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VOL. XXV. No. 15.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 1814.
(450 other modern heroes, being talked of every SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
where, from the nursery-room to the buard RUPTURE OF THE NEGOCIATIONB. of our Cabinet Ministers inclusive, it canThis is an occurrence at which I am no way not be wondered ai, that the young as well surprised; it is an event which I have fre- as the old, the child, who can scarcely lisp quently prepared the reader to expect; and papa's name, and the hoary head, whose when the character which this nation has tongue falters through the infirmities of old, assumed, the stamp which has been given age, should all talk of war and warlike it, and the consequent bent of the public deeds ; should have their very souls, as it mind, are taken into view, it ought to sur- were, modelled according to the ideas prise nobody that the prospect before us is which are generally entertained of the god interminable and externainating war. Mat- of war. We are a commercial people; ters have not just yet reached that crisis, it is commerce that has elevated the counfrom which it can be clearly inferred, that try to the lofty station which she now ocMinisters really intend giving their support cupies, and upon which, according to the to the Bourbons; though, if we believe the system presently pursued, she must rely journals which call themselves ministerial, for future greatness. But clear and concluthis is their secret wish. of this, how- sive as these propositions appear, it is ever, we cannot doubt, that the long en- equally manifest, that, though i he continu. durance of the war; its continuaoce for the ance of the war has already almost annihi-, greater part of the lives of the present ge- lated commerce, and its prosecution must neration; and the means which have been in future effectually retard its revival, still resorted to, to make it popular, are circum- nothing will satisfy, nothing please, nothing stances which have rendered the views, the gratify, this enterprizing and commercial feelings, the customs, nay the very fashions, nation, but perpetual, desolating, barbarous of the people, completely warlike. Every war. -War, then, they shall have, and thing receives its love from the events of the chat to the full. Their rulers have resolved war; the influence of its occurrences, is to gratify their sanguinary disposition for not nierely exemplified in our public amuse- blood; and, notwithstanding the contest (as ments, but it determines our modes of may be seen by any one who chooses to dress; it regulates our doinestic habits. It take the trouble of calculating) has cost is not confined to the Exchange, to the cof. Great Britain alone the lives of upwards of fee house, to the tavern, or to the beer- ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND of her house, but it forms the topic of conversa- nalive Iroops, the ferocious and implacable tion at all our meals, and is peculiarly the advocates of a “just and necessary war," theme of the chit-chat of ihe tea-table. shall again have their hill of human gore; Formerly, the discussion of warlike exploits, shall yet drink the blood of their fellowthe comparative deeds of mighty warriors, men, whom the fell fiend of war has detershe merits and the demerits of their respec- mined to immolate at his Moloch shrine, in tive operations, were held to be the pro- order to give eclat to his ensanguined and vince only of the aged and the experienced. dreadlul triumphs over humanity. ---In
Now, such is the prevalence of the the last Register I stated, that when I conwar mania, such the taste for every thing sidered “the high and hostile tone which warlike, that it is no uncommon thing to has been assumed, of late, in the proclamahear these topics animadverted upon, with tions of the Generals commanding the opseeming judgnient and zeal, by boys who posing armies, I have little doubt that it is appear to have just escaped from the tram. Only the sword which can put an end to the mels of their mammas, or are about to contest.” It was not long after writing enter a preparatory school. In short, the this ere the question was determined, by achievements of my Lord Wellington, and the following government bulletin ;--- 4
“ Foreign Office, April 2, 1814.-Lord are they not also among the number of the Bathurst presents his compliments to the whole British empire" who have so“ arLord Mayor, and thinks it right to acquaint dently desired" a rupture, which must inhis Lordship, that dispatches have arrived evitably lead to the slaughter of thousands this morning from Lord Viscount Castle more of our troups ? Let us, then, I say, reagh, stating, that the Negociations at silence these would-be philanthropists upon Chatillon are at an end.". Upon this their own ground-_“You (let us tell them) annunciation the Courier remarked: have wished; you have ardently desired a * At length all doubt upon this subject is perpetuation of the war; your wishes have happily removed, and the event which the been complied with; here are we ready to whole British Empire has so ardently de carry it on for ever; only give us money to sired, has been officially confirmed.' support it; and, as long as you continue to Some have thought that Ministers, who had do that, you may depend on it we shall raised the expectations of the nation to so never cry hold, never that we have enough; high a pitch, by sending an ambassador to we shall persist in the war, till we have Chatillon, will find it somewhat difficult conquered all your enemies, real or supto extricate themselves from blame, on ac- posed, or we shall, with you, perish in count of the rupture of the negociations. the attempt.” What can be more consolaBut if, as the Courier tells us (and who can tory than this ? What would the friends, doubt the fact), the whole British Empire of war wish for more? They have only to ardenlly desired this occurrence; fervently part with a little of their superfluous money, anticipated the happy hour when it would with mere dross, to make sure of the incalbe announced ; il would be the height ofculable advantages which must follow the absurdity to suppose, that this same ardent- prosecution of the war. No matter though minded people were capable of finding fault they come to the bottom of their purses
bewith a measure, which they calculated, before the termination of the contest. They forehand, would bring them so much happi- will have the satisfaction at least, if they
It would be ridiculous to believe, fail, of having made the attempt; and, we however gloomy the prospect of perpetual all know, that “ he who risks nothing can war, and however horrid its attendants, gain nothing." —But, as I may afterthat men, who derived such comfort from wards have occasion to inquire into the it; who felicitated themselves on the enjoy, causes of the rupture of the negociations, ments which this state of things had in re- and may probably, though one of the memserve for them; would for one single mo-bers of the British empire, not be so hearty ment, even though reflection might impel in my approval of the late proceedings at them to it, raise their voice against those Chatillon, as the Courier supposes all the who had obtained for them the desire of people of England to be, I think it proper, their hearts. No, no, we wanted war; the in this stage of the business, to lay before whole British empire panted for it; and it the reader all the statements connected with is right they should have it to their souls' it which have been put forth, either in an content. Let us have no more grumblings, official or demi-official form, that, when then, about the miseries of war; let not the we come to consider the matter closely, we man who fancies himself a friend to huma- may be prepared to judge, with some denity, because he succours the starving ma- gree of accuracy, as to the merits of the nufacturer, reduced to want by the casual- pretensions of the contending parties. ties of war, again presume to lift up his This is the more desirable, that the subject voice or employ his pen in behalf of this is likely, from its magnitude, to occasion a class of uufortunates. Do they not form a more interesting discussion in parliament part of the population of the " whole Bri. than any thing which has occupied the attish empire," who have “ ardently desired” tention of the House for many years. I a continuance of the war? Why, then, have already inserted the official bulletin, should they dare to solicit pecuniary assist announcing the rupture of the negociations : ance, when their losses have arisen from -The Courier, which, we are told, is circumstances which they so heartily ap- the organ of Ministers, in two days after prove of, and when their restoration to in- (4th April) published the following: dependence is prevented by an event which "Next to the welcome intelligence of the they so fervently wished for? Neither let negociations with Bonaparte having broken us hear any more of the cant of those who off, is the fact of their having broken off in lameut the shedding of human blood, al consequence of the outragcous extravagance ways consequent on a state of warfare; for of his demands. Not that the Allies need
any apology for the rupture of the negocia: session of France. How much time was tions; the only apology, perhaps, they occupied in the discussion of this projet, need, is for having opened them. But it is we know not; but at length Bonaparte was of great and beneficial importance to shew required to deliver a categorical answer to that this mau's ambition is unconquerable; it by a certain day, the 10th or 12th of that it yields not to circumstances and March. When the time fixed had expired, events; that his heart is alien to all peace he delivered his projet, containing the de and moderation; that he will submit to no mands we have mentioned. And, what is conditions that shall so far curtail his power perfectly new in the history of diplomatic as to prevent him from again disturbing the transactions, where parties proceed upon repose, the security, and the prosperity of the desire of agreement and accommodation, the world. As his obstinacy produced ihat Bonaparte did not require any answer, or change in his fortune which dispossessed offer to consider and mutually concede dis him of all his foreign conquests, and brought puted points, but at once ordered his Mi-. his antagonists in the gates of Paris, let us nister back to his presence. Next day hope that it will lead at length to his ulter (the 5th) the following addenda appeared overthrow and ruin. The following, we in the same paper :-" We have every are assured, is the substance of his demands: reason to believe that the Documents, when -1. He demanded Italy, insisting that they are published, will prove the correctEugene Beauharnois should be King, a no- ness of the sketch we gave yesterday of the mination that would have made him as demands made by Bonaparte. In one point much master of that country as he has been however we were rather under the mark. whilst Eugene has been acting as his Vice- Bonaparte did not consent to abandon all roy. In this demand of Italy, Venice was hold upon Germany; for he demanded for included; so that he was more exorbitant the sou of Louis Napoleon the Duchy of in his terms than he was when the treaty of Berg, including in it Dusseldorff
, Duytz, Luneville was concluded, by which Venice opposite Cologne, and other important was ceded to Austria.-2. He demanded points." -li is not my intention, at prethe Line of the Rhine. The Netherlands, sent, to make any reinarks upon what is therefore, to remain annexed to France, here given as the substance of the French and he to continue master of Antwerp and Emperor's demands, because this might the Scheldt.-3. He did not demand that be regarded as prejudging a question which Holland should be restored to him; but he was not yet fairly before the public, as will did demand what would have made the in- be seen from what was said respecting it dependence of that country merely nominal in both houses of parliament, the report of
- he demanded Nimeguen, and part of the which I have taken from the Courier of the line of the Waal.--4. Besides the de- i 5th instant. In the House of Lords the mands we have just stated, he demanded following proceedings took place.--"The provisions or indemnities for different Earl of Liverpool.–Before he moved, as members of his family wh would be he meant to do, that the house should now dispossessed of territories or titles. Thus adjourn, he had to state to their Lordships, au indemnity for Joseph Bonaparte for that he was commanded by the Prince Rethe loss of his Kingdom of Spain; an gent to inform them, that the Negociations, indemnity for Jerome Bonaparte, for the which had been lately carried on for the loss of his Kingdom of Westphalia ; for conclusion of peace with France, were now Napoleon Louis, Grand Duke of Berg and at an end. While his Majesty's confidenCleves; for Eugene Beauharnois, for the tial servants deeply regretted that failure of sacrifice of his claim to the Grand Duchy of their efforts for peace which had led to this Frankfort, upon the demise of Charles communication, it must at least be satisd'Albert, Archbishop and Grand Duke of factory to all to know, that both in the Frankfort. The nature of these indemni- principle on which that negociation was ties and provisions we are as yet unac- broken off, and in the particular circumquainted with. Such, we are assured,' stances and causes which immediately prowas the substance of his demand or projet. duced the rupture, there was the most comThe Plenipotentiaries of the Allies had in plele agreement and concurrence amongst the commencement of the Negociation, de- the whole of the Allies. Their Lordships livered their projet, which, we under- and the country would expect full informastand, went to reduce France to her ancient tion on this subject, and he had to stale, in limits, including, besides, a cession pro regard to that point, thay it was the inten. tempore; of some fortresses now in the pos- tion of the Allies to publish a declaration,
setting forth the whole of the circumstances interim, that they might proceed to the and causes which led to the rupture of the discussion with all the dispatch consistent negociation. It would be the duty of his with a due examination of the subject, and Majesty's servants to lay that declaration, the convenience of their Lordships. together with such other information as Eurl Grey.—The statement of the Noble might be necessary, before their Lordships, Earl on this point was perfectly satisfactory, and this would be done with every possible but he trusted that the discussion of the expedition. In the mean time, it would subject would not be pressed forward with be premature to enter further into the sub, any undue degree of haste. Though there ject, and he therefore now inoved, that the ought to be no unnecessary delay in coming house do adjourn.-- Earl Grey.- It was to that discussion, the matter ought not to with the deepest regret that he heard the be burried on before sufficient time had statement of the noble Earl, that the ne- been given for due consideration. --The gociations for peace were now at an end. Earl of Liverpool. There would be no It was undoubtedly a consolation, in the attempt to burry on the discussion. Mimidst of that regret, to hear it stated, that nisters were only desirous of consulting their both in the principle upon which they were Lordships' convenience on that head, though broken off, and in the particular circum- it was desirable certainly that there should stances and causes which produced that ter- be no unnecessary delay.”. -Here eoded mination, there was the most complete the discussion in the House of Lords. In agreement and concurrence among the the House of Commons, the following whole of the allied powers. To that con- passed respecting the same business :solation, when the proper information - The Chancellor of the Exchequer.-I am should be laid before the house, he trusted authorised by his Royal Highness the Prince would be added the further satisfaction to Regent, to inform the House, that the Ne. know, that not only had this complete gociations lately opened at Chatillon have agreement and concurrence existed among terminated in a rupture, and that a further the allied powers on the grounds which led communication on that subject will speedily to the rupture, but that these grounds were be made to Parliament. I am happy to be such as would prove, that the termination able to state, that the mode and spirit in was owing to the ambition and injustice of which these discussions have been conductthe enemy, and that on our side and that ed and carried on to the point of their termiof our Allies, there was nothing but justice nation, have met with the entire concurrence and moderation.--The Noble Earl fur- and approbation of all our Allies. (General ther stated, that it was the intention of the cries of hear, hear!) That they are about Allies to publish a declaration on the sub- to submit a Declaration to Europe, and to ject, and that this declaration, together the world, in which they will explain the with such further information as might be principles by which they have been guided, necessary, would be as soon as possible laid and justify themselves of all blame in the before their Lordships for their examination failure of this pacific attempt. (Hear, and discussion. He wished to know from hear!) As soon as this Declaration is isthe Noble Earl whether it was likely that sued, and shall reach this country, it is his this declaration and information could be Royal Highness's intention, that it be laid, laid before the House before they adjourned together with all papers and documents refor the Easter holidays, so that they might lative to the late conferences, before this be ready to proceed to the discussion imme- House. (Hear, hear!) I cannot, with diately after Parliament should teet at the propriety, say any thing more upon the termination of the recess.--The Earl of subject at present, and shall therefore move Liverpool. He had no objection whatever the Order of the Day.----Mr. Ponsonby to give the Noble Earl The information wished to ask, in the first place, whether which he desired. It certainly was not all the papers which were necessary to enexpected that Ministers would be in a situ- able the House to form a correct judgment ation to lay these documents before their on the negociation would be laid before Lordships before the adjournment for the them? and, secondly, at what time the Easter holidays. But in a day or two after communication would be made? -The the meeting of Parliament, subsequent to Chancellor of the Erchequer said, that no the adjourument, it was expected they communication would be made of any thing, might be able to lay the documents on their the disclosure of which would be detrimea"Lordships' table. To avoid delay, the pa- tal to the country; but that every disposipers would, if possible, be printed in the tion existed on the part of his Majesty's
Government to afford the fullest informa- represented England at the Congress. If tion to the House. It was impossible to after the recess, however, circumstances ascertain exactly at what time the Declara- should have arisen to delay the publication tion would arrive in this country, but, if of the Declaration of the Allies, then it possible, it would be laid before Parlia- might becoine a duty on the part of Goment, with the other papers, shortly after vernment to enter into some more extensive the recess. Full time would then be given explanations. Mr. Ponsonby thought it to the House for the consideration of the quite unusual to make our own proceedings papers, as there was no disposition on the dependent on those of the Allies. He did part of his Majesty's Government to press not recollect any precedent to justify such prematurely for a determination on the conduct. The Honourable Genileman subject. Mr. Ponsonby declared him- seemed to consider that we' were not at self perfectly satisfied with the explanation liberty to prodụce information, or inake of Mr. Vansittart.-Adjournment. any declaration without receiving a commuMr. Ponsonby wished to ask the Chancel. nication from the coalesced Powers, al. lor of the Exchequer what was his intention though he added, that if they long and with respect to the duration of the next ad seriously delayed that communication, some journment which he should propose ? That explanation might be given by Governhonourable gentleman had before stated his ment. It was a novelty in our political belief, that it would be of the usual length, history to find that such a declaration was which would delay the meeting of Parlia- made, not by us, but in consequence of the ment for a whole fortnight. It appeared proceedings of other Powers. It was inthat neither the house nor the country could decorous, not to use a stronger term, both expect any information from their own for Parliament and for the country to reGovernment, but should be obliged to wait main in sạch a case, dependant on other until it should please the Allies to issue nations. He thought, at all events, that their Declaration, and transmit it to this the adjournment need not be for so long a country, when it would be laid with the time as seemed to be intended. -The other papers before the house. The ho- Chancellor of the Exchequer had been mis. nourable gentleman had once said, that the understood. He had not meant to say that duration of the adjournment mighi be short-the communications which Government inened as circumstances might render it ne tended to make, should depend on the cessary; but it was evident, that if we were Allies; but that a Declaration being exto wait the Declaration of the Allies, the pected from the latter, it was more proper length of time might be increased at their to wait till it had been received, than to pleasure. This would be an awkward si- produce the rest of the papers, or any part tuation both for Parliament and the nation. of them, without such an important docu. It would be the wisest plan not to extend ment. The said Declaration, besides, was the adjournment to its usual length, but to that of all the powers concerned in the war shorten it so as to suit the impatience of the and the negociations, and was therefore as times. - The Chancellor of the Exche- much an act of our Government as of our quer was not able to state the exact time at Allies.
-Mr. Ponsonby did not think he which the Declaration would appear. At had misunderstood the Hon. Gentleman. the same time every one must feel that the He considered him to have stated, that the Allies wished to lay this explanation of Allies were about 10 issue a Declaration, their conduct, their motives, and their explanatory of their views and their prinviews, as soon as possible, before the ciples, and that not until it should have world, conscious of the favourable and reached Government, should any commụ. powersul impression which it could not fail nication be made to Parliamept respecting lo produce. It was therefore reasonable to the late negociations. This certainly jussuppose, that it would be made public a tified the assertion which he had made, very short time after the rupture of the ne- that the communications to be made to the gociations, and that no great delay could House depended on the pleasure of our occur in its reaching Government. Until Allies. However, if the Hon. Gentleman that document arrived, there would be was willing to give a proper explanation, little use in the re-assembling of Parlia- in case of prolonged delay, he should not ment, whilst, if a sufficient time was al- persist in his objection. lowed to elapse, the House might have the look forward with anxiety to the meeting benefit of the presence and personal illus- of Parliament, when the documents, which prations of the British Plenipotentiary who are to explaiu the cause of the rupture, ars