns seek, io good faith, a salutary au- this conviction at least along with it, that thority in France which may cement the Napoleon will not leave them long in ununion of all natious and of all governments disturbed possession. Every circumstance, with her ; it is to the city of Paris that it indeed, connected with this unlooked for has fallen, under the present circum- alteration of affairs, renders it extremely stances, to accelerate the peace of the world." probable that the French Emperor was not Here we have an express avowal, that the altogether unwilling to change the ground power of Bonaparte presents an insurmount- of action, and to place the Allies in a siable obstacle to concluding any treaty with tuation where he could operate upon them him, and, that the Allies had been led, with more effect than he was able to do, in consequence, to seek for another power consistent with the system of tactics upon to treat with, which they call “ a salutary which they had hitherto acted. The Al. authority in France." This authority they lies themselves seem to have been puzzled seem to think they have found in the cily of by his movements ; for, when he was ad. Paris, and therefore they appeal to the in- vancing towards the rear of the Austrian habitants. “Parisians (continues the pro- army, we find by the following expressions clamation) you know the situation of your in Sir Charles Stewart's dispatches, that country, the conduct of Bordeaux, the no one could discover his real intention : friendly occupation of Lyons, the evils -" Three objects might be now in his brought upon France, and the real dispuo view, by the movements round our right; sitions of your fellow citizens. You will to force us back; if this failed, to operate find in these examples the termination of upon our communications, and even proforeign war, and of civil discord; you can ceed to form a junction with Marshal Aupot search it elsewhere.”—The conduct gereau ; or, finally, by moving to his forof Bordeaux.-Could there be a more ex. iresses of Melz, bc. prolong the war by plicit call than this upon the people of resisting on a new line, while he placed us Paris to hoist the standard in favour of the in the center of France, having taken the Bourbons ? But what removes all doubt best precautions in his power for the defence as to this point, is the bold and unqualified of the capital.”—Even after the combined ayowal, which has been published in our army had been considerably in advance own Gazetters! Our loss (says Sir Charles towards Paris, Sir Charles appears to have Stewart) has been something considerable; had no very consoling prospects as to the

result of this movement : “ Whatever (says taken of this, the reader cannot have forgot he) may be the ultimate result of the ope- the many tricks which have been played off rations in progress, however brilliant they by the belligerents upon each other during appear, the Sovereigns who are present, the contest. We have the recent, and and the Prince Field Marshal who leads bighly applauded example, of a Spanish their armies, will have the proud and con- commander, who obtained possession of two soling reflection, that by their intrepid fortresses by counterfeiting the cypher of manæuvres, they have acted right by their the enemy. What is worthy of praise in countries, their people, and the great cause. our Allies, cannot surely be censured in

Now why speak, why even think of Bonaparte, supposing he has resorted to a ultimale results, when, according to their similar stratagem. After all, it does not own sentiments of the matter, as echoed by appear to whom this letter, which containthe Courier, the possession of Paris has ed such important information, was adgiven the death blow to all Bonaparte's dressed. Some of our hireling prints say hopes? Why use desponding language that it was " a letter to Bonaparte's wife.' when this great and glorious event has -But can any one, possessing ordinary “ signed the death-warrant of his fame and penetration, believe a tale so absurd as this? his power ?" One would be apt to sup- is not silence one of the leading features pose that the Allies were in fact really ap- of Napoleon's character? and are we to prehensive for their own safety; and that suppose that a man, who is known to mathe destroyer of nations" may actually in- ture all his projects in the closet, and never tend, " by moving to his fortresses of Lo have discovered these even to his most Metz, &c. to prolong the war by resisting on favourite generals, would sit down on this, a new line, while he placed them in the or on any other occasion, to gratify bis vacenter of France." This would indeed be nity (for it could be nothing else) by disstriking a blow which they were not pre- closing these important secrets to the Empared for; this, unfortunately for them, press? We must adopt a new view of would be cutting off all their supplies and human nature, and of human intellect, reinforcements ; and, supposing this same before we can bring ourselves to admit an “ terrible destroyer" were to succeed in idea so ridiculous. Napoleon knew well, as collecting an arıny, amounting to double his army was situated, that there was a chance the number of the Allies, and at the same at least of his letter being intercepted; he time to bring the army en masse, which has could easily give directions that the bearer been organizmg of late, into action; I con- should allow himself to be taken. Το sess there would be some sınall grounds at judge of him, therefore, as we have always least for alarm. O! but then, says my judged of great military characters, and parLord Burghersh,." By an intercepled letter ticularly of his own acting hitherto, we of Bonaparte's, the objects of his move. must suppose that he dispatched the letter ments were discm'ered.Were they so? | in question, for the purpose of falling into How then came Sir Charles Stewart to in the hands of the Allies, in order to mislead timate, in a subsequent dispatch, that them as to his ulterior views. A very Napoleon mighe have three objects in short period, perhaps a very few days, view; and 10 evince, as he did, a will determine how far I am correct in iny total want of information as to which of supposition. While I write this, it does these the eneiny meant to adopt. Either the appear to me, notwithstanding what has Allies had discovered Bonaparte's plans, or happened, that those favourable chances, they had not. If they had, how came which the Allies seem to have calculated they to place themselves in a situation, upon, of ultimate and full success, have where circumstances rendered it at least no real existence. Connecting the above possible they might afterwards regret the circumstances, particularly the uncertain step they had taken? But if, as Sir and desponding language of Sir Charles Charles Stewart seems to insinuate, the Stewart, with other facts, which will Allies were unacquainted with the real ob- occur to the reader, it does seein, that ject which Napoleon had in view, it is the French people, whatever they may very clear they must have been deceived by do in future, have not yet declared against their “ arch enemy;" who, having very Bonaparte. Had any symptoms of this likely heard of the late hoax on the Stock kind appeared, even among the Parisian Exchange, had resolved to try the effect mob, we should have heard of it long beof a similar ruse de guerre on his unwary fore this. The gazette ; nay, all our opponents. But whatever view may be lying journals, are silent respecting an och

currence, which, if it had happened, would bestir themselves, and think of going home have formed the most prominent and con- again ; 'when, having to encounter Bonastantly recurring theme of their disgusting parte's well disciplined, well formed, and strictures. Until, therefore, I see the PEO- healthy armies of his different numerous PLE of France declare against their Emperor, garrisons, however they themselves may I never can persuade myself that 200,000 be loaded with plunder ; with what is termmen, or even four times that number, ed the soldier's legitimate harvest; yet will be able to shake the stability of his encumbered with this plunder, and enthrone.

feebled by want and sickness, it is possible

that, though they have made their way to Since writing the above, I have been the capital of France, they, on their refavoured, by a friend, with the following turn, may have sorrowfully to exclaim very pertinent and sensible remarks, on with the caged starling, mentioned by the subject of

Sterne, BONAPARTE AND THE Allies. ---In

“I can't get out." war the greatest events arise sometimes out A wide-spreading torrent may devastate of the slightest causes—The interception of the neighbouring country; but the land it a letter, or any thing equally trifling, may overflows, absorbs, in its turn, the widedecide the fate of a capital. Yet, had Bo- spreading element; the only remaining naparte, two years ago, marched to Pe- traces being stench and mud. Bonaparte's tersburgh, instead of going to Moscow, position is critical.-Not less so is the po. Alexander would not at this moment have sition of Alexander. Bonaparte is in his been in Paris. Had Bonaparte, instead of owo country, and surrounded with friends. making kings, converted the many coun--Alexander is far from home, bewildered tries he overran into republics, they would perhaps by Aattery and foreign gold; in the have secured him from royal ingratitude ; country of an enemy from whom retaliation is they would have furnished him with troops every hour to be expected ? Should a levy to fight his battles, instead of suddenly en masse take place, not merely the Allies, starting up against him as foes and in- but our brave Wellington and his army vaders. But the Allies are now in Paris, would stand a chance of extermination. and the grand question is, what is to be -While thus stating our ideas on the the result ? --The mask is now com- possible results, let us not be misunderpletely thrown off: the man who, but the stood as casting the slightest censure on the other day, for the first time in this metro. cause in which the Allied powers are enpolis, was officially styled the EMPEROR OF gaged. The contest is the more meritorious, THE FRENCH : the man with whom, under that it is carried on by crowned heads, that title, long ago, by other nations, so- who, contrary to what has taken place in lemn treaties have been entered into: that former times, are now combating, not man is now to be hunted down as a mad for, but in fact, against themselves. They dog, and the Bourbons are to be set up in are, according to their own repeated dehis stead. Even his father-in-law, and clarations, fighting not for the paltry purone of his quondan officers who owes him pose of destroying an Emperor, to set up a every thing, now join in the exterminating King in his stead; but for the noblest of alt chase. Such are the ties of affection and purposes ;—for that for which every man gratitude among some crowned heads. For ought to arm-namely, for the purpose of this purpose the Allies are in Paris, and restoring liberty to groaning Europe. we understand that Louis the XVIIIth has Often have they given us their royal word, actually been sent for ! So far then are the that they are fighting for the liberties of Alies successful. But Bonaparte is not Europe,' and against despotism : this, yet killed: he is not yet taken: he is still therefore, implies that if they conquer, at large, enjoying the affections of the peo- their intention is to render all Europe free: ple for whom he has done so much ; and to abolish despotism in every shape, and he is at the head of a large and powerful in every country; and to restore univerarmy, with others at his disposal, and sally, to the long oppressed inhabitants of having in his possession a chain of fortihed Europe, those rights to which they have an and well garrisoned towns, which forbid undoubted claim. The Autocråt of exit to the invaders - now in France. Russia' will then restore freedom to his No such large body as the allied army is vassals. The King of Prussia will then Teported to be, can long remain stationary, abolish all Tyrannical proceedings in his or cooped up in a town: they must shortly dominions, if any exist. The Ewperor

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